Theme : Roots & Religion

Themes are used in the Vision of Britain system to organise all our statistical data into a small number of broad categories, often identified by icons on the web site.

Roots & Religion
Theme (T)
This is one of our more unusual themes, because only two censuses have ever gathered information on religion in England and Wales, and they were 150 years apart!

The 1851 Census of Religion was a separate census carried out at the same time as the main Census of Population. It assumed that everyone was Christian, and tried to find out what kind of Christians were most important in each district. It did this by counting how many people attended each church on the census Sunday. Our information has been considerably simplified from the original returns, which counted 35 different religious groups in England and Wales. One result is a large 'other' category.

In 2001, a question about religion was included among the questions in the main census for the first time ever. Except in Scotland, where there is separate information on the Church of Scotland, Catholics and 'Other Christian', the results lump all Christians together but also gathered information on Buddhists, Hindus, Jews, Muslims and Sikhs. People were allowed to write in other religions not included on the census form, but we have no data on the distribution of 'Jedi'.

Theme " Roots & Religion " is contained within:

The Database, which everything else is contained within:

Entity ID Entity Name
DB VoB Database

Theme " Roots & Religion " contains:

Rates, for mapping and for comparing areas :

Entity ID Entity Name
R_REL2001_none Percentage with No Religion
R_REL2001_christ Percentage Christian
R_REL2001_muslim Percentage Muslim
R_REL2001_hindu Percentage Hindu
R_REL2001_buddh Percentage Buddhist
R_REL2001_jew Percentage Jewish
R_REL1851_c_of_e Church of England 'Attendances' as Percentage of Total
R_REL1851_rc Roman Catholic 'Attendances' as Percentage of Total
R_REL1851_c_of_s Church of Scotland 'Attendances' as Percentage of Total
R_REL1851_wmeth Wesleyan Methodist 'Attendances' as Percentage of Total
R_REL1851_cmeth Calvinistic Methodist 'Attendances' as Percentage of Total
R_REL1851_bap Baptist 'Attendances' as Percentage of Total
R_REL_IRL1911_rc Roman Catholics as % of Total Pop.
R_REL_IRL1911_presb Presbyterians as % of Total Pop.

Datasets or nCubes, containing the actual data :

Entity ID Entity Name
N_REL1851_ATTEND 1851 church 'attendances'
N_REL_IRL1911 Religion by Sex'
N_REL_IRL1911_SEX Religion by Sex'
N_REL2001 Religious Faiths
N_REL1851_ATTEND_TOT Attending all churches

Variables, defining what data was gathered for :

Entity ID Entity Name
V_REL1851 Major Christian denominations in 1851
V_REL1851_TOT Total Attendances
V_REL2001 Major religious faiths in 2001
V_REL_IRL1911 Major Christian Denominations