Rate : Church of England 'Attendances' as Percentage of Total

Rates are used to define comparative statistics that can be mapped and graphed. For example, our occupational information includes counts of the number of workers in employment and out of employment, as well as the total number of workers. We then define a measure called the 'Unemployment Rate', which uses the number out of work rather than the number in work, and expresses it as a percentage of the total, rather than a rate per thousand. The descriptive text in the system is defined mainly for rates.

Church of England 'Attendances' as Percentage of Total
Rate (R)
REL1851_ATTEND:c_of_e * 100.0 / REL1851_ATTEND_TOT:total
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In 1851, the Church of England was not just another Christian church. It was, and formally still is, the established church, in significant senses part of the state. For example, up to 1831 the census had been carried out in most areas by clergymen, and until 1837 the only way to be legally married was a Church of England service. Given all this, it is maybe surprising how many people did go to other churches: across England and Wales as a whole, almost exactly half of all church 'attendances' were at Church of England churches.

Unsurprisingly, this 'government church' was strongest near London, and particularly weak in Wales. It was also weak in many of the industrial areas, partly because the construction of new churches had not kept up with the expansion of their populations during the previous century. However, a major building programme focused on London, Yorkshire and the north west had built more than 2,000 new churches between 1831 and 1851.

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