Social Grade

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Year Grade A/B Grade C Grade D/E
1951 368,792 Show data context 877,590 Show data context 312,192 Show data context
1971 378,692 Show data context 680,043 Show data context 272,320 Show data context
1981 401,737 Show data context 579,227 Show data context 215,857 Show data context
1991 444,970 Show data context 484,540 Show data context 179,400 Show data context
2001 419,408 Show data context 686,409 Show data context 292,021 Show data context
2011 424,884 Show data context 834,809 Show data context 348,182 Show data context
Date: Source:
1951 - 2011 Census of Population

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"This work is based on data provided through and uses historical material which is copyright of the Great Britain Historical GIS Project and the University of Portsmouth".

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nCube definition

We combine here modern census statistics, based on people's occupations but classified according to the Market Research Society's system of Social Grades, with historical data reported using the broadly equivalent Registrar-General's Social Classification. Combining the two systems means we have to merge professionals and managers into Grade A/B; cannot divide skilled and supervisory workers into manual and non-manual; and must merge unskilled and semi-skilled manual workers with those on benefits, etc. Limitatio...

ns of the data reported in 1951 mean we can report only on male workers.

How to reference this page:

GB Historical GIS / University of Portsmouth, Outer London through time | Social Structure Statistics | Social Grade, A Vision of Britain through Time.


Date accessed: 31st March 2020