Cairngorm  Inverness Shire


In 1882-4, Frances Groome's Ordnance Gazetteer of Scotland described Cairngorm like this:

Cairngorm, a mountain on the mutual border of Kirkmichael parish, Banffshire, and Abernethy parish, Inverness-shire, culminating 3 miles NE of the summit of Ben Macdhui in Aberdeenshire. It has a conical outline, and rises to an altitude of 4084 feet above sea-level. It is clothed, over much of its sides, with Scotch pine forest, and covered on the top almost all the year round with snow; and it stands grouped with a great knot of the Grampians, occupying an area of about 140 square miles, sending off the head-streams of the river Dee, and of great affluents of the Spey, and often called from it the Cairngorm group. ...

The mountain-masses of the group are broken and dissevered by intervening depressions and intersecting glens; their rocks are famous for containing numerous specimens of the beautiful rock crystals popularly called Cairngorm stones; the shoulders of some of them break down in stupendous precipices; the shoulders and skirts of others are clothed with verdure or with forest; and some of the glens display sublime features of alpine scenery.—Ord. Sur., sh. 74,1877. See Hill Burton's Cairngorm Mountains (Edinb. 1864).

Cairngorm through time

Cairngorm is now part of Highland district. Click here for graphs and data of how Highland has changed over two centuries. For statistics about Cairngorm itself, go to Units and Statistics.

How to reference this page:

GB Historical GIS / University of Portsmouth, History of Cairngorm, in Highland and Inverness Shire | Map and description, A Vision of Britain through Time.


Date accessed: 19th April 2024

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