Descriptive Gazetteer Entry for SUTTON-COLDFIELD

SUTTON-COLDFIELD, a town, a parish, and a sub-district, in Aston district, Warwick. The town stands on an eminence, at the terminus of a branch of the Northwestern railway, 7 miles NNE of Birmingham; took its name of Coldfield from a bleak adjacent tract on the W, not very long ago enclosed; dates from at least the Saxon times; was an ancient royal manor, which passed to the Earls of Warwick; got great advantages, in the time of HenryVIII., from BishopVesey, who was anative; is governed by a corporation, under a charter of Henry VIII., renewed by Charles II.; consists chiefly of one street, and has, of late years, been much improved; adjoins an extensive and fine park, available for the grazing of the inhabitants' horses and cattle, at small charge; is a seat of sessions and a polling place; carries on some cutlery manufacture; and has a post-office‡ under Birmingham, a r. station, a hotel adjacent to the r. station-built in 1864 at a cost of about £10,000, a town hall erected in 1859, at a cost of £5,000, a police station, an ancient church, an Independent chapel, a Roman Catholic chapel, a literary institute, a free grammar-school, four other public schools, several alms houses, aggregate charities £2,295, and four annual fairs.—The parish includes Ashfurlong, Hill, Maney, Hill-Hook, Moor, Little Sutton, and Walmley; and comprises 13,030 acres. Real property, £29,678. Pop. in 1851, 4,574; in 1861, 4,662. Houses, 980. Four-Oaks Hall is the seat of Sir W. J.Hartopp, Bart.; New Hall, of J. De H. Chadwick, Esq.; Moor Hall, of A. Hacket, Esq.; and Penns, of J. Horsfall, Esq. There are numerous villas; many of them occupied by Birmingham merchants. The living is a rectory in the diocese of Worcester. Gross value, £2,400.* Patron, the Rev. W. K. R. Bedford. The p. curacies of Boldmere, Hill, and Walmley are separate benefices.—The sub-district includes two other parishes, and comprises 17,396 acres. Pop., 5,527. Houses, 1,159.

(John Marius Wilson, Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales (1870-72))

Linked entities:
Feature Description: "a town, a parish, and a sub-district"   (ADL Feature Type: "cities")
Administrative units: Sutton Coldfield CP/AP       Sutton Coldfield SubD       Aston PLU/RegD       Warwickshire AncC
Place: Sutton Coldfield

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