Descriptive Gazetteer Entry for BEDALE

BEDALE, a small town, a township, a parish, a subdistrict, and a district in N. R. Yorkshire. The town stands on a small tributary of the Swale, adjacent to the Northallerton and Leyburn railway, near the Leeming Roman way, 8 miles SW by W of Northallerton. It consists chiefly of one street; and has a head post office,‡ a railway station, a banking office, two chief inns, petty sessions, courthouse, and assembly-rooms, a parish church, a Wesleyan chapel, two endowed schools, alms-houses, a workhouse, and charities £247. The church is early English, and large; has a square embattled tower, so strong as to have been used for defence in the Border forays; contains ancient monuments to the Earl of Arundel and others, modern ones to Admiral Sir J. P. Beresford and Henry Peirse, Esq., and beautiful memorial windows to Mr. and Mrs. Monson and others; and was renovated in 1855. A weekly market is held on Tuesday; and fairs on Easter-Tuesday, Whit-Tuesday, 6 July, 11 Oct., and the Monday week before Christmas. The circumjacent country is highly cultivated, and has a character for producing excellent riding-horses. Bedale Hall, an elegant mansion, and Bedale Grange, another chief residence, are adjacent. A castle was built by Brian Fitzallan, Earl of Arundel, on a spot now within the grounds of Bedale Hall; but has disappeared.

The township includes the town, and comprises 1,613 acres. Real property, £7,064. Pop., 1,157. Houses, 233. The parish contains also the townships of Forby, Crakehall, Aiskew, Langthorne, and Rands-Grange in the district of Bedale, and the township of Burrell-cum-Cowling in the district of Leyburn. Acres, 7,551. Real property, £19,637. Pop., 2,860. Houses, 620. The property is not much divided. The living is a rectory in the diocese of Ripon. Value, £1,936.* Patrons, Trustees of Lord Beaumont, and of Harry Mouson de la Poer Beresford, Esq. The vicarage of Crakehall is a separate benefice. The subdistrict comprises the parishes of Kirkby-Fleetham, Scruton, and Burneston, and parts of the parishes of Bedale, Catterick, Hornby, Kirklington, and Pickhill. Acres, 25,210. Pop., 6,000. Houses, 1,309. The district includes also the subdistrict of Masham, containing the parish of Well, and parts of the parishes of Masham and Thornton-Watlass. Acres, 45,588. Poor-rates in 1866, £3,578. Pop. in 1861, 8,650. Houses, 1,929. Marriages in 1866, 54; births, 227,-of which 13 were illegitimate; deaths, 149,-of which 35 were at ages under-5 years, and 11 at ages above 85 years. Marriages in the ten years 1851-60,586; births, 2,580; deaths, 1,588.-The places of worship in 1851 were 12 of the Church of England, with 4,268 sittings; 2 of Baptists, with 466 s.; 16 of Wesleyan Methodists, with 2,446 s.; 5 of Primitive Methodists, with 538 s.; 1 of Wesleyan Reformers, with 100 s.; and 1 of Roman Catholics, with 60 s. The schools were 20 public day schools, with 931 scholars; 19 private day schools, with 545 s.; 25 Sunday schools, with 1,333 s.; and 1 evening school for adults, with 25 s.

(John Marius Wilson, Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales (1870-72))

Linked entities:
Feature Description: "a small town, a township, a parish, a subdistrict, and a district"   (ADL Feature Type: "cities")
Administrative units: Bedale AP/Tn/CP       Bedale SubD       Bedale PLU/RegD       Yorkshire AncC
Place: Bedale

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