Descriptive Gazetteer Entry for HUNSLET, or Hunfleet

HUNSLET, or Hunfleet, a suburb of Leeds, two ecclesiastical parishes, a sub-district, and a district, in W. R. Yorkshire. The suburb is bounded, on the E, by the river Aire, -on the W by Holbeck; lies all within Leeds borough; is intersected by the Leeds and Bradford and the North Midland railways; and has a postoffice ‡ and postal pillars under Leeds, and a r. station. Acres, 1, 100. Real property, £53, 178; of which £133 are in mines. Pop. in 1851, 19, 466; in 1861, 25, 763. Houses, 5, 675. The manor belonged, at Domesday, to the Lacys; and passed to the Gascoignes and the Neviles. The substrata abound with coal. The surface is largely edificed with streets and lanes, and exhibits all the features and accompaniments of manufacturing industry. There are woollen mills, glassworks, iron foundries, chemical works, and potteries. There are also two churches, several dissenting chapels, a Roman Catholic chapel, literary institutions, national and other schools, and a workhouse. St. Mary's church was built in 1864, at a cost of £8, 000; occupies the site of a previous church, which was ancient; is in the early English style, cruciform, with NW tower and spire; and contains 856 sittings. St. Jude's church is a plain, modern, stone building. The Roman Catholic chapel was built in 1860, at a cost of £1, 500; and is in the pointed style, of coloured brickwork, with terra cotta dressings.-The eccl. parishes are St. Mary, constituted in 1847, and St. Jude, constituted in 1851. Pop. of St. M., 17, 368; of St. J., 6, 052. Houses of St. M., 3, 839; of St. J., 1, 300. The livings are vicarages in the diocese of Ripon. Value, of St. M., £300;* of St. J., £150.* Patron of St. M., the Bishop of Ripon; of St. Jude, alternately the Crown and the Bishop. The sub-district is conterminate with the suburb.—The district comprehends also the sub-district of Holbeck, containing Holbeck and Beeston townships in Leeds parish, and Churwell township in Batley parishthe sub-district of Rothwell, containing Rothwell and Middleton townships in Rothwell parish; the sub-district of Whitkirk, containing Whitkirk and Swillington parishes, and two small portions of Leeds parish; the sub-district of Chapeltown, containing Potter-Newton and Chapel-Allerton townships in Leeds parish, Shadwell township in Thorner parish, and Roundhay township in Barwick-in-Elmet parish; the sub-district of Kirkstall, containing the townships of Bramley and Headingley-with-Burley townships in Leeds parish; and the sub-district of Wortley, containing Wortley, Armley, and Farnley townships in Leeds parish, and Gildersome township in Batley parish. Acres, 35,272. Poor rates, in 1862, £33,187. Pop. in 1851, 82,437; in 1861, 102,649. Houses, 22,367. Marriages in 1862, 583; births, 4, 324, -of which 220 were illegitimate; deaths, 2,394, -of which 1,204 were at ages under 5 years, and 23 at ages above 85. Marriages in the ten years 1851-60, 3,369; births, 39,198; deaths, 23,866. The places of worship, in 1851, were 30 of the Church of England, with 14,556 sittings; 7 of Independents, with 2,230 s.; 8 of Baptists, with 2,791 s.; 1 of Quakers, with 220 s.; 2 of Unitarians, with 440 s.; 37 of Wesleyan Methodists, with 11, 975 s.; 5 of New Connexion Methodists, with 1,672 s.; 16 of Primitive Methodists, with 3,330 s.; 7 of the Wesleyan Association, with 1,910 s.; 11 of Wesleyan Reformers, with 480 s.; and 2 undefined, with 330 s. The schools were 47 public day schools, with 6,173 scholars; 173 private day schools, with 4,995 s.; 109 Sunday schools, with 16,901 s.; and 11 evening schools for adults, with 218 s. The district comprises the poorlaw union of Gildersome and Bramley, and parts of the poor law incorporations of Carlton, Great Preston, and Barwick-in-Elmet; was divided, in 1862, into three superintendents' districts, -Hunslet, Holbeck, and Kirkstall; and has workhouses in Hunslet, Holbeck, and Bramley.

(John Marius Wilson, Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales (1870-72))

Linked entities:
Feature Description: "a suburb"   (ADL Feature Type: "populated places")
Administrative units: Hunslet Ch/CP       Yorkshire AncC
Place names: HUNFLEET     |     HUNSLET     |     HUNSLET OR HUNFLEET
Place: Hunslet

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