1881 Census of England and Wales, Tables: Ages, Condition as to Marriage, Occupations and Birthplaces of people, Table 10 : " Occupations of Males and Females in the Division and its Registration Counties".

List Whitechapel PLPar/PLU/RegD Mile End New Town SubD
OCCUPATIONS. Males.
[1]
Females.
[2]
1. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE GENERAL OR LOCAL GOVERNMENT OF THE COUNTRY. 35 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Civil Service (officers and clerks) 2 Show data context -
  Civil Service (messengers, &c.) 7 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Police 19 Show data context -
  Municipal, Parish, Union, District, Officer 7 Show data context -
2. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE DEFENCE OF THE COUNTRY. 7 Show data context -
  Soldier and Non-commissioned officer 5 Show data context -
  Army Pensioner 1 Show data context -
  Navy Pensioner 1 Show data context -
3. PERSONS ENGAGED IN PROFESSIONAL OCCUPATIONS (WITH THEIR IMMEDIATE SUBORDINATES). 57 Show data context 41 Show data context
  Clergymen (Established Church) 3 Show data context -
  Roman Catholic Priest 6 Show data context -
  Nun, Sister of Charity - 2 Show data context
  Church, chapel, cemetery - officer, servant 1 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Barrister, Solicitor 1 Show data context -
  Law Clerk, and others connected with the law 1 Show data context -
  Physician, Surgeon, General Practitioner 5 Show data context -
  Midwife - 1 Show data context
  Subordinate Medical Service 1 Show data context 14 Show data context
  Schoolmaster 14 Show data context 13 Show data context
  Teacher, Professor, Lecturer 8 Show data context 4 Show data context
  School Service, and others connected with teaching 2 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Author, Editor, Journalist 1 Show data context -
  Reporter, Short-hand Writer 1 Show data context -
  Literary, Scientific, Institution, Service, &c. 1 Show data context -
  Painter (artist) 4 Show data context -
  Musician, Music Master 7 Show data context -
  Photographer 1 Show data context -
4. PERSONS ENGAGED IN DOMESTIC OFFICES OR SERVICES. 76 Show data context 521 Show data context
  Domestic Indoor Servant 24 Show data context 292 Show data context
  Lodge, Gate, Park Keeper (not Government) 2 Show data context -
  Inn, Hotel Servant 42 Show data context 19 Show data context
  Office Keeper (not Government) 1 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Cook (not domestic) 1 Show data context -
  Charwoman - 85 Show data context
  Washing and Bathing Service 2 Show data context 93 Show data context
  Hospital and Institution Service 1 Show data context 19 Show data context
  Others engaged in Service 3 Show data context 8 Show data context
5. PERSONS ENGAGED IN COMMERCIAL OCCUPATIONS. 103 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Merchant 2 Show data context -
  Broker, Agent, Factor 7 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Auctioneer, Appraiser, Valuer, House Agent 2 Show data context -
  Salesman, Buyer (not otherwise specified) 4 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Commercial Traveller 32 Show data context -
  Commercial Clerk 52 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Life, House, Ship &c., Insurance Service 4 Show data context -
6. PERSONS ENGAGED IN CONVEYANCE OF MEN, GOODS, AND MESSAGES. 817 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Railway Guard 3 Show data context -
  Pointsman, Level Crossing Man 2 Show data context -
  Other Railway Officials and Servants 44 Show data context -
  Omnibus, Coach, Cab, Owner - Livery Stable Keeper 2 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Cabman, Flyman, Coachman (not domestic) 28 Show data context -
  Carman, Carrier, Carter, Haulier 296 Show data context -
  Tramway Companies' Service 1 Show data context -
  Inland Navigation Service 1 Show data context -
  Bargeman, Lighterman, Waterman 13 Show data context -
  Seaman (Merchant Service) 11 Show data context -
  Ship Steward, Cook 2 Show data context -
  Harbour, Dock, Wharf, Lighthouse Service 152 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Warehouseman (not Manchester) 38 Show data context -
  Messenger, Porter, Watchman (not Railway or Government) 220 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Telegraph, Telephone Service 4 Show data context 1 Show data context
7. PERSONS ENGAGED IN AGRICULTURE. 8 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Farmer, Grazier 1 Show data context -
  Farm Bailiff 3 Show data context -
  Agricultural Labourer, Farm Servant, Cottager 3 Show data context -
  Nurseryman, Seedsman, Florist - 4 Show data context
  Gardener (not domestic) 1 Show data context -
8. PERSONS ENGAGED ABOUT ANIMALS. 57 Show data context -
  Horse Proprietor, Breeder, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Groom, Horse-keeper, Horse-breaker 47 Show data context -
  Veterinary Surgeon, Farrier 4 Show data context -
  Drover 4 Show data context -
  Dog, Bird, Animal - Keeper, Dealer 1 Show data context -
9. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN BOOKS, PRINTS, AND MAPS. 100 Show data context 35 Show data context
  Music-Publisher, Seller, Printer 1 Show data context -
  Bookbinder 24 Show data context 31 Show data context
  Printer 66 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Lithographer, Lithographic Printer 7 Show data context -
  Copper Plate and Steel Plate Printer 2 Show data context -
  Map and Print - Colourer, Seller - 1 Show data context
10. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN MACHINES AND IMPLEMENTS. 67 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Engine, Machine Maker 8 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Millwright 2 Show data context -
  Fitter, Turner (Engine and Machine) 8 Show data context -
  Boiler Maker 10 Show data context -
  Spinning and Weaving Machine Maker 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Tool Maker, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Cutler, Scissors Maker 3 Show data context -
  File Maker 1 Show data context -
  Steel Pen Maker 1 Show data context -
  Watch Maker, Clock Maker 8 Show data context -
  Philosophical Instrument Maker 1 Show data context -
  Electrical Apparatus Maker 1 Show data context -
  Weighing and Measuring Apparatus Maker 3 Show data context -
  Gunsmith, Gun Manufacturer 8 Show data context -
  Musical Instrument Maker, Dealer 2 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Type Cutter, Founder 2 Show data context -
  Toy Maker, Dealer 6 Show data context -
11. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN HOUSES, FURNITURE, AND DECORATIONS. 510 Show data context 24 Show data context
  Builder 14 Show data context -
  Carpenter, Joiner 60 Show data context -
  Bricklayer 84 Show data context -
  Mason 21 Show data context -
  Plasterer, Whitewasher 9 Show data context -
  Paperhanger 4 Show data context -
  Plumber 13 Show data context -
  Painter, Glazier 68 Show data context -
  Cabinet Maker 166 Show data context 10 Show data context
  French Polisher 29 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Furniture Broker, Dealer 3 Show data context -
  Gas Fitter 6 Show data context -
  House and Shop Fittings - Maker, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Funeral Furniture Maker, Undertaker 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Wood Carver 9 Show data context -
  Carver, Gilder 18 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Figure, Image - Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Artificial Flower Maker 2 Show data context 5 Show data context
12. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CARRIAGES AND HARNESS. 37 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Coachmaker 8 Show data context -
  Wheelwright 13 Show data context -
  Saddler, Harness, Whip Maker 16 Show data context 3 Show data context
13. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN SHIPS AND BOATS. 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Ship, Boat, Barge Builder 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Sail Maker 2 Show data context -
14. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CHEMICALS AND COMPOUNDS. 8 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Dye, Paint Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Fusee, Fireworks, Explosive Article Manufacture - 2 Show data context
  Chemist, Druggist 1 Show data context -
  Manufacturing Chemist 4 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Drysalter 2 Show data context -
15. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TOBACCO AND PIPES. 90 Show data context 32 Show data context
  Tobacco Manufacture, Tobacconist 89 Show data context 32 Show data context
  Tobacco Pipe, Snuff Box &c. Maker 1 Show data context -
16. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN FOOD AND LODGING. 411 Show data context 44 Show data context
  Innkeeper, Hotel Keeper, Publican 23 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Lodging, Boarding House Keeper 3 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Coffee, Eating House, Keeper 14 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Maltster 2 Show data context -
  Brewer 53 Show data context -
  Beerseller, Ale, Porter, Cider Dealer 8 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Cellarman 11 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Wine, Spirit - Merchant, Agent 8 Show data context -
  Milkseller, Dairyman 18 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Cheesemonger, Butterman 4 Show data context -
  Butcher, Meat Salesman 45 Show data context -
  Provision Curer, Dealer 9 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Poulterer, Game Dealer 4 Show data context -
  Fishmonger 37 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Corn, Flour, Seed Merchant, Dealer 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Baker 46 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Confectioner, Pastrycook 17 Show data context 11 Show data context
  Greengrocer, Fruiterer 25 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Mustard, Vinegar, Spice, Pickle Maker, Dealer - 3 Show data context
  Sugar Refiner 41 Show data context -
  Grocer. Tea, Coffee, Chocolate Maker, Dealer 37 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Ginger Beer, Mineral Water Manufacturer, Dealer 4 Show data context -
17. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TEXTILE FABRICS. 96 Show data context 112 Show data context
  Woollen Cloth Manufacture 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Worsted, Stuff, Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Cloth, Worsted, Stuff, Flannel, Blanket Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Silk, Silk Goods, Manufacture 40 Show data context 62 Show data context
  Silk Dyer, Printer 2 Show data context -
  Cotton, Cotton Goods Manufacture - 2 Show data context
  Flax, Linen - Manufacturer, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Lace Manufacturer, Dealer - 3 Show data context
  Rope, Twine, Cord - Maker, Dealer 8 Show data context -
  Mat Maker, Seller 3 Show data context -
  Net Maker 1 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Sacking, Sack, Bag - Maker, Dealer 2 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Others working and Dealing in Hemp - 1 Show data context
  Weaver (undefined) 2 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Dyer, Printer, Scourer, Bleacher, Calenderer (undefined) 5 Show data context -
  Felt Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Carpet, Rug Manufacture 5 Show data context -
  Draper, Linen Draper, Mercer 5 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Fancy Goods (Textile) Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Trimming Maker, Dealer 12 Show data context 26 Show data context
  Embroiderer 3 Show data context -
18. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN DRESS. 930 Show data context 694 Show data context
  Hatter, Hat Manufacture 27 Show data context 19 Show data context
  Straw - Hat, Bonnet, Plait Manufacture - 1 Show data context
  Tailor 541 Show data context 393 Show data context
  Milliner, Dressmaker, Staymaker 2 Show data context 105 Show data context
  Shirt Maker, Seamstress 1 Show data context 87 Show data context
  Hosiery Manufacture 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Hosier, Haberdasher 6 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Shoe, Boot - Maker, Dealer 292 Show data context 69 Show data context
  Patten, Clog Maker 1 Show data context -
  Wig Maker, Hair Dresser 19 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Umbrella, Parasol, Stick - Maker, Dealer 35 Show data context 14 Show data context
  Old Clothes Dealer, and others 3 Show data context 2 Show data context
19. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS ANIMAL SUBSTANCES. 94 Show data context 83 Show data context
  Tallow Chandler, Candle, Grease Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Manure Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Bone, Horn, Ivory, Tortoise-shell - Worker, Dealer 4 Show data context -
  Comb Maker 4 Show data context -
  Others 2 Show data context -
  Furrier, Skinner 48 Show data context 31 Show data context
  Tanner, Fellmonger 1 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Currier 10 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Leather Goods, Portmanteau, Bag, Strap &c., Maker, Dealer 4 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Hair, Bristle - Worker, Dealer 6 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Brush, Broom, Maker 9 Show data context 11 Show data context
  Quill, Feather - Dresser, Dealer 4 Show data context 29 Show data context
20. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS VEGETABLE SUBSTANCES. 174 Show data context 103 Show data context
  Oil and Colourman 8 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Waterproof Goods - Maker, Dealer 9 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Others 3 Show data context -
  Willow, Cane, Rush Worker, Dealer, Basketmaker 18 Show data context 11 Show data context
  Timber, Wood - Merchant, Dealer 18 Show data context -
  Sawyer 14 Show data context -
  Lath, Wooden Fence, Hurdle Maker 2 Show data context -
  Wood Turner, Box Maker 18 Show data context 12 Show data context
  Cooper, Hoop Maker, Bender 36 Show data context -
  Cork, Bark - Cutter, Worker, Dealer 7 Show data context -
  Paper Manufacture 9 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Envelope Maker 1 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Stationer, Law Stationer 17 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Card, Pattern Card Maker 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Paper Stainer 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Paper Box, Paper Bag Maker 6 Show data context 49 Show data context
  Ticket, Label Writer 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Others 3 Show data context -
21. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS MINERAL SUBSTANCES. 148 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Coalheaver 11 Show data context -
  Gas Works Service 3 Show data context -
  Slate Worker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Brick, Tile - Maker, Burner, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Paviour 4 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Railway Contractor 1 Show data context -
  Railway Labourer, Navvy 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Earthenware, China, Porcelain, Manufacture 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Glass Manufacture 15 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Earthenware, China, Glass Dealer 5 Show data context -
  Waterworks Service 1 Show data context -
  Goldsmith, Silversmith, Jeweller 3 Show data context -
  [Iron Manufacture] 13 Show data context -
  Blacksmith 27 Show data context -
  Whitesmith 2 Show data context -
  Ironmonger. Hardware Dealer, Merchant 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Other Iron and Steel Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  [Coppersmith] 1 Show data context -
  Tin, Tin Plate, Tin Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 24 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Zinc, Zinc Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 4 Show data context -
  Lead, Leaden Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Metal Refiner, Worker, Turner, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Brass, Bronze Manufacture. Brazier 12 Show data context -
  Wire Maker, Worker, Weaver, Drawer 7 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Lamp, Lantern, Candlestick Maker 1 Show data context -
22. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN GENERAL OR UNSPECIFIED COMMODITIES. 675 Show data context 91 Show data context
  General Shopkeeper, Dealer 84 Show data context 34 Show data context
  Pawnbroker 1 Show data context -
  Costermonger, Huckster, Street Seller 74 Show data context 22 Show data context
  Manufacturer, Manager, Superintendant (undefined) 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
  General Labourer 402 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Engine Driver, Stoker, Fireman (not railway, marine or agricultural) 25 Show data context -
  Artizan, Mechanic (undefined) 31 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Apprentice (undefined) 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Factory Labourer (undefined) 24 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Machinist, Machine Worker (undefined) 30 Show data context 22 Show data context
23. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN REFUSE MATTERS. 12 Show data context -
  Scavenger, Crossing Sweeper 4 Show data context -
  Rag Gatherer, Dealer 8 Show data context -
24. PERSONS WITHOUT SPECIFIED OCCUPATIONS. 35 Show data context 186 Show data context
  Persons returned by Property, Rank &c. and not special occupation 35 Show data context 186 Show data context
[UNKNOWN OCCUPATION] 89 Show data context 2,064 Show data context
  [Occupation recorded but of unknown meaning] 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
  [Blank field, or illegible] 86 Show data context 2,063 Show data context

Notes:

The following notes to the table appeared in the original report.

1 This table is a very special case: The original Table 10 as published by Division in the 1881 census reports was limited to data for Registration Divisions, their component Registration Counties, and just those Urban Sanitary Districts with populations of over 50,000. Data presented here for counties and higher-level units are taken from the published reports, as usual, but we also include in A Vision of Britain through Time data for Registration Districts, sub-Districts and Civil Parishes which never appeared in the original reports. These were specially created for us by the History Data Service at the University of Essex and derive from the complete transcription of the individual-level Enumerators Book data coordinated by the Genealogical Society of Utah.
2 In creating these data, each occupation listed in the enumerators books has been assigned as far as possible to the relevant category used in the published reports, but some additional categories with labels in square brackets unavoidably appear. Unlike the published statistics for higher-level units, these specially-calculated data for districts and parishes include persons under 15 or over 65. For these and other reasons, no attempt has been made to ensure that county totals for the districts or parishes match the published county totals. The remaining notes are those that appeared below the original published table.
3 NOTE.--Persons returned as engaged in more than one occupation have been referred to the one that appeared to be of most importance; or if there was no difference in this respect, to the one first given by the person in his or her return. In some cases special rules have been followed: e.g. "Clergyman and Schoolmaster" in combination has always been referred to "Schoolmaster"; a Member of Parliament or Peer engaged in any branch of commerce or industry has always been referred to this latter, not to "Peer, M.P.".
4 The numbers returned under any heading include Labourers, Apprentices, and Assistants, as well as Masters, but not Clerks, Messengers, Errand boys, Porters, or Watchmen, for which occupations there are special headings. Civil, Military, and Naval Clerks, Law, Bank, Insurance, and Railway Clerks, and Government and Railway Porters, are, however, exceptions to this rule. Many young persons, being Apprentices or Assistants, have therefore been referred to occupations usually followed by adults. Women also, chiefly widows or orphans carrying on the business of their deceased husbands or fathers, will sometimes be found under occupations commonly followed by men only.
5 Persons returned as retired from any business have not been referred to that business. Inmates of workhouses have been referred to their trades, unless their age or infirmities showed that they were past work. But persons who might be supposed to be only temporarily separated from their usual employment, such as Prisoners, and Patients in General Hospitals, have been classed under their usual occupations.
6 In some cases, for convenience of space, the male designation, e.g. "Schoolmaster", alone is given, instead of "Schoolmaster, Schoolmistress".

Click on the triangles for all about a particular number.

This website does not try to provide an exact replica of the original printed census tables, which often had thousands of rows and far more columns than will fit on our web pages. Instead, we let you drill down from national totals to the most detailed data available. The column headings are those that appeared in the original printed report. The numbers presented here, which are the same ones we use to create statistical maps and graphs, come from the census table and have usually been carefully checked.

The system can only hold statistics for units listed in our administrative gazetteer, so some rows from the original table may be missing. Sometimes big low-level units, like urban parishes, were divided between more than one higher-level units, like Registration sub-Districts. This is why some pages will give a higher figure for a lower-level unit: it covers the whole of the lower-level unit, not just the part within the current higher-level unit.


Acknowledgments:

We are grateful to the following contributors. If you make use of the data in your own work, please follow any instructions given here on acknowledgment and re-use.

(1) Kevin Schurer (Department of Geography, University of Cambridge). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)

(2) Matthew Woollard (UK Data Service, University of Essex). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)