1881 Census of England and Wales, Tables: Ages, Condition as to Marriage, Occupations and Birthplaces of people, Table 10 : " Occupations of Males and Females in the Division and its Registration Counties".

List Strand PLU/RegD St Martin in the Fields SubD
OCCUPATIONS. Males.
[1]
Females.
[2]
1. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE GENERAL OR LOCAL GOVERNMENT OF THE COUNTRY. 200 Show data context 19 Show data context
  Peer, M.P., Privy Councillor (not otherwise described) 17 Show data context -
  Civil Service (officers and clerks) 44 Show data context 14 Show data context
  Civil Service (messengers, &c.) 26 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Police 92 Show data context -
  Municipal, Parish, Union, District, Officer 16 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Other Local or County Official 3 Show data context -
  East Indian and Colonial Service 2 Show data context -
2. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE DEFENCE OF THE COUNTRY. 293 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Army Officer (effective/retired) 47 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Soldier and Non-commissioned officer 212 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Militia, Yeomanry, Volunteers 6 Show data context -
  Army Pensioner 7 Show data context -
  Navy Officer (effective/retired) 15 Show data context -
  Seaman, R.N. 2 Show data context -
  Royal Marines (officers/men) 2 Show data context -
  Navy Pensioner 2 Show data context -
3. PERSONS ENGAGED IN PROFESSIONAL OCCUPATIONS (WITH THEIR IMMEDIATE SUBORDINATES). 394 Show data context 163 Show data context
  Clergymen (Established Church) 9 Show data context -
  Roman Catholic Priest 1 Show data context -
  Minister, Priest of other religious bodies 2 Show data context -
  Missionary, Scripture Reader, Itinerant preacher 2 Show data context -
  Theological Student 1 Show data context -
  Church, chapel, cemetery - officer, servant 3 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Barrister, Solicitor 51 Show data context -
  Law Student 9 Show data context -
  Law Clerk, and others connected with the law 21 Show data context -
  Physician, Surgeon, General Practitioner 36 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Dentist 13 Show data context -
  Medical Student, Assistant 16 Show data context -
  Midwife - 1 Show data context
  Subordinate Medical Service 5 Show data context 40 Show data context
  Schoolmaster 13 Show data context 39 Show data context
  Teacher, Professor, Lecturer 5 Show data context 18 Show data context
  School Service, and others connected with teaching 2 Show data context -
  Author, Editor, Journalist 32 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Reporter, Short-hand Writer 5 Show data context -
  Persons engaged in Scientific Pursuits 4 Show data context -
  Literary, Scientific, Institution, Service, &c. 6 Show data context -
  Civil Engineer 27 Show data context -
  Mining Engineer 3 Show data context -
  Land, House, Ship, Surveyor 3 Show data context -
  Painter (artist) 21 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Engraver (artist) 9 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Sculptor 1 Show data context -
  Architect 18 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Musician, Music Master 17 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Art Student - 4 Show data context
  Photographer 3 Show data context -
  Actor 24 Show data context 32 Show data context
  Art, Music, Theatre Service 17 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Performer, Showman, Exhibition, Service 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Billiard, Cricket & other Games, Service 12 Show data context -
4. PERSONS ENGAGED IN DOMESTIC OFFICES OR SERVICES. 945 Show data context 2,189 Show data context
  Domestic Coachman, Groom 74 Show data context -
  Domestic Gardener 1 Show data context -
  Domestic Indoor Servant 292 Show data context 1,704 Show data context
  Lodge, Gate, Park Keeper (not Government) 2 Show data context -
  Inn, Hotel Servant 427 Show data context 161 Show data context
  College, Club Service 49 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Office Keeper (not Government) 34 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Cook (not domestic) 48 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Charwoman 3 Show data context 138 Show data context
  Washing and Bathing Service 6 Show data context 129 Show data context
  Hospital and Institution Service 4 Show data context 41 Show data context
  Others engaged in Service 5 Show data context 5 Show data context
5. PERSONS ENGAGED IN COMMERCIAL OCCUPATIONS. 472 Show data context 28 Show data context
  Merchant 67 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Broker, Agent, Factor 37 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Auctioneer, Appraiser, Valuer, House Agent 13 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Accountant 12 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Salesman, Buyer (not otherwise specified) 22 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Commercial Traveller 32 Show data context -
  Commercial Clerk 245 Show data context 19 Show data context
  Officer of Commercial Company, Guild, Society &c. 1 Show data context -
  Banker 6 Show data context -
  Bank Service 28 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Bill Discounter, Bill Broker, Finance Agent 2 Show data context -
  Life, House, Ship &c., Insurance Service 7 Show data context -
6. PERSONS ENGAGED IN CONVEYANCE OF MEN, GOODS, AND MESSAGES. 708 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Other Railway Officials and Servants 19 Show data context -
  Omnibus, Coach, Cab, Owner - Livery Stable Keeper 3 Show data context -
  Cabman, Flyman, Coachman (not domestic) 38 Show data context -
  Carman, Carrier, Carter, Haulier 86 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Tramway Companies' Service 1 Show data context -
  Bargeman, Lighterman, Waterman 3 Show data context -
  Navigation Service (on shore) 1 Show data context -
  Seaman (Merchant Service) 9 Show data context -
  Ship Steward, Cook 4 Show data context -
  Harbour, Dock, Wharf, Lighthouse Service 2 Show data context -
  Warehouseman (not Manchester) 39 Show data context -
  Messenger, Porter, Watchman (not Railway or Government) 502 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Telegraph, Telephone Service 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
7. PERSONS ENGAGED IN AGRICULTURE. 25 Show data context 14 Show data context
  Farmer, Grazier 6 Show data context -
  Agricultural Labourer, Farm Servant, Cottager 1 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Others engaged in, or connected with agriculture 3 Show data context -
  Woodman 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Nurseryman, Seedsman, Florist 9 Show data context 10 Show data context
  Gardener (not domestic) 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
8. PERSONS ENGAGED ABOUT ANIMALS. 47 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Horse Proprietor, Breeder, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Groom, Horse-keeper, Horse-breaker 39 Show data context -
  Veterinary Surgeon, Farrier 5 Show data context -
  Fisherman 1 Show data context -
  Knacker, Catsmeat Dealer &c &c. 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
9. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN BOOKS, PRINTS, AND MAPS. 279 Show data context 86 Show data context
  Publisher, Bookseller, Librarian 40 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Music-Publisher, Seller, Printer 7 Show data context -
  Bookbinder 30 Show data context 67 Show data context
  Printer 170 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Newspaper Agent, News Room Keeper 9 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Others 2 Show data context -
  Lithographer, Lithographic Printer 12 Show data context -
  Copper Plate and Steel Plate Printer 2 Show data context -
  Map and Print - Colourer, Seller 7 Show data context 7 Show data context
10. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN MACHINES AND IMPLEMENTS. 116 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Engine, Machine Maker 22 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Fitter, Turner (Engine and Machine) 11 Show data context -
  Agricultural Machine and Implement Maker 1 Show data context -
  Domestic Machinery - Maker, Dealer 3 Show data context -
  Tool Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Cutler, Scissors Maker 1 Show data context -
  Watch Maker, Clock Maker 20 Show data context -
  Philosophical Instrument Maker 10 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Electrical Apparatus Maker 6 Show data context -
  Weighing and Measuring Apparatus Maker 1 Show data context -
  Surgical Instrument Maker 6 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Gunsmith, Gun Manufacturer 6 Show data context -
  Sword, Bayonet - Maker, Cutler - 1 Show data context
  Musical Instrument Maker, Dealer 15 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Type Cutter, Founder 2 Show data context -
  Die, Seal, Coin, Medal Maker 2 Show data context -
  Toy Maker, Dealer 5 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Fishing Rod, Tackle, Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Apparatus for other games, Maker, Dealer 3 Show data context -
11. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN HOUSES, FURNITURE, AND DECORATIONS. 389 Show data context 26 Show data context
  Builder 16 Show data context -
  Carpenter, Joiner 69 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Bricklayer 41 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Mason 14 Show data context -
  Plasterer, Whitewasher 7 Show data context -
  Paperhanger 5 Show data context -
  Plumber 16 Show data context -
  Painter, Glazier 94 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Cabinet Maker 36 Show data context 6 Show data context
  French Polisher 7 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Furniture Broker, Dealer 4 Show data context -
  Locksmith, Bellhanger 6 Show data context -
  Gas Fitter 29 Show data context 1 Show data context
  House and Shop Fittings - Maker, Dealer 5 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Funeral Furniture Maker, Undertaker 4 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Others 2 Show data context -
  Wood Carver 2 Show data context -
  Carver, Gilder 22 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Dealer in Works of Art 9 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Figure, Image - Maker, Dealer - 1 Show data context
  Artificial Flower Maker 1 Show data context 8 Show data context
12. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CARRIAGES AND HARNESS. 118 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Coachmaker 77 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Railway Carriage, Railway Wagon, Maker 1 Show data context -
  Saddler, Harness, Whip Maker 40 Show data context 2 Show data context
13. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN SHIPS AND BOATS. 5 Show data context -
  Ship, Boat, Barge Builder 4 Show data context -
  Shipwright, Ship Carpenter (ashore) 1 Show data context -
14. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CHEMICALS AND COMPOUNDS. 38 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Dye, Paint Manufacture 5 Show data context -
  Ink, Blacking, Colour Substance Manufacture 3 Show data context -
  Fusee, Fireworks, Explosive Article Manufacture - 1 Show data context
  Chemist, Druggist 21 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Manufacturing Chemist 9 Show data context 4 Show data context
15. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TOBACCO AND PIPES. 35 Show data context 10 Show data context
  Tobacco Manufacture, Tobacconist 35 Show data context 10 Show data context
16. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN FOOD AND LODGING. 526 Show data context 131 Show data context
  Innkeeper, Hotel Keeper, Publican 110 Show data context 25 Show data context
  Lodging, Boarding House Keeper 15 Show data context 34 Show data context
  Coffee, Eating House, Keeper 46 Show data context 24 Show data context
  Brewer 35 Show data context -
  Cellarman 20 Show data context -
  Wine, Spirit - Merchant, Agent 17 Show data context -
  Milkseller, Dairyman 15 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Cheesemonger, Butterman 12 Show data context -
  Butcher, Meat Salesman 44 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Provision Curer, Dealer 7 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Poulterer, Game Dealer 4 Show data context -
  Fishmonger 33 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Corn, Flour, Seed Merchant, Dealer 9 Show data context -
  Corn Miller 1 Show data context -
  Baker 44 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Confectioner, Pastrycook 33 Show data context 18 Show data context
  Greengrocer, Fruiterer 47 Show data context 11 Show data context
  Mustard, Vinegar, Spice, Pickle Maker, Dealer - 2 Show data context
  Sugar Refiner 1 Show data context -
  Grocer. Tea, Coffee, Chocolate Maker, Dealer 29 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Ginger Beer, Mineral Water Manufacturer, Dealer 4 Show data context -
17. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TEXTILE FABRICS. 134 Show data context 67 Show data context
  Woollen Cloth Manufacture 11 Show data context -
  Cloth, Worsted, Stuff, Flannel, Blanket Dealer 8 Show data context -
  Silk, Silk Goods, Manufacture - 1 Show data context
  Silk Merchant, Dealer 2 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Cotton, Cotton Goods Manufacture 3 Show data context -
  Cotton, Calico - Warehouseman, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Flax, Linen - Manufacturer, Dealer - 12 Show data context
  Rope, Twine, Cord - Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Net Maker - 1 Show data context
  Weaver (undefined) 1 Show data context -
  Dyer, Printer, Scourer, Bleacher, Calenderer (undefined) 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Factory Hand (textile, undefined) 1 Show data context -
  Carpet, Rug Manufacture - 2 Show data context
  Draper, Linen Draper, Mercer 95 Show data context 20 Show data context
  Fancy Goods (Textile) Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 4 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Trimming Maker, Dealer 4 Show data context 13 Show data context
  Embroiderer 1 Show data context 9 Show data context
18. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN DRESS. 399 Show data context 530 Show data context
  Hatter, Hat Manufacture 9 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Straw - Hat, Bonnet, Plait Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Tailor 214 Show data context 142 Show data context
  Milliner, Dressmaker, Staymaker 10 Show data context 260 Show data context
  Shawl Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Shirt Maker, Seamstress 2 Show data context 83 Show data context
  Hosier, Haberdasher 15 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Glover, Glove Maker 1 Show data context -
  Button Maker, Dealer 5 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Shoe, Boot - Maker, Dealer 108 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Wig Maker, Hair Dresser 23 Show data context 10 Show data context
  Umbrella, Parasol, Stick - Maker, Dealer 6 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Accoutrement Maker 2 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Old Clothes Dealer, and others 2 Show data context 5 Show data context
19. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS ANIMAL SUBSTANCES. 60 Show data context 26 Show data context
  Tallow Chandler, Candle, Grease Manufacture 5 Show data context -
  Soap Boiler, Maker 9 Show data context -
  Bone, Horn, Ivory, Tortoise-shell - Worker, Dealer - 1 Show data context
  Furrier, Skinner - 6 Show data context
  Tanner, Fellmonger 2 Show data context -
  Currier 9 Show data context -
  Leather Goods, Portmanteau, Bag, Strap &c., Maker, Dealer 28 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Hair, Bristle - Worker, Dealer - 6 Show data context
  Brush, Broom, Maker 6 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Quill, Feather - Dresser, Dealer 1 Show data context 6 Show data context
20. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS VEGETABLE SUBSTANCES. 87 Show data context 34 Show data context
  Oil and Colourman 10 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Floor Cloth, Oil Cloth Manufacture 3 Show data context -
  Japanner 2 Show data context 2 Show data context
  India Rubber, Gutta Percha - Worker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Others 1 Show data context -
  Willow, Cane, Rush Worker, Dealer, Basketmaker 4 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Timber, Wood - Merchant, Dealer 3 Show data context -
  Sawyer 5 Show data context -
  Wood Turner, Box Maker 8 Show data context -
  Cooper, Hoop Maker, Bender 8 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Cork, Bark - Cutter, Worker, Dealer 4 Show data context -
  Others 1 Show data context -
  Paper Manufacture 4 Show data context -
  Envelope Maker 1 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Stationer, Law Stationer 22 Show data context 11 Show data context
  Card, Pattern Card Maker 3 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Paper Stainer 1 Show data context -
  Paper Box, Paper Bag Maker 3 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Ticket, Label Writer - 1 Show data context
  Others 3 Show data context 2 Show data context
21. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS MINERAL SUBSTANCES. 225 Show data context 11 Show data context
  Miner, in other or undefined Minerals 3 Show data context -
  Mine Service 3 Show data context -
  Coal Merchant 9 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Coalheaver 4 Show data context -
  Gas Works Service 4 Show data context -
  Stone Cutter, Dresser, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Slate Worker, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Plaster, Cement Manufacture 2 Show data context -
  Paviour 1 Show data context -
  Road Labourer 1 Show data context -
  Railway Labourer, Navvy 1 Show data context -
  Earthenware, China, Porcelain, Manufacture - 3 Show data context
  Glass Manufacture 6 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Earthenware, China, Glass Dealer 7 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Waterworks Service 4 Show data context -
  Others 2 Show data context -
  Goldsmith, Silversmith, Jeweller 37 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Gold, Silver, Beater 2 Show data context -
  Lapidary 2 Show data context -
  Others 6 Show data context 2 Show data context
  [Iron Manufacture] 11 Show data context -
  Blacksmith 14 Show data context -
  Whitesmith 3 Show data context -
  Ironmonger. Hardware Dealer, Merchant 10 Show data context -
  [Coppersmith] 4 Show data context -
  Tin, Tin Plate, Tin Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 24 Show data context -
  Zinc, Zinc Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Lead, Leaden Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer - 1 Show data context
  Metal Refiner, Worker, Turner, Dealer 8 Show data context -
  Brass, Bronze Manufacture. Brazier 35 Show data context -
  Metal Burnisher, Lacquerer 4 Show data context 1 Show data context
  White Metal, Plated Ware, Manufacture. Pewterer 4 Show data context -
  Wire Maker, Worker, Weaver, Drawer 2 Show data context -
  Lamp, Lantern, Candlestick Maker 8 Show data context -
22. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN GENERAL OR UNSPECIFIED COMMODITIES. 380 Show data context 111 Show data context
  General Shopkeeper, Dealer 51 Show data context 35 Show data context
  Pawnbroker 22 Show data context -
  Costermonger, Huckster, Street Seller 29 Show data context 12 Show data context
  Manufacturer, Manager, Superintendant (undefined) 13 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Contractor (undefined) 2 Show data context -
  General Labourer 178 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Engine Driver, Stoker, Fireman (not railway, marine or agricultural) 17 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Artizan, Mechanic (undefined) 38 Show data context 19 Show data context
  Apprentice (undefined) 4 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Factory Labourer (undefined) 22 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Machinist, Machine Worker (undefined) 4 Show data context 30 Show data context
23. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN REFUSE MATTERS. 19 Show data context -
  Town Drainage Service 1 Show data context -
  Chimney Sweep, Soot Merchant 10 Show data context -
  Scavenger, Crossing Sweeper 8 Show data context -
24. PERSONS WITHOUT SPECIFIED OCCUPATIONS. 196 Show data context 470 Show data context
  Persons returned by Property, Rank &c. and not special occupation 196 Show data context 470 Show data context
[UNKNOWN OCCUPATION] 154 Show data context 1,991 Show data context
  [Occupation recorded but of unknown meaning] 7 Show data context 6 Show data context
  [Blank field, or illegible] 147 Show data context 1,985 Show data context

Notes:

The following notes to the table appeared in the original report.

1 This table is a very special case: The original Table 10 as published by Division in the 1881 census reports was limited to data for Registration Divisions, their component Registration Counties, and just those Urban Sanitary Districts with populations of over 50,000. Data presented here for counties and higher-level units are taken from the published reports, as usual, but we also include in A Vision of Britain through Time data for Registration Districts, sub-Districts and Civil Parishes which never appeared in the original reports. These were specially created for us by the History Data Service at the University of Essex and derive from the complete transcription of the individual-level Enumerators Book data coordinated by the Genealogical Society of Utah.
2 In creating these data, each occupation listed in the enumerators books has been assigned as far as possible to the relevant category used in the published reports, but some additional categories with labels in square brackets unavoidably appear. Unlike the published statistics for higher-level units, these specially-calculated data for districts and parishes include persons under 15 or over 65. For these and other reasons, no attempt has been made to ensure that county totals for the districts or parishes match the published county totals. The remaining notes are those that appeared below the original published table.
3 NOTE.--Persons returned as engaged in more than one occupation have been referred to the one that appeared to be of most importance; or if there was no difference in this respect, to the one first given by the person in his or her return. In some cases special rules have been followed: e.g. "Clergyman and Schoolmaster" in combination has always been referred to "Schoolmaster"; a Member of Parliament or Peer engaged in any branch of commerce or industry has always been referred to this latter, not to "Peer, M.P.".
4 The numbers returned under any heading include Labourers, Apprentices, and Assistants, as well as Masters, but not Clerks, Messengers, Errand boys, Porters, or Watchmen, for which occupations there are special headings. Civil, Military, and Naval Clerks, Law, Bank, Insurance, and Railway Clerks, and Government and Railway Porters, are, however, exceptions to this rule. Many young persons, being Apprentices or Assistants, have therefore been referred to occupations usually followed by adults. Women also, chiefly widows or orphans carrying on the business of their deceased husbands or fathers, will sometimes be found under occupations commonly followed by men only.
5 Persons returned as retired from any business have not been referred to that business. Inmates of workhouses have been referred to their trades, unless their age or infirmities showed that they were past work. But persons who might be supposed to be only temporarily separated from their usual employment, such as Prisoners, and Patients in General Hospitals, have been classed under their usual occupations.
6 In some cases, for convenience of space, the male designation, e.g. "Schoolmaster", alone is given, instead of "Schoolmaster, Schoolmistress".

Click on the triangles for all about a particular number.

This website does not try to provide an exact replica of the original printed census tables, which often had thousands of rows and far more columns than will fit on our web pages. Instead, we let you drill down from national totals to the most detailed data available. The column headings are those that appeared in the original printed report. The numbers presented here, which are the same ones we use to create statistical maps and graphs, come from the census table and have usually been carefully checked.

The system can only hold statistics for units listed in our administrative gazetteer, so some rows from the original table may be missing. Sometimes big low-level units, like urban parishes, were divided between more than one higher-level units, like Registration sub-Districts. This is why some pages will give a higher figure for a lower-level unit: it covers the whole of the lower-level unit, not just the part within the current higher-level unit.


Acknowledgments:

We are grateful to the following contributors. If you make use of the data in your own work, please follow any instructions given here on acknowledgment and re-use.

(1) Kevin Schurer (Department of Geography, University of Cambridge). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)

(2) Matthew Woollard (UK Data Service, University of Essex). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)