1881 Census of England and Wales, Tables: Ages, Condition as to Marriage, Occupations and Birthplaces of people, Table 10 : " Occupations of Males and Females in the Division and its Registration Counties".

List Whitechapel PLPar/PLU/RegD Goodmans Fields SubD
OCCUPATIONS. Males.
[1]
Females.
[2]
1. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE GENERAL OR LOCAL GOVERNMENT OF THE COUNTRY. 93 Show data context -
  Civil Service (officers and clerks) 5 Show data context -
  Civil Service (messengers, &c.) 5 Show data context -
  Police 72 Show data context -
  Municipal, Parish, Union, District, Officer 11 Show data context -
2. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE DEFENCE OF THE COUNTRY. 4 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Army Officer (effective/retired) - 5 Show data context
  Army Pensioner 2 Show data context -
  Seaman, R.N. 1 Show data context -
  Navy Pensioner 1 Show data context -
3. PERSONS ENGAGED IN PROFESSIONAL OCCUPATIONS (WITH THEIR IMMEDIATE SUBORDINATES). 69 Show data context 53 Show data context
  Clergymen (Established Church) 3 Show data context -
  Roman Catholic Priest 4 Show data context -
  Minister, Priest of other religious bodies 2 Show data context -
  Missionary, Scripture Reader, Itinerant preacher 1 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Church, chapel, cemetery - officer, servant 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Law Clerk, and others connected with the law 2 Show data context -
  Physician, Surgeon, General Practitioner 3 Show data context -
  Dentist 1 Show data context -
  Medical Student, Assistant 1 Show data context -
  Subordinate Medical Service 1 Show data context 15 Show data context
  Schoolmaster 16 Show data context 30 Show data context
  Teacher, Professor, Lecturer 6 Show data context 2 Show data context
  School Service, and others connected with teaching 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Author, Editor, Journalist 2 Show data context -
  Reporter, Short-hand Writer 2 Show data context -
  Persons engaged in Scientific Pursuits 2 Show data context -
  Literary, Scientific, Institution, Service, &c. 2 Show data context -
  Painter (artist) 1 Show data context -
  Engraver (artist) 1 Show data context -
  Musician, Music Master 15 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Billiard, Cricket & other Games, Service 1 Show data context -
4. PERSONS ENGAGED IN DOMESTIC OFFICES OR SERVICES. 104 Show data context 497 Show data context
  Domestic Coachman, Groom 5 Show data context -
  Domestic Indoor Servant 14 Show data context 347 Show data context
  Lodge, Gate, Park Keeper (not Government) 1 Show data context -
  Inn, Hotel Servant 39 Show data context 14 Show data context
  Office Keeper (not Government) 3 Show data context 11 Show data context
  Cook (not domestic) 3 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Charwoman - 49 Show data context
  Washing and Bathing Service 2 Show data context 69 Show data context
  Hospital and Institution Service 2 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Others engaged in Service 35 Show data context -
5. PERSONS ENGAGED IN COMMERCIAL OCCUPATIONS. 155 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Merchant 12 Show data context -
  Broker, Agent, Factor 14 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Auctioneer, Appraiser, Valuer, House Agent 2 Show data context -
  Salesman, Buyer (not otherwise specified) 4 Show data context -
  Commercial Traveller 56 Show data context -
  Commercial Clerk 62 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Banker 1 Show data context -
  Bank Service 2 Show data context -
  Life, House, Ship &c., Insurance Service 2 Show data context -
6. PERSONS ENGAGED IN CONVEYANCE OF MEN, GOODS, AND MESSAGES. 467 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Railway Engine Driver, Stoker 1 Show data context -
  Railway Guard 9 Show data context -
  Other Railway Officials and Servants 57 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Omnibus, Coach, Cab, Owner - Livery Stable Keeper 4 Show data context -
  Cabman, Flyman, Coachman (not domestic) 6 Show data context -
  Carman, Carrier, Carter, Haulier 115 Show data context -
  Bargeman, Lighterman, Waterman 8 Show data context -
  Seaman (Merchant Service) 28 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Ship Steward, Cook 4 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Harbour, Dock, Wharf, Lighthouse Service 101 Show data context -
  Warehouseman (not Manchester) 29 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Messenger, Porter, Watchman (not Railway or Government) 102 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Telegraph, Telephone Service 3 Show data context -
7. PERSONS ENGAGED IN AGRICULTURE. 3 Show data context -
  Agricultural Labourer, Farm Servant, Cottager 3 Show data context -
8. PERSONS ENGAGED ABOUT ANIMALS. 21 Show data context -
  Groom, Horse-keeper, Horse-breaker 8 Show data context -
  Veterinary Surgeon, Farrier 5 Show data context -
  Drover 1 Show data context -
  Gamekeeper 1 Show data context -
  Dog, Bird, Animal - Keeper, Dealer 5 Show data context -
  Knacker, Catsmeat Dealer &c &c. 1 Show data context -
9. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN BOOKS, PRINTS, AND MAPS. 58 Show data context 18 Show data context
  Publisher, Bookseller, Librarian 4 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Bookbinder 10 Show data context 16 Show data context
  Printer 39 Show data context -
  Newspaper Agent, News Room Keeper 1 Show data context -
  Lithographer, Lithographic Printer 2 Show data context -
  Map and Print - Colourer, Seller 2 Show data context -
10. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN MACHINES AND IMPLEMENTS. 42 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Fitter, Turner (Engine and Machine) 7 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Boiler Maker 5 Show data context -
  Agricultural Machine and Implement Maker 1 Show data context -
  Tool Maker, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Pencil Maker (Wood) - 1 Show data context
  Watch Maker, Clock Maker 12 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Philosophical Instrument Maker 2 Show data context -
  Gunsmith, Gun Manufacturer 11 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Musical Instrument Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Apparatus for other games, Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
11. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN HOUSES, FURNITURE, AND DECORATIONS. 160 Show data context 11 Show data context
  Builder 4 Show data context -
  Carpenter, Joiner 32 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Bricklayer 28 Show data context -
  Mason 5 Show data context -
  Plasterer, Whitewasher 1 Show data context -
  Paperhanger 2 Show data context -
  Plumber 6 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Painter, Glazier 22 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Cabinet Maker 19 Show data context 1 Show data context
  French Polisher 2 Show data context -
  Furniture Broker, Dealer 4 Show data context -
  Locksmith, Bellhanger 1 Show data context -
  Gas Fitter 10 Show data context -
  House and Shop Fittings - Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Funeral Furniture Maker, Undertaker 1 Show data context -
  Wood Carver 1 Show data context -
  Carver, Gilder 17 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Dealer in Works of Art 3 Show data context -
  Animal, Bird &c. Preserver, Naturalist 1 Show data context -
  Artificial Flower Maker - 6 Show data context
12. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CARRIAGES AND HARNESS. 16 Show data context -
  Coachmaker 1 Show data context -
  Wheelwright 8 Show data context -
  Saddler, Harness, Whip Maker 7 Show data context -
13. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN SHIPS AND BOATS. 5 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Ship, Boat, Barge Builder 1 Show data context -
  Shipwright, Ship Carpenter (ashore) 2 Show data context -
  Ship Rigger, Chandler, Fitter 2 Show data context -
  Sail Maker - 1 Show data context
14. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CHEMICALS AND COMPOUNDS. 2 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Fusee, Fireworks, Explosive Article Manufacture - 1 Show data context
  Chemist, Druggist 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
15. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TOBACCO AND PIPES. 128 Show data context 18 Show data context
  Tobacco Manufacture, Tobacconist 127 Show data context 17 Show data context
  Tobacco Pipe, Snuff Box &c. Maker 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
16. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN FOOD AND LODGING. 212 Show data context 49 Show data context
  Innkeeper, Hotel Keeper, Publican 20 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Lodging, Boarding House Keeper 1 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Coffee, Eating House, Keeper 4 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Hop - Merchant, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Brewer 1 Show data context -
  Beerseller, Ale, Porter, Cider Dealer 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Cellarman 12 Show data context -
  Wine, Spirit - Merchant, Agent 3 Show data context -
  Milkseller, Dairyman 7 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Cheesemonger, Butterman 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Butcher, Meat Salesman 29 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Provision Curer, Dealer 5 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Poulterer, Game Dealer 5 Show data context -
  Fishmonger 18 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Corn, Flour, Seed Merchant, Dealer 5 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Baker 30 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Confectioner, Pastrycook 14 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Greengrocer, Fruiterer 10 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Mustard, Vinegar, Spice, Pickle Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Sugar Refiner 18 Show data context -
  Grocer. Tea, Coffee, Chocolate Maker, Dealer 22 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Ginger Beer, Mineral Water Manufacturer, Dealer 3 Show data context -
17. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TEXTILE FABRICS. 21 Show data context 43 Show data context
  Woollen Cloth Manufacture 2 Show data context -
  Cloth, Worsted, Stuff, Flannel, Blanket Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Crepe, Gauze Manufacture - 1 Show data context
  Flax, Linen - Manufacturer, Dealer - 1 Show data context
  Rope, Twine, Cord - Maker, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Mat Maker, Seller 1 Show data context -
  Canvas, Sailcloth Manufacture - 2 Show data context
  Sacking, Sack, Bag - Maker, Dealer 3 Show data context 30 Show data context
  Others working and Dealing in Hemp - 3 Show data context
  Dyer, Printer, Scourer, Bleacher, Calenderer (undefined) 3 Show data context -
  Factory Hand (textile, undefined) 1 Show data context -
  Draper, Linen Draper, Mercer 4 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Fancy Goods (Textile) Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Trimming Maker, Dealer 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
18. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN DRESS. 598 Show data context 542 Show data context
  Hatter, Hat Manufacture 23 Show data context 19 Show data context
  Straw - Hat, Bonnet, Plait Manufacture - 1 Show data context
  Tailor 418 Show data context 337 Show data context
  Milliner, Dressmaker, Staymaker 2 Show data context 95 Show data context
  Shirt Maker, Seamstress 3 Show data context 33 Show data context
  Hosiery Manufacture 1 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Hosier, Haberdasher 3 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Shoe, Boot - Maker, Dealer 113 Show data context 20 Show data context
  Wig Maker, Hair Dresser 19 Show data context -
  Umbrella, Parasol, Stick - Maker, Dealer 10 Show data context 24 Show data context
  Accoutrement Maker 1 Show data context -
  Old Clothes Dealer, and others 5 Show data context 2 Show data context
19. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS ANIMAL SUBSTANCES. 79 Show data context 38 Show data context
  Tallow Chandler, Candle, Grease Manufacture 2 Show data context -
  Bone, Horn, Ivory, Tortoise-shell - Worker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Furrier, Skinner 64 Show data context 28 Show data context
  Currier 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Leather Goods, Portmanteau, Bag, Strap &c., Maker, Dealer 5 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Hair, Bristle - Worker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Brush, Broom, Maker 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Quill, Feather - Dresser, Dealer 2 Show data context 7 Show data context
20. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS VEGETABLE SUBSTANCES. 74 Show data context 30 Show data context
  Oil and Colourman 2 Show data context -
  Japanner 2 Show data context -
  Waterproof Goods - Maker, Dealer 12 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Willow, Cane, Rush Worker, Dealer, Basketmaker 9 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Sawyer 2 Show data context -
  Lath, Wooden Fence, Hurdle Maker 1 Show data context -
  Wood Turner, Box Maker - 2 Show data context
  Cooper, Hoop Maker, Bender 20 Show data context -
  Cork, Bark - Cutter, Worker, Dealer 6 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Paper Manufacture 8 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Envelope Maker - 6 Show data context
  Stationer, Law Stationer 8 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Paper Stainer - 1 Show data context
  Paper Box, Paper Bag Maker 4 Show data context 6 Show data context
21. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS MINERAL SUBSTANCES. 120 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Coal Miner 1 Show data context -
  Coal Merchant 1 Show data context -
  Coalheaver 5 Show data context -
  Stone Cutter, Dresser, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Brick, Tile - Maker, Burner, Dealer 5 Show data context -
  Paviour 5 Show data context -
  Railway Labourer, Navvy 1 Show data context -
  Glass Manufacture 5 Show data context -
  Earthenware, China, Glass Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Goldsmith, Silversmith, Jeweller 54 Show data context -
  Others 1 Show data context -
  [Iron Manufacture] 2 Show data context -
  Blacksmith 9 Show data context -
  Whitesmith 1 Show data context -
  Ironmonger. Hardware Dealer, Merchant 2 Show data context -
  [Coppersmith] 2 Show data context -
  Tin, Tin Plate, Tin Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 12 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Zinc, Zinc Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Lead, Leaden Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Brass, Bronze Manufacture. Brazier 6 Show data context -
  White Metal, Plated Ware, Manufacture. Pewterer 2 Show data context -
  Fancy Chain, Gilt Toy Maker - 1 Show data context
22. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN GENERAL OR UNSPECIFIED COMMODITIES. 281 Show data context 57 Show data context
  General Shopkeeper, Dealer 40 Show data context 17 Show data context
  Costermonger, Huckster, Street Seller 20 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Manufacturer, Manager, Superintendant (undefined) 6 Show data context 1 Show data context
  General Labourer 181 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Engine Driver, Stoker, Fireman (not railway, marine or agricultural) 6 Show data context -
  Artizan, Mechanic (undefined) 16 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Apprentice (undefined) 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Factory Labourer (undefined) 5 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Machinist, Machine Worker (undefined) 5 Show data context 19 Show data context
23. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN REFUSE MATTERS. 25 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Town Drainage Service 1 Show data context -
  Chimney Sweep, Soot Merchant 6 Show data context -
  Scavenger, Crossing Sweeper 12 Show data context -
  Rag Gatherer, Dealer 6 Show data context 1 Show data context
24. PERSONS WITHOUT SPECIFIED OCCUPATIONS. 60 Show data context 149 Show data context
  Persons returned by Property, Rank &c. and not special occupation 60 Show data context 149 Show data context
[UNKNOWN OCCUPATION] 39 Show data context 1,308 Show data context
  [Occupation recorded but of unknown meaning] 1 Show data context 2 Show data context
  [Blank field, or illegible] 38 Show data context 1,306 Show data context

Notes:

The following notes to the table appeared in the original report.

1 This table is a very special case: The original Table 10 as published by Division in the 1881 census reports was limited to data for Registration Divisions, their component Registration Counties, and just those Urban Sanitary Districts with populations of over 50,000. Data presented here for counties and higher-level units are taken from the published reports, as usual, but we also include in A Vision of Britain through Time data for Registration Districts, sub-Districts and Civil Parishes which never appeared in the original reports. These were specially created for us by the History Data Service at the University of Essex and derive from the complete transcription of the individual-level Enumerators Book data coordinated by the Genealogical Society of Utah.
2 In creating these data, each occupation listed in the enumerators books has been assigned as far as possible to the relevant category used in the published reports, but some additional categories with labels in square brackets unavoidably appear. Unlike the published statistics for higher-level units, these specially-calculated data for districts and parishes include persons under 15 or over 65. For these and other reasons, no attempt has been made to ensure that county totals for the districts or parishes match the published county totals. The remaining notes are those that appeared below the original published table.
3 NOTE.--Persons returned as engaged in more than one occupation have been referred to the one that appeared to be of most importance; or if there was no difference in this respect, to the one first given by the person in his or her return. In some cases special rules have been followed: e.g. "Clergyman and Schoolmaster" in combination has always been referred to "Schoolmaster"; a Member of Parliament or Peer engaged in any branch of commerce or industry has always been referred to this latter, not to "Peer, M.P.".
4 The numbers returned under any heading include Labourers, Apprentices, and Assistants, as well as Masters, but not Clerks, Messengers, Errand boys, Porters, or Watchmen, for which occupations there are special headings. Civil, Military, and Naval Clerks, Law, Bank, Insurance, and Railway Clerks, and Government and Railway Porters, are, however, exceptions to this rule. Many young persons, being Apprentices or Assistants, have therefore been referred to occupations usually followed by adults. Women also, chiefly widows or orphans carrying on the business of their deceased husbands or fathers, will sometimes be found under occupations commonly followed by men only.
5 Persons returned as retired from any business have not been referred to that business. Inmates of workhouses have been referred to their trades, unless their age or infirmities showed that they were past work. But persons who might be supposed to be only temporarily separated from their usual employment, such as Prisoners, and Patients in General Hospitals, have been classed under their usual occupations.
6 In some cases, for convenience of space, the male designation, e.g. "Schoolmaster", alone is given, instead of "Schoolmaster, Schoolmistress".

Click on the triangles for all about a particular number.

This website does not try to provide an exact replica of the original printed census tables, which often had thousands of rows and far more columns than will fit on our web pages. Instead, we let you drill down from national totals to the most detailed data available. The column headings are those that appeared in the original printed report. The numbers presented here, which are the same ones we use to create statistical maps and graphs, come from the census table and have usually been carefully checked.

The system can only hold statistics for units listed in our administrative gazetteer, so some rows from the original table may be missing. Sometimes big low-level units, like urban parishes, were divided between more than one higher-level units, like Registration sub-Districts. This is why some pages will give a higher figure for a lower-level unit: it covers the whole of the lower-level unit, not just the part within the current higher-level unit.


Acknowledgments:

We are grateful to the following contributors. If you make use of the data in your own work, please follow any instructions given here on acknowledgment and re-use.

(1) Kevin Schurer (Department of Geography, University of Cambridge). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)

(2) Matthew Woollard (UK Data Service, University of Essex). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)