1881 Census of England and Wales, Tables: Ages, Condition as to Marriage, Occupations and Birthplaces of people, Table 10 : " Occupations of Males and Females in the Division and its Registration Counties".

List Manchester PLPar/PLU/RegD Deansgate SubD
OCCUPATIONS. Males.
[1]
Females.
[2]
1. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE GENERAL OR LOCAL GOVERNMENT OF THE COUNTRY. 62 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Civil Service (officers and clerks) 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Civil Service (messengers, &c.) 3 Show data context -
  Police 28 Show data context -
  Municipal, Parish, Union, District, Officer 29 Show data context -
  Other Local or County Official 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
2. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE DEFENCE OF THE COUNTRY. 6 Show data context -
  Army Officer (effective/retired) 1 Show data context -
  Soldier and Non-commissioned officer 1 Show data context -
  Army Pensioner 4 Show data context -
3. PERSONS ENGAGED IN PROFESSIONAL OCCUPATIONS (WITH THEIR IMMEDIATE SUBORDINATES). 167 Show data context 97 Show data context
  Clergymen (Established Church) 2 Show data context -
  Minister, Priest of other religious bodies 1 Show data context -
  Missionary, Scripture Reader, Itinerant preacher - 1 Show data context
  Church, chapel, cemetery - officer, servant 4 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Barrister, Solicitor 1 Show data context -
  Law Clerk, and others connected with the law 8 Show data context -
  Physician, Surgeon, General Practitioner 15 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Dentist 2 Show data context -
  Medical Student, Assistant 7 Show data context -
  Subordinate Medical Service 4 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Schoolmaster 8 Show data context 29 Show data context
  Teacher, Professor, Lecturer 1 Show data context -
  School Service, and others connected with teaching 3 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Reporter, Short-hand Writer 1 Show data context -
  Civil Engineer 1 Show data context -
  Land, House, Ship, Surveyor 1 Show data context -
  Painter (artist) 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Engraver (artist) 2 Show data context -
  Architect 2 Show data context -
  Musician, Music Master 48 Show data context 23 Show data context
  Photographer 1 Show data context -
  Actor 20 Show data context 21 Show data context
  Art, Music, Theatre Service 6 Show data context -
  Performer, Showman, Exhibition, Service 18 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Billiard, Cricket & other Games, Service 8 Show data context -
4. PERSONS ENGAGED IN DOMESTIC OFFICES OR SERVICES. 135 Show data context 1,095 Show data context
  Domestic Coachman, Groom 4 Show data context -
  Domestic Gardener 7 Show data context -
  Domestic Indoor Servant 17 Show data context 697 Show data context
  Lodge, Gate, Park Keeper (not Government) 3 Show data context -
  Inn, Hotel Servant 81 Show data context 86 Show data context
  College, Club Service 9 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Office Keeper (not Government) 5 Show data context 31 Show data context
  Cook (not domestic) 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Charwoman - 192 Show data context
  Washing and Bathing Service 2 Show data context 76 Show data context
  Hospital and Institution Service 3 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Others engaged in Service 2 Show data context -
5. PERSONS ENGAGED IN COMMERCIAL OCCUPATIONS. 191 Show data context 12 Show data context
  Merchant 1 Show data context -
  Broker, Agent, Factor 26 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Auctioneer, Appraiser, Valuer, House Agent 2 Show data context -
  Accountant 2 Show data context -
  Salesman, Buyer (not otherwise specified) 10 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Commercial Traveller 34 Show data context -
  Commercial Clerk 108 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Bank Service 3 Show data context -
  Life, House, Ship &c., Insurance Service 5 Show data context -
6. PERSONS ENGAGED IN CONVEYANCE OF MEN, GOODS, AND MESSAGES. 876 Show data context 18 Show data context
  Railway Engine Driver, Stoker 4 Show data context -
  Railway Guard 2 Show data context -
  Pointsman, Level Crossing Man 1 Show data context -
  Other Railway Officials and Servants 72 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Omnibus, Coach, Cab, Owner - Livery Stable Keeper 3 Show data context -
  Cabman, Flyman, Coachman (not domestic) 15 Show data context -
  Carman, Carrier, Carter, Haulier 305 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Tramway Companies' Service 1 Show data context -
  Inland Navigation Service 4 Show data context -
  Bargeman, Lighterman, Waterman 62 Show data context -
  Seaman (Merchant Service) 17 Show data context -
  Ship Steward, Cook 2 Show data context -
  Harbour, Dock, Wharf, Lighthouse Service 1 Show data context -
  Warehouseman (not Manchester) 180 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Messenger, Porter, Watchman (not Railway or Government) 204 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Telegraph, Telephone Service 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
7. PERSONS ENGAGED IN AGRICULTURE. 22 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Farmer, Grazier 1 Show data context -
  Agricultural Labourer, Farm Servant, Cottager 18 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Woodman 1 Show data context -
  Nurseryman, Seedsman, Florist 1 Show data context -
  Gardener (not domestic) 1 Show data context -
8. PERSONS ENGAGED ABOUT ANIMALS. 62 Show data context -
  Horse Proprietor, Breeder, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Groom, Horse-keeper, Horse-breaker 36 Show data context -
  Veterinary Surgeon, Farrier 8 Show data context -
  Cattle, Sheep, Pig - Dealer, Salesman 8 Show data context -
  Drover 5 Show data context -
  Dog, Bird, Animal - Keeper, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Vermin Destroyer 2 Show data context -
9. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN BOOKS, PRINTS, AND MAPS. 126 Show data context 44 Show data context
  Publisher, Bookseller, Librarian 4 Show data context -
  Bookbinder 10 Show data context 24 Show data context
  Printer 83 Show data context 15 Show data context
  Newspaper Agent, News Room Keeper 3 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Lithographer, Lithographic Printer 26 Show data context 2 Show data context
10. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN MACHINES AND IMPLEMENTS. 161 Show data context 18 Show data context
  Engine, Machine Maker 28 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Millwright 3 Show data context -
  Fitter, Turner (Engine and Machine) 27 Show data context -
  Boiler Maker 26 Show data context -
  Spinning and Weaving Machine Maker 17 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Tool Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Cutler, Scissors Maker 2 Show data context -
  File Maker 9 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Domestic Implement Maker 18 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Watch Maker, Clock Maker 11 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Electrical Apparatus Maker 3 Show data context -
  Surgical Instrument Maker - 1 Show data context
  Gunsmith, Gun Manufacturer 3 Show data context -
  Musical Instrument Maker, Dealer 4 Show data context -
  Type Cutter, Founder 1 Show data context -
  Die, Seal, Coin, Medal Maker 2 Show data context -
  Toy Maker, Dealer 3 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Fishing Rod, Tackle, Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Apparatus for other games, Maker, Dealer 2 Show data context -
11. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN HOUSES, FURNITURE, AND DECORATIONS. 537 Show data context 24 Show data context
  Builder 7 Show data context -
  Carpenter, Joiner 111 Show data context -
  Bricklayer 68 Show data context -
  Mason 28 Show data context -
  Slater, Tiler 9 Show data context -
  Plasterer, Whitewasher 28 Show data context -
  Paperhanger 12 Show data context -
  Plumber 35 Show data context -
  Painter, Glazier 98 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Cabinet Maker 65 Show data context 11 Show data context
  French Polisher 21 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Furniture Broker, Dealer 8 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Locksmith, Bellhanger 2 Show data context -
  Gas Fitter 2 Show data context -
  House and Shop Fittings - Maker, Dealer 9 Show data context -
  Funeral Furniture Maker, Undertaker 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Wood Carver 12 Show data context -
  Carver, Gilder 17 Show data context -
  Animal, Bird &c. Preserver, Naturalist 1 Show data context -
  Artificial Flower Maker 1 Show data context 4 Show data context
12. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CARRIAGES AND HARNESS. 45 Show data context -
  Coachmaker 15 Show data context -
  Railway Carriage, Railway Wagon, Maker 1 Show data context -
  Wheelwright 9 Show data context -
  Others 1 Show data context -
  Saddler, Harness, Whip Maker 19 Show data context -
13. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN SHIPS AND BOATS. 7 Show data context -
  Ship, Boat, Barge Builder 5 Show data context -
  Shipwright, Ship Carpenter (ashore) 2 Show data context -
14. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CHEMICALS AND COMPOUNDS. 10 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Dye, Paint Manufacture 4 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Ink, Blacking, Colour Substance Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Chemist, Druggist 2 Show data context -
  Manufacturing Chemist 1 Show data context -
  Drysalter 2 Show data context -
15. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TOBACCO AND PIPES. 11 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Tobacco Manufacture, Tobacconist 11 Show data context 3 Show data context
16. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN FOOD AND LODGING. 319 Show data context 150 Show data context
  Innkeeper, Hotel Keeper, Publican 55 Show data context 17 Show data context
  Lodging, Boarding House Keeper 6 Show data context 52 Show data context
  Coffee, Eating House, Keeper 12 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Brewer 3 Show data context -
  Beerseller, Ale, Porter, Cider Dealer 29 Show data context 12 Show data context
  Cellarman 9 Show data context -
  Wine, Spirit - Merchant, Agent 7 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Milkseller, Dairyman 6 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Cheesemonger, Butterman 1 Show data context -
  Butcher, Meat Salesman 64 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Provision Curer, Dealer 22 Show data context 20 Show data context
  Poulterer, Game Dealer 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Fishmonger 12 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Corn, Flour, Seed Merchant, Dealer 3 Show data context -
  Corn Miller 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Baker 33 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Confectioner, Pastrycook 15 Show data context 11 Show data context
  Greengrocer, Fruiterer 13 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Sugar Refiner 1 Show data context -
  Grocer. Tea, Coffee, Chocolate Maker, Dealer 18 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Ginger Beer, Mineral Water Manufacturer, Dealer 5 Show data context 3 Show data context
17. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TEXTILE FABRICS. 366 Show data context 831 Show data context
  Woollen Cloth Manufacture - 3 Show data context
  Wool, Woollen goods - Dyer, Printer 1 Show data context -
  Worsted, Stuff, Manufacture 3 Show data context 16 Show data context
  Blanket Manufacture - 1 Show data context
  Cloth, Worsted, Stuff, Flannel, Blanket Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Silk, Silk Goods, Manufacture 15 Show data context 64 Show data context
  Silk Merchant, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Cotton, Cotton Goods Manufacture 102 Show data context 345 Show data context
  Cotton, Calico - Printer, Dyer, Bleacher 25 Show data context 15 Show data context
  Cotton, Calico - Warehouseman, Dealer 7 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Flax, Linen - Manufacturer, Dealer 1 Show data context 19 Show data context
  Lace Manufacturer, Dealer - 2 Show data context
  Fustian Manufacturer, Dealer 48 Show data context 129 Show data context
  Tape Manufacturer, Dealer - 3 Show data context
  Thread Manufacturer, Dealer 1 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Rope, Twine, Cord - Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Sacking, Sack, Bag - Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Weaver (undefined) 4 Show data context 37 Show data context
  Dyer, Printer, Scourer, Bleacher, Calenderer (undefined) 95 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Factory Hand (textile, undefined) 31 Show data context 72 Show data context
  Carpet, Rug Manufacture 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Manchester Warehouseman 2 Show data context -
  Draper, Linen Draper, Mercer 20 Show data context 12 Show data context
  Fancy Goods (Textile) Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 1 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Trimming Maker, Dealer 4 Show data context 79 Show data context
  Embroiderer - 2 Show data context
  Others - 10 Show data context
18. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN DRESS. 418 Show data context 447 Show data context
  Hatter, Hat Manufacture 7 Show data context 15 Show data context
  Straw - Hat, Bonnet, Plait Manufacture - 1 Show data context
  Tailor 160 Show data context 94 Show data context
  Milliner, Dressmaker, Staymaker - 158 Show data context
  Shirt Maker, Seamstress 3 Show data context 130 Show data context
  Hosiery Manufacture - 1 Show data context
  Hosier, Haberdasher 1 Show data context -
  Button Maker, Dealer 5 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Shoe, Boot - Maker, Dealer 203 Show data context 15 Show data context
  Patten, Clog Maker 10 Show data context -
  Wig Maker, Hair Dresser 24 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Umbrella, Parasol, Stick - Maker, Dealer 4 Show data context 23 Show data context
  Old Clothes Dealer, and others 1 Show data context 4 Show data context
19. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS ANIMAL SUBSTANCES. 18 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Bone, Horn, Ivory, Tortoise-shell - Worker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Comb Maker 1 Show data context -
  Furrier, Skinner 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Tanner, Fellmonger 1 Show data context -
  Currier 7 Show data context -
  Leather Goods, Portmanteau, Bag, Strap &c., Maker, Dealer 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Brush, Broom, Maker 4 Show data context 7 Show data context
20. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS VEGETABLE SUBSTANCES. 106 Show data context 66 Show data context
  Oil Miller, Oil Cake - Maker, Dealer 5 Show data context -
  India Rubber, Gutta Percha - Worker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Waterproof Goods - Maker, Dealer - 2 Show data context
  Willow, Cane, Rush Worker, Dealer, Basketmaker 7 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Hay, Straw (not plait), Chaff, Cutter, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Timber, Wood - Merchant, Dealer 13 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Sawyer 23 Show data context -
  Lath, Wooden Fence, Hurdle Maker 3 Show data context -
  Wood Turner, Box Maker 12 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Cooper, Hoop Maker, Bender 5 Show data context -
  Cork, Bark - Cutter, Worker, Dealer 4 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Paper Manufacture 4 Show data context 12 Show data context
  Envelope Maker - 3 Show data context
  Stationer, Law Stationer 7 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Card, Pattern Card Maker 12 Show data context -
  Paper Stainer 1 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Paper Box, Paper Bag Maker 1 Show data context 26 Show data context
  Ticket, Label Writer 1 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Others 6 Show data context -
21. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS MINERAL SUBSTANCES. 448 Show data context 17 Show data context
  Coal Miner 12 Show data context -
  Ironstone Miner 1 Show data context -
  [Haulier] [not in Census Report but in codebook] 1 Show data context -
  Coal Merchant 7 Show data context -
  Coalheaver 28 Show data context -
  Gas Works Service 10 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Stone Quarrier - 1 Show data context
  Clay, Sand, Gravel, Chalk, Labourer, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Well Sinker, Borer 1 Show data context -
  Brick, Tile - Maker, Burner, Dealer 28 Show data context -
  Paviour 8 Show data context -
  Road Labourer 7 Show data context -
  Railway Labourer, Navvy 21 Show data context -
  Others 1 Show data context -
  Earthenware, China, Porcelain, Manufacture 2 Show data context -
  Glass Manufacture 9 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Earthenware, China, Glass Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Waterworks Service 4 Show data context -
  Goldsmith, Silversmith, Jeweller 2 Show data context -
  Gold, Silver, Beater 2 Show data context -
  Others - 1 Show data context
  [Iron Manufacture] 139 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Blacksmith 59 Show data context -
  Whitesmith 6 Show data context -
  Nail Manufacture 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Ironmonger. Hardware Dealer, Merchant 7 Show data context 2 Show data context
  [Coppersmith] 8 Show data context -
  Tin, Tin Plate, Tin Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 19 Show data context -
  Lead, Leaden Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Metal Refiner, Worker, Turner, Dealer 4 Show data context -
  Brass, Bronze Manufacture. Brazier 38 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Wire Maker, Worker, Weaver, Drawer 3 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Bolt, Nut, Rivet, Screw, Staple Maker 14 Show data context -
  Others 2 Show data context -
22. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN GENERAL OR UNSPECIFIED COMMODITIES. 739 Show data context 150 Show data context
  General Shopkeeper, Dealer 19 Show data context 37 Show data context
  Pawnbroker 2 Show data context -
  Costermonger, Huckster, Street Seller 81 Show data context 32 Show data context
  Manufacturer, Manager, Superintendant (undefined) 4 Show data context 1 Show data context
  General Labourer 467 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Engine Driver, Stoker, Fireman (not railway, marine or agricultural) 24 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Artizan, Mechanic (undefined) 46 Show data context 11 Show data context
  Apprentice (undefined) 4 Show data context -
  Factory Labourer (undefined) 91 Show data context 51 Show data context
  Machinist, Machine Worker (undefined) 1 Show data context 16 Show data context
23. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN REFUSE MATTERS. 16 Show data context -
  Town Drainage Service 1 Show data context -
  Chimney Sweep, Soot Merchant 5 Show data context -
  Scavenger, Crossing Sweeper 10 Show data context -
24. PERSONS WITHOUT SPECIFIED OCCUPATIONS. 49 Show data context 292 Show data context
  Persons returned by Property, Rank &c. and not special occupation 49 Show data context 292 Show data context
[UNKNOWN OCCUPATION] 31 Show data context 1,459 Show data context
  [Occupation recorded but of unknown meaning] 8 Show data context 17 Show data context
  [Blank field, or illegible] 23 Show data context 1,442 Show data context

Notes:

The following notes to the table appeared in the original report.

1 This table is a very special case: The original Table 10 as published by Division in the 1881 census reports was limited to data for Registration Divisions, their component Registration Counties, and just those Urban Sanitary Districts with populations of over 50,000. Data presented here for counties and higher-level units are taken from the published reports, as usual, but we also include in A Vision of Britain through Time data for Registration Districts, sub-Districts and Civil Parishes which never appeared in the original reports. These were specially created for us by the History Data Service at the University of Essex and derive from the complete transcription of the individual-level Enumerators Book data coordinated by the Genealogical Society of Utah.
2 In creating these data, each occupation listed in the enumerators books has been assigned as far as possible to the relevant category used in the published reports, but some additional categories with labels in square brackets unavoidably appear. Unlike the published statistics for higher-level units, these specially-calculated data for districts and parishes include persons under 15 or over 65. For these and other reasons, no attempt has been made to ensure that county totals for the districts or parishes match the published county totals. The remaining notes are those that appeared below the original published table.
3 NOTE.--Persons returned as engaged in more than one occupation have been referred to the one that appeared to be of most importance; or if there was no difference in this respect, to the one first given by the person in his or her return. In some cases special rules have been followed: e.g. "Clergyman and Schoolmaster" in combination has always been referred to "Schoolmaster"; a Member of Parliament or Peer engaged in any branch of commerce or industry has always been referred to this latter, not to "Peer, M.P.".
4 The numbers returned under any heading include Labourers, Apprentices, and Assistants, as well as Masters, but not Clerks, Messengers, Errand boys, Porters, or Watchmen, for which occupations there are special headings. Civil, Military, and Naval Clerks, Law, Bank, Insurance, and Railway Clerks, and Government and Railway Porters, are, however, exceptions to this rule. Many young persons, being Apprentices or Assistants, have therefore been referred to occupations usually followed by adults. Women also, chiefly widows or orphans carrying on the business of their deceased husbands or fathers, will sometimes be found under occupations commonly followed by men only.
5 Persons returned as retired from any business have not been referred to that business. Inmates of workhouses have been referred to their trades, unless their age or infirmities showed that they were past work. But persons who might be supposed to be only temporarily separated from their usual employment, such as Prisoners, and Patients in General Hospitals, have been classed under their usual occupations.
6 In some cases, for convenience of space, the male designation, e.g. "Schoolmaster", alone is given, instead of "Schoolmaster, Schoolmistress".

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This website does not try to provide an exact replica of the original printed census tables, which often had thousands of rows and far more columns than will fit on our web pages. Instead, we let you drill down from national totals to the most detailed data available. The column headings are those that appeared in the original printed report. The numbers presented here, which are the same ones we use to create statistical maps and graphs, come from the census table and have usually been carefully checked.

The system can only hold statistics for units listed in our administrative gazetteer, so some rows from the original table may be missing. Sometimes big low-level units, like urban parishes, were divided between more than one higher-level units, like Registration sub-Districts. This is why some pages will give a higher figure for a lower-level unit: it covers the whole of the lower-level unit, not just the part within the current higher-level unit.


Acknowledgments:

We are grateful to the following contributors. If you make use of the data in your own work, please follow any instructions given here on acknowledgment and re-use.

(1) Kevin Schurer (Department of Geography, University of Cambridge). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)

(2) Matthew Woollard (UK Data Service, University of Essex). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)