1881 Census of England and Wales, Tables: Ages, Condition as to Marriage, Occupations and Birthplaces of people, Table 10 : " Occupations of Males and Females in the Division and its Registration Counties".

List Chelsea PLPar/RegD Chelsea North East SubD
OCCUPATIONS. Males.
[1]
Females.
[2]
1. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE GENERAL OR LOCAL GOVERNMENT OF THE COUNTRY. 267 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Peer, M.P., Privy Councillor (not otherwise described) 13 Show data context -
  Civil Service (officers and clerks) 67 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Civil Service (messengers, &c.) 63 Show data context -
  Prison Service, &c. 1 Show data context -
  Police 108 Show data context -
  Municipal, Parish, Union, District, Officer 9 Show data context -
  Other Local or County Official 4 Show data context -
  East Indian and Colonial Service 2 Show data context -
2. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE DEFENCE OF THE COUNTRY. 66 Show data context -
  Army Officer (effective/retired) 26 Show data context -
  Soldier and Non-commissioned officer 15 Show data context -
  Militia, Yeomanry, Volunteers 5 Show data context -
  Army Pensioner 9 Show data context -
  Navy Officer (effective/retired) 5 Show data context -
  Seaman, R.N. 3 Show data context -
  Navy Pensioner 3 Show data context -
3. PERSONS ENGAGED IN PROFESSIONAL OCCUPATIONS (WITH THEIR IMMEDIATE SUBORDINATES). 301 Show data context 316 Show data context
  Clergymen (Established Church) 11 Show data context -
  Roman Catholic Priest 4 Show data context -
  Minister, Priest of other religious bodies 5 Show data context -
  Missionary, Scripture Reader, Itinerant preacher 3 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Nun, Sister of Charity - 21 Show data context
  Theological Student 1 Show data context -
  Church, chapel, cemetery - officer, servant 5 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Barrister, Solicitor 21 Show data context -
  Law Student 4 Show data context -
  Law Clerk, and others connected with the law 30 Show data context -
  Physician, Surgeon, General Practitioner 24 Show data context -
  Dentist 11 Show data context -
  Medical Student, Assistant 15 Show data context -
  Midwife - 2 Show data context
  Subordinate Medical Service 6 Show data context 116 Show data context
  Schoolmaster 41 Show data context 71 Show data context
  Teacher, Professor, Lecturer 6 Show data context 52 Show data context
  School Service, and others connected with teaching 3 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Author, Editor, Journalist 5 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Reporter, Short-hand Writer 4 Show data context -
  Persons engaged in Scientific Pursuits 2 Show data context -
  Literary, Scientific, Institution, Service, &c. 3 Show data context -
  Civil Engineer 9 Show data context -
  Land, House, Ship, Surveyor 2 Show data context -
  Painter (artist) 15 Show data context 10 Show data context
  Engraver (artist) 3 Show data context -
  Sculptor 6 Show data context -
  Architect 6 Show data context -
  Musician, Music Master 27 Show data context 11 Show data context
  Art Student 4 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Photographer 7 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Actor 5 Show data context 14 Show data context
  Art, Music, Theatre Service 2 Show data context -
  Performer, Showman, Exhibition, Service 2 Show data context -
  Billiard, Cricket & other Games, Service 9 Show data context -
4. PERSONS ENGAGED IN DOMESTIC OFFICES OR SERVICES. 869 Show data context 2,786 Show data context
  Domestic Coachman, Groom 170 Show data context -
  Domestic Indoor Servant 508 Show data context 1,979 Show data context
  Lodge, Gate, Park Keeper (not Government) 3 Show data context -
  Inn, Hotel Servant 85 Show data context 20 Show data context
  College, Club Service 6 Show data context -
  Office Keeper (not Government) 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Cook (not domestic) 3 Show data context -
  Charwoman 1 Show data context 140 Show data context
  Washing and Bathing Service 78 Show data context 643 Show data context
  Hospital and Institution Service 8 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Others engaged in Service 6 Show data context -
5. PERSONS ENGAGED IN COMMERCIAL OCCUPATIONS. 447 Show data context 25 Show data context
  Merchant 10 Show data context -
  Broker, Agent, Factor 23 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Auctioneer, Appraiser, Valuer, House Agent 7 Show data context -
  Accountant 9 Show data context -
  Salesman, Buyer (not otherwise specified) 26 Show data context 14 Show data context
  Commercial Traveller 54 Show data context -
  Commercial Clerk 286 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Officer of Commercial Company, Guild, Society &c. - 1 Show data context
  Banker 3 Show data context -
  Bank Service 9 Show data context -
  Life, House, Ship &c., Insurance Service 20 Show data context -
6. PERSONS ENGAGED IN CONVEYANCE OF MEN, GOODS, AND MESSAGES. 1,255 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Railway Engine Driver, Stoker 36 Show data context -
  Railway Guard 32 Show data context -
  Pointsman, Level Crossing Man 3 Show data context -
  Other Railway Officials and Servants 264 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Omnibus, Coach, Cab, Owner - Livery Stable Keeper 13 Show data context -
  Cabman, Flyman, Coachman (not domestic) 297 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Carman, Carrier, Carter, Haulier 227 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Wheel Chair Proprietor, Attendant &c. 2 Show data context -
  Bargeman, Lighterman, Waterman 12 Show data context -
  Seaman (Merchant Service) 16 Show data context -
  Ship Steward, Cook 2 Show data context -
  Harbour, Dock, Wharf, Lighthouse Service 4 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Warehouseman (not Manchester) 30 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Messenger, Porter, Watchman (not Railway or Government) 308 Show data context -
  Telegraph, Telephone Service 9 Show data context 3 Show data context
7. PERSONS ENGAGED IN AGRICULTURE. 89 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Farmer, Grazier 7 Show data context -
  Agricultural Labourer, Farm Servant, Cottager 25 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Shepherd 2 Show data context -
  Woodman 6 Show data context -
  Nurseryman, Seedsman, Florist 10 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Gardener (not domestic) 39 Show data context -
8. PERSONS ENGAGED ABOUT ANIMALS. 202 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Horse Proprietor, Breeder, Dealer 3 Show data context -
  Groom, Horse-keeper, Horse-breaker 159 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Veterinary Surgeon, Farrier 33 Show data context -
  Cattle, Sheep, Pig - Dealer, Salesman 1 Show data context -
  Drover 1 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Gamekeeper 1 Show data context -
  Dog, Bird, Animal - Keeper, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Knacker, Catsmeat Dealer &c &c. 2 Show data context -
9. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN BOOKS, PRINTS, AND MAPS. 115 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Publisher, Bookseller, Librarian 24 Show data context -
  Music-Publisher, Seller, Printer 6 Show data context -
  Bookbinder 13 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Printer 62 Show data context -
  Newspaper Agent, News Room Keeper 4 Show data context -
  Lithographer, Lithographic Printer 6 Show data context -
10. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN MACHINES AND IMPLEMENTS. 146 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Engine, Machine Maker 26 Show data context -
  Millwright 2 Show data context -
  Fitter, Turner (Engine and Machine) 35 Show data context -
  Tool Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Cutler, Scissors Maker 3 Show data context -
  Watch Maker, Clock Maker 23 Show data context -
  Philosophical Instrument Maker 4 Show data context -
  Electrical Apparatus Maker 8 Show data context -
  Weighing and Measuring Apparatus Maker 1 Show data context -
  Surgical Instrument Maker 5 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Gunsmith, Gun Manufacturer 3 Show data context -
  Ordnance Manufacturer 1 Show data context -
  Musical Instrument Maker, Dealer 25 Show data context -
  Type Cutter, Founder 2 Show data context -
  Die, Seal, Coin, Medal Maker 2 Show data context -
  Toy Maker, Dealer 2 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Apparatus for other games, Maker, Dealer 3 Show data context -
11. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN HOUSES, FURNITURE, AND DECORATIONS. 1,832 Show data context 60 Show data context
  Builder 55 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Carpenter, Joiner 474 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Bricklayer 279 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Mason 127 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Slater, Tiler 4 Show data context -
  Plasterer, Whitewasher 133 Show data context -
  Paperhanger 12 Show data context -
  Plumber 111 Show data context -
  Painter, Glazier 370 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Cabinet Maker 105 Show data context 36 Show data context
  French Polisher 20 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Furniture Broker, Dealer 11 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Locksmith, Bellhanger 9 Show data context -
  Gas Fitter 64 Show data context -
  House and Shop Fittings - Maker, Dealer 17 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Funeral Furniture Maker, Undertaker 5 Show data context -
  Others 3 Show data context -
  Wood Carver 5 Show data context -
  Carver, Gilder 20 Show data context -
  Dealer in Works of Art 5 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Animal, Bird &c. Preserver, Naturalist 2 Show data context -
  Artificial Flower Maker 1 Show data context 6 Show data context
12. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CARRIAGES AND HARNESS. 131 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Coachmaker 65 Show data context -
  Railway Carriage, Railway Wagon, Maker 8 Show data context -
  Wheelwright 21 Show data context -
  Others 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Saddler, Harness, Whip Maker 34 Show data context -
13. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN SHIPS AND BOATS. 6 Show data context -
  Ship, Boat, Barge Builder 6 Show data context -
14. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CHEMICALS AND COMPOUNDS. 26 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Dye, Paint Manufacture 2 Show data context -
  Chemist, Druggist 20 Show data context -
  Manufacturing Chemist 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Drysalter 2 Show data context -
15. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TOBACCO AND PIPES. 9 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Tobacco Manufacture, Tobacconist 9 Show data context 4 Show data context
16. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN FOOD AND LODGING. 601 Show data context 84 Show data context
  Innkeeper, Hotel Keeper, Publican 27 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Lodging, Boarding House Keeper 19 Show data context 28 Show data context
  Coffee, Eating House, Keeper 10 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Brewer 3 Show data context -
  Beerseller, Ale, Porter, Cider Dealer 20 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Cellarman 20 Show data context -
  Wine, Spirit - Merchant, Agent 9 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Milkseller, Dairyman 65 Show data context 10 Show data context
  Cheesemonger, Butterman 32 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Butcher, Meat Salesman 92 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Provision Curer, Dealer 11 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Poulterer, Game Dealer 8 Show data context -
  Fishmonger 35 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Corn, Flour, Seed Merchant, Dealer 7 Show data context -
  Baker 96 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Confectioner, Pastrycook 7 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Greengrocer, Fruiterer 53 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Mustard, Vinegar, Spice, Pickle Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Grocer. Tea, Coffee, Chocolate Maker, Dealer 83 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Ginger Beer, Mineral Water Manufacturer, Dealer 3 Show data context -
17. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TEXTILE FABRICS. 117 Show data context 82 Show data context
  Woolstapler 1 Show data context -
  Silk Dyer, Printer 1 Show data context -
  Silk Merchant, Dealer 3 Show data context -
  Cotton, Cotton Goods Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Cotton, Calico - Printer, Dyer, Bleacher 3 Show data context -
  Flax, Linen - Manufacturer, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Lace Manufacturer, Dealer - 12 Show data context
  Mat Maker, Seller 1 Show data context -
  Others working and Dealing in Hemp 1 Show data context -
  Dyer, Printer, Scourer, Bleacher, Calenderer (undefined) 9 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Carpet, Rug Manufacture 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Draper, Linen Draper, Mercer 89 Show data context 47 Show data context
  Fancy Goods (Textile) Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 2 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Trimming Maker, Dealer 3 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Embroiderer 1 Show data context 7 Show data context
18. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN DRESS. 449 Show data context 930 Show data context
  Hatter, Hat Manufacture 6 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Straw - Hat, Bonnet, Plait Manufacture - 2 Show data context
  Tailor 186 Show data context 50 Show data context
  Milliner, Dressmaker, Staymaker 8 Show data context 765 Show data context
  Shirt Maker, Seamstress 4 Show data context 65 Show data context
  Hosiery Manufacture - 2 Show data context
  Hosier, Haberdasher 12 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Shoe, Boot - Maker, Dealer 204 Show data context 25 Show data context
  Wig Maker, Hair Dresser 25 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Umbrella, Parasol, Stick - Maker, Dealer 4 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Accoutrement Maker - 1 Show data context
  Old Clothes Dealer, and others - 3 Show data context
19. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS ANIMAL SUBSTANCES. 35 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Tallow Chandler, Candle, Grease Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Manure Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Furrier, Skinner 9 Show data context -
  Currier 4 Show data context -
  Leather Goods, Portmanteau, Bag, Strap &c., Maker, Dealer 10 Show data context -
  Brush, Broom, Maker 9 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Quill, Feather - Dresser, Dealer 1 Show data context -
20. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS VEGETABLE SUBSTANCES. 83 Show data context 18 Show data context
  Oil and Colourman 19 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Floor Cloth, Oil Cloth Manufacture 2 Show data context -
  Japanner - 1 Show data context
  Willow, Cane, Rush Worker, Dealer, Basketmaker 4 Show data context -
  Hay, Straw (not plait), Chaff, Cutter, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Timber, Wood - Merchant, Dealer 5 Show data context -
  Sawyer 9 Show data context -
  Lath, Wooden Fence, Hurdle Maker 1 Show data context -
  Wood Turner, Box Maker 7 Show data context -
  Cooper, Hoop Maker, Bender 2 Show data context -
  Cork, Bark - Cutter, Worker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Paper Manufacture 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Envelope Maker - 3 Show data context
  Stationer, Law Stationer 20 Show data context 10 Show data context
  Paper Stainer 7 Show data context -
  Ticket, Label Writer 1 Show data context -
  Others 1 Show data context -
21. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS MINERAL SUBSTANCES. 422 Show data context 12 Show data context
  Coal Miner 1 Show data context -
  Coal Merchant 15 Show data context -
  Coalheaver 9 Show data context -
  Gas Works Service 43 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Stone Cutter, Dresser, Dealer 6 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Plaster, Cement Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Brick, Tile - Maker, Burner, Dealer 16 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Paviour 12 Show data context -
  Road Contractor, Surveyor, Inspector 1 Show data context -
  Road Labourer 4 Show data context -
  Railway Contractor 2 Show data context -
  Platelayer 25 Show data context -
  Railway Labourer, Navvy 29 Show data context -
  Earthenware, China, Porcelain, Manufacture 5 Show data context -
  Glass Manufacture 7 Show data context -
  Earthenware, China, Glass Dealer 8 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Waterworks Service 4 Show data context -
  Goldsmith, Silversmith, Jeweller 35 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Gold, Silver, Beater 6 Show data context -
  Lapidary 1 Show data context -
  Others 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
  [Iron Manufacture] 21 Show data context -
  [Steel Manufacture] 1 Show data context -
  Blacksmith 68 Show data context -
  Whitesmith 21 Show data context -
  Nail Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Ironmonger. Hardware Dealer, Merchant 25 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Other Iron and Steel Manufacture 3 Show data context -
  Tin, Tin Plate, Tin Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 6 Show data context -
  Zinc, Zinc Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 10 Show data context -
  Metal Refiner, Worker, Turner, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Brass, Bronze Manufacture. Brazier 23 Show data context -
  Wire Maker, Worker, Weaver, Drawer 5 Show data context -
  Bolt, Nut, Rivet, Screw, Staple Maker 1 Show data context -
  Lamp, Lantern, Candlestick Maker 2 Show data context -
  Others 1 Show data context -
22. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN GENERAL OR UNSPECIFIED COMMODITIES. 850 Show data context 110 Show data context
  General Shopkeeper, Dealer 53 Show data context 35 Show data context
  Pawnbroker 18 Show data context -
  Costermonger, Huckster, Street Seller 8 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Manufacturer, Manager, Superintendant (undefined) 21 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Contractor (undefined) 6 Show data context -
  General Labourer 615 Show data context 14 Show data context
  Engine Driver, Stoker, Fireman (not railway, marine or agricultural) 69 Show data context -
  Artizan, Mechanic (undefined) 32 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Apprentice (undefined) 10 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Factory Labourer (undefined) 12 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Machinist, Machine Worker (undefined) 6 Show data context 42 Show data context
23. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN REFUSE MATTERS. 30 Show data context -
  Town Drainage Service 3 Show data context -
  Chimney Sweep, Soot Merchant 21 Show data context -
  Scavenger, Crossing Sweeper 6 Show data context -
24. PERSONS WITHOUT SPECIFIED OCCUPATIONS. 116 Show data context 974 Show data context
  Persons returned by Property, Rank &c. and not special occupation 116 Show data context 974 Show data context
[UNKNOWN OCCUPATION] 460 Show data context 5,039 Show data context
  [Occupation recorded but of unknown meaning] 11 Show data context 5 Show data context
  [Blank field, or illegible] 449 Show data context 5,034 Show data context

Notes:

The following notes to the table appeared in the original report.

1 This table is a very special case: The original Table 10 as published by Division in the 1881 census reports was limited to data for Registration Divisions, their component Registration Counties, and just those Urban Sanitary Districts with populations of over 50,000. Data presented here for counties and higher-level units are taken from the published reports, as usual, but we also include in A Vision of Britain through Time data for Registration Districts, sub-Districts and Civil Parishes which never appeared in the original reports. These were specially created for us by the History Data Service at the University of Essex and derive from the complete transcription of the individual-level Enumerators Book data coordinated by the Genealogical Society of Utah.
2 In creating these data, each occupation listed in the enumerators books has been assigned as far as possible to the relevant category used in the published reports, but some additional categories with labels in square brackets unavoidably appear. Unlike the published statistics for higher-level units, these specially-calculated data for districts and parishes include persons under 15 or over 65. For these and other reasons, no attempt has been made to ensure that county totals for the districts or parishes match the published county totals. The remaining notes are those that appeared below the original published table.
3 NOTE.--Persons returned as engaged in more than one occupation have been referred to the one that appeared to be of most importance; or if there was no difference in this respect, to the one first given by the person in his or her return. In some cases special rules have been followed: e.g. "Clergyman and Schoolmaster" in combination has always been referred to "Schoolmaster"; a Member of Parliament or Peer engaged in any branch of commerce or industry has always been referred to this latter, not to "Peer, M.P.".
4 The numbers returned under any heading include Labourers, Apprentices, and Assistants, as well as Masters, but not Clerks, Messengers, Errand boys, Porters, or Watchmen, for which occupations there are special headings. Civil, Military, and Naval Clerks, Law, Bank, Insurance, and Railway Clerks, and Government and Railway Porters, are, however, exceptions to this rule. Many young persons, being Apprentices or Assistants, have therefore been referred to occupations usually followed by adults. Women also, chiefly widows or orphans carrying on the business of their deceased husbands or fathers, will sometimes be found under occupations commonly followed by men only.
5 Persons returned as retired from any business have not been referred to that business. Inmates of workhouses have been referred to their trades, unless their age or infirmities showed that they were past work. But persons who might be supposed to be only temporarily separated from their usual employment, such as Prisoners, and Patients in General Hospitals, have been classed under their usual occupations.
6 In some cases, for convenience of space, the male designation, e.g. "Schoolmaster", alone is given, instead of "Schoolmaster, Schoolmistress".

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This website does not try to provide an exact replica of the original printed census tables, which often had thousands of rows and far more columns than will fit on our web pages. Instead, we let you drill down from national totals to the most detailed data available. The column headings are those that appeared in the original printed report. The numbers presented here, which are the same ones we use to create statistical maps and graphs, come from the census table and have usually been carefully checked.

The system can only hold statistics for units listed in our administrative gazetteer, so some rows from the original table may be missing. Sometimes big low-level units, like urban parishes, were divided between more than one higher-level units, like Registration sub-Districts. This is why some pages will give a higher figure for a lower-level unit: it covers the whole of the lower-level unit, not just the part within the current higher-level unit.


Acknowledgments:

We are grateful to the following contributors. If you make use of the data in your own work, please follow any instructions given here on acknowledgment and re-use.

(1) Kevin Schurer (Department of Geography, University of Cambridge). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)

(2) Matthew Woollard (UK Data Service, University of Essex). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)