1881 Census of England and Wales, Tables: Ages, Condition as to Marriage, Occupations and Birthplaces of people, Table 10 : " Occupations of Males and Females in the Division and its Registration Counties".

List Leeds PLPar/PLPar/PLU/RegD Kirkstall SubD
OCCUPATIONS. Males.
[1]
Females.
[2]
1. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE GENERAL OR LOCAL GOVERNMENT OF THE COUNTRY. 71 Show data context -
  Civil Service (officers and clerks) 25 Show data context -
  Civil Service (messengers, &c.) 8 Show data context -
  Police 20 Show data context -
  Municipal, Parish, Union, District, Officer 14 Show data context -
  Other Local or County Official 4 Show data context -
2. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE DEFENCE OF THE COUNTRY. 6 Show data context -
  Army Officer (effective/retired) 1 Show data context -
  Soldier and Non-commissioned officer 1 Show data context -
  Army Pensioner 4 Show data context -
3. PERSONS ENGAGED IN PROFESSIONAL OCCUPATIONS (WITH THEIR IMMEDIATE SUBORDINATES). 271 Show data context 160 Show data context
  Clergymen (Established Church) 9 Show data context -
  Minister, Priest of other religious bodies 17 Show data context -
  Missionary, Scripture Reader, Itinerant preacher 4 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Theological Student 29 Show data context -
  Church, chapel, cemetery - officer, servant 3 Show data context -
  Barrister, Solicitor 23 Show data context -
  Law Student 1 Show data context -
  Law Clerk, and others connected with the law 34 Show data context -
  Physician, Surgeon, General Practitioner 11 Show data context -
  Dentist 2 Show data context -
  Medical Student, Assistant 5 Show data context -
  Midwife - 1 Show data context
  Subordinate Medical Service 1 Show data context 11 Show data context
  Schoolmaster 36 Show data context 108 Show data context
  Teacher, Professor, Lecturer 9 Show data context 26 Show data context
  Author, Editor, Journalist 4 Show data context -
  Reporter, Short-hand Writer 1 Show data context -
  Persons engaged in Scientific Pursuits 1 Show data context -
  Civil Engineer 31 Show data context -
  Mining Engineer 1 Show data context -
  Land, House, Ship, Surveyor 5 Show data context -
  Painter (artist) 7 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Engraver (artist) 1 Show data context -
  Architect 15 Show data context -
  Musician, Music Master 9 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Art Student 4 Show data context -
  Photographer 5 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Art, Music, Theatre Service 2 Show data context -
  Billiard, Cricket & other Games, Service 1 Show data context -
4. PERSONS ENGAGED IN DOMESTIC OFFICES OR SERVICES. 143 Show data context 1,351 Show data context
  Domestic Coachman, Groom 70 Show data context -
  Domestic Gardener 40 Show data context -
  Domestic Indoor Servant 19 Show data context 1,238 Show data context
  Lodge, Gate, Park Keeper (not Government) 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Inn, Hotel Servant 12 Show data context 13 Show data context
  College, Club Service 1 Show data context -
  Cook (not domestic) - 2 Show data context
  Charwoman - 49 Show data context
  Washing and Bathing Service - 46 Show data context
  Hospital and Institution Service - 1 Show data context
  Others engaged in Service - 1 Show data context
5. PERSONS ENGAGED IN COMMERCIAL OCCUPATIONS. 462 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Merchant 5 Show data context -
  Broker, Agent, Factor 37 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Auctioneer, Appraiser, Valuer, House Agent 11 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Accountant 12 Show data context -
  Salesman, Buyer (not otherwise specified) 4 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Commercial Traveller 98 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Commercial Clerk 234 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Banker 1 Show data context -
  Bank Service 29 Show data context -
  Bill Discounter, Bill Broker, Finance Agent 3 Show data context -
  Life, House, Ship &c., Insurance Service 28 Show data context -
6. PERSONS ENGAGED IN CONVEYANCE OF MEN, GOODS, AND MESSAGES. 269 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Railway Engine Driver, Stoker 2 Show data context -
  Railway Guard 2 Show data context -
  Pointsman, Level Crossing Man 2 Show data context -
  Other Railway Officials and Servants 74 Show data context -
  Omnibus, Coach, Cab, Owner - Livery Stable Keeper 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Cabman, Flyman, Coachman (not domestic) 15 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Carman, Carrier, Carter, Haulier 75 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Tramway Companies' Service 26 Show data context -
  Bargeman, Lighterman, Waterman 1 Show data context -
  Seaman (Merchant Service) 1 Show data context -
  Warehouseman (not Manchester) 32 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Meter, Weigher 1 Show data context -
  Messenger, Porter, Watchman (not Railway or Government) 30 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Telegraph, Telephone Service 5 Show data context 3 Show data context
7. PERSONS ENGAGED IN AGRICULTURE. 197 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Farmer, Grazier 22 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Farmer's, Grazier's - Son, Grandson, Brother, Nephew 6 Show data context -
  Farm Bailiff 1 Show data context -
  Agricultural Labourer, Farm Servant, Cottager 60 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Land Drainage Service (not in towns) 1 Show data context -
  Others engaged in, or connected with agriculture 1 Show data context -
  Woodman 1 Show data context -
  Nurseryman, Seedsman, Florist 9 Show data context -
  Gardener (not domestic) 96 Show data context -
8. PERSONS ENGAGED ABOUT ANIMALS. 18 Show data context -
  Groom, Horse-keeper, Horse-breaker 14 Show data context -
  Cattle, Sheep, Pig - Dealer, Salesman 3 Show data context -
  Dog, Bird, Animal - Keeper, Dealer 1 Show data context -
9. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN BOOKS, PRINTS, AND MAPS. 101 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Publisher, Bookseller, Librarian 12 Show data context -
  Bookbinder 10 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Printer 63 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Newspaper Agent, News Room Keeper 4 Show data context -
  Lithographer, Lithographic Printer 12 Show data context -
10. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN MACHINES AND IMPLEMENTS. 276 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Engine, Machine Maker 55 Show data context -
  Millwright 34 Show data context -
  Fitter, Turner (Engine and Machine) 65 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Boiler Maker 18 Show data context -
  Spinning and Weaving Machine Maker 78 Show data context -
  Agricultural Machine and Implement Maker 2 Show data context -
  Tool Maker, Dealer 4 Show data context -
  File Maker 2 Show data context -
  Needle Maker - 1 Show data context
  Watch Maker, Clock Maker 6 Show data context -
  Electrical Apparatus Maker 2 Show data context -
  Musical Instrument Maker, Dealer 6 Show data context -
  Die, Seal, Coin, Medal Maker 1 Show data context -
  Toy Maker, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Apparatus for other games, Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
11. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN HOUSES, FURNITURE, AND DECORATIONS. 456 Show data context 11 Show data context
  Builder 13 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Carpenter, Joiner 135 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Bricklayer 42 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Mason 105 Show data context -
  Slater, Tiler 6 Show data context -
  Plasterer, Whitewasher 19 Show data context -
  Paperhanger 2 Show data context -
  Plumber 39 Show data context -
  Painter, Glazier 51 Show data context -
  Cabinet Maker 19 Show data context 3 Show data context
  French Polisher 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Furniture Broker, Dealer 3 Show data context -
  Locksmith, Bellhanger 6 Show data context -
  Gas Fitter 4 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Funeral Furniture Maker, Undertaker 1 Show data context -
  Carver, Gilder 8 Show data context -
12. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CARRIAGES AND HARNESS. 45 Show data context -
  Coachmaker 14 Show data context -
  Railway Carriage, Railway Wagon, Maker 4 Show data context -
  Wheelwright 15 Show data context -
  Bicycle, Tricycle - Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Others 4 Show data context -
  Saddler, Harness, Whip Maker 7 Show data context -
14. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CHEMICALS AND COMPOUNDS. 44 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Dye, Paint Manufacture 3 Show data context -
  Chemist, Druggist 22 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Manufacturing Chemist 9 Show data context -
  Drysalter 10 Show data context -
15. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TOBACCO AND PIPES. 8 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Tobacco Manufacture, Tobacconist 6 Show data context -
  Tobacco Pipe, Snuff Box &c. Maker 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
16. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN FOOD AND LODGING. 275 Show data context 45 Show data context
  Innkeeper, Hotel Keeper, Publican 21 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Lodging, Boarding House Keeper - 4 Show data context
  Coffee, Eating House, Keeper 2 Show data context -
  Hop - Merchant, Dealer 3 Show data context -
  Maltster 13 Show data context -
  Brewer 23 Show data context -
  Beerseller, Ale, Porter, Cider Dealer 6 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Cellarman 1 Show data context -
  Wine, Spirit - Merchant, Agent 12 Show data context -
  Milkseller, Dairyman 19 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Cheesemonger, Butterman 1 Show data context -
  Butcher, Meat Salesman 45 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Provision Curer, Dealer 8 Show data context -
  Fishmonger 6 Show data context -
  Corn, Flour, Seed Merchant, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Corn Miller 6 Show data context -
  Baker 2 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Confectioner, Pastrycook 8 Show data context 11 Show data context
  Greengrocer, Fruiterer 11 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Mustard, Vinegar, Spice, Pickle Maker, Dealer - 1 Show data context
  Grocer. Tea, Coffee, Chocolate Maker, Dealer 83 Show data context 11 Show data context
  Ginger Beer, Mineral Water Manufacturer, Dealer 3 Show data context -
17. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TEXTILE FABRICS. 702 Show data context 485 Show data context
  Woolstapler 2 Show data context -
  Woollen Cloth Manufacture 232 Show data context 275 Show data context
  Wool, Woollen goods - Dyer, Printer 35 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Worsted, Stuff, Manufacture 76 Show data context 32 Show data context
  Flannel Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Fuller 4 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Cloth, Worsted, Stuff, Flannel, Blanket Dealer 75 Show data context -
  Silk, Silk Goods, Manufacture 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Cotton, Cotton Goods Manufacture 4 Show data context 11 Show data context
  Cotton, Calico - Warehouseman, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Flax, Linen - Manufacturer, Dealer 28 Show data context 41 Show data context
  Hemp, Jute, Cocoa Fibre Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Rope, Twine, Cord - Maker, Dealer 9 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Canvas, Sailcloth Manufacture - 2 Show data context
  Sacking, Sack, Bag - Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Weaver (undefined) 5 Show data context 74 Show data context
  Dyer, Printer, Scourer, Bleacher, Calenderer (undefined) 91 Show data context -
  Factory Hand (textile, undefined) 80 Show data context 25 Show data context
  Carpet, Rug Manufacture 16 Show data context 10 Show data context
  Manchester Warehouseman 1 Show data context -
  Draper, Linen Draper, Mercer 36 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Fancy Goods (Textile) Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Trimming Maker, Dealer - 1 Show data context
  Others 1 Show data context 4 Show data context
18. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN DRESS. 295 Show data context 361 Show data context
  Hatter, Hat Manufacture 7 Show data context 16 Show data context
  Straw - Hat, Bonnet, Plait Manufacture - 1 Show data context
  Tailor 63 Show data context 63 Show data context
  Milliner, Dressmaker, Staymaker 2 Show data context 233 Show data context
  Shawl Manufacture - 1 Show data context
  Shirt Maker, Seamstress - 19 Show data context
  Hosiery Manufacture - 1 Show data context
  Hosier, Haberdasher 5 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Shoe, Boot - Maker, Dealer 211 Show data context 24 Show data context
  Patten, Clog Maker 1 Show data context -
  Wig Maker, Hair Dresser 5 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Umbrella, Parasol, Stick - Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
19. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS ANIMAL SUBSTANCES. 180 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Tallow Chandler, Candle, Grease Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Soap Boiler, Maker 3 Show data context -
  Glue, Size, Gelatine, Isinglass - Maker, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Manure Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Furrier, Skinner 8 Show data context -
  Tanner, Fellmonger 114 Show data context -
  Currier 42 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Leather Goods, Portmanteau, Bag, Strap &c., Maker, Dealer 3 Show data context -
  Brush, Broom, Maker 6 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Quill, Feather - Dresser, Dealer - 1 Show data context
20. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS VEGETABLE SUBSTANCES. 39 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Oil Miller, Oil Cake - Maker, Dealer 9 Show data context -
  India Rubber, Gutta Percha - Worker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Willow, Cane, Rush Worker, Dealer, Basketmaker 1 Show data context -
  Timber, Wood - Merchant, Dealer 7 Show data context -
  Sawyer 6 Show data context -
  Cooper, Hoop Maker, Bender 4 Show data context -
  Paper Manufacture 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Stationer, Law Stationer 7 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Paper Stainer 2 Show data context -
  Ticket, Label Writer 1 Show data context -
21. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS MINERAL SUBSTANCES. 600 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Coal Miner 7 Show data context -
  Lead Miner 1 Show data context -
  Mine Service 1 Show data context -
  Coal Merchant 25 Show data context -
  Coalheaver 4 Show data context -
  Coke, Charcoal, Peat - Cutter, Burner, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Gas Works Service 6 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Stone Quarrier 19 Show data context -
  Stone Cutter, Dresser, Dealer 9 Show data context -
  Limeburner 1 Show data context -
  Clay, Sand, Gravel, Chalk, Labourer, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Brick, Tile - Maker, Burner, Dealer 9 Show data context -
  Road Labourer 7 Show data context -
  Railway Contractor 1 Show data context -
  Platelayer 7 Show data context -
  Railway Labourer, Navvy 14 Show data context -
  Earthenware, China, Porcelain, Manufacture 1 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Glass Manufacture 3 Show data context -
  Earthenware, China, Glass Dealer 7 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Waterworks Service 3 Show data context -
  Goldsmith, Silversmith, Jeweller 4 Show data context 2 Show data context
  [Iron Manufacture] 357 Show data context 1 Show data context
  [Steel Manufacture] 1 Show data context -
  Blacksmith 56 Show data context -
  Whitesmith 2 Show data context -
  Nail Manufacture 2 Show data context -
  Ironmonger. Hardware Dealer, Merchant 12 Show data context -
  Other Iron and Steel Manufacture 3 Show data context -
  [Coppersmith] 1 Show data context -
  Tin, Tin Plate, Tin Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 24 Show data context -
  Zinc, Zinc Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Metal Refiner, Worker, Turner, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Brass, Bronze Manufacture. Brazier 4 Show data context -
  White Metal, Plated Ware, Manufacture. Pewterer 2 Show data context -
  Wire Maker, Worker, Weaver, Drawer 1 Show data context -
  Bolt, Nut, Rivet, Screw, Staple Maker 2 Show data context -
22. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN GENERAL OR UNSPECIFIED COMMODITIES. 267 Show data context 43 Show data context
  General Shopkeeper, Dealer 11 Show data context 13 Show data context
  Pawnbroker 7 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Costermonger, Huckster, Street Seller 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Manufacturer, Manager, Superintendant (undefined) 6 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Contractor (undefined) 6 Show data context -
  General Labourer 155 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Engine Driver, Stoker, Fireman (not railway, marine or agricultural) 59 Show data context -
  Artizan, Mechanic (undefined) 10 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Apprentice (undefined) 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Factory Labourer (undefined) 5 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Machinist, Machine Worker (undefined) 2 Show data context 20 Show data context
23. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN REFUSE MATTERS. 8 Show data context -
  Town Drainage Service 3 Show data context -
  Chimney Sweep, Soot Merchant 2 Show data context -
  Rag Gatherer, Dealer 3 Show data context -
24. PERSONS WITHOUT SPECIFIED OCCUPATIONS. 91 Show data context 300 Show data context
  Persons returned by Property, Rank &c. and not special occupation 91 Show data context 300 Show data context
[UNKNOWN OCCUPATION] 72 Show data context 3,452 Show data context
  [Occupation recorded but of unknown meaning] 3 Show data context 2 Show data context
  [Blank field, or illegible] 69 Show data context 3,450 Show data context

Notes:

The following notes to the table appeared in the original report.

1 This table is a very special case: The original Table 10 as published by Division in the 1881 census reports was limited to data for Registration Divisions, their component Registration Counties, and just those Urban Sanitary Districts with populations of over 50,000. Data presented here for counties and higher-level units are taken from the published reports, as usual, but we also include in A Vision of Britain through Time data for Registration Districts, sub-Districts and Civil Parishes which never appeared in the original reports. These were specially created for us by the History Data Service at the University of Essex and derive from the complete transcription of the individual-level Enumerators Book data coordinated by the Genealogical Society of Utah.
2 In creating these data, each occupation listed in the enumerators books has been assigned as far as possible to the relevant category used in the published reports, but some additional categories with labels in square brackets unavoidably appear. Unlike the published statistics for higher-level units, these specially-calculated data for districts and parishes include persons under 15 or over 65. For these and other reasons, no attempt has been made to ensure that county totals for the districts or parishes match the published county totals. The remaining notes are those that appeared below the original published table.
3 NOTE.--Persons returned as engaged in more than one occupation have been referred to the one that appeared to be of most importance; or if there was no difference in this respect, to the one first given by the person in his or her return. In some cases special rules have been followed: e.g. "Clergyman and Schoolmaster" in combination has always been referred to "Schoolmaster"; a Member of Parliament or Peer engaged in any branch of commerce or industry has always been referred to this latter, not to "Peer, M.P.".
4 The numbers returned under any heading include Labourers, Apprentices, and Assistants, as well as Masters, but not Clerks, Messengers, Errand boys, Porters, or Watchmen, for which occupations there are special headings. Civil, Military, and Naval Clerks, Law, Bank, Insurance, and Railway Clerks, and Government and Railway Porters, are, however, exceptions to this rule. Many young persons, being Apprentices or Assistants, have therefore been referred to occupations usually followed by adults. Women also, chiefly widows or orphans carrying on the business of their deceased husbands or fathers, will sometimes be found under occupations commonly followed by men only.
5 Persons returned as retired from any business have not been referred to that business. Inmates of workhouses have been referred to their trades, unless their age or infirmities showed that they were past work. But persons who might be supposed to be only temporarily separated from their usual employment, such as Prisoners, and Patients in General Hospitals, have been classed under their usual occupations.
6 In some cases, for convenience of space, the male designation, e.g. "Schoolmaster", alone is given, instead of "Schoolmaster, Schoolmistress".

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This website does not try to provide an exact replica of the original printed census tables, which often had thousands of rows and far more columns than will fit on our web pages. Instead, we let you drill down from national totals to the most detailed data available. The column headings are those that appeared in the original printed report. The numbers presented here, which are the same ones we use to create statistical maps and graphs, come from the census table and have usually been carefully checked.

The system can only hold statistics for units listed in our administrative gazetteer, so some rows from the original table may be missing. Sometimes big low-level units, like urban parishes, were divided between more than one higher-level units, like Registration sub-Districts. This is why some pages will give a higher figure for a lower-level unit: it covers the whole of the lower-level unit, not just the part within the current higher-level unit.


Acknowledgments:

We are grateful to the following contributors. If you make use of the data in your own work, please follow any instructions given here on acknowledgment and re-use.

(1) Kevin Schurer (Department of Geography, University of Cambridge). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)

(2) Matthew Woollard (UK Data Service, University of Essex). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)