1881 Census of England and Wales, Tables: Ages, Condition as to Marriage, Occupations and Birthplaces of people, Table 10 : " Occupations of Males and Females in the Division and its Registration Counties".

List Liverpool PLPar/RegD Scotland SubD
OCCUPATIONS. Males.
[1]
Females.
[2]
1. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE GENERAL OR LOCAL GOVERNMENT OF THE COUNTRY. 74 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Civil Service (officers and clerks) 23 Show data context -
  Civil Service (messengers, &c.) 8 Show data context -
  Prison Service, &c. 2 Show data context -
  Police 25 Show data context -
  Municipal, Parish, Union, District, Officer 16 Show data context 1 Show data context
2. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE DEFENCE OF THE COUNTRY. 51 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Army Officer (effective/retired) 2 Show data context -
  Soldier and Non-commissioned officer 8 Show data context -
  Army Pensioner 18 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Navy Officer (effective/retired) 2 Show data context -
  Seaman, R.N. 15 Show data context -
  Navy Pensioner 6 Show data context -
3. PERSONS ENGAGED IN PROFESSIONAL OCCUPATIONS (WITH THEIR IMMEDIATE SUBORDINATES). 140 Show data context 129 Show data context
  Roman Catholic Priest 31 Show data context -
  Missionary, Scripture Reader, Itinerant preacher 1 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Church, chapel, cemetery - officer, servant 5 Show data context -
  Barrister, Solicitor 2 Show data context -
  Law Clerk, and others connected with the law 6 Show data context -
  Physician, Surgeon, General Practitioner 5 Show data context -
  Dentist 1 Show data context -
  Medical Student, Assistant 4 Show data context -
  Midwife - 16 Show data context
  Subordinate Medical Service 4 Show data context 35 Show data context
  Schoolmaster 34 Show data context 60 Show data context
  Teacher, Professor, Lecturer 3 Show data context 3 Show data context
  School Service, and others connected with teaching 1 Show data context -
  Author, Editor, Journalist 1 Show data context -
  Reporter, Short-hand Writer 2 Show data context -
  Persons engaged in Scientific Pursuits 1 Show data context -
  Literary, Scientific, Institution, Service, &c. 1 Show data context -
  Civil Engineer 3 Show data context -
  Land, House, Ship, Surveyor 1 Show data context -
  Painter (artist) 3 Show data context -
  Engraver (artist) 1 Show data context -
  Musician, Music Master 12 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Art Student 1 Show data context -
  Photographer 4 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Actor 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Performer, Showman, Exhibition, Service 9 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Billiard, Cricket & other Games, Service 3 Show data context -
4. PERSONS ENGAGED IN DOMESTIC OFFICES OR SERVICES. 226 Show data context 3,281 Show data context
  Domestic Coachman, Groom 2 Show data context -
  Domestic Gardener - 1 Show data context
  Domestic Indoor Servant 69 Show data context 2,499 Show data context
  Lodge, Gate, Park Keeper (not Government) 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Inn, Hotel Servant 136 Show data context 76 Show data context
  College, Club Service 1 Show data context -
  Office Keeper (not Government) 2 Show data context 38 Show data context
  Cook (not domestic) 4 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Charwoman 2 Show data context 462 Show data context
  Washing and Bathing Service 2 Show data context 199 Show data context
  Hospital and Institution Service 1 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Others engaged in Service 5 Show data context 1 Show data context
5. PERSONS ENGAGED IN COMMERCIAL OCCUPATIONS. 416 Show data context 31 Show data context
  Broker, Agent, Factor 37 Show data context 16 Show data context
  Auctioneer, Appraiser, Valuer, House Agent 9 Show data context -
  Accountant 1 Show data context -
  Salesman, Buyer (not otherwise specified) 1 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Commercial Traveller 15 Show data context -
  Commercial Clerk 331 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Officer of Commercial Company, Guild, Society &c. 2 Show data context -
  Bank Service 1 Show data context -
  Bill Discounter, Bill Broker, Finance Agent - 1 Show data context
  Life, House, Ship &c., Insurance Service 19 Show data context 1 Show data context
6. PERSONS ENGAGED IN CONVEYANCE OF MEN, GOODS, AND MESSAGES. 8,162 Show data context 89 Show data context
  Railway Engine Driver, Stoker 52 Show data context -
  Railway Guard 2 Show data context -
  Pointsman, Level Crossing Man 6 Show data context -
  Other Railway Officials and Servants 286 Show data context -
  Omnibus, Coach, Cab, Owner - Livery Stable Keeper 10 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Cabman, Flyman, Coachman (not domestic) 62 Show data context -
  Carman, Carrier, Carter, Haulier 1,353 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Tramway Companies' Service 12 Show data context -
  Inland Navigation Service 4 Show data context -
  Bargeman, Lighterman, Waterman 196 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Navigation Service (on shore) 3 Show data context -
  Seaman (Merchant Service) 1,749 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Pilot 4 Show data context -
  Ship Steward, Cook 80 Show data context 16 Show data context
  Harbour, Dock, Wharf, Lighthouse Service 3,684 Show data context 18 Show data context
  Warehouseman (not Manchester) 66 Show data context 35 Show data context
  Meter, Weigher 10 Show data context -
  Messenger, Porter, Watchman (not Railway or Government) 578 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Telegraph, Telephone Service 5 Show data context -
7. PERSONS ENGAGED IN AGRICULTURE. 152 Show data context 24 Show data context
  Farmer, Grazier 18 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Farmer's, Grazier's - Son, Grandson, Brother, Nephew 10 Show data context -
  Farm Bailiff 68 Show data context -
  Agricultural Labourer, Farm Servant, Cottager 50 Show data context 20 Show data context
  Nurseryman, Seedsman, Florist 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Gardener (not domestic) 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
8. PERSONS ENGAGED ABOUT ANIMALS. 133 Show data context -
  Horse Proprietor, Breeder, Dealer 4 Show data context -
  Groom, Horse-keeper, Horse-breaker 59 Show data context -
  Veterinary Surgeon, Farrier 22 Show data context -
  Cattle, Sheep, Pig - Dealer, Salesman 19 Show data context -
  Drover 21 Show data context -
  Dog, Bird, Animal - Keeper, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Fisherman 6 Show data context -
9. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN BOOKS, PRINTS, AND MAPS. 137 Show data context 103 Show data context
  Publisher, Bookseller, Librarian 8 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Bookbinder 12 Show data context 72 Show data context
  Printer 105 Show data context 24 Show data context
  Newspaper Agent, News Room Keeper 5 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Lithographer, Lithographic Printer 7 Show data context -
  Map and Print - Colourer, Seller - 2 Show data context
10. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN MACHINES AND IMPLEMENTS. 749 Show data context 11 Show data context
  Engine, Machine Maker 63 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Millwright 14 Show data context -
  Fitter, Turner (Engine and Machine) 156 Show data context -
  Boiler Maker 464 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Spinning and Weaving Machine Maker - 3 Show data context
  Tool Maker, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Cutler, Scissors Maker 1 Show data context -
  File Maker 2 Show data context -
  Saw Maker 1 Show data context -
  Watch Maker, Clock Maker 27 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Philosophical Instrument Maker 4 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Electrical Apparatus Maker 5 Show data context -
  Weighing and Measuring Apparatus Maker 7 Show data context -
  Musical Instrument Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Die, Seal, Coin, Medal Maker 1 Show data context -
  Toy Maker, Dealer - 2 Show data context
  Apparatus for other games, Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
11. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN HOUSES, FURNITURE, AND DECORATIONS. 1,181 Show data context 56 Show data context
  Builder 33 Show data context -
  Carpenter, Joiner 312 Show data context -
  Bricklayer 230 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Mason 88 Show data context -
  Slater, Tiler 15 Show data context -
  Plasterer, Whitewasher 120 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Paperhanger 25 Show data context -
  Plumber 77 Show data context -
  Painter, Glazier 190 Show data context -
  Cabinet Maker 34 Show data context 29 Show data context
  French Polisher 8 Show data context 10 Show data context
  Furniture Broker, Dealer 9 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Locksmith, Bellhanger 1 Show data context -
  Gas Fitter 18 Show data context -
  House and Shop Fittings - Maker, Dealer 5 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Funeral Furniture Maker, Undertaker 6 Show data context -
  Wood Carver 2 Show data context -
  Carver, Gilder 8 Show data context -
  Artificial Flower Maker - 3 Show data context
12. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CARRIAGES AND HARNESS. 109 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Coachmaker 15 Show data context -
  Wheelwright 55 Show data context -
  Saddler, Harness, Whip Maker 39 Show data context 1 Show data context
13. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN SHIPS AND BOATS. 353 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Ship, Boat, Barge Builder 99 Show data context -
  Shipwright, Ship Carpenter (ashore) 134 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Mast, Yard, Oar, Block Maker 16 Show data context -
  Ship Rigger, Chandler, Fitter 75 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Sail Maker 29 Show data context -
14. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CHEMICALS AND COMPOUNDS. 171 Show data context 81 Show data context
  Dye, Paint Manufacture 5 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Ink, Blacking, Colour Substance Manufacture 4 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Gunpowder, Guncotton, Explosive Substance Manufacture 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Fusee, Fireworks, Explosive Article Manufacture 3 Show data context 26 Show data context
  Chemist, Druggist 27 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Manufacturing Chemist 125 Show data context 35 Show data context
  Alkali Manufacture 5 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Drysalter 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
15. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TOBACCO AND PIPES. 67 Show data context 335 Show data context
  Tobacco Manufacture, Tobacconist 60 Show data context 335 Show data context
  Tobacco Pipe, Snuff Box &c. Maker 7 Show data context -
16. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN FOOD AND LODGING. 1,575 Show data context 461 Show data context
  Innkeeper, Hotel Keeper, Publican 215 Show data context 21 Show data context
  Lodging, Boarding House Keeper 6 Show data context 139 Show data context
  Coffee, Eating House, Keeper 17 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Maltster 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Brewer 19 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Beerseller, Ale, Porter, Cider Dealer 4 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Cellarman 36 Show data context 13 Show data context
  Wine, Spirit - Merchant, Agent 34 Show data context -
  Milkseller, Dairyman 29 Show data context 17 Show data context
  Cheesemonger, Butterman 1 Show data context -
  Butcher, Meat Salesman 147 Show data context 14 Show data context
  Provision Curer, Dealer 86 Show data context 40 Show data context
  Poulterer, Game Dealer 6 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Fishmonger 21 Show data context 26 Show data context
  Corn, Flour, Seed Merchant, Dealer 48 Show data context -
  Corn Miller 126 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Baker 161 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Confectioner, Pastrycook 17 Show data context 65 Show data context
  Greengrocer, Fruiterer 38 Show data context 50 Show data context
  Mustard, Vinegar, Spice, Pickle Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context 10 Show data context
  Sugar Refiner 348 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Grocer. Tea, Coffee, Chocolate Maker, Dealer 191 Show data context 34 Show data context
  Ginger Beer, Mineral Water Manufacturer, Dealer 21 Show data context 1 Show data context
17. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TEXTILE FABRICS. 188 Show data context 212 Show data context
  Woollen Cloth Manufacture 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Worsted, Stuff, Manufacture - 2 Show data context
  Silk, Silk Goods, Manufacture 2 Show data context -
  Silk Dyer, Printer 1 Show data context -
  Cotton, Cotton Goods Manufacture 72 Show data context 57 Show data context
  Cotton, Calico - Warehouseman, Dealer 11 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Flax, Linen - Manufacturer, Dealer 1 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Hemp, Jute, Cocoa Fibre Manufacture - 1 Show data context
  Rope, Twine, Cord - Maker, Dealer 11 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Mat Maker, Seller 3 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Sacking, Sack, Bag - Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context 75 Show data context
  Others working and Dealing in Hemp - 14 Show data context
  Weaver (undefined) 2 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Dyer, Printer, Scourer, Bleacher, Calenderer (undefined) 10 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Factory Hand (textile, undefined) 1 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Draper, Linen Draper, Mercer 69 Show data context 23 Show data context
  Fancy Goods (Textile) Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 1 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Trimming Maker, Dealer - 2 Show data context
18. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN DRESS. 506 Show data context 984 Show data context
  Hatter, Hat Manufacture 5 Show data context 13 Show data context
  Tailor 146 Show data context 117 Show data context
  Milliner, Dressmaker, Staymaker 5 Show data context 617 Show data context
  Shirt Maker, Seamstress - 153 Show data context
  Hosier, Haberdasher 2 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Glover, Glove Maker - 2 Show data context
  Button Maker, Dealer - 1 Show data context
  Shoe, Boot - Maker, Dealer 256 Show data context 56 Show data context
  Patten, Clog Maker 16 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Wig Maker, Hair Dresser 71 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Umbrella, Parasol, Stick - Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Old Clothes Dealer, and others 4 Show data context 16 Show data context
19. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS ANIMAL SUBSTANCES. 111 Show data context 98 Show data context
  Tallow Chandler, Candle, Grease Manufacture 9 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Soap Boiler, Maker 29 Show data context 67 Show data context
  Furrier, Skinner 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Tanner, Fellmonger 30 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Currier 14 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Leather Goods, Portmanteau, Bag, Strap &c., Maker, Dealer 4 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Hair, Bristle - Worker, Dealer 3 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Brush, Broom, Maker 20 Show data context 10 Show data context
  Quill, Feather - Dresser, Dealer - 5 Show data context
20. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS VEGETABLE SUBSTANCES. 508 Show data context 108 Show data context
  Oil Miller, Oil Cake - Maker, Dealer 47 Show data context -
  Oil and Colourman 3 Show data context -
  Japanner 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  India Rubber, Gutta Percha - Worker, Dealer 24 Show data context 23 Show data context
  Waterproof Goods - Maker, Dealer 5 Show data context -
  Willow, Cane, Rush Worker, Dealer, Basketmaker 14 Show data context 12 Show data context
  Hay, Straw (not plait), Chaff, Cutter, Dealer 12 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Timber, Wood - Merchant, Dealer 39 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Sawyer 55 Show data context -
  Lath, Wooden Fence, Hurdle Maker 5 Show data context -
  Wood Turner, Box Maker 33 Show data context 12 Show data context
  Cooper, Hoop Maker, Bender 232 Show data context -
  Cork, Bark - Cutter, Worker, Dealer 11 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Paper Manufacture 2 Show data context 16 Show data context
  Envelope Maker - 4 Show data context
  Stationer, Law Stationer 13 Show data context 11 Show data context
  Paper Box, Paper Bag Maker 5 Show data context 18 Show data context
  Ticket, Label Writer 2 Show data context -
  Others 5 Show data context -
21. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS MINERAL SUBSTANCES. 1,752 Show data context 35 Show data context
  Coal Miner 12 Show data context -
  Ironstone Miner 1 Show data context -
  Lead Miner 1 Show data context -
  Miner, in other or undefined Minerals 1 Show data context -
  Mine Service 1 Show data context -
  Coal Merchant 22 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Coalheaver 281 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Coke, Charcoal, Peat - Cutter, Burner, Dealer 3 Show data context -
  Gas Works Service 98 Show data context -
  Stone Quarrier 19 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Stone Cutter, Dresser, Dealer 5 Show data context -
  Limeburner 2 Show data context -
  Well Sinker, Borer 2 Show data context -
  Plaster, Cement Manufacture 6 Show data context -
  Brick, Tile - Maker, Burner, Dealer 78 Show data context -
  Paviour 28 Show data context -
  Road Labourer 77 Show data context -
  Platelayer 9 Show data context -
  Railway Labourer, Navvy 39 Show data context -
  Earthenware, China, Porcelain, Manufacture 5 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Glass Manufacture 12 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Earthenware, China, Glass Dealer 5 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Salt Maker, Dealer 7 Show data context -
  Waterworks Service 8 Show data context -
  Goldsmith, Silversmith, Jeweller 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
  [Iron Manufacture] 517 Show data context 3 Show data context
  [Steel Manufacture] 3 Show data context -
  Blacksmith 209 Show data context -
  Whitesmith 43 Show data context -
  Nail Manufacture 7 Show data context -
  Ironmonger. Hardware Dealer, Merchant 17 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Copper, Copper Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  [Coppersmith] 41 Show data context -
  Tin, Tin Plate, Tin Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 75 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Zinc, Zinc Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Lead, Leaden Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Metal Refiner, Worker, Turner, Dealer 4 Show data context -
  Brass, Bronze Manufacture. Brazier 90 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Wire Maker, Worker, Weaver, Drawer 5 Show data context -
  Bolt, Nut, Rivet, Screw, Staple Maker 11 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Lamp, Lantern, Candlestick Maker 1 Show data context -
22. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN GENERAL OR UNSPECIFIED COMMODITIES. 4,582 Show data context 801 Show data context
  General Shopkeeper, Dealer 97 Show data context 214 Show data context
  Pawnbroker 94 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Costermonger, Huckster, Street Seller 49 Show data context 360 Show data context
  Manufacturer, Manager, Superintendant (undefined) 70 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Contractor (undefined) 3 Show data context -
  General Labourer 3,656 Show data context 28 Show data context
  Engine Driver, Stoker, Fireman (not railway, marine or agricultural) 391 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Artizan, Mechanic (undefined) 133 Show data context 15 Show data context
  Apprentice (undefined) 22 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Factory Labourer (undefined) 55 Show data context 85 Show data context
  Machinist, Machine Worker (undefined) 12 Show data context 88 Show data context
23. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN REFUSE MATTERS. 34 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Town Drainage Service 2 Show data context -
  Chimney Sweep, Soot Merchant 13 Show data context -
  Scavenger, Crossing Sweeper 15 Show data context -
  Rag Gatherer, Dealer 4 Show data context 3 Show data context
24. PERSONS WITHOUT SPECIFIED OCCUPATIONS. 333 Show data context 2,309 Show data context
  Persons returned by Property, Rank &c. and not special occupation 333 Show data context 2,309 Show data context
[UNKNOWN OCCUPATION] 371 Show data context 10,588 Show data context
  [Occupation recorded but of unknown meaning] 21 Show data context 6 Show data context
  [Blank field, or illegible] 350 Show data context 10,582 Show data context

Notes:

The following notes to the table appeared in the original report.

1 This table is a very special case: The original Table 10 as published by Division in the 1881 census reports was limited to data for Registration Divisions, their component Registration Counties, and just those Urban Sanitary Districts with populations of over 50,000. Data presented here for counties and higher-level units are taken from the published reports, as usual, but we also include in A Vision of Britain through Time data for Registration Districts, sub-Districts and Civil Parishes which never appeared in the original reports. These were specially created for us by the History Data Service at the University of Essex and derive from the complete transcription of the individual-level Enumerators Book data coordinated by the Genealogical Society of Utah.
2 In creating these data, each occupation listed in the enumerators books has been assigned as far as possible to the relevant category used in the published reports, but some additional categories with labels in square brackets unavoidably appear. Unlike the published statistics for higher-level units, these specially-calculated data for districts and parishes include persons under 15 or over 65. For these and other reasons, no attempt has been made to ensure that county totals for the districts or parishes match the published county totals. The remaining notes are those that appeared below the original published table.
3 NOTE.--Persons returned as engaged in more than one occupation have been referred to the one that appeared to be of most importance; or if there was no difference in this respect, to the one first given by the person in his or her return. In some cases special rules have been followed: e.g. "Clergyman and Schoolmaster" in combination has always been referred to "Schoolmaster"; a Member of Parliament or Peer engaged in any branch of commerce or industry has always been referred to this latter, not to "Peer, M.P.".
4 The numbers returned under any heading include Labourers, Apprentices, and Assistants, as well as Masters, but not Clerks, Messengers, Errand boys, Porters, or Watchmen, for which occupations there are special headings. Civil, Military, and Naval Clerks, Law, Bank, Insurance, and Railway Clerks, and Government and Railway Porters, are, however, exceptions to this rule. Many young persons, being Apprentices or Assistants, have therefore been referred to occupations usually followed by adults. Women also, chiefly widows or orphans carrying on the business of their deceased husbands or fathers, will sometimes be found under occupations commonly followed by men only.
5 Persons returned as retired from any business have not been referred to that business. Inmates of workhouses have been referred to their trades, unless their age or infirmities showed that they were past work. But persons who might be supposed to be only temporarily separated from their usual employment, such as Prisoners, and Patients in General Hospitals, have been classed under their usual occupations.
6 In some cases, for convenience of space, the male designation, e.g. "Schoolmaster", alone is given, instead of "Schoolmaster, Schoolmistress".

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This website does not try to provide an exact replica of the original printed census tables, which often had thousands of rows and far more columns than will fit on our web pages. Instead, we let you drill down from national totals to the most detailed data available. The column headings are those that appeared in the original printed report. The numbers presented here, which are the same ones we use to create statistical maps and graphs, come from the census table and have usually been carefully checked.

The system can only hold statistics for units listed in our administrative gazetteer, so some rows from the original table may be missing. Sometimes big low-level units, like urban parishes, were divided between more than one higher-level units, like Registration sub-Districts. This is why some pages will give a higher figure for a lower-level unit: it covers the whole of the lower-level unit, not just the part within the current higher-level unit.


Acknowledgments:

We are grateful to the following contributors. If you make use of the data in your own work, please follow any instructions given here on acknowledgment and re-use.

(1) Kevin Schurer (Department of Geography, University of Cambridge). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)

(2) Matthew Woollard (UK Data Service, University of Essex). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)