1881 Census of England and Wales, Tables: Ages, Condition as to Marriage, Occupations and Birthplaces of people, Table 10 : " Occupations of Males and Females in the Division and its Registration Counties".

List Northwich PLU/RegD Northwich SubD
OCCUPATIONS. Males.
[1]
Females.
[2]
1. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE GENERAL OR LOCAL GOVERNMENT OF THE COUNTRY. 37 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Civil Service (officers and clerks) 5 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Civil Service (messengers, &c.) 10 Show data context -
  Police 12 Show data context -
  Municipal, Parish, Union, District, Officer 8 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Other Local or County Official 2 Show data context -
2. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE DEFENCE OF THE COUNTRY. 5 Show data context -
  Soldier and Non-commissioned officer 1 Show data context -
  Army Pensioner 4 Show data context -
3. PERSONS ENGAGED IN PROFESSIONAL OCCUPATIONS (WITH THEIR IMMEDIATE SUBORDINATES). 94 Show data context 74 Show data context
  Clergymen (Established Church) 9 Show data context -
  Roman Catholic Priest 1 Show data context -
  Minister, Priest of other religious bodies 7 Show data context -
  Missionary, Scripture Reader, Itinerant preacher 2 Show data context -
  Church, chapel, cemetery - officer, servant 1 Show data context -
  Barrister, Solicitor 6 Show data context -
  Law Clerk, and others connected with the law 16 Show data context -
  Physician, Surgeon, General Practitioner 5 Show data context -
  Medical Student, Assistant 4 Show data context -
  Subordinate Medical Service 1 Show data context 10 Show data context
  Schoolmaster 20 Show data context 59 Show data context
  Teacher, Professor, Lecturer - 3 Show data context
  School Service, and others connected with teaching 1 Show data context -
  Reporter, Short-hand Writer 1 Show data context -
  Civil Engineer 6 Show data context -
  Land, House, Ship, Surveyor 2 Show data context -
  Painter (artist) 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Architect 1 Show data context -
  Musician, Music Master 6 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Art Student 1 Show data context -
  Photographer 3 Show data context -
4. PERSONS ENGAGED IN DOMESTIC OFFICES OR SERVICES. 103 Show data context 741 Show data context
  Domestic Coachman, Groom 23 Show data context -
  Domestic Gardener 50 Show data context -
  Domestic Indoor Servant 19 Show data context 647 Show data context
  Inn, Hotel Servant 8 Show data context 14 Show data context
  College, Club Service 2 Show data context -
  Office Keeper (not Government) 1 Show data context -
  Cook (not domestic) - 1 Show data context
  Charwoman - 49 Show data context
  Washing and Bathing Service - 30 Show data context
5. PERSONS ENGAGED IN COMMERCIAL OCCUPATIONS. 112 Show data context -
  Merchant 3 Show data context -
  Broker, Agent, Factor 9 Show data context -
  Auctioneer, Appraiser, Valuer, House Agent 1 Show data context -
  Accountant 4 Show data context -
  Salesman, Buyer (not otherwise specified) 1 Show data context -
  Commercial Traveller 9 Show data context -
  Commercial Clerk 68 Show data context -
  Banker 1 Show data context -
  Bank Service 8 Show data context -
  Life, House, Ship &c., Insurance Service 8 Show data context -
6. PERSONS ENGAGED IN CONVEYANCE OF MEN, GOODS, AND MESSAGES. 510 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Railway Engine Driver, Stoker 30 Show data context -
  Railway Guard 12 Show data context -
  Pointsman, Level Crossing Man 5 Show data context -
  Other Railway Officials and Servants 53 Show data context -
  Omnibus, Coach, Cab, Owner - Livery Stable Keeper 2 Show data context -
  Cabman, Flyman, Coachman (not domestic) 7 Show data context -
  Carman, Carrier, Carter, Haulier 49 Show data context -
  Inland Navigation Service 13 Show data context -
  Bargeman, Lighterman, Waterman 271 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Seaman (Merchant Service) 44 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Harbour, Dock, Wharf, Lighthouse Service 4 Show data context -
  Warehouseman (not Manchester) 3 Show data context -
  Messenger, Porter, Watchman (not Railway or Government) 15 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Telegraph, Telephone Service 2 Show data context -
7. PERSONS ENGAGED IN AGRICULTURE. 477 Show data context 36 Show data context
  Farmer, Grazier 117 Show data context 11 Show data context
  Farmer's, Grazier's - Son, Grandson, Brother, Nephew 56 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Farm Bailiff 3 Show data context -
  Agricultural Labourer, Farm Servant, Cottager 296 Show data context 24 Show data context
  Nurseryman, Seedsman, Florist 1 Show data context -
  Gardener (not domestic) 4 Show data context -
8. PERSONS ENGAGED ABOUT ANIMALS. 51 Show data context -
  Horse Proprietor, Breeder, Dealer 5 Show data context -
  Groom, Horse-keeper, Horse-breaker 31 Show data context -
  Veterinary Surgeon, Farrier 2 Show data context -
  Cattle, Sheep, Pig - Dealer, Salesman 4 Show data context -
  Gamekeeper 9 Show data context -
9. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN BOOKS, PRINTS, AND MAPS. 19 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Publisher, Bookseller, Librarian 2 Show data context -
  Printer 14 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Newspaper Agent, News Room Keeper 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Lithographer, Lithographic Printer 1 Show data context -
10. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN MACHINES AND IMPLEMENTS. 181 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Engine, Machine Maker 14 Show data context -
  Millwright 4 Show data context -
  Fitter, Turner (Engine and Machine) 50 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Boiler Maker 95 Show data context -
  Agricultural Machine and Implement Maker 4 Show data context -
  Cutler, Scissors Maker 1 Show data context -
  Watch Maker, Clock Maker 9 Show data context -
  Electrical Apparatus Maker 2 Show data context -
  Musical Instrument Maker, Dealer 2 Show data context -
11. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN HOUSES, FURNITURE, AND DECORATIONS. 425 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Builder 13 Show data context -
  Carpenter, Joiner 152 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Bricklayer 123 Show data context -
  Mason 27 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Slater, Tiler 4 Show data context -
  Plasterer, Whitewasher 3 Show data context -
  Plumber 11 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Painter, Glazier 60 Show data context -
  Cabinet Maker 23 Show data context -
  French Polisher 2 Show data context -
  Furniture Broker, Dealer 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Gas Fitter 3 Show data context -
  Carver, Gilder 2 Show data context -
12. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CARRIAGES AND HARNESS. 68 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Coachmaker 15 Show data context -
  Railway Carriage, Railway Wagon, Maker 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Wheelwright 34 Show data context -
  Others 6 Show data context -
  Saddler, Harness, Whip Maker 10 Show data context -
13. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN SHIPS AND BOATS. 134 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Ship, Boat, Barge Builder 8 Show data context -
  Shipwright, Ship Carpenter (ashore) 108 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Mast, Yard, Oar, Block Maker 5 Show data context -
  Sail Maker 13 Show data context -
14. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CHEMICALS AND COMPOUNDS. 73 Show data context -
  Chemist, Druggist 11 Show data context -
  Manufacturing Chemist 43 Show data context -
  Alkali Manufacture 19 Show data context -
15. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TOBACCO AND PIPES. 1 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Tobacco Manufacture, Tobacconist 1 Show data context 4 Show data context
16. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN FOOD AND LODGING. 238 Show data context 63 Show data context
  Innkeeper, Hotel Keeper, Publican 29 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Lodging, Boarding House Keeper 1 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Coffee, Eating House, Keeper 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Brewer 5 Show data context -
  Beerseller, Ale, Porter, Cider Dealer 6 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Milkseller, Dairyman 4 Show data context -
  Butcher, Meat Salesman 49 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Provision Curer, Dealer 10 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Fishmonger 2 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Corn, Flour, Seed Merchant, Dealer 5 Show data context -
  Corn Miller 16 Show data context -
  Baker 23 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Confectioner, Pastrycook 9 Show data context 13 Show data context
  Greengrocer, Fruiterer 10 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Grocer. Tea, Coffee, Chocolate Maker, Dealer 67 Show data context 21 Show data context
  Ginger Beer, Mineral Water Manufacturer, Dealer 1 Show data context -
17. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TEXTILE FABRICS. 57 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Woolstapler 3 Show data context -
  Woollen Cloth Manufacture 2 Show data context -
  Flax, Linen - Manufacturer, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Rope, Twine, Cord - Maker, Dealer 15 Show data context -
  Sacking, Sack, Bag - Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Factory Hand (textile, undefined) 1 Show data context -
  Draper, Linen Draper, Mercer 34 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Fancy Goods (Textile) Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer - 1 Show data context
18. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN DRESS. 165 Show data context 210 Show data context
  Hatter, Hat Manufacture 2 Show data context -
  Straw - Hat, Bonnet, Plait Manufacture - 1 Show data context
  Tailor 70 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Milliner, Dressmaker, Staymaker 1 Show data context 183 Show data context
  Shirt Maker, Seamstress - 12 Show data context
  Hosier, Haberdasher 1 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Shoe, Boot - Maker, Dealer 65 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Patten, Clog Maker 18 Show data context -
  Wig Maker, Hair Dresser 8 Show data context -
19. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS ANIMAL SUBSTANCES. 60 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Tallow Chandler, Candle, Grease Manufacture - 1 Show data context
  Manure Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Bone, Horn, Ivory, Tortoise-shell - Worker, Dealer 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Furrier, Skinner 21 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Tanner, Fellmonger 19 Show data context -
  Currier 17 Show data context -
  Quill, Feather - Dresser, Dealer - 1 Show data context
20. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS VEGETABLE SUBSTANCES. 75 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Willow, Cane, Rush Worker, Dealer, Basketmaker 13 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Hay, Straw (not plait), Chaff, Cutter, Dealer 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Timber, Wood - Merchant, Dealer 8 Show data context -
  Sawyer 28 Show data context -
  Wood Turner, Box Maker 1 Show data context -
  Cooper, Hoop Maker, Bender 18 Show data context -
  Stationer, Law Stationer 4 Show data context -
  Others 1 Show data context -
21. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS MINERAL SUBSTANCES. 1,080 Show data context 25 Show data context
  Miner, in other or undefined Minerals 1 Show data context -
  Mine Service 1 Show data context -
  Coal Merchant 11 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Coalheaver 2 Show data context -
  Gas Works Service 6 Show data context -
  Stone Quarrier 41 Show data context -
  Stone Cutter, Dresser, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Slate Worker, Dealer 3 Show data context -
  Well Sinker, Borer 2 Show data context -
  Brick, Tile - Maker, Burner, Dealer 49 Show data context -
  Paviour 5 Show data context -
  Road Labourer 5 Show data context -
  Railway Contractor 1 Show data context -
  Platelayer 20 Show data context -
  Railway Labourer, Navvy 11 Show data context -
  Earthenware, China, Porcelain, Manufacture 8 Show data context -
  Earthenware, China, Glass Dealer 1 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Salt Maker, Dealer 665 Show data context 20 Show data context
  Goldsmith, Silversmith, Jeweller - 1 Show data context
  [Iron Manufacture] 48 Show data context -
  Blacksmith 109 Show data context -
  Whitesmith 7 Show data context -
  Nail Manufacture 3 Show data context -
  Ironmonger. Hardware Dealer, Merchant 11 Show data context 1 Show data context
  [Coppersmith] 56 Show data context -
  Tin, Tin Plate, Tin Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 10 Show data context -
  Brass, Bronze Manufacture. Brazier 2 Show data context -
  Bolt, Nut, Rivet, Screw, Staple Maker 1 Show data context -
22. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN GENERAL OR UNSPECIFIED COMMODITIES. 739 Show data context 46 Show data context
  General Shopkeeper, Dealer 13 Show data context 10 Show data context
  Pawnbroker 6 Show data context -
  Costermonger, Huckster, Street Seller 21 Show data context 24 Show data context
  Manufacturer, Manager, Superintendant (undefined) 4 Show data context -
  Contractor (undefined) 4 Show data context -
  General Labourer 567 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Engine Driver, Stoker, Fireman (not railway, marine or agricultural) 84 Show data context -
  Artizan, Mechanic (undefined) 26 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Apprentice (undefined) 8 Show data context -
  Factory Labourer (undefined) 6 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Machinist, Machine Worker (undefined) - 3 Show data context
23. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN REFUSE MATTERS. 5 Show data context -
  Chimney Sweep, Soot Merchant 2 Show data context -
  Scavenger, Crossing Sweeper 3 Show data context -
24. PERSONS WITHOUT SPECIFIED OCCUPATIONS. 64 Show data context 1,072 Show data context
  Persons returned by Property, Rank &c. and not special occupation 64 Show data context 1,072 Show data context
[UNKNOWN OCCUPATION] 60 Show data context 2,059 Show data context
  [Occupation recorded but of unknown meaning] 8 Show data context 2 Show data context
  [Blank field, or illegible] 52 Show data context 2,057 Show data context

Notes:

The following notes to the table appeared in the original report.

1 This table is a very special case: The original Table 10 as published by Division in the 1881 census reports was limited to data for Registration Divisions, their component Registration Counties, and just those Urban Sanitary Districts with populations of over 50,000. Data presented here for counties and higher-level units are taken from the published reports, as usual, but we also include in A Vision of Britain through Time data for Registration Districts, sub-Districts and Civil Parishes which never appeared in the original reports. These were specially created for us by the History Data Service at the University of Essex and derive from the complete transcription of the individual-level Enumerators Book data coordinated by the Genealogical Society of Utah.
2 In creating these data, each occupation listed in the enumerators books has been assigned as far as possible to the relevant category used in the published reports, but some additional categories with labels in square brackets unavoidably appear. Unlike the published statistics for higher-level units, these specially-calculated data for districts and parishes include persons under 15 or over 65. For these and other reasons, no attempt has been made to ensure that county totals for the districts or parishes match the published county totals. The remaining notes are those that appeared below the original published table.
3 NOTE.--Persons returned as engaged in more than one occupation have been referred to the one that appeared to be of most importance; or if there was no difference in this respect, to the one first given by the person in his or her return. In some cases special rules have been followed: e.g. "Clergyman and Schoolmaster" in combination has always been referred to "Schoolmaster"; a Member of Parliament or Peer engaged in any branch of commerce or industry has always been referred to this latter, not to "Peer, M.P.".
4 The numbers returned under any heading include Labourers, Apprentices, and Assistants, as well as Masters, but not Clerks, Messengers, Errand boys, Porters, or Watchmen, for which occupations there are special headings. Civil, Military, and Naval Clerks, Law, Bank, Insurance, and Railway Clerks, and Government and Railway Porters, are, however, exceptions to this rule. Many young persons, being Apprentices or Assistants, have therefore been referred to occupations usually followed by adults. Women also, chiefly widows or orphans carrying on the business of their deceased husbands or fathers, will sometimes be found under occupations commonly followed by men only.
5 Persons returned as retired from any business have not been referred to that business. Inmates of workhouses have been referred to their trades, unless their age or infirmities showed that they were past work. But persons who might be supposed to be only temporarily separated from their usual employment, such as Prisoners, and Patients in General Hospitals, have been classed under their usual occupations.
6 In some cases, for convenience of space, the male designation, e.g. "Schoolmaster", alone is given, instead of "Schoolmaster, Schoolmistress".

Click on the triangles for all about a particular number.

This website does not try to provide an exact replica of the original printed census tables, which often had thousands of rows and far more columns than will fit on our web pages. Instead, we let you drill down from national totals to the most detailed data available. The column headings are those that appeared in the original printed report. The numbers presented here, which are the same ones we use to create statistical maps and graphs, come from the census table and have usually been carefully checked.

The system can only hold statistics for units listed in our administrative gazetteer, so some rows from the original table may be missing. Sometimes big low-level units, like urban parishes, were divided between more than one higher-level units, like Registration sub-Districts. This is why some pages will give a higher figure for a lower-level unit: it covers the whole of the lower-level unit, not just the part within the current higher-level unit.


Acknowledgments:

We are grateful to the following contributors. If you make use of the data in your own work, please follow any instructions given here on acknowledgment and re-use.

(1) Kevin Schurer (Department of Geography, University of Cambridge). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)

(2) Matthew Woollard (UK Data Service, University of Essex). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)