1881 Census of England and Wales, Tables: Ages, Condition as to Marriage, Occupations and Birthplaces of people, Table 10 : " Occupations of Males and Females in the Division and its Registration Counties".

List Whitechapel PLPar/PLU/RegD Spitalfields SubD
OCCUPATIONS. Males.
[1]
Females.
[2]
1. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE GENERAL OR LOCAL GOVERNMENT OF THE COUNTRY. 68 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Civil Service (officers and clerks) 1 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Civil Service (messengers, &c.) 3 Show data context -
  Police 61 Show data context -
  Municipal, Parish, Union, District, Officer 3 Show data context -
2. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE DEFENCE OF THE COUNTRY. 11 Show data context -
  Army Officer (effective/retired) 4 Show data context -
  Soldier and Non-commissioned officer 4 Show data context -
  Militia, Yeomanry, Volunteers 2 Show data context -
  Seaman, R.N. 1 Show data context -
3. PERSONS ENGAGED IN PROFESSIONAL OCCUPATIONS (WITH THEIR IMMEDIATE SUBORDINATES). 110 Show data context 85 Show data context
  Clergymen (Established Church) 8 Show data context -
  Minister, Priest of other religious bodies 4 Show data context -
  Missionary, Scripture Reader, Itinerant preacher 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Nun, Sister of Charity - 15 Show data context
  Church, chapel, cemetery - officer, servant 3 Show data context -
  Barrister, Solicitor 2 Show data context -
  Law Clerk, and others connected with the law 8 Show data context -
  Physician, Surgeon, General Practitioner 8 Show data context -
  Dentist 1 Show data context -
  Medical Student, Assistant 1 Show data context -
  Midwife - 1 Show data context
  Subordinate Medical Service 1 Show data context 25 Show data context
  Schoolmaster 22 Show data context 35 Show data context
  Teacher, Professor, Lecturer 10 Show data context 3 Show data context
  School Service, and others connected with teaching 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Author, Editor, Journalist - 1 Show data context
  Reporter, Short-hand Writer 1 Show data context -
  Persons engaged in Scientific Pursuits 2 Show data context -
  Literary, Scientific, Institution, Service, &c. 1 Show data context -
  Civil Engineer - 1 Show data context
  Painter (artist) 1 Show data context -
  Engraver (artist) 1 Show data context -
  Architect 1 Show data context -
  Musician, Music Master 15 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Photographer 1 Show data context -
  Actor 6 Show data context -
  Art, Music, Theatre Service 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Performer, Showman, Exhibition, Service 2 Show data context -
  Billiard, Cricket & other Games, Service 3 Show data context -
4. PERSONS ENGAGED IN DOMESTIC OFFICES OR SERVICES. 160 Show data context 1,301 Show data context
  Domestic Coachman, Groom 4 Show data context -
  Domestic Gardener 2 Show data context -
  Domestic Indoor Servant 24 Show data context 792 Show data context
  Inn, Hotel Servant 84 Show data context 32 Show data context
  College, Club Service - 1 Show data context
  Office Keeper (not Government) 2 Show data context 13 Show data context
  Cook (not domestic) 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Charwoman 2 Show data context 209 Show data context
  Washing and Bathing Service 6 Show data context 248 Show data context
  Hospital and Institution Service 3 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Others engaged in Service 32 Show data context 2 Show data context
5. PERSONS ENGAGED IN COMMERCIAL OCCUPATIONS. 202 Show data context 16 Show data context
  Merchant 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Broker, Agent, Factor 8 Show data context -
  Accountant 6 Show data context -
  Salesman, Buyer (not otherwise specified) 16 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Commercial Traveller 74 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Commercial Clerk 88 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Officer of Commercial Company, Guild, Society &c. 1 Show data context -
  Bank Service 4 Show data context -
  Life, House, Ship &c., Insurance Service 4 Show data context -
6. PERSONS ENGAGED IN CONVEYANCE OF MEN, GOODS, AND MESSAGES. 1,076 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Railway Guard 3 Show data context -
  Pointsman, Level Crossing Man 1 Show data context -
  Other Railway Officials and Servants 25 Show data context -
  Omnibus, Coach, Cab, Owner - Livery Stable Keeper 3 Show data context -
  Cabman, Flyman, Coachman (not domestic) 38 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Carman, Carrier, Carter, Haulier 256 Show data context -
  Bargeman, Lighterman, Waterman 7 Show data context -
  Seaman (Merchant Service) 14 Show data context -
  Pilot 1 Show data context -
  Ship Steward, Cook 1 Show data context -
  Harbour, Dock, Wharf, Lighthouse Service 289 Show data context -
  Warehouseman (not Manchester) 36 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Messenger, Porter, Watchman (not Railway or Government) 401 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Telegraph, Telephone Service 1 Show data context -
7. PERSONS ENGAGED IN AGRICULTURE. 17 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Farmer, Grazier 3 Show data context -
  Farm Bailiff 1 Show data context -
  Agricultural Labourer, Farm Servant, Cottager 7 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Nurseryman, Seedsman, Florist 1 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Gardener (not domestic) 5 Show data context 1 Show data context
8. PERSONS ENGAGED ABOUT ANIMALS. 56 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Horse Proprietor, Breeder, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Groom, Horse-keeper, Horse-breaker 34 Show data context -
  Veterinary Surgeon, Farrier 13 Show data context -
  Drover 7 Show data context -
  Knacker, Catsmeat Dealer &c &c. 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
9. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN BOOKS, PRINTS, AND MAPS. 146 Show data context 44 Show data context
  Publisher, Bookseller, Librarian 8 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Music-Publisher, Seller, Printer 1 Show data context -
  Bookbinder 24 Show data context 36 Show data context
  Printer 103 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Newspaper Agent, News Room Keeper 4 Show data context -
  Lithographer, Lithographic Printer 5 Show data context -
  Copper Plate and Steel Plate Printer 1 Show data context -
10. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN MACHINES AND IMPLEMENTS. 75 Show data context 12 Show data context
  Engine, Machine Maker 8 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Millwright 1 Show data context -
  Fitter, Turner (Engine and Machine) 4 Show data context -
  Boiler Maker 1 Show data context -
  Spinning and Weaving Machine Maker 1 Show data context -
  Tool Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Cutler, Scissors Maker 2 Show data context -
  File Maker 4 Show data context -
  Steel Pen Maker - 1 Show data context
  Pencil Maker (Wood) 1 Show data context -
  Domestic Implement Maker 1 Show data context -
  Watch Maker, Clock Maker 15 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Philosophical Instrument Maker 2 Show data context -
  Electrical Apparatus Maker 1 Show data context -
  Weighing and Measuring Apparatus Maker 2 Show data context -
  Surgical Instrument Maker 6 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Gunsmith, Gun Manufacturer 6 Show data context -
  Musical Instrument Maker, Dealer 9 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Type Cutter, Founder 1 Show data context -
  Die, Seal, Coin, Medal Maker 1 Show data context -
  Toy Maker, Dealer 7 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Apparatus for other games, Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
11. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN HOUSES, FURNITURE, AND DECORATIONS. 658 Show data context 34 Show data context
  Builder 12 Show data context -
  Carpenter, Joiner 89 Show data context -
  Bricklayer 96 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Mason 27 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Slater, Tiler 2 Show data context -
  Plasterer, Whitewasher 16 Show data context -
  Paperhanger 6 Show data context -
  Plumber 15 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Painter, Glazier 139 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Cabinet Maker 158 Show data context 12 Show data context
  French Polisher 29 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Furniture Broker, Dealer 4 Show data context -
  Locksmith, Bellhanger 1 Show data context -
  Gas Fitter 12 Show data context -
  House and Shop Fittings - Maker, Dealer 9 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Funeral Furniture Maker, Undertaker 2 Show data context -
  Wood Carver 12 Show data context -
  Carver, Gilder 28 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Animal, Bird &c. Preserver, Naturalist 1 Show data context -
  Artificial Flower Maker - 7 Show data context
12. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CARRIAGES AND HARNESS. 62 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Coachmaker 16 Show data context -
  Wheelwright 15 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Others 2 Show data context -
  Saddler, Harness, Whip Maker 29 Show data context 5 Show data context
13. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN SHIPS AND BOATS. 13 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Ship, Boat, Barge Builder 6 Show data context -
  Shipwright, Ship Carpenter (ashore) 3 Show data context -
  Ship Rigger, Chandler, Fitter 1 Show data context -
  Sail Maker 3 Show data context 2 Show data context
14. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CHEMICALS AND COMPOUNDS. 22 Show data context 10 Show data context
  Dye, Paint Manufacture 2 Show data context -
  Ink, Blacking, Colour Substance Manufacture - 2 Show data context
  Fusee, Fireworks, Explosive Article Manufacture 1 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Chemist, Druggist 12 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Manufacturing Chemist 7 Show data context 4 Show data context
15. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TOBACCO AND PIPES. 573 Show data context 140 Show data context
  Tobacco Manufacture, Tobacconist 572 Show data context 140 Show data context
  Tobacco Pipe, Snuff Box &c. Maker 1 Show data context -
16. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN FOOD AND LODGING. 546 Show data context 106 Show data context
  Innkeeper, Hotel Keeper, Publican 46 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Lodging, Boarding House Keeper 9 Show data context 14 Show data context
  Coffee, Eating House, Keeper 14 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Maltster 1 Show data context -
  Brewer 14 Show data context -
  Beerseller, Ale, Porter, Cider Dealer 3 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Cellarman 8 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Wine, Spirit - Merchant, Agent 4 Show data context -
  Milkseller, Dairyman 20 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Cheesemonger, Butterman 6 Show data context -
  Butcher, Meat Salesman 69 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Provision Curer, Dealer 13 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Poulterer, Game Dealer 6 Show data context -
  Fishmonger 73 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Corn, Flour, Seed Merchant, Dealer 4 Show data context -
  Corn Miller 3 Show data context -
  Baker 81 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Confectioner, Pastrycook 32 Show data context 14 Show data context
  Greengrocer, Fruiterer 95 Show data context 15 Show data context
  Mustard, Vinegar, Spice, Pickle Maker, Dealer 6 Show data context 13 Show data context
  Sugar Refiner 4 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Grocer. Tea, Coffee, Chocolate Maker, Dealer 29 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Ginger Beer, Mineral Water Manufacturer, Dealer 6 Show data context -
17. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TEXTILE FABRICS. 89 Show data context 128 Show data context
  Worsted, Stuff, Manufacture - 1 Show data context
  Cloth, Worsted, Stuff, Flannel, Blanket Dealer 5 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Silk, Silk Goods, Manufacture 24 Show data context 49 Show data context
  Silk Dyer, Printer 1 Show data context -
  Cotton, Cotton Goods Manufacture 2 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Cotton, Calico - Printer, Dyer, Bleacher 1 Show data context -
  Flax, Linen - Manufacturer, Dealer - 1 Show data context
  Lace Manufacturer, Dealer 2 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Rope, Twine, Cord - Maker, Dealer 5 Show data context -
  Mat Maker, Seller 2 Show data context -
  Canvas, Sailcloth Manufacture 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Sacking, Sack, Bag - Maker, Dealer 3 Show data context 11 Show data context
  Others working and Dealing in Hemp - 1 Show data context
  Weaver (undefined) 3 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Dyer, Printer, Scourer, Bleacher, Calenderer (undefined) 5 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Factory Hand (textile, undefined) 1 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Carpet, Rug Manufacture 3 Show data context -
  Manchester Warehouseman 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Draper, Linen Draper, Mercer 21 Show data context 18 Show data context
  Fancy Goods (Textile) Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 5 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Trimming Maker, Dealer 4 Show data context 19 Show data context
  Others - 1 Show data context
18. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN DRESS. 1,250 Show data context 1,151 Show data context
  Hatter, Hat Manufacture 48 Show data context 45 Show data context
  Straw - Hat, Bonnet, Plait Manufacture - 2 Show data context
  Tailor 607 Show data context 674 Show data context
  Milliner, Dressmaker, Staymaker 6 Show data context 178 Show data context
  Shirt Maker, Seamstress 5 Show data context 116 Show data context
  Hosier, Haberdasher 4 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Glover, Glove Maker - 1 Show data context
  Button Maker, Dealer - 4 Show data context
  Shoe, Boot - Maker, Dealer 481 Show data context 79 Show data context
  Wig Maker, Hair Dresser 46 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Umbrella, Parasol, Stick - Maker, Dealer 45 Show data context 41 Show data context
  Accoutrement Maker 2 Show data context -
  Old Clothes Dealer, and others 6 Show data context 3 Show data context
19. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS ANIMAL SUBSTANCES. 106 Show data context 88 Show data context
  Tallow Chandler, Candle, Grease Manufacture 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Soap Boiler, Maker 6 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Manure Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Bone, Horn, Ivory, Tortoise-shell - Worker, Dealer 6 Show data context -
  Others 3 Show data context -
  Furrier, Skinner 61 Show data context 57 Show data context
  Tanner, Fellmonger 1 Show data context -
  Currier 10 Show data context -
  Leather Goods, Portmanteau, Bag, Strap &c., Maker, Dealer 3 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Hair, Bristle - Worker, Dealer - 1 Show data context
  Brush, Broom, Maker 10 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Quill, Feather - Dresser, Dealer 3 Show data context 18 Show data context
20. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS VEGETABLE SUBSTANCES. 168 Show data context 112 Show data context
  India Rubber, Gutta Percha - Worker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Waterproof Goods - Maker, Dealer 8 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Others 1 Show data context -
  Willow, Cane, Rush Worker, Dealer, Basketmaker 36 Show data context 12 Show data context
  Hay, Straw (not plait), Chaff, Cutter, Dealer 4 Show data context -
  Timber, Wood - Merchant, Dealer 6 Show data context -
  Sawyer 8 Show data context -
  Lath, Wooden Fence, Hurdle Maker 3 Show data context -
  Wood Turner, Box Maker 24 Show data context 11 Show data context
  Cooper, Hoop Maker, Bender 26 Show data context -
  Cork, Bark - Cutter, Worker, Dealer 6 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Paper Manufacture 10 Show data context 13 Show data context
  Envelope Maker 1 Show data context 10 Show data context
  Stationer, Law Stationer 14 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Card, Pattern Card Maker 2 Show data context -
  Paper Stainer - 2 Show data context
  Paper Box, Paper Bag Maker 12 Show data context 53 Show data context
  Ticket, Label Writer 3 Show data context -
  Others 3 Show data context 2 Show data context
21. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS MINERAL SUBSTANCES. 271 Show data context 12 Show data context
  Coal Miner 2 Show data context -
  Coal Merchant 6 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Coalheaver 13 Show data context -
  Coke, Charcoal, Peat - Cutter, Burner, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Gas Works Service 3 Show data context -
  Brick, Tile - Maker, Burner, Dealer 4 Show data context -
  Paviour 5 Show data context -
  Railway Contractor 1 Show data context -
  Railway Labourer, Navvy 4 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Earthenware, China, Porcelain, Manufacture 5 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Glass Manufacture 9 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Earthenware, China, Glass Dealer 14 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Goldsmith, Silversmith, Jeweller 51 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Gold, Silver, Beater 6 Show data context -
  [Iron Manufacture] 4 Show data context -
  Blacksmith 51 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Whitesmith 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Nail Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Anchor, Chain Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Ironmonger. Hardware Dealer, Merchant 10 Show data context -
  [Coppersmith] 4 Show data context -
  Tin, Tin Plate, Tin Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 39 Show data context -
  Zinc, Zinc Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Metal Refiner, Worker, Turner, Dealer 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Brass, Bronze Manufacture. Brazier 21 Show data context -
  Wire Maker, Worker, Weaver, Drawer 5 Show data context -
  Bolt, Nut, Rivet, Screw, Staple Maker 1 Show data context -
  Lamp, Lantern, Candlestick Maker 4 Show data context -
  Fancy Chain, Gilt Toy Maker 1 Show data context -
22. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN GENERAL OR UNSPECIFIED COMMODITIES. 1,684 Show data context 316 Show data context
  General Shopkeeper, Dealer 240 Show data context 80 Show data context
  Pawnbroker 5 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Costermonger, Huckster, Street Seller 299 Show data context 139 Show data context
  Manufacturer, Manager, Superintendant (undefined) 4 Show data context 7 Show data context
  General Labourer 1,029 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Engine Driver, Stoker, Fireman (not railway, marine or agricultural) 13 Show data context -
  Artizan, Mechanic (undefined) 51 Show data context 17 Show data context
  Apprentice (undefined) 6 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Factory Labourer (undefined) 22 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Machinist, Machine Worker (undefined) 15 Show data context 58 Show data context
23. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN REFUSE MATTERS. 37 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Town Drainage Service 1 Show data context -
  Chimney Sweep, Soot Merchant 11 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Scavenger, Crossing Sweeper 12 Show data context -
  Rag Gatherer, Dealer 13 Show data context 3 Show data context
24. PERSONS WITHOUT SPECIFIED OCCUPATIONS. 89 Show data context 276 Show data context
  Persons returned by Property, Rank &c. and not special occupation 89 Show data context 276 Show data context
[UNKNOWN OCCUPATION] 145 Show data context 2,539 Show data context
  [Occupation recorded but of unknown meaning] 13 Show data context 11 Show data context
  [Blank field, or illegible] 132 Show data context 2,528 Show data context

Notes:

The following notes to the table appeared in the original report.

1 This table is a very special case: The original Table 10 as published by Division in the 1881 census reports was limited to data for Registration Divisions, their component Registration Counties, and just those Urban Sanitary Districts with populations of over 50,000. Data presented here for counties and higher-level units are taken from the published reports, as usual, but we also include in A Vision of Britain through Time data for Registration Districts, sub-Districts and Civil Parishes which never appeared in the original reports. These were specially created for us by the History Data Service at the University of Essex and derive from the complete transcription of the individual-level Enumerators Book data coordinated by the Genealogical Society of Utah.
2 In creating these data, each occupation listed in the enumerators books has been assigned as far as possible to the relevant category used in the published reports, but some additional categories with labels in square brackets unavoidably appear. Unlike the published statistics for higher-level units, these specially-calculated data for districts and parishes include persons under 15 or over 65. For these and other reasons, no attempt has been made to ensure that county totals for the districts or parishes match the published county totals. The remaining notes are those that appeared below the original published table.
3 NOTE.--Persons returned as engaged in more than one occupation have been referred to the one that appeared to be of most importance; or if there was no difference in this respect, to the one first given by the person in his or her return. In some cases special rules have been followed: e.g. "Clergyman and Schoolmaster" in combination has always been referred to "Schoolmaster"; a Member of Parliament or Peer engaged in any branch of commerce or industry has always been referred to this latter, not to "Peer, M.P.".
4 The numbers returned under any heading include Labourers, Apprentices, and Assistants, as well as Masters, but not Clerks, Messengers, Errand boys, Porters, or Watchmen, for which occupations there are special headings. Civil, Military, and Naval Clerks, Law, Bank, Insurance, and Railway Clerks, and Government and Railway Porters, are, however, exceptions to this rule. Many young persons, being Apprentices or Assistants, have therefore been referred to occupations usually followed by adults. Women also, chiefly widows or orphans carrying on the business of their deceased husbands or fathers, will sometimes be found under occupations commonly followed by men only.
5 Persons returned as retired from any business have not been referred to that business. Inmates of workhouses have been referred to their trades, unless their age or infirmities showed that they were past work. But persons who might be supposed to be only temporarily separated from their usual employment, such as Prisoners, and Patients in General Hospitals, have been classed under their usual occupations.
6 In some cases, for convenience of space, the male designation, e.g. "Schoolmaster", alone is given, instead of "Schoolmaster, Schoolmistress".

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This website does not try to provide an exact replica of the original printed census tables, which often had thousands of rows and far more columns than will fit on our web pages. Instead, we let you drill down from national totals to the most detailed data available. The column headings are those that appeared in the original printed report. The numbers presented here, which are the same ones we use to create statistical maps and graphs, come from the census table and have usually been carefully checked.

The system can only hold statistics for units listed in our administrative gazetteer, so some rows from the original table may be missing. Sometimes big low-level units, like urban parishes, were divided between more than one higher-level units, like Registration sub-Districts. This is why some pages will give a higher figure for a lower-level unit: it covers the whole of the lower-level unit, not just the part within the current higher-level unit.


Acknowledgments:

We are grateful to the following contributors. If you make use of the data in your own work, please follow any instructions given here on acknowledgment and re-use.

(1) Kevin Schurer (Department of Geography, University of Cambridge). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)

(2) Matthew Woollard (UK Data Service, University of Essex). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)