1881 Census of England and Wales, Tables: Ages, Condition as to Marriage, Occupations and Birthplaces of people, Table 10 : " Occupations of Males and Females in the Division and its Registration Counties".

List Strand PLU/RegD Strand SubD
OCCUPATIONS. Males.
[1]
Females.
[2]
1. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE GENERAL OR LOCAL GOVERNMENT OF THE COUNTRY. 125 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Peer, M.P., Privy Councillor (not otherwise described) 1 Show data context -
  Civil Service (officers and clerks) 15 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Civil Service (messengers, &c.) 16 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Police 85 Show data context -
  Municipal, Parish, Union, District, Officer 6 Show data context -
  Other Local or County Official 2 Show data context -
2. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE DEFENCE OF THE COUNTRY. 15 Show data context -
  Army Officer (effective/retired) 6 Show data context -
  Militia, Yeomanry, Volunteers 1 Show data context -
  Army Pensioner 7 Show data context -
  Navy Officer (effective/retired) 1 Show data context -
3. PERSONS ENGAGED IN PROFESSIONAL OCCUPATIONS (WITH THEIR IMMEDIATE SUBORDINATES). 233 Show data context 70 Show data context
  Clergymen (Established Church) 5 Show data context -
  Roman Catholic Priest 2 Show data context -
  Theological Student 4 Show data context -
  Church, chapel, cemetery - officer, servant 4 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Barrister, Solicitor 43 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Law Student 3 Show data context -
  Law Clerk, and others connected with the law 27 Show data context -
  Physician, Surgeon, General Practitioner 7 Show data context -
  Medical Student, Assistant 23 Show data context -
  Midwife - 1 Show data context
  Subordinate Medical Service 1 Show data context 21 Show data context
  Schoolmaster 2 Show data context 13 Show data context
  Teacher, Professor, Lecturer 1 Show data context 7 Show data context
  School Service, and others connected with teaching 2 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Author, Editor, Journalist 18 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Reporter, Short-hand Writer 1 Show data context -
  Persons engaged in Scientific Pursuits 4 Show data context -
  Literary, Scientific, Institution, Service, &c. 1 Show data context -
  Civil Engineer 9 Show data context -
  Land, House, Ship, Surveyor 3 Show data context -
  Painter (artist) 4 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Engraver (artist) 8 Show data context -
  Architect 10 Show data context -
  Musician, Music Master 14 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Art Student 2 Show data context -
  Photographer 1 Show data context -
  Actor 14 Show data context 11 Show data context
  Art, Music, Theatre Service 17 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Performer, Showman, Exhibition, Service 1 Show data context -
  Billiard, Cricket & other Games, Service 2 Show data context -
4. PERSONS ENGAGED IN DOMESTIC OFFICES OR SERVICES. 211 Show data context 830 Show data context
  Domestic Indoor Servant 24 Show data context 593 Show data context
  Lodge, Gate, Park Keeper (not Government) 2 Show data context -
  Inn, Hotel Servant 143 Show data context 83 Show data context
  College, Club Service 9 Show data context -
  Office Keeper (not Government) 16 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Cook (not domestic) 9 Show data context -
  Charwoman 1 Show data context 67 Show data context
  Washing and Bathing Service 3 Show data context 77 Show data context
  Hospital and Institution Service 1 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Others engaged in Service 3 Show data context -
5. PERSONS ENGAGED IN COMMERCIAL OCCUPATIONS. 176 Show data context 12 Show data context
  Merchant 23 Show data context -
  Broker, Agent, Factor 11 Show data context -
  Auctioneer, Appraiser, Valuer, House Agent 10 Show data context -
  Accountant 8 Show data context -
  Salesman, Buyer (not otherwise specified) 14 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Commercial Traveller 7 Show data context -
  Commercial Clerk 91 Show data context 10 Show data context
  Officer of Commercial Company, Guild, Society &c. 2 Show data context -
  Banker 2 Show data context -
  Bank Service 6 Show data context -
  Bill Discounter, Bill Broker, Finance Agent 1 Show data context -
  Life, House, Ship &c., Insurance Service 1 Show data context -
6. PERSONS ENGAGED IN CONVEYANCE OF MEN, GOODS, AND MESSAGES. 283 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Other Railway Officials and Servants 4 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Omnibus, Coach, Cab, Owner - Livery Stable Keeper 1 Show data context -
  Cabman, Flyman, Coachman (not domestic) 14 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Carman, Carrier, Carter, Haulier 26 Show data context -
  Bargeman, Lighterman, Waterman 1 Show data context -
  Navigation Service (on shore) 2 Show data context -
  Seaman (Merchant Service) 7 Show data context -
  Harbour, Dock, Wharf, Lighthouse Service 3 Show data context -
  Warehouseman (not Manchester) 20 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Messenger, Porter, Watchman (not Railway or Government) 203 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Telegraph, Telephone Service 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
7. PERSONS ENGAGED IN AGRICULTURE. 17 Show data context 10 Show data context
  Farmer, Grazier 2 Show data context -
  Agricultural Labourer, Farm Servant, Cottager 2 Show data context -
  Others engaged in, or connected with agriculture 1 Show data context -
  Nurseryman, Seedsman, Florist 9 Show data context 10 Show data context
  Gardener (not domestic) 3 Show data context -
8. PERSONS ENGAGED ABOUT ANIMALS. 10 Show data context -
  Horse Proprietor, Breeder, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Groom, Horse-keeper, Horse-breaker 8 Show data context -
  Veterinary Surgeon, Farrier 1 Show data context -
9. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN BOOKS, PRINTS, AND MAPS. 222 Show data context 72 Show data context
  Publisher, Bookseller, Librarian 36 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Bookbinder 24 Show data context 67 Show data context
  Printer 133 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Newspaper Agent, News Room Keeper 14 Show data context -
  Others 1 Show data context -
  Lithographer, Lithographic Printer 8 Show data context -
  Copper Plate and Steel Plate Printer 1 Show data context -
  Map and Print - Colourer, Seller 5 Show data context -
10. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN MACHINES AND IMPLEMENTS. 40 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Engine, Machine Maker 12 Show data context -
  Fitter, Turner (Engine and Machine) 4 Show data context -
  Boiler Maker 1 Show data context -
  Spinning and Weaving Machine Maker 1 Show data context -
  Domestic Machinery - Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Pencil Maker (Wood) - 1 Show data context
  Watch Maker, Clock Maker 4 Show data context -
  Philosophical Instrument Maker 2 Show data context -
  Electrical Apparatus Maker 2 Show data context -
  Weighing and Measuring Apparatus Maker 2 Show data context -
  Surgical Instrument Maker 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Gunsmith, Gun Manufacturer 5 Show data context -
  Musical Instrument Maker, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Toy Maker, Dealer 2 Show data context -
11. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN HOUSES, FURNITURE, AND DECORATIONS. 194 Show data context 10 Show data context
  Builder 7 Show data context -
  Carpenter, Joiner 45 Show data context -
  Bricklayer 24 Show data context -
  Mason 7 Show data context -
  Slater, Tiler 1 Show data context -
  Plasterer, Whitewasher 4 Show data context -
  Plumber 11 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Painter, Glazier 43 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Cabinet Maker 7 Show data context 3 Show data context
  French Polisher 4 Show data context -
  Furniture Broker, Dealer - 2 Show data context
  Locksmith, Bellhanger 3 Show data context -
  Gas Fitter 17 Show data context -
  House and Shop Fittings - Maker, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Funeral Furniture Maker, Undertaker 2 Show data context -
  Wood Carver 1 Show data context -
  Carver, Gilder 8 Show data context -
  Dealer in Works of Art 6 Show data context -
  Artificial Flower Maker 2 Show data context 2 Show data context
12. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CARRIAGES AND HARNESS. 21 Show data context -
  Coachmaker 16 Show data context -
  Saddler, Harness, Whip Maker 5 Show data context -
13. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN SHIPS AND BOATS. 1 Show data context -
  Ship, Boat, Barge Builder 1 Show data context -
14. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CHEMICALS AND COMPOUNDS. 16 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Dye, Paint Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Ink, Blacking, Colour Substance Manufacture 2 Show data context -
  Chemist, Druggist 11 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Manufacturing Chemist 2 Show data context 7 Show data context
15. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TOBACCO AND PIPES. 12 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Tobacco Manufacture, Tobacconist 12 Show data context 4 Show data context
16. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN FOOD AND LODGING. 246 Show data context 64 Show data context
  Innkeeper, Hotel Keeper, Publican 44 Show data context 10 Show data context
  Lodging, Boarding House Keeper 1 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Coffee, Eating House, Keeper 23 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Brewer 1 Show data context -
  Cellarman 5 Show data context -
  Wine, Spirit - Merchant, Agent 11 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Milkseller, Dairyman 13 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Cheesemonger, Butterman 1 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Butcher, Meat Salesman 15 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Provision Curer, Dealer 4 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Poulterer, Game Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Fishmonger 10 Show data context -
  Corn, Flour, Seed Merchant, Dealer 2 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Baker 22 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Confectioner, Pastrycook 4 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Greengrocer, Fruiterer 72 Show data context 14 Show data context
  Mustard, Vinegar, Spice, Pickle Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Grocer. Tea, Coffee, Chocolate Maker, Dealer 14 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Ginger Beer, Mineral Water Manufacturer, Dealer 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
17. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TEXTILE FABRICS. 40 Show data context 11 Show data context
  Woolstapler 1 Show data context -
  Woollen Cloth Manufacture 2 Show data context -
  Cloth, Worsted, Stuff, Flannel, Blanket Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Silk, Silk Goods, Manufacture 3 Show data context -
  Silk Merchant, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Cotton, Cotton Goods Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Lace Manufacturer, Dealer 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Weaver (undefined) 1 Show data context -
  Dyer, Printer, Scourer, Bleacher, Calenderer (undefined) 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Factory Hand (textile, undefined) 1 Show data context -
  Carpet, Rug Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Draper, Linen Draper, Mercer 23 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Fancy Goods (Textile) Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer - 2 Show data context
  Trimming Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Embroiderer - 1 Show data context
18. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN DRESS. 128 Show data context 189 Show data context
  Hatter, Hat Manufacture 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Straw - Hat, Bonnet, Plait Manufacture 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Tailor 59 Show data context 44 Show data context
  Milliner, Dressmaker, Staymaker 5 Show data context 96 Show data context
  Shirt Maker, Seamstress 1 Show data context 27 Show data context
  Hosier, Haberdasher 8 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Button Maker, Dealer 3 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Shoe, Boot - Maker, Dealer 33 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Wig Maker, Hair Dresser 15 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Umbrella, Parasol, Stick - Maker, Dealer - 1 Show data context
  Old Clothes Dealer, and others - 2 Show data context
19. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS ANIMAL SUBSTANCES. 18 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Soap Boiler, Maker 3 Show data context -
  Bone, Horn, Ivory, Tortoise-shell - Worker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Furrier, Skinner 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Currier 4 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Leather Goods, Portmanteau, Bag, Strap &c., Maker, Dealer 4 Show data context -
  Hair, Bristle - Worker, Dealer 1 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Brush, Broom, Maker 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Quill, Feather - Dresser, Dealer - 1 Show data context
20. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS VEGETABLE SUBSTANCES. 39 Show data context 25 Show data context
  Oil Miller, Oil Cake - Maker, Dealer - 1 Show data context
  Oil and Colourman 3 Show data context -
  Willow, Cane, Rush Worker, Dealer, Basketmaker 10 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Hay, Straw (not plait), Chaff, Cutter, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Sawyer 1 Show data context -
  Cork, Bark - Cutter, Worker, Dealer 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Others 1 Show data context -
  Paper Manufacture 3 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Envelope Maker - 4 Show data context
  Stationer, Law Stationer 12 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Card, Pattern Card Maker 3 Show data context -
  Paper Box, Paper Bag Maker 1 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Ticket, Label Writer 2 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Others 1 Show data context 2 Show data context
21. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS MINERAL SUBSTANCES. 90 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Mine Service 1 Show data context -
  Coal Merchant 5 Show data context -
  Coalheaver 6 Show data context -
  Gas Works Service 1 Show data context -
  Stone Cutter, Dresser, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Brick, Tile - Maker, Burner, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Paviour 1 Show data context -
  Railway Contractor 1 Show data context -
  Earthenware, China, Porcelain, Manufacture 2 Show data context -
  Glass Manufacture 4 Show data context -
  Earthenware, China, Glass Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Goldsmith, Silversmith, Jeweller 12 Show data context -
  Gold, Silver, Beater 2 Show data context -
  Others 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
  [Iron Manufacture] 2 Show data context -
  Blacksmith 10 Show data context -
  Whitesmith 3 Show data context -
  Ironmonger. Hardware Dealer, Merchant 8 Show data context -
  Other Iron and Steel Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Tin, Tin Plate, Tin Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 6 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Metal Refiner, Worker, Turner, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Brass, Bronze Manufacture. Brazier 9 Show data context -
  Metal Burnisher, Lacquerer 1 Show data context 2 Show data context
  White Metal, Plated Ware, Manufacture. Pewterer 2 Show data context -
  Wire Maker, Worker, Weaver, Drawer 2 Show data context -
  Lamp, Lantern, Candlestick Maker 1 Show data context -
22. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN GENERAL OR UNSPECIFIED COMMODITIES. 256 Show data context 74 Show data context
  General Shopkeeper, Dealer 41 Show data context 23 Show data context
  Pawnbroker 8 Show data context -
  Costermonger, Huckster, Street Seller 27 Show data context 30 Show data context
  Manufacturer, Manager, Superintendant (undefined) 7 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Contractor (undefined) 1 Show data context -
  General Labourer 142 Show data context -
  Engine Driver, Stoker, Fireman (not railway, marine or agricultural) 4 Show data context -
  Artizan, Mechanic (undefined) 19 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Apprentice (undefined) 2 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Factory Labourer (undefined) 5 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Machinist, Machine Worker (undefined) - 6 Show data context
23. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN REFUSE MATTERS. 7 Show data context -
  Chimney Sweep, Soot Merchant 5 Show data context -
  Scavenger, Crossing Sweeper 2 Show data context -
24. PERSONS WITHOUT SPECIFIED OCCUPATIONS. 84 Show data context 150 Show data context
  Persons returned by Property, Rank &c. and not special occupation 84 Show data context 150 Show data context
[UNKNOWN OCCUPATION] 68 Show data context 920 Show data context
  [Occupation recorded but of unknown meaning] 2 Show data context 6 Show data context
  [Blank field, or illegible] 66 Show data context 914 Show data context

Notes:

The following notes to the table appeared in the original report.

1 This table is a very special case: The original Table 10 as published by Division in the 1881 census reports was limited to data for Registration Divisions, their component Registration Counties, and just those Urban Sanitary Districts with populations of over 50,000. Data presented here for counties and higher-level units are taken from the published reports, as usual, but we also include in A Vision of Britain through Time data for Registration Districts, sub-Districts and Civil Parishes which never appeared in the original reports. These were specially created for us by the History Data Service at the University of Essex and derive from the complete transcription of the individual-level Enumerators Book data coordinated by the Genealogical Society of Utah.
2 In creating these data, each occupation listed in the enumerators books has been assigned as far as possible to the relevant category used in the published reports, but some additional categories with labels in square brackets unavoidably appear. Unlike the published statistics for higher-level units, these specially-calculated data for districts and parishes include persons under 15 or over 65. For these and other reasons, no attempt has been made to ensure that county totals for the districts or parishes match the published county totals. The remaining notes are those that appeared below the original published table.
3 NOTE.--Persons returned as engaged in more than one occupation have been referred to the one that appeared to be of most importance; or if there was no difference in this respect, to the one first given by the person in his or her return. In some cases special rules have been followed: e.g. "Clergyman and Schoolmaster" in combination has always been referred to "Schoolmaster"; a Member of Parliament or Peer engaged in any branch of commerce or industry has always been referred to this latter, not to "Peer, M.P.".
4 The numbers returned under any heading include Labourers, Apprentices, and Assistants, as well as Masters, but not Clerks, Messengers, Errand boys, Porters, or Watchmen, for which occupations there are special headings. Civil, Military, and Naval Clerks, Law, Bank, Insurance, and Railway Clerks, and Government and Railway Porters, are, however, exceptions to this rule. Many young persons, being Apprentices or Assistants, have therefore been referred to occupations usually followed by adults. Women also, chiefly widows or orphans carrying on the business of their deceased husbands or fathers, will sometimes be found under occupations commonly followed by men only.
5 Persons returned as retired from any business have not been referred to that business. Inmates of workhouses have been referred to their trades, unless their age or infirmities showed that they were past work. But persons who might be supposed to be only temporarily separated from their usual employment, such as Prisoners, and Patients in General Hospitals, have been classed under their usual occupations.
6 In some cases, for convenience of space, the male designation, e.g. "Schoolmaster", alone is given, instead of "Schoolmaster, Schoolmistress".

Click on the triangles for all about a particular number.

This website does not try to provide an exact replica of the original printed census tables, which often had thousands of rows and far more columns than will fit on our web pages. Instead, we let you drill down from national totals to the most detailed data available. The column headings are those that appeared in the original printed report. The numbers presented here, which are the same ones we use to create statistical maps and graphs, come from the census table and have usually been carefully checked.

The system can only hold statistics for units listed in our administrative gazetteer, so some rows from the original table may be missing. Sometimes big low-level units, like urban parishes, were divided between more than one higher-level units, like Registration sub-Districts. This is why some pages will give a higher figure for a lower-level unit: it covers the whole of the lower-level unit, not just the part within the current higher-level unit.


Acknowledgments:

We are grateful to the following contributors. If you make use of the data in your own work, please follow any instructions given here on acknowledgment and re-use.

(1) Kevin Schurer (Department of Geography, University of Cambridge). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)

(2) Matthew Woollard (UK Data Service, University of Essex). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)