1881 Census of England and Wales, Tables: Ages, Condition as to Marriage, Occupations and Birthplaces of people, Table 10 : " Occupations of Males and Females in the Division and its Registration Counties".

List Manchester PLPar/PLU/RegD Moston Tn/CP  
OCCUPATIONS. Males.
[1]
Females.
[2]
1. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE GENERAL OR LOCAL GOVERNMENT OF THE COUNTRY. 9 Show data context -
  Civil Service (messengers, &c.) 3 Show data context -
  Police 2 Show data context -
  Municipal, Parish, Union, District, Officer 4 Show data context -
2. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE DEFENCE OF THE COUNTRY. 2 Show data context -
  Soldier and Non-commissioned officer 1 Show data context -
  Army Pensioner 1 Show data context -
3. PERSONS ENGAGED IN PROFESSIONAL OCCUPATIONS (WITH THEIR IMMEDIATE SUBORDINATES). 40 Show data context 28 Show data context
  Roman Catholic Priest 1 Show data context -
  Minister, Priest of other religious bodies 1 Show data context -
  Nun, Sister of Charity 2 Show data context -
  Theological Student 3 Show data context -
  Church, chapel, cemetery - officer, servant 3 Show data context -
  Barrister, Solicitor 1 Show data context -
  Law Clerk, and others connected with the law 4 Show data context -
  Physician, Surgeon, General Practitioner 1 Show data context -
  Subordinate Medical Service 6 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Schoolmaster 8 Show data context 16 Show data context
  Teacher, Professor, Lecturer - 2 Show data context
  School Service, and others connected with teaching 2 Show data context -
  Author, Editor, Journalist 1 Show data context -
  Civil Engineer 3 Show data context -
  Painter (artist) 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Engraver (artist) 1 Show data context -
  Architect 1 Show data context -
  Musician, Music Master - 3 Show data context
  Art Student - 2 Show data context
4. PERSONS ENGAGED IN DOMESTIC OFFICES OR SERVICES. 10 Show data context 134 Show data context
  Domestic Coachman, Groom 2 Show data context -
  Domestic Gardener 4 Show data context -
  Domestic Indoor Servant 2 Show data context 112 Show data context
  Charwoman - 8 Show data context
  Washing and Bathing Service 1 Show data context 14 Show data context
  Others engaged in Service 1 Show data context -
5. PERSONS ENGAGED IN COMMERCIAL OCCUPATIONS. 111 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Merchant 6 Show data context -
  Broker, Agent, Factor 11 Show data context -
  Auctioneer, Appraiser, Valuer, House Agent 2 Show data context -
  Accountant 4 Show data context -
  Salesman, Buyer (not otherwise specified) 5 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Commercial Traveller 21 Show data context -
  Commercial Clerk 58 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Bank Service 1 Show data context -
  Life, House, Ship &c., Insurance Service 3 Show data context -
6. PERSONS ENGAGED IN CONVEYANCE OF MEN, GOODS, AND MESSAGES. 100 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Railway Engine Driver, Stoker 26 Show data context -
  Railway Guard 3 Show data context -
  Pointsman, Level Crossing Man 1 Show data context -
  Other Railway Officials and Servants 36 Show data context -
  Toll Collector, Turnpike Gate Keeper - 1 Show data context
  Cabman, Flyman, Coachman (not domestic) 1 Show data context -
  Carman, Carrier, Carter, Haulier 16 Show data context -
  Ship Steward, Cook 1 Show data context -
  Warehouseman (not Manchester) 3 Show data context -
  Messenger, Porter, Watchman (not Railway or Government) 12 Show data context -
  Telegraph, Telephone Service 1 Show data context -
7. PERSONS ENGAGED IN AGRICULTURE. 50 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Farmer, Grazier 17 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Farmer's, Grazier's - Son, Grandson, Brother, Nephew 8 Show data context -
  Farm Bailiff 1 Show data context -
  Agricultural Labourer, Farm Servant, Cottager 24 Show data context 2 Show data context
8. PERSONS ENGAGED ABOUT ANIMALS. 2 Show data context -
  Groom, Horse-keeper, Horse-breaker 1 Show data context -
  Veterinary Surgeon, Farrier 1 Show data context -
9. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN BOOKS, PRINTS, AND MAPS. 8 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Publisher, Bookseller, Librarian 1 Show data context -
  Bookbinder - 1 Show data context
  Printer 7 Show data context 1 Show data context
10. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN MACHINES AND IMPLEMENTS. 37 Show data context -
  Engine, Machine Maker 13 Show data context -
  Millwright 1 Show data context -
  Fitter, Turner (Engine and Machine) 11 Show data context -
  Spinning and Weaving Machine Maker 5 Show data context -
  Tool Maker, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Saw Maker 1 Show data context -
  Watch Maker, Clock Maker 1 Show data context -
  Weighing and Measuring Apparatus Maker 2 Show data context -
  Type Cutter, Founder 1 Show data context -
11. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN HOUSES, FURNITURE, AND DECORATIONS. 56 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Builder 2 Show data context -
  Carpenter, Joiner 28 Show data context -
  Bricklayer 6 Show data context -
  Mason 1 Show data context -
  Slater, Tiler 1 Show data context -
  Paperhanger 1 Show data context -
  Plumber 2 Show data context -
  Painter, Glazier 4 Show data context -
  Cabinet Maker 4 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Furniture Broker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Locksmith, Bellhanger 2 Show data context -
  Gas Fitter 1 Show data context -
  House and Shop Fittings - Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Carver, Gilder 1 Show data context -
  Figure, Image - Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
12. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CARRIAGES AND HARNESS. 22 Show data context -
  Coachmaker 7 Show data context -
  Railway Carriage, Railway Wagon, Maker 4 Show data context -
  Wheelwright 6 Show data context -
  Others 1 Show data context -
  Saddler, Harness, Whip Maker 4 Show data context -
14. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CHEMICALS AND COMPOUNDS. 10 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Ink, Blacking, Colour Substance Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Fusee, Fireworks, Explosive Article Manufacture 5 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Chemist, Druggist 2 Show data context -
  Manufacturing Chemist - 1 Show data context
  Drysalter 2 Show data context -
15. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TOBACCO AND PIPES. 1 Show data context -
  Tobacco Manufacture, Tobacconist 1 Show data context -
16. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN FOOD AND LODGING. 34 Show data context 10 Show data context
  Innkeeper, Hotel Keeper, Publican 2 Show data context -
  Lodging, Boarding House Keeper - 1 Show data context
  Brewer 1 Show data context -
  Beerseller, Ale, Porter, Cider Dealer 4 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Cellarman 1 Show data context -
  Milkseller, Dairyman 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Provision Curer, Dealer 6 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Poulterer, Game Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Baker 4 Show data context -
  Confectioner, Pastrycook 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Greengrocer, Fruiterer 4 Show data context -
  Grocer. Tea, Coffee, Chocolate Maker, Dealer 9 Show data context 5 Show data context
17. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TEXTILE FABRICS. 154 Show data context 128 Show data context
  Woolstapler 1 Show data context -
  Woollen Cloth Manufacture - 1 Show data context
  Cloth, Worsted, Stuff, Flannel, Blanket Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Others - 1 Show data context
  Silk, Silk Goods, Manufacture 7 Show data context 30 Show data context
  Silk Dyer, Printer 1 Show data context -
  Silk Merchant, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Cotton, Cotton Goods Manufacture 61 Show data context 68 Show data context
  Cotton, Calico - Printer, Dyer, Bleacher 20 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Cotton, Calico - Warehouseman, Dealer 16 Show data context -
  Fustian Manufacturer, Dealer 14 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Tape Manufacturer, Dealer - 2 Show data context
  Thread Manufacturer, Dealer - 1 Show data context
  Hemp, Jute, Cocoa Fibre Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Rope, Twine, Cord - Maker, Dealer 4 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Weaver (undefined) - 2 Show data context
  Dyer, Printer, Scourer, Bleacher, Calenderer (undefined) 4 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Factory Hand (textile, undefined) 1 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Manchester Warehouseman 14 Show data context -
  Draper, Linen Draper, Mercer 6 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Trimming Maker, Dealer - 3 Show data context
  Embroiderer 1 Show data context -
  Others 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
18. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN DRESS. 16 Show data context 43 Show data context
  Hatter, Hat Manufacture 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Tailor 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Milliner, Dressmaker, Staymaker - 35 Show data context
  Shirt Maker, Seamstress 1 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Hosier, Haberdasher 1 Show data context -
  Button Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Shoe, Boot - Maker, Dealer 9 Show data context 1 Show data context
19. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS ANIMAL SUBSTANCES. 10 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Tallow Chandler, Candle, Grease Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Tanner, Fellmonger 1 Show data context -
  Currier 4 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Leather Goods, Portmanteau, Bag, Strap &c., Maker, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Brush, Broom, Maker 1 Show data context -
  Quill, Feather - Dresser, Dealer 1 Show data context -
20. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS VEGETABLE SUBSTANCES. 18 Show data context 16 Show data context
  Oil and Colourman 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Willow, Cane, Rush Worker, Dealer, Basketmaker 2 Show data context -
  Timber, Wood - Merchant, Dealer 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Sawyer 1 Show data context -
  Wood Turner, Box Maker 1 Show data context 14 Show data context
  Cooper, Hoop Maker, Bender 1 Show data context -
  Others 2 Show data context -
  Paper Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Stationer, Law Stationer 1 Show data context -
  Card, Pattern Card Maker 2 Show data context -
  Ticket, Label Writer 2 Show data context -
21. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS MINERAL SUBSTANCES. 156 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Coal Miner 91 Show data context -
  Mine Service 3 Show data context -
  Coal Merchant 4 Show data context -
  Gas Works Service 2 Show data context -
  Brick, Tile - Maker, Burner, Dealer 5 Show data context -
  Paviour 2 Show data context -
  Railway Contractor 1 Show data context -
  Platelayer 2 Show data context -
  Railway Labourer, Navvy 3 Show data context -
  Earthenware, China, Porcelain, Manufacture - 1 Show data context
  Glass Manufacture 2 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Earthenware, China, Glass Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Goldsmith, Silversmith, Jeweller 2 Show data context -
  Others - 1 Show data context
  [Iron Manufacture] 7 Show data context -
  Blacksmith 13 Show data context -
  Whitesmith 1 Show data context -
  Ironmonger. Hardware Dealer, Merchant 1 Show data context -
  Other Iron and Steel Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  [Coppersmith] 1 Show data context -
  Tin, Tin Plate, Tin Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 7 Show data context -
  Metal Refiner, Worker, Turner, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Brass, Bronze Manufacture. Brazier 1 Show data context -
  Wire Maker, Worker, Weaver, Drawer 3 Show data context -
  Others - 1 Show data context
22. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN GENERAL OR UNSPECIFIED COMMODITIES. 73 Show data context 5 Show data context
  General Shopkeeper, Dealer 3 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Pawnbroker 3 Show data context -
  Costermonger, Huckster, Street Seller 2 Show data context -
  Manufacturer, Manager, Superintendant (undefined) 2 Show data context -
  Contractor (undefined) 3 Show data context -
  General Labourer 36 Show data context -
  Engine Driver, Stoker, Fireman (not railway, marine or agricultural) 10 Show data context -
  Artizan, Mechanic (undefined) 12 Show data context -
  Factory Labourer (undefined) 1 Show data context -
  Machinist, Machine Worker (undefined) 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
24. PERSONS WITHOUT SPECIFIED OCCUPATIONS. 13 Show data context 61 Show data context
  Persons returned by Property, Rank &c. and not special occupation 13 Show data context 61 Show data context
[UNKNOWN OCCUPATION] 10 Show data context 535 Show data context
  [Occupation recorded but of unknown meaning] 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  [Blank field, or illegible] 8 Show data context 534 Show data context

Notes:

The following notes to the table appeared in the original report.

1 This table is a very special case: The original Table 10 as published by Division in the 1881 census reports was limited to data for Registration Divisions, their component Registration Counties, and just those Urban Sanitary Districts with populations of over 50,000. Data presented here for counties and higher-level units are taken from the published reports, as usual, but we also include in A Vision of Britain through Time data for Registration Districts, sub-Districts and Civil Parishes which never appeared in the original reports. These were specially created for us by the History Data Service at the University of Essex and derive from the complete transcription of the individual-level Enumerators Book data coordinated by the Genealogical Society of Utah.
2 In creating these data, each occupation listed in the enumerators books has been assigned as far as possible to the relevant category used in the published reports, but some additional categories with labels in square brackets unavoidably appear. Unlike the published statistics for higher-level units, these specially-calculated data for districts and parishes include persons under 15 or over 65. For these and other reasons, no attempt has been made to ensure that county totals for the districts or parishes match the published county totals. The remaining notes are those that appeared below the original published table.
3 NOTE.--Persons returned as engaged in more than one occupation have been referred to the one that appeared to be of most importance; or if there was no difference in this respect, to the one first given by the person in his or her return. In some cases special rules have been followed: e.g. "Clergyman and Schoolmaster" in combination has always been referred to "Schoolmaster"; a Member of Parliament or Peer engaged in any branch of commerce or industry has always been referred to this latter, not to "Peer, M.P.".
4 The numbers returned under any heading include Labourers, Apprentices, and Assistants, as well as Masters, but not Clerks, Messengers, Errand boys, Porters, or Watchmen, for which occupations there are special headings. Civil, Military, and Naval Clerks, Law, Bank, Insurance, and Railway Clerks, and Government and Railway Porters, are, however, exceptions to this rule. Many young persons, being Apprentices or Assistants, have therefore been referred to occupations usually followed by adults. Women also, chiefly widows or orphans carrying on the business of their deceased husbands or fathers, will sometimes be found under occupations commonly followed by men only.
5 Persons returned as retired from any business have not been referred to that business. Inmates of workhouses have been referred to their trades, unless their age or infirmities showed that they were past work. But persons who might be supposed to be only temporarily separated from their usual employment, such as Prisoners, and Patients in General Hospitals, have been classed under their usual occupations.
6 In some cases, for convenience of space, the male designation, e.g. "Schoolmaster", alone is given, instead of "Schoolmaster, Schoolmistress".

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This website does not try to provide an exact replica of the original printed census tables, which often had thousands of rows and far more columns than will fit on our web pages. Instead, we let you drill down from national totals to the most detailed data available. The column headings are those that appeared in the original printed report. The numbers presented here, which are the same ones we use to create statistical maps and graphs, come from the census table and have usually been carefully checked.

The system can only hold statistics for units listed in our administrative gazetteer, so some rows from the original table may be missing. Sometimes big low-level units, like urban parishes, were divided between more than one higher-level units, like Registration sub-Districts. This is why some pages will give a higher figure for a lower-level unit: it covers the whole of the lower-level unit, not just the part within the current higher-level unit.


Acknowledgments:

We are grateful to the following contributors. If you make use of the data in your own work, please follow any instructions given here on acknowledgment and re-use.

(1) Kevin Schurer (Department of Geography, University of Cambridge). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)

(2) Matthew Woollard (UK Data Service, University of Essex). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)