1881 Census of England and Wales, Tables: Ages, Condition as to Marriage, Occupations and Birthplaces of people, Table 10 : " Occupations of Males and Females in the Division and its Registration Counties".

List Ashton under Lyne PLU/RegD Droylsden Tn/CP  
OCCUPATIONS. Males.
[1]
Females.
[2]
1. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE GENERAL OR LOCAL GOVERNMENT OF THE COUNTRY. 11 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Civil Service (officers and clerks) 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Civil Service (messengers, &c.) 2 Show data context -
  Police 5 Show data context -
  Municipal, Parish, Union, District, Officer 3 Show data context -
2. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE DEFENCE OF THE COUNTRY. 2 Show data context -
  Soldier and Non-commissioned officer 1 Show data context -
  Navy Pensioner 1 Show data context -
3. PERSONS ENGAGED IN PROFESSIONAL OCCUPATIONS (WITH THEIR IMMEDIATE SUBORDINATES). 62 Show data context 48 Show data context
  Clergymen (Established Church) 2 Show data context -
  Minister, Priest of other religious bodies 8 Show data context -
  Missionary, Scripture Reader, Itinerant preacher 1 Show data context -
  Theological Student 3 Show data context -
  Church, chapel, cemetery - officer, servant 4 Show data context -
  Barrister, Solicitor 3 Show data context -
  Physician, Surgeon, General Practitioner 2 Show data context -
  Dentist 4 Show data context -
  Medical Student, Assistant 2 Show data context -
  Midwife - 3 Show data context
  Subordinate Medical Service - 3 Show data context
  Schoolmaster 13 Show data context 35 Show data context
  Teacher, Professor, Lecturer 1 Show data context 4 Show data context
  School Service, and others connected with teaching 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Persons engaged in Scientific Pursuits 3 Show data context -
  Literary, Scientific, Institution, Service, &c. 1 Show data context -
  Civil Engineer 5 Show data context -
  Land, House, Ship, Surveyor 1 Show data context -
  Painter (artist) 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Musician, Music Master 4 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Photographer 2 Show data context -
4. PERSONS ENGAGED IN DOMESTIC OFFICES OR SERVICES. 21 Show data context 388 Show data context
  Domestic Coachman, Groom 4 Show data context -
  Domestic Gardener 3 Show data context -
  Domestic Indoor Servant 10 Show data context 345 Show data context
  Lodge, Gate, Park Keeper (not Government) 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Inn, Hotel Servant 1 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Charwoman - 20 Show data context
  Washing and Bathing Service 1 Show data context 17 Show data context
  Others engaged in Service 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
5. PERSONS ENGAGED IN COMMERCIAL OCCUPATIONS. 145 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Merchant 1 Show data context -
  Broker, Agent, Factor 11 Show data context -
  Auctioneer, Appraiser, Valuer, House Agent 4 Show data context -
  Salesman, Buyer (not otherwise specified) 4 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Commercial Traveller 12 Show data context -
  Commercial Clerk 99 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Bank Service 1 Show data context -
  Bill Discounter, Bill Broker, Finance Agent 1 Show data context -
  Life, House, Ship &c., Insurance Service 12 Show data context -
6. PERSONS ENGAGED IN CONVEYANCE OF MEN, GOODS, AND MESSAGES. 240 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Railway Engine Driver, Stoker 4 Show data context -
  Railway Guard 3 Show data context -
  Pointsman, Level Crossing Man 2 Show data context -
  Other Railway Officials and Servants 42 Show data context -
  Cabman, Flyman, Coachman (not domestic) 10 Show data context -
  Carman, Carrier, Carter, Haulier 95 Show data context -
  Inland Navigation Service 5 Show data context -
  Bargeman, Lighterman, Waterman 25 Show data context -
  Seaman (Merchant Service) 1 Show data context -
  Warehouseman (not Manchester) 35 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Meter, Weigher 2 Show data context -
  Messenger, Porter, Watchman (not Railway or Government) 16 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Telegraph, Telephone Service - 1 Show data context
7. PERSONS ENGAGED IN AGRICULTURE. 72 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Farmer, Grazier 25 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Farmer's, Grazier's - Son, Grandson, Brother, Nephew 13 Show data context -
  Farm Bailiff 1 Show data context -
  Agricultural Labourer, Farm Servant, Cottager 23 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Gardener (not domestic) 10 Show data context -
8. PERSONS ENGAGED ABOUT ANIMALS. 8 Show data context -
  Groom, Horse-keeper, Horse-breaker 6 Show data context -
  Cattle, Sheep, Pig - Dealer, Salesman 2 Show data context -
9. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN BOOKS, PRINTS, AND MAPS. 12 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Publisher, Bookseller, Librarian 1 Show data context -
  Bookbinder - 1 Show data context
  Printer 7 Show data context -
  Newspaper Agent, News Room Keeper 3 Show data context -
  Lithographer, Lithographic Printer 1 Show data context -
10. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN MACHINES AND IMPLEMENTS. 113 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Engine, Machine Maker 20 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Millwright 3 Show data context -
  Fitter, Turner (Engine and Machine) 42 Show data context -
  Boiler Maker 22 Show data context -
  Spinning and Weaving Machine Maker 19 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Domestic Machinery - Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Tool Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  File Maker 1 Show data context -
  Watch Maker, Clock Maker 3 Show data context -
  Musical Instrument Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
11. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN HOUSES, FURNITURE, AND DECORATIONS. 274 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Builder 13 Show data context -
  Carpenter, Joiner 99 Show data context -
  Bricklayer 67 Show data context -
  Mason 43 Show data context -
  Plasterer, Whitewasher 2 Show data context -
  Plumber 9 Show data context -
  Painter, Glazier 31 Show data context -
  Cabinet Maker 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
  French Polisher 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Furniture Broker, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Gas Fitter 2 Show data context -
  Funeral Furniture Maker, Undertaker - 1 Show data context
  Figure, Image - Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
12. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CARRIAGES AND HARNESS. 29 Show data context -
  Coachmaker 7 Show data context -
  Railway Carriage, Railway Wagon, Maker 3 Show data context -
  Wheelwright 13 Show data context -
  Others 4 Show data context -
  Saddler, Harness, Whip Maker 2 Show data context -
14. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CHEMICALS AND COMPOUNDS. 76 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Dye, Paint Manufacture 3 Show data context -
  Ink, Blacking, Colour Substance Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Chemist, Druggist 8 Show data context -
  Manufacturing Chemist 62 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Alkali Manufacture 2 Show data context -
15. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TOBACCO AND PIPES. 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Tobacco Manufacture, Tobacconist 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
16. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN FOOD AND LODGING. 131 Show data context 36 Show data context
  Innkeeper, Hotel Keeper, Publican 16 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Lodging, Boarding House Keeper - 7 Show data context
  Brewer 1 Show data context -
  Beerseller, Ale, Porter, Cider Dealer 17 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Cellarman - 1 Show data context
  Wine, Spirit - Merchant, Agent 2 Show data context -
  Butcher, Meat Salesman 29 Show data context -
  Provision Curer, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Fishmonger 7 Show data context -
  Corn, Flour, Seed Merchant, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Corn Miller 1 Show data context -
  Baker 14 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Confectioner, Pastrycook 3 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Greengrocer, Fruiterer 5 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Grocer. Tea, Coffee, Chocolate Maker, Dealer 33 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Ginger Beer, Mineral Water Manufacturer, Dealer 1 Show data context -
17. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TEXTILE FABRICS. 842 Show data context 1,265 Show data context
  Woollen Cloth Manufacture - 1 Show data context
  Worsted, Stuff, Manufacture 7 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Others 1 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Silk, Silk Goods, Manufacture 7 Show data context 54 Show data context
  Silk Dyer, Printer 1 Show data context -
  Ribbon Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Crepe, Gauze Manufacture 5 Show data context 23 Show data context
  Cotton, Cotton Goods Manufacture 589 Show data context 1,036 Show data context
  Cotton, Calico - Printer, Dyer, Bleacher 93 Show data context 25 Show data context
  Cotton, Calico - Warehouseman, Dealer 4 Show data context -
  Flax, Linen - Manufacturer, Dealer 2 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Fustian Manufacturer, Dealer 11 Show data context 2 Show data context
  [Others] 2 Show data context 24 Show data context
  Rope, Twine, Cord - Maker, Dealer 8 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Mat Maker, Seller 1 Show data context -
  Others working and Dealing in Hemp 1 Show data context -
  Weaver (undefined) 3 Show data context 21 Show data context
  Dyer, Printer, Scourer, Bleacher, Calenderer (undefined) 65 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Factory Hand (textile, undefined) 27 Show data context 28 Show data context
  Carpet, Rug Manufacture 2 Show data context -
  Draper, Linen Draper, Mercer 6 Show data context 12 Show data context
  Fancy Goods (Textile) Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Trimming Maker, Dealer - 1 Show data context
  Embroiderer - 3 Show data context
  Others 4 Show data context 15 Show data context
18. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN DRESS. 76 Show data context 96 Show data context
  Hatter, Hat Manufacture 23 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Tailor 13 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Milliner, Dressmaker, Staymaker 1 Show data context 69 Show data context
  Shirt Maker, Seamstress 1 Show data context 13 Show data context
  Button Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Shoe, Boot - Maker, Dealer 28 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Patten, Clog Maker 7 Show data context -
  Wig Maker, Hair Dresser 1 Show data context -
  Umbrella, Parasol, Stick - Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
19. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS ANIMAL SUBSTANCES. 25 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Soap Boiler, Maker 5 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Glue, Size, Gelatine, Isinglass - Maker, Dealer - 1 Show data context
  Furrier, Skinner 1 Show data context -
  Currier 18 Show data context -
  Leather Goods, Portmanteau, Bag, Strap &c., Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Brush, Broom, Maker - 1 Show data context
  Quill, Feather - Dresser, Dealer - 1 Show data context
20. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS VEGETABLE SUBSTANCES. 54 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Oil Miller, Oil Cake - Maker, Dealer 19 Show data context -
  Japanner 1 Show data context -
  India Rubber, Gutta Percha - Worker, Dealer 15 Show data context -
  Willow, Cane, Rush Worker, Dealer, Basketmaker 2 Show data context -
  Hay, Straw (not plait), Chaff, Cutter, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Timber, Wood - Merchant, Dealer 3 Show data context -
  Sawyer 6 Show data context -
  Wood Turner, Box Maker 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Cooper, Hoop Maker, Bender 3 Show data context -
  Paper Manufacture - 1 Show data context
  Others 1 Show data context -
21. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS MINERAL SUBSTANCES. 467 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Coal Miner 44 Show data context -
  Coal Merchant 11 Show data context -
  Coalheaver 4 Show data context -
  Coke, Charcoal, Peat - Cutter, Burner, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Gas Works Service 9 Show data context -
  Stone Cutter, Dresser, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Clay, Sand, Gravel, Chalk, Labourer, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Brick, Tile - Maker, Burner, Dealer 72 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Paviour 12 Show data context -
  Road Labourer 3 Show data context -
  Railway Contractor 1 Show data context -
  Platelayer 5 Show data context -
  Railway Labourer, Navvy 22 Show data context -
  Others 1 Show data context -
  Earthenware, China, Porcelain, Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Glass Manufacture 2 Show data context -
  Earthenware, China, Glass Dealer 3 Show data context -
  [Iron Manufacture] 200 Show data context -
  Blacksmith 30 Show data context -
  Nail Manufacture 4 Show data context -
  Anchor, Chain Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Ironmonger. Hardware Dealer, Merchant 6 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Tin, Tin Plate, Tin Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 14 Show data context -
  Metal Refiner, Worker, Turner, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Brass, Bronze Manufacture. Brazier 4 Show data context -
  Wire Maker, Worker, Weaver, Drawer 7 Show data context -
  Bolt, Nut, Rivet, Screw, Staple Maker 7 Show data context -
22. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN GENERAL OR UNSPECIFIED COMMODITIES. 328 Show data context 29 Show data context
  General Shopkeeper, Dealer 6 Show data context 18 Show data context
  Pawnbroker 3 Show data context -
  Costermonger, Huckster, Street Seller 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Manufacturer, Manager, Superintendant (undefined) 4 Show data context -
  Contractor (undefined) 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  General Labourer 202 Show data context -
  Engine Driver, Stoker, Fireman (not railway, marine or agricultural) 45 Show data context -
  Artizan, Mechanic (undefined) 48 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Apprentice (undefined) 1 Show data context -
  Factory Labourer (undefined) 16 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Machinist, Machine Worker (undefined) 1 Show data context 3 Show data context
23. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN REFUSE MATTERS. 4 Show data context -
  Chimney Sweep, Soot Merchant 1 Show data context -
  Scavenger, Crossing Sweeper 2 Show data context -
  Rag Gatherer, Dealer 1 Show data context -
24. PERSONS WITHOUT SPECIFIED OCCUPATIONS. 41 Show data context 319 Show data context
  Persons returned by Property, Rank &c. and not special occupation 41 Show data context 319 Show data context
[UNKNOWN OCCUPATION] 32 Show data context 1,188 Show data context
  [Occupation recorded but of unknown meaning] 6 Show data context 1 Show data context
  [Blank field, or illegible] 26 Show data context 1,187 Show data context

Notes:

The following notes to the table appeared in the original report.

1 This table is a very special case: The original Table 10 as published by Division in the 1881 census reports was limited to data for Registration Divisions, their component Registration Counties, and just those Urban Sanitary Districts with populations of over 50,000. Data presented here for counties and higher-level units are taken from the published reports, as usual, but we also include in A Vision of Britain through Time data for Registration Districts, sub-Districts and Civil Parishes which never appeared in the original reports. These were specially created for us by the History Data Service at the University of Essex and derive from the complete transcription of the individual-level Enumerators Book data coordinated by the Genealogical Society of Utah.
2 In creating these data, each occupation listed in the enumerators books has been assigned as far as possible to the relevant category used in the published reports, but some additional categories with labels in square brackets unavoidably appear. Unlike the published statistics for higher-level units, these specially-calculated data for districts and parishes include persons under 15 or over 65. For these and other reasons, no attempt has been made to ensure that county totals for the districts or parishes match the published county totals. The remaining notes are those that appeared below the original published table.
3 NOTE.--Persons returned as engaged in more than one occupation have been referred to the one that appeared to be of most importance; or if there was no difference in this respect, to the one first given by the person in his or her return. In some cases special rules have been followed: e.g. "Clergyman and Schoolmaster" in combination has always been referred to "Schoolmaster"; a Member of Parliament or Peer engaged in any branch of commerce or industry has always been referred to this latter, not to "Peer, M.P.".
4 The numbers returned under any heading include Labourers, Apprentices, and Assistants, as well as Masters, but not Clerks, Messengers, Errand boys, Porters, or Watchmen, for which occupations there are special headings. Civil, Military, and Naval Clerks, Law, Bank, Insurance, and Railway Clerks, and Government and Railway Porters, are, however, exceptions to this rule. Many young persons, being Apprentices or Assistants, have therefore been referred to occupations usually followed by adults. Women also, chiefly widows or orphans carrying on the business of their deceased husbands or fathers, will sometimes be found under occupations commonly followed by men only.
5 Persons returned as retired from any business have not been referred to that business. Inmates of workhouses have been referred to their trades, unless their age or infirmities showed that they were past work. But persons who might be supposed to be only temporarily separated from their usual employment, such as Prisoners, and Patients in General Hospitals, have been classed under their usual occupations.
6 In some cases, for convenience of space, the male designation, e.g. "Schoolmaster", alone is given, instead of "Schoolmaster, Schoolmistress".

Click on the triangles for all about a particular number.

This website does not try to provide an exact replica of the original printed census tables, which often had thousands of rows and far more columns than will fit on our web pages. Instead, we let you drill down from national totals to the most detailed data available. The column headings are those that appeared in the original printed report. The numbers presented here, which are the same ones we use to create statistical maps and graphs, come from the census table and have usually been carefully checked.

The system can only hold statistics for units listed in our administrative gazetteer, so some rows from the original table may be missing. Sometimes big low-level units, like urban parishes, were divided between more than one higher-level units, like Registration sub-Districts. This is why some pages will give a higher figure for a lower-level unit: it covers the whole of the lower-level unit, not just the part within the current higher-level unit.


Acknowledgments:

We are grateful to the following contributors. If you make use of the data in your own work, please follow any instructions given here on acknowledgment and re-use.

(1) Kevin Schurer (Department of Geography, University of Cambridge). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)

(2) Matthew Woollard (UK Data Service, University of Essex). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)