1881 Census of England and Wales, Tables: Ages, Condition as to Marriage, Occupations and Birthplaces of people, Table 10 : " Occupations of Males and Females in the Division and its Registration Counties".

List Upton upon Severn PLU/RegD Great Malvern AP/CP
OCCUPATIONS. Males.
[1]
Females.
[2]
1. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE GENERAL OR LOCAL GOVERNMENT OF THE COUNTRY. 29 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Peer, M.P., Privy Councillor (not otherwise described) 1 Show data context -
  Civil Service (officers and clerks) 7 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Civil Service (messengers, &c.) 7 Show data context -
  Police 6 Show data context -
  Municipal, Parish, Union, District, Officer 5 Show data context -
  Other Local or County Official 2 Show data context -
  East Indian and Colonial Service 1 Show data context -
2. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE DEFENCE OF THE COUNTRY. 17 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Army Officer (effective/retired) 12 Show data context -
  Soldier and Non-commissioned officer 1 Show data context -
  Militia, Yeomanry, Volunteers 1 Show data context -
  Army Pensioner 1 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Navy Officer (effective/retired) 1 Show data context -
  Royal Marines (officers/men) 1 Show data context -
3. PERSONS ENGAGED IN PROFESSIONAL OCCUPATIONS (WITH THEIR IMMEDIATE SUBORDINATES). 131 Show data context 144 Show data context
  Clergymen (Established Church) 20 Show data context -
  Minister, Priest of other religious bodies 4 Show data context -
  Missionary, Scripture Reader, Itinerant preacher 1 Show data context -
  Theological Student 1 Show data context -
  Church, chapel, cemetery - officer, servant 1 Show data context -
  Barrister, Solicitor 16 Show data context -
  Law Student 1 Show data context -
  Physician, Surgeon, General Practitioner 8 Show data context -
  Midwife - 1 Show data context
  Subordinate Medical Service 6 Show data context 39 Show data context
  Schoolmaster 30 Show data context 53 Show data context
  Teacher, Professor, Lecturer 9 Show data context 38 Show data context
  School Service, and others connected with teaching - 5 Show data context
  Author, Editor, Journalist 2 Show data context -
  Reporter, Short-hand Writer 1 Show data context -
  Literary, Scientific, Institution, Service, &c. 1 Show data context -
  Civil Engineer 1 Show data context -
  Land, House, Ship, Surveyor 1 Show data context -
  Painter (artist) 6 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Sculptor 1 Show data context -
  Architect 4 Show data context -
  Musician, Music Master 6 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Art Student 2 Show data context -
  Photographer 4 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Billiard, Cricket & other Games, Service 5 Show data context -
4. PERSONS ENGAGED IN DOMESTIC OFFICES OR SERVICES. 220 Show data context 1,105 Show data context
  Domestic Coachman, Groom 51 Show data context -
  Domestic Gardener 55 Show data context -
  Domestic Indoor Servant 86 Show data context 925 Show data context
  Inn, Hotel Servant 20 Show data context 13 Show data context
  College, Club Service 1 Show data context -
  Office Keeper (not Government) 1 Show data context -
  Cook (not domestic) 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Charwoman - 26 Show data context
  Washing and Bathing Service 5 Show data context 139 Show data context
  Hospital and Institution Service - 1 Show data context
5. PERSONS ENGAGED IN COMMERCIAL OCCUPATIONS. 60 Show data context 12 Show data context
  Merchant 2 Show data context -
  Broker, Agent, Factor 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Auctioneer, Appraiser, Valuer, House Agent 9 Show data context -
  Accountant 2 Show data context -
  Commercial Traveller 7 Show data context -
  Commercial Clerk 27 Show data context 11 Show data context
  Officer of Commercial Company, Guild, Society &c. 1 Show data context -
  Banker 1 Show data context -
  Bank Service 9 Show data context -
  Life, House, Ship &c., Insurance Service 1 Show data context -
6. PERSONS ENGAGED IN CONVEYANCE OF MEN, GOODS, AND MESSAGES. 120 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Railway Engine Driver, Stoker 10 Show data context -
  Railway Guard 1 Show data context -
  Pointsman, Level Crossing Man 2 Show data context -
  Other Railway Officials and Servants 18 Show data context -
  Omnibus, Coach, Cab, Owner - Livery Stable Keeper 17 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Cabman, Flyman, Coachman (not domestic) 38 Show data context -
  Carman, Carrier, Carter, Haulier 7 Show data context -
  Messenger, Porter, Watchman (not Railway or Government) 26 Show data context -
  Telegraph, Telephone Service 1 Show data context -
7. PERSONS ENGAGED IN AGRICULTURE. 158 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Farmer, Grazier 14 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Farmer's, Grazier's - Son, Grandson, Brother, Nephew 7 Show data context -
  Farm Bailiff 5 Show data context -
  Agricultural Labourer, Farm Servant, Cottager 75 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Shepherd 1 Show data context -
  Nurseryman, Seedsman, Florist 2 Show data context -
  Gardener (not domestic) 54 Show data context 1 Show data context
8. PERSONS ENGAGED ABOUT ANIMALS. 25 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Groom, Horse-keeper, Horse-breaker 21 Show data context -
  Veterinary Surgeon, Farrier 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Gamekeeper 1 Show data context -
  Dog, Bird, Animal - Keeper, Dealer - 2 Show data context
  Fisherman 1 Show data context -
9. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN BOOKS, PRINTS, AND MAPS. 11 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Publisher, Bookseller, Librarian 1 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Music-Publisher, Seller, Printer 2 Show data context -
  Printer 7 Show data context -
  Newspaper Agent, News Room Keeper 1 Show data context -
10. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN MACHINES AND IMPLEMENTS. 20 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Engine, Machine Maker 3 Show data context -
  Fitter, Turner (Engine and Machine) 3 Show data context -
  Agricultural Machine and Implement Maker 1 Show data context -
  Needle Maker 1 Show data context -
  Watch Maker, Clock Maker 9 Show data context -
  Philosophical Instrument Maker 1 Show data context -
  Musical Instrument Maker, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Toy Maker, Dealer - 3 Show data context
11. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN HOUSES, FURNITURE, AND DECORATIONS. 227 Show data context 11 Show data context
  Builder 10 Show data context -
  Carpenter, Joiner 67 Show data context -
  Bricklayer 32 Show data context -
  Mason 13 Show data context -
  Plasterer, Whitewasher 18 Show data context -
  Paperhanger 1 Show data context -
  Plumber 24 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Painter, Glazier 40 Show data context -
  Cabinet Maker 12 Show data context 9 Show data context
  French Polisher 2 Show data context -
  Locksmith, Bellhanger 1 Show data context -
  Gas Fitter 6 Show data context -
  Wood Carver - 1 Show data context
  Animal, Bird &c. Preserver, Naturalist 1 Show data context -
12. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CARRIAGES AND HARNESS. 18 Show data context -
  Coachmaker 7 Show data context -
  Wheelwright 4 Show data context -
  Saddler, Harness, Whip Maker 7 Show data context -
14. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CHEMICALS AND COMPOUNDS. 14 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Chemist, Druggist 11 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Manufacturing Chemist 1 Show data context -
  Alkali Manufacture 2 Show data context -
15. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TOBACCO AND PIPES. 6 Show data context -
  Tobacco Manufacture, Tobacconist 6 Show data context -
16. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN FOOD AND LODGING. 169 Show data context 74 Show data context
  Innkeeper, Hotel Keeper, Publican 8 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Lodging, Boarding House Keeper 19 Show data context 52 Show data context
  Coffee, Eating House, Keeper 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Maltster 3 Show data context -
  Brewer 10 Show data context -
  Beerseller, Ale, Porter, Cider Dealer 3 Show data context -
  Wine, Spirit - Merchant, Agent 8 Show data context -
  Milkseller, Dairyman 5 Show data context -
  Butcher, Meat Salesman 36 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Provision Curer, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Poulterer, Game Dealer 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Fishmonger 5 Show data context -
  Corn, Flour, Seed Merchant, Dealer - 1 Show data context
  Baker 24 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Confectioner, Pastrycook 9 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Greengrocer, Fruiterer 2 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Mustard, Vinegar, Spice, Pickle Maker, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Grocer. Tea, Coffee, Chocolate Maker, Dealer 28 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Ginger Beer, Mineral Water Manufacturer, Dealer 4 Show data context -
17. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TEXTILE FABRICS. 29 Show data context 32 Show data context
  Silk, Silk Goods, Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Draper, Linen Draper, Mercer 27 Show data context 25 Show data context
  Fancy Goods (Textile) Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 1 Show data context 7 Show data context
18. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN DRESS. 73 Show data context 202 Show data context
  Straw - Hat, Bonnet, Plait Manufacture - 1 Show data context
  Tailor 33 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Milliner, Dressmaker, Staymaker - 178 Show data context
  Shirt Maker, Seamstress - 8 Show data context
  Hosier, Haberdasher 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Glover, Glove Maker - 6 Show data context
  Shoe, Boot - Maker, Dealer 31 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Wig Maker, Hair Dresser 7 Show data context 2 Show data context
19. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS ANIMAL SUBSTANCES. 3 Show data context -
  Tanner, Fellmonger 2 Show data context -
  Currier 1 Show data context -
20. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS VEGETABLE SUBSTANCES. 15 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Willow, Cane, Rush Worker, Dealer, Basketmaker 6 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Timber, Wood - Merchant, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Sawyer 4 Show data context -
  Cooper, Hoop Maker, Bender 2 Show data context -
  Others 2 Show data context -
21. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS MINERAL SUBSTANCES. 89 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Miner, in other or undefined Minerals - 1 Show data context
  Mine Service 1 Show data context -
  [Haulier] [not in Census Report but in codebook] 3 Show data context -
  Coal Merchant 9 Show data context -
  Coalheaver 3 Show data context -
  Gas Works Service 4 Show data context -
  Paviour 1 Show data context -
  Road Labourer 1 Show data context -
  Railway Contractor 2 Show data context -
  Platelayer 5 Show data context -
  Railway Labourer, Navvy 2 Show data context -
  Earthenware, China, Glass Dealer 3 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Goldsmith, Silversmith, Jeweller 3 Show data context -
  [Iron Manufacture] 3 Show data context -
  Blacksmith 31 Show data context -
  Whitesmith 1 Show data context -
  Ironmonger. Hardware Dealer, Merchant 12 Show data context -
  Tin, Tin Plate, Tin Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 5 Show data context -
22. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN GENERAL OR UNSPECIFIED COMMODITIES. 191 Show data context 19 Show data context
  General Shopkeeper, Dealer 1 Show data context 11 Show data context
  Pawnbroker 1 Show data context -
  Costermonger, Huckster, Street Seller 3 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Manufacturer, Manager, Superintendant (undefined) - 2 Show data context
  Contractor (undefined) 1 Show data context -
  General Labourer 173 Show data context -
  Engine Driver, Stoker, Fireman (not railway, marine or agricultural) 3 Show data context -
  Artizan, Mechanic (undefined) 3 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Apprentice (undefined) 5 Show data context -
  Machinist, Machine Worker (undefined) 1 Show data context 2 Show data context
23. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN REFUSE MATTERS. 5 Show data context -
  Chimney Sweep, Soot Merchant 5 Show data context -
24. PERSONS WITHOUT SPECIFIED OCCUPATIONS. 233 Show data context 430 Show data context
  Persons returned by Property, Rank &c. and not special occupation 233 Show data context 430 Show data context
[UNKNOWN OCCUPATION] 49 Show data context 939 Show data context
  [Occupation recorded but of unknown meaning] 1 Show data context -
  [Blank field, or illegible] 48 Show data context 939 Show data context

Notes:

The following notes to the table appeared in the original report.

1 This table is a very special case: The original Table 10 as published by Division in the 1881 census reports was limited to data for Registration Divisions, their component Registration Counties, and just those Urban Sanitary Districts with populations of over 50,000. Data presented here for counties and higher-level units are taken from the published reports, as usual, but we also include in A Vision of Britain through Time data for Registration Districts, sub-Districts and Civil Parishes which never appeared in the original reports. These were specially created for us by the History Data Service at the University of Essex and derive from the complete transcription of the individual-level Enumerators Book data coordinated by the Genealogical Society of Utah.
2 In creating these data, each occupation listed in the enumerators books has been assigned as far as possible to the relevant category used in the published reports, but some additional categories with labels in square brackets unavoidably appear. Unlike the published statistics for higher-level units, these specially-calculated data for districts and parishes include persons under 15 or over 65. For these and other reasons, no attempt has been made to ensure that county totals for the districts or parishes match the published county totals. The remaining notes are those that appeared below the original published table.
3 NOTE.--Persons returned as engaged in more than one occupation have been referred to the one that appeared to be of most importance; or if there was no difference in this respect, to the one first given by the person in his or her return. In some cases special rules have been followed: e.g. "Clergyman and Schoolmaster" in combination has always been referred to "Schoolmaster"; a Member of Parliament or Peer engaged in any branch of commerce or industry has always been referred to this latter, not to "Peer, M.P.".
4 The numbers returned under any heading include Labourers, Apprentices, and Assistants, as well as Masters, but not Clerks, Messengers, Errand boys, Porters, or Watchmen, for which occupations there are special headings. Civil, Military, and Naval Clerks, Law, Bank, Insurance, and Railway Clerks, and Government and Railway Porters, are, however, exceptions to this rule. Many young persons, being Apprentices or Assistants, have therefore been referred to occupations usually followed by adults. Women also, chiefly widows or orphans carrying on the business of their deceased husbands or fathers, will sometimes be found under occupations commonly followed by men only.
5 Persons returned as retired from any business have not been referred to that business. Inmates of workhouses have been referred to their trades, unless their age or infirmities showed that they were past work. But persons who might be supposed to be only temporarily separated from their usual employment, such as Prisoners, and Patients in General Hospitals, have been classed under their usual occupations.
6 In some cases, for convenience of space, the male designation, e.g. "Schoolmaster", alone is given, instead of "Schoolmaster, Schoolmistress".

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This website does not try to provide an exact replica of the original printed census tables, which often had thousands of rows and far more columns than will fit on our web pages. Instead, we let you drill down from national totals to the most detailed data available. The column headings are those that appeared in the original printed report. The numbers presented here, which are the same ones we use to create statistical maps and graphs, come from the census table and have usually been carefully checked.

The system can only hold statistics for units listed in our administrative gazetteer, so some rows from the original table may be missing. Sometimes big low-level units, like urban parishes, were divided between more than one higher-level units, like Registration sub-Districts. This is why some pages will give a higher figure for a lower-level unit: it covers the whole of the lower-level unit, not just the part within the current higher-level unit.


Acknowledgments:

We are grateful to the following contributors. If you make use of the data in your own work, please follow any instructions given here on acknowledgment and re-use.

(1) Kevin Schurer (Department of Geography, University of Cambridge). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)

(2) Matthew Woollard (UK Data Service, University of Essex). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)