1881 Census of England and Wales, Tables: Ages, Condition as to Marriage, Occupations and Birthplaces of people, Table 10 : " Occupations of Males and Females in the Division and its Registration Counties".

List Norfolk RegC Downham PLU/RegD
OCCUPATIONS. Males.
[1]
Females.
[2]
1. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE GENERAL OR LOCAL GOVERNMENT OF THE COUNTRY. 40 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Civil Service (officers and clerks) 2 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Civil Service (messengers, &c.) 11 Show data context -
  Police 18 Show data context -
  Municipal, Parish, Union, District, Officer 8 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Other Local or County Official 1 Show data context -
2. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE DEFENCE OF THE COUNTRY. 11 Show data context -
  Army Officer (effective/retired) 2 Show data context -
  Soldier and Non-commissioned officer 3 Show data context -
  Militia, Yeomanry, Volunteers 1 Show data context -
  Army Pensioner 4 Show data context -
  Navy Officer (effective/retired) 1 Show data context -
3. PERSONS ENGAGED IN PROFESSIONAL OCCUPATIONS (WITH THEIR IMMEDIATE SUBORDINATES). 88 Show data context 114 Show data context
  Clergymen (Established Church) 18 Show data context -
  Minister, Priest of other religious bodies 8 Show data context -
  Missionary, Scripture Reader, Itinerant preacher 1 Show data context -
  Church, chapel, cemetery - officer, servant 1 Show data context -
  Barrister, Solicitor 5 Show data context -
  Law Clerk, and others connected with the law 8 Show data context -
  Physician, Surgeon, General Practitioner 7 Show data context -
  Medical Student, Assistant 2 Show data context -
  Subordinate Medical Service 1 Show data context 21 Show data context
  Schoolmaster 28 Show data context 68 Show data context
  Teacher, Professor, Lecturer - 21 Show data context
  Civil Engineer 1 Show data context -
  Land, House, Ship, Surveyor 2 Show data context -
  Musician, Music Master 3 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Art Student 1 Show data context -
  Photographer 2 Show data context -
4. PERSONS ENGAGED IN DOMESTIC OFFICES OR SERVICES. 132 Show data context 825 Show data context
  Domestic Coachman, Groom 55 Show data context -
  Domestic Gardener 34 Show data context -
  Domestic Indoor Servant 40 Show data context 721 Show data context
  Lodge, Gate, Park Keeper (not Government) - 1 Show data context
  Inn, Hotel Servant 3 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Charwoman - 43 Show data context
  Washing and Bathing Service - 52 Show data context
5. PERSONS ENGAGED IN COMMERCIAL OCCUPATIONS. 43 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Merchant 5 Show data context -
  Broker, Agent, Factor 2 Show data context -
  Auctioneer, Appraiser, Valuer, House Agent 4 Show data context -
  Commercial Traveller 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Commercial Clerk 24 Show data context -
  Bank Service 2 Show data context -
  Life, House, Ship &c., Insurance Service 3 Show data context -
6. PERSONS ENGAGED IN CONVEYANCE OF MEN, GOODS, AND MESSAGES. 88 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Other Railway Officials and Servants 22 Show data context -
  Toll Collector, Turnpike Gate Keeper 1 Show data context -
  Omnibus, Coach, Cab, Owner - Livery Stable Keeper 1 Show data context -
  Cabman, Flyman, Coachman (not domestic) 2 Show data context -
  Carman, Carrier, Carter, Haulier 18 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Inland Navigation Service 5 Show data context -
  Bargeman, Lighterman, Waterman 14 Show data context -
  Seaman (Merchant Service) 7 Show data context -
  Boatman on Seas 1 Show data context -
  Warehouseman (not Manchester) 1 Show data context -
  Messenger, Porter, Watchman (not Railway or Government) 16 Show data context -
  Telegraph, Telephone Service - 1 Show data context
7. PERSONS ENGAGED IN AGRICULTURE. 2,703 Show data context 199 Show data context
  Farmer, Grazier 278 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Farmer's, Grazier's - Son, Grandson, Brother, Nephew 127 Show data context -
  Farm Bailiff 46 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Agricultural Labourer, Farm Servant, Cottager 2,072 Show data context 190 Show data context
  Shepherd 70 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Agricultural Machine - Proprietor, Attendant 27 Show data context -
  Agricultural Student 1 Show data context -
  Woodman 7 Show data context -
  Nurseryman, Seedsman, Florist 8 Show data context -
  Gardener (not domestic) 67 Show data context 1 Show data context
8. PERSONS ENGAGED ABOUT ANIMALS. 124 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Groom, Horse-keeper, Horse-breaker 61 Show data context -
  Veterinary Surgeon, Farrier 7 Show data context -
  Cattle, Sheep, Pig - Dealer, Salesman 7 Show data context -
  Drover 2 Show data context -
  Gamekeeper 27 Show data context -
  Dog, Bird, Animal - Keeper, Dealer 4 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Vermin Destroyer 4 Show data context -
  Fisherman 11 Show data context -
  Knacker, Catsmeat Dealer &c &c. 1 Show data context -
9. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN BOOKS, PRINTS, AND MAPS. 4 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Publisher, Bookseller, Librarian 2 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Printer 2 Show data context -
10. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN MACHINES AND IMPLEMENTS. 16 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Engine, Machine Maker 4 Show data context -
  Millwright 3 Show data context -
  Fitter, Turner (Engine and Machine) 4 Show data context -
  Agricultural Machine and Implement Maker 1 Show data context -
  Tool Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Watch Maker, Clock Maker 3 Show data context -
  Toy Maker, Dealer - 1 Show data context
11. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN HOUSES, FURNITURE, AND DECORATIONS. 316 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Builder 13 Show data context -
  Carpenter, Joiner 140 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Bricklayer 95 Show data context -
  Mason 9 Show data context -
  Slater, Tiler 1 Show data context -
  Plasterer, Whitewasher 7 Show data context -
  Paperhanger 1 Show data context -
  Plumber 18 Show data context -
  Painter, Glazier 25 Show data context -
  Cabinet Maker 6 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Gas Fitter 1 Show data context -
12. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CARRIAGES AND HARNESS. 63 Show data context -
  Coachmaker 9 Show data context -
  Wheelwright 35 Show data context -
  Saddler, Harness, Whip Maker 19 Show data context -
13. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN SHIPS AND BOATS. 4 Show data context -
  Ship, Boat, Barge Builder 4 Show data context -
14. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CHEMICALS AND COMPOUNDS. 9 Show data context -
  Dye, Paint Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Chemist, Druggist 8 Show data context -
15. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TOBACCO AND PIPES. - 1 Show data context
  Tobacco Manufacture, Tobacconist - 1 Show data context
16. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN FOOD AND LODGING. 280 Show data context 27 Show data context
  Innkeeper, Hotel Keeper, Publican 56 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Lodging, Boarding House Keeper - 2 Show data context
  Maltster 10 Show data context -
  Brewer 14 Show data context -
  Beerseller, Ale, Porter, Cider Dealer 6 Show data context -
  Milkseller, Dairyman 1 Show data context -
  Butcher, Meat Salesman 29 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Provision Curer, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Poulterer, Game Dealer 3 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Fishmonger 5 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Corn, Flour, Seed Merchant, Dealer 9 Show data context -
  Corn Miller 41 Show data context -
  Baker 35 Show data context -
  Confectioner, Pastrycook 4 Show data context -
  Grocer. Tea, Coffee, Chocolate Maker, Dealer 66 Show data context 14 Show data context
17. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TEXTILE FABRICS. 48 Show data context 24 Show data context
  Woollen Cloth Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Cloth, Worsted, Stuff, Flannel, Blanket Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Cotton, Cotton Goods Manufacture - 1 Show data context
  Flax, Linen - Manufacturer, Dealer 11 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Rope, Twine, Cord - Maker, Dealer 7 Show data context -
  Mat Maker, Seller 1 Show data context -
  Dyer, Printer, Scourer, Bleacher, Calenderer (undefined) - 4 Show data context
  Draper, Linen Draper, Mercer 27 Show data context 14 Show data context
  Fancy Goods (Textile) Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer - 3 Show data context
18. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN DRESS. 125 Show data context 283 Show data context
  Straw - Hat, Bonnet, Plait Manufacture - 1 Show data context
  Tailor 26 Show data context 13 Show data context
  Milliner, Dressmaker, Staymaker - 239 Show data context
  Shirt Maker, Seamstress - 27 Show data context
  Hosiery Manufacture - 1 Show data context
  Glover, Glove Maker - 1 Show data context
  Shoe, Boot - Maker, Dealer 95 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Wig Maker, Hair Dresser 4 Show data context -
19. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS ANIMAL SUBSTANCES. 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Tanner, Fellmonger 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Currier 1 Show data context -
  Leather Goods, Portmanteau, Bag, Strap &c., Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
20. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS VEGETABLE SUBSTANCES. 22 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Oil Miller, Oil Cake - Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Willow, Cane, Rush Worker, Dealer, Basketmaker 5 Show data context -
  Thatcher 3 Show data context -
  Sawyer 11 Show data context -
  Lath, Wooden Fence, Hurdle Maker 1 Show data context -
  Cooper, Hoop Maker, Bender 1 Show data context -
  Stationer, Law Stationer - 1 Show data context
21. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS MINERAL SUBSTANCES. 217 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Coal Miner 1 Show data context -
  Coal Merchant 16 Show data context -
  Coalheaver 5 Show data context -
  Gas Works Service 3 Show data context -
  Stone Cutter, Dresser, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Limeburner 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Clay, Sand, Gravel, Chalk, Labourer, Dealer 3 Show data context -
  Fossil, Coprolite Digger, Dealer 4 Show data context -
  Brick, Tile - Maker, Burner, Dealer 25 Show data context -
  Road Labourer 2 Show data context -
  Railway Contractor 9 Show data context -
  Platelayer 11 Show data context -
  Railway Labourer, Navvy 10 Show data context -
  Earthenware, China, Porcelain, Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Earthenware, China, Glass Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Goldsmith, Silversmith, Jeweller 1 Show data context -
  Blacksmith 83 Show data context -
  Ironmonger. Hardware Dealer, Merchant 10 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Tin, Tin Plate, Tin Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 27 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Brass, Bronze Manufacture. Brazier 2 Show data context -
22. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN GENERAL OR UNSPECIFIED COMMODITIES. 419 Show data context 28 Show data context
  General Shopkeeper, Dealer 22 Show data context 11 Show data context
  Costermonger, Huckster, Street Seller 12 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Manufacturer, Manager, Superintendant (undefined) 3 Show data context -
  General Labourer 344 Show data context 10 Show data context
  Engine Driver, Stoker, Fireman (not railway, marine or agricultural) 17 Show data context -
  Artizan, Mechanic (undefined) 14 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Apprentice (undefined) 6 Show data context -
  Factory Labourer (undefined) 1 Show data context 2 Show data context
23. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN REFUSE MATTERS. 3 Show data context -
  Chimney Sweep, Soot Merchant 3 Show data context -
24. PERSONS WITHOUT SPECIFIED OCCUPATIONS. 189 Show data context 727 Show data context
  Persons returned by Property, Rank &c. and not special occupation 189 Show data context 727 Show data context
[UNKNOWN OCCUPATION] 32 Show data context 2,780 Show data context
  [Occupation recorded but of unknown meaning] 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
  [Blank field, or illegible] 29 Show data context 2,779 Show data context

Notes:

The following notes to the table appeared in the original report.

1 This table is a very special case: The original Table 10 as published by Division in the 1881 census reports was limited to data for Registration Divisions, their component Registration Counties, and just those Urban Sanitary Districts with populations of over 50,000. Data presented here for counties and higher-level units are taken from the published reports, as usual, but we also include in A Vision of Britain through Time data for Registration Districts, sub-Districts and Civil Parishes which never appeared in the original reports. These were specially created for us by the History Data Service at the University of Essex and derive from the complete transcription of the individual-level Enumerators Book data coordinated by the Genealogical Society of Utah.
2 In creating these data, each occupation listed in the enumerators books has been assigned as far as possible to the relevant category used in the published reports, but some additional categories with labels in square brackets unavoidably appear. Unlike the published statistics for higher-level units, these specially-calculated data for districts and parishes include persons under 15 or over 65. For these and other reasons, no attempt has been made to ensure that county totals for the districts or parishes match the published county totals. The remaining notes are those that appeared below the original published table.
3 NOTE.--Persons returned as engaged in more than one occupation have been referred to the one that appeared to be of most importance; or if there was no difference in this respect, to the one first given by the person in his or her return. In some cases special rules have been followed: e.g. "Clergyman and Schoolmaster" in combination has always been referred to "Schoolmaster"; a Member of Parliament or Peer engaged in any branch of commerce or industry has always been referred to this latter, not to "Peer, M.P.".
4 The numbers returned under any heading include Labourers, Apprentices, and Assistants, as well as Masters, but not Clerks, Messengers, Errand boys, Porters, or Watchmen, for which occupations there are special headings. Civil, Military, and Naval Clerks, Law, Bank, Insurance, and Railway Clerks, and Government and Railway Porters, are, however, exceptions to this rule. Many young persons, being Apprentices or Assistants, have therefore been referred to occupations usually followed by adults. Women also, chiefly widows or orphans carrying on the business of their deceased husbands or fathers, will sometimes be found under occupations commonly followed by men only.
5 Persons returned as retired from any business have not been referred to that business. Inmates of workhouses have been referred to their trades, unless their age or infirmities showed that they were past work. But persons who might be supposed to be only temporarily separated from their usual employment, such as Prisoners, and Patients in General Hospitals, have been classed under their usual occupations.
6 In some cases, for convenience of space, the male designation, e.g. "Schoolmaster", alone is given, instead of "Schoolmaster, Schoolmistress".

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This website does not try to provide an exact replica of the original printed census tables, which often had thousands of rows and far more columns than will fit on our web pages. Instead, we let you drill down from national totals to the most detailed data available. The column headings are those that appeared in the original printed report. The numbers presented here, which are the same ones we use to create statistical maps and graphs, come from the census table and have usually been carefully checked.

The system can only hold statistics for units listed in our administrative gazetteer, so some rows from the original table may be missing. Sometimes big low-level units, like urban parishes, were divided between more than one higher-level units, like Registration sub-Districts. This is why some pages will give a higher figure for a lower-level unit: it covers the whole of the lower-level unit, not just the part within the current higher-level unit.


Acknowledgments:

We are grateful to the following contributors. If you make use of the data in your own work, please follow any instructions given here on acknowledgment and re-use.

(1) Kevin Schurer (Department of Geography, University of Cambridge). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)

(2) Matthew Woollard (UK Data Service, University of Essex). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)