1881 Census of England and Wales, Tables: Ages, Condition as to Marriage, Occupations and Birthplaces of people, Table 10 : " Occupations of Males and Females in the Division and its Registration Counties".

List West Riding RegC Holbeck PLPar/PLPar/PLU/RegD
OCCUPATIONS. Males.
[1]
Females.
[2]
1. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE GENERAL OR LOCAL GOVERNMENT OF THE COUNTRY. 52 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Civil Service (officers and clerks) 10 Show data context -
  Civil Service (messengers, &c.) 13 Show data context -
  Police 17 Show data context -
  Municipal, Parish, Union, District, Officer 6 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Other Local or County Official 6 Show data context -
2. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE DEFENCE OF THE COUNTRY. 3 Show data context -
  Militia, Yeomanry, Volunteers 1 Show data context -
  Army Pensioner 2 Show data context -
3. PERSONS ENGAGED IN PROFESSIONAL OCCUPATIONS (WITH THEIR IMMEDIATE SUBORDINATES). 100 Show data context 86 Show data context
  Clergymen (Established Church) 6 Show data context -
  Minister, Priest of other religious bodies 10 Show data context -
  Missionary, Scripture Reader, Itinerant preacher - 1 Show data context
  Church, chapel, cemetery - officer, servant 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Barrister, Solicitor 2 Show data context -
  Law Student 1 Show data context -
  Law Clerk, and others connected with the law 5 Show data context -
  Physician, Surgeon, General Practitioner 5 Show data context -
  Medical Student, Assistant 6 Show data context -
  Subordinate Medical Service 2 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Schoolmaster 25 Show data context 70 Show data context
  Teacher, Professor, Lecturer 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  School Service, and others connected with teaching 8 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Author, Editor, Journalist 1 Show data context -
  Literary, Scientific, Institution, Service, &c. 1 Show data context -
  Civil Engineer 2 Show data context -
  Mining Engineer 2 Show data context -
  Land, House, Ship, Surveyor 1 Show data context -
  Painter (artist) 5 Show data context -
  Sculptor 1 Show data context -
  Architect 5 Show data context -
  Musician, Music Master 6 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Art Student 2 Show data context -
  Photographer 1 Show data context -
  Performer, Showman, Exhibition, Service - 1 Show data context
4. PERSONS ENGAGED IN DOMESTIC OFFICES OR SERVICES. 35 Show data context 575 Show data context
  Domestic Coachman, Groom 14 Show data context -
  Domestic Gardener 2 Show data context -
  Domestic Indoor Servant 4 Show data context 451 Show data context
  Lodge, Gate, Park Keeper (not Government) 1 Show data context -
  Inn, Hotel Servant 12 Show data context 13 Show data context
  College, Club Service 1 Show data context -
  Office Keeper (not Government) 1 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Cook (not domestic) - 2 Show data context
  Charwoman - 85 Show data context
  Washing and Bathing Service - 21 Show data context
5. PERSONS ENGAGED IN COMMERCIAL OCCUPATIONS. 193 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Broker, Agent, Factor 15 Show data context -
  Auctioneer, Appraiser, Valuer, House Agent 3 Show data context -
  Accountant 1 Show data context -
  Salesman, Buyer (not otherwise specified) 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Commercial Traveller 31 Show data context -
  Commercial Clerk 123 Show data context -
  Bank Service 2 Show data context -
  Bill Discounter, Bill Broker, Finance Agent 1 Show data context -
  Life, House, Ship &c., Insurance Service 16 Show data context 1 Show data context
6. PERSONS ENGAGED IN CONVEYANCE OF MEN, GOODS, AND MESSAGES. 378 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Railway Engine Driver, Stoker 80 Show data context -
  Railway Guard 19 Show data context -
  Pointsman, Level Crossing Man 4 Show data context -
  Other Railway Officials and Servants 105 Show data context -
  Omnibus, Coach, Cab, Owner - Livery Stable Keeper 5 Show data context -
  Cabman, Flyman, Coachman (not domestic) 10 Show data context -
  Carman, Carrier, Carter, Haulier 108 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Bargeman, Lighterman, Waterman 6 Show data context -
  Seaman (Merchant Service) 2 Show data context -
  Warehouseman (not Manchester) 5 Show data context -
  Messenger, Porter, Watchman (not Railway or Government) 31 Show data context -
  Telegraph, Telephone Service 3 Show data context -
7. PERSONS ENGAGED IN AGRICULTURE. 160 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Farmer, Grazier 25 Show data context -
  Farmer's, Grazier's - Son, Grandson, Brother, Nephew 8 Show data context -
  Farm Bailiff 4 Show data context -
  Agricultural Labourer, Farm Servant, Cottager 106 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Agricultural Machine - Proprietor, Attendant 2 Show data context -
  Gardener (not domestic) 15 Show data context 1 Show data context
8. PERSONS ENGAGED ABOUT ANIMALS. 14 Show data context -
  Horse Proprietor, Breeder, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Groom, Horse-keeper, Horse-breaker 8 Show data context -
  Cattle, Sheep, Pig - Dealer, Salesman 2 Show data context -
  Drover 1 Show data context -
  Vermin Destroyer 1 Show data context -
9. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN BOOKS, PRINTS, AND MAPS. 71 Show data context 12 Show data context
  Publisher, Bookseller, Librarian 3 Show data context -
  Bookbinder 10 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Printer 36 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Newspaper Agent, News Room Keeper 9 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Lithographer, Lithographic Printer 13 Show data context -
10. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN MACHINES AND IMPLEMENTS. 1,142 Show data context 13 Show data context
  Engine, Machine Maker 532 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Millwright 25 Show data context -
  Fitter, Turner (Engine and Machine) 332 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Boiler Maker 33 Show data context -
  Spinning and Weaving Machine Maker 79 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Tool Maker, Dealer 117 Show data context -
  Cutler, Scissors Maker 2 Show data context -
  File Maker 6 Show data context -
  Saw Maker 1 Show data context -
  Pin Maker 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Watch Maker, Clock Maker 6 Show data context -
  Electrical Apparatus Maker 2 Show data context -
  Weighing and Measuring Apparatus Maker 3 Show data context -
  Surgical Instrument Maker 1 Show data context -
  Type Cutter, Founder 1 Show data context -
11. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN HOUSES, FURNITURE, AND DECORATIONS. 536 Show data context 15 Show data context
  Builder 11 Show data context -
  Carpenter, Joiner 157 Show data context -
  Bricklayer 85 Show data context -
  Mason 62 Show data context -
  Slater, Tiler 28 Show data context -
  Plasterer, Whitewasher 18 Show data context -
  Paperhanger 2 Show data context -
  Plumber 37 Show data context -
  Painter, Glazier 65 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Cabinet Maker 41 Show data context 8 Show data context
  French Polisher 4 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Furniture Broker, Dealer 10 Show data context -
  Gas Fitter 5 Show data context 1 Show data context
  House and Shop Fittings - Maker, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Funeral Furniture Maker, Undertaker 1 Show data context -
  Wood Carver 2 Show data context -
  Carver, Gilder 4 Show data context -
  Figure, Image - Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Animal, Bird &c. Preserver, Naturalist 1 Show data context -
12. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CARRIAGES AND HARNESS. 36 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Coachmaker 6 Show data context -
  Railway Carriage, Railway Wagon, Maker 4 Show data context -
  Wheelwright 18 Show data context -
  Others 6 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Saddler, Harness, Whip Maker 2 Show data context -
13. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN SHIPS AND BOATS. 7 Show data context -
  Ship, Boat, Barge Builder 1 Show data context -
  Shipwright, Ship Carpenter (ashore) 5 Show data context -
  Sail Maker 1 Show data context -
14. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CHEMICALS AND COMPOUNDS. 19 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Dye, Paint Manufacture 2 Show data context -
  Chemist, Druggist 10 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Manufacturing Chemist 4 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Drysalter 3 Show data context -
15. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TOBACCO AND PIPES. 4 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Tobacco Manufacture, Tobacconist 4 Show data context 3 Show data context
16. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN FOOD AND LODGING. 377 Show data context 84 Show data context
  Innkeeper, Hotel Keeper, Publican 39 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Lodging, Boarding House Keeper - 7 Show data context
  Maltster 16 Show data context -
  Brewer 22 Show data context -
  Beerseller, Ale, Porter, Cider Dealer 17 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Cellarman 3 Show data context -
  Wine, Spirit - Merchant, Agent 1 Show data context -
  Milkseller, Dairyman 12 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Cheesemonger, Butterman 3 Show data context -
  Butcher, Meat Salesman 59 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Provision Curer, Dealer 9 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Poulterer, Game Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Fishmonger 16 Show data context -
  Corn, Flour, Seed Merchant, Dealer 5 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Corn Miller 35 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Baker 9 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Confectioner, Pastrycook 9 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Greengrocer, Fruiterer 23 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Mustard, Vinegar, Spice, Pickle Maker, Dealer 6 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Sugar Refiner 2 Show data context -
  Grocer. Tea, Coffee, Chocolate Maker, Dealer 87 Show data context 34 Show data context
  Ginger Beer, Mineral Water Manufacturer, Dealer 3 Show data context -
17. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TEXTILE FABRICS. 886 Show data context 1,543 Show data context
  Woolstapler 5 Show data context -
  Woollen Cloth Manufacture 433 Show data context 659 Show data context
  Wool, Woollen goods - Dyer, Printer 39 Show data context -
  Worsted, Stuff, Manufacture 12 Show data context 23 Show data context
  Blanket Manufacture 1 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Fuller 12 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Cloth, Worsted, Stuff, Flannel, Blanket Dealer 46 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Silk, Silk Goods, Manufacture 1 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Cotton, Cotton Goods Manufacture 8 Show data context 22 Show data context
  Cotton, Calico - Printer, Dyer, Bleacher 1 Show data context -
  Cotton, Calico - Warehouseman, Dealer 7 Show data context -
  Flax, Linen - Manufacturer, Dealer 188 Show data context 527 Show data context
  Thread Manufacturer, Dealer 1 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Hemp, Jute, Cocoa Fibre Manufacture 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Rope, Twine, Cord - Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Canvas, Sailcloth Manufacture 2 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Sacking, Sack, Bag - Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Weaver (undefined) 4 Show data context 225 Show data context
  Dyer, Printer, Scourer, Bleacher, Calenderer (undefined) 35 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Factory Hand (textile, undefined) 56 Show data context 36 Show data context
  Carpet, Rug Manufacture 2 Show data context -
  Draper, Linen Draper, Mercer 29 Show data context 11 Show data context
  Fancy Goods (Textile) Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer - 2 Show data context
  Trimming Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Embroiderer - 3 Show data context
  Others - 3 Show data context
18. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN DRESS. 233 Show data context 473 Show data context
  Hatter, Hat Manufacture 6 Show data context 55 Show data context
  Straw - Hat, Bonnet, Plait Manufacture - 1 Show data context
  Tailor 76 Show data context 129 Show data context
  Milliner, Dressmaker, Staymaker - 192 Show data context
  Shirt Maker, Seamstress - 72 Show data context
  Hosiery Manufacture 1 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Hosier, Haberdasher 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Shoe, Boot - Maker, Dealer 132 Show data context 21 Show data context
  Patten, Clog Maker 3 Show data context -
  Wig Maker, Hair Dresser 13 Show data context -
  Umbrella, Parasol, Stick - Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
19. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS ANIMAL SUBSTANCES. 83 Show data context 17 Show data context
  Tallow Chandler, Candle, Grease Manufacture 6 Show data context -
  Soap Boiler, Maker 2 Show data context -
  Manure Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Furrier, Skinner 1 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Tanner, Fellmonger 14 Show data context -
  Currier 26 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Leather Goods, Portmanteau, Bag, Strap &c., Maker, Dealer 4 Show data context -
  Brush, Broom, Maker 29 Show data context 12 Show data context
20. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS VEGETABLE SUBSTANCES. 109 Show data context 18 Show data context
  Oil Miller, Oil Cake - Maker, Dealer 8 Show data context -
  India Rubber, Gutta Percha - Worker, Dealer - 1 Show data context
  Willow, Cane, Rush Worker, Dealer, Basketmaker 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Hay, Straw (not plait), Chaff, Cutter, Dealer 3 Show data context -
  Timber, Wood - Merchant, Dealer 8 Show data context -
  Sawyer 40 Show data context -
  Wood Turner, Box Maker 26 Show data context -
  Cooper, Hoop Maker, Bender 10 Show data context -
  Cork, Bark - Cutter, Worker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Paper Manufacture 6 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Stationer, Law Stationer 4 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Card, Pattern Card Maker 1 Show data context -
  Paper Box, Paper Bag Maker 1 Show data context 10 Show data context
21. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS MINERAL SUBSTANCES. 1,548 Show data context 41 Show data context
  Coal Miner 559 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Ironstone Miner 16 Show data context -
  Miner, in other or undefined Minerals 3 Show data context -
  Mine Service 4 Show data context -
  [Haulier] [not in Census Report but in codebook] 1 Show data context -
  Coal Merchant 15 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Coalheaver 46 Show data context -
  Coke, Charcoal, Peat - Cutter, Burner, Dealer 7 Show data context -
  Gas Works Service 41 Show data context -
  Stone Quarrier 3 Show data context -
  Stone Cutter, Dresser, Dealer 6 Show data context -
  Slate Worker, Dealer 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Clay, Sand, Gravel, Chalk, Labourer, Dealer 11 Show data context -
  Well Sinker, Borer 5 Show data context -
  Brick, Tile - Maker, Burner, Dealer 50 Show data context -
  Paviour 4 Show data context -
  Road Contractor, Surveyor, Inspector 4 Show data context -
  Road Labourer 8 Show data context -
  Railway Contractor 3 Show data context -
  Platelayer 29 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Railway Labourer, Navvy 36 Show data context -
  Earthenware, China, Porcelain, Manufacture 26 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Glass Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Earthenware, China, Glass Dealer 5 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Waterworks Service 4 Show data context -
  [Iron Manufacture] 406 Show data context 2 Show data context
  [Steel Manufacture] 8 Show data context -
  Blacksmith 113 Show data context -
  Whitesmith 5 Show data context -
  Nail Manufacture 9 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Ironmonger. Hardware Dealer, Merchant 6 Show data context -
  Other Iron and Steel Manufacture 2 Show data context -
  [Coppersmith] 4 Show data context -
  Tin, Tin Plate, Tin Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 25 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Brass, Bronze Manufacture. Brazier 29 Show data context -
  Metal Burnisher, Lacquerer - 1 Show data context
  Wire Maker, Worker, Weaver, Drawer 5 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Bolt, Nut, Rivet, Screw, Staple Maker 42 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Others 4 Show data context -
22. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN GENERAL OR UNSPECIFIED COMMODITIES. 489 Show data context 18 Show data context
  General Shopkeeper, Dealer 10 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Pawnbroker 11 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Costermonger, Huckster, Street Seller 23 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Manufacturer, Manager, Superintendant (undefined) 3 Show data context -
  Contractor (undefined) 1 Show data context -
  General Labourer 321 Show data context -
  Engine Driver, Stoker, Fireman (not railway, marine or agricultural) 96 Show data context -
  Artizan, Mechanic (undefined) 13 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Apprentice (undefined) 2 Show data context -
  Factory Labourer (undefined) 7 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Machinist, Machine Worker (undefined) 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
23. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN REFUSE MATTERS. 12 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Town Drainage Service 2 Show data context -
  Chimney Sweep, Soot Merchant 4 Show data context -
  Scavenger, Crossing Sweeper 1 Show data context -
  Rag Gatherer, Dealer 5 Show data context 2 Show data context
24. PERSONS WITHOUT SPECIFIED OCCUPATIONS. 53 Show data context 606 Show data context
  Persons returned by Property, Rank &c. and not special occupation 53 Show data context 606 Show data context
[UNKNOWN OCCUPATION] 53 Show data context 3,406 Show data context
  [Occupation recorded but of unknown meaning] 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  [Blank field, or illegible] 51 Show data context 3,405 Show data context

Notes:

The following notes to the table appeared in the original report.

1 This table is a very special case: The original Table 10 as published by Division in the 1881 census reports was limited to data for Registration Divisions, their component Registration Counties, and just those Urban Sanitary Districts with populations of over 50,000. Data presented here for counties and higher-level units are taken from the published reports, as usual, but we also include in A Vision of Britain through Time data for Registration Districts, sub-Districts and Civil Parishes which never appeared in the original reports. These were specially created for us by the History Data Service at the University of Essex and derive from the complete transcription of the individual-level Enumerators Book data coordinated by the Genealogical Society of Utah.
2 In creating these data, each occupation listed in the enumerators books has been assigned as far as possible to the relevant category used in the published reports, but some additional categories with labels in square brackets unavoidably appear. Unlike the published statistics for higher-level units, these specially-calculated data for districts and parishes include persons under 15 or over 65. For these and other reasons, no attempt has been made to ensure that county totals for the districts or parishes match the published county totals. The remaining notes are those that appeared below the original published table.
3 NOTE.--Persons returned as engaged in more than one occupation have been referred to the one that appeared to be of most importance; or if there was no difference in this respect, to the one first given by the person in his or her return. In some cases special rules have been followed: e.g. "Clergyman and Schoolmaster" in combination has always been referred to "Schoolmaster"; a Member of Parliament or Peer engaged in any branch of commerce or industry has always been referred to this latter, not to "Peer, M.P.".
4 The numbers returned under any heading include Labourers, Apprentices, and Assistants, as well as Masters, but not Clerks, Messengers, Errand boys, Porters, or Watchmen, for which occupations there are special headings. Civil, Military, and Naval Clerks, Law, Bank, Insurance, and Railway Clerks, and Government and Railway Porters, are, however, exceptions to this rule. Many young persons, being Apprentices or Assistants, have therefore been referred to occupations usually followed by adults. Women also, chiefly widows or orphans carrying on the business of their deceased husbands or fathers, will sometimes be found under occupations commonly followed by men only.
5 Persons returned as retired from any business have not been referred to that business. Inmates of workhouses have been referred to their trades, unless their age or infirmities showed that they were past work. But persons who might be supposed to be only temporarily separated from their usual employment, such as Prisoners, and Patients in General Hospitals, have been classed under their usual occupations.
6 In some cases, for convenience of space, the male designation, e.g. "Schoolmaster", alone is given, instead of "Schoolmaster, Schoolmistress".

Click on the triangles for all about a particular number.

This website does not try to provide an exact replica of the original printed census tables, which often had thousands of rows and far more columns than will fit on our web pages. Instead, we let you drill down from national totals to the most detailed data available. The column headings are those that appeared in the original printed report. The numbers presented here, which are the same ones we use to create statistical maps and graphs, come from the census table and have usually been carefully checked.

The system can only hold statistics for units listed in our administrative gazetteer, so some rows from the original table may be missing. Sometimes big low-level units, like urban parishes, were divided between more than one higher-level units, like Registration sub-Districts. This is why some pages will give a higher figure for a lower-level unit: it covers the whole of the lower-level unit, not just the part within the current higher-level unit.


Acknowledgments:

We are grateful to the following contributors. If you make use of the data in your own work, please follow any instructions given here on acknowledgment and re-use.

(1) Kevin Schurer (Department of Geography, University of Cambridge). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)

(2) Matthew Woollard (UK Data Service, University of Essex). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)