1881 Census of England and Wales, Tables: Ages, Condition as to Marriage, Occupations and Birthplaces of people, Table 10 : " Occupations of Males and Females in the Division and its Registration Counties".

List Kingston PLU/RegD Kingston upon Thames AP/CP
OCCUPATIONS. Males.
[1]
Females.
[2]
1. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE GENERAL OR LOCAL GOVERNMENT OF THE COUNTRY. 220 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Civil Service (officers and clerks) 73 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Civil Service (messengers, &c.) 31 Show data context -
  Police 78 Show data context -
  Municipal, Parish, Union, District, Officer 18 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Other Local or County Official 11 Show data context -
  East Indian and Colonial Service 9 Show data context -
2. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE DEFENCE OF THE COUNTRY. 263 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Army Officer (effective/retired) 36 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Soldier and Non-commissioned officer 157 Show data context -
  Militia, Yeomanry, Volunteers 46 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Army Pensioner 10 Show data context -
  Navy Officer (effective/retired) 7 Show data context -
  Seaman, R.N. 3 Show data context -
  Royal Marines (officers/men) 1 Show data context -
  Navy Pensioner 3 Show data context -
3. PERSONS ENGAGED IN PROFESSIONAL OCCUPATIONS (WITH THEIR IMMEDIATE SUBORDINATES). 485 Show data context 413 Show data context
  Clergymen (Established Church) 16 Show data context -
  Roman Catholic Priest 1 Show data context -
  Minister, Priest of other religious bodies 5 Show data context -
  Missionary, Scripture Reader, Itinerant preacher 2 Show data context -
  Theological Student 2 Show data context -
  Church, chapel, cemetery - officer, servant 5 Show data context -
  Barrister, Solicitor 115 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Law Student 6 Show data context -
  Law Clerk, and others connected with the law 43 Show data context -
  Physician, Surgeon, General Practitioner 32 Show data context -
  Dentist 6 Show data context -
  Medical Student, Assistant 21 Show data context -
  Midwife - 3 Show data context
  Subordinate Medical Service 1 Show data context 117 Show data context
  Schoolmaster 58 Show data context 120 Show data context
  Teacher, Professor, Lecturer 9 Show data context 116 Show data context
  School Service, and others connected with teaching 2 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Author, Editor, Journalist 12 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Reporter, Short-hand Writer 6 Show data context -
  Persons engaged in Scientific Pursuits 2 Show data context -
  Literary, Scientific, Institution, Service, &c. 4 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Civil Engineer 25 Show data context -
  Land, House, Ship, Surveyor 10 Show data context -
  Painter (artist) 13 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Engraver (artist) 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Architect 20 Show data context -
  Musician, Music Master 30 Show data context 28 Show data context
  Art Student 10 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Photographer 17 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Actor 2 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Art, Music, Theatre Service 1 Show data context -
  Performer, Showman, Exhibition, Service 1 Show data context -
  Billiard, Cricket & other Games, Service 5 Show data context -
4. PERSONS ENGAGED IN DOMESTIC OFFICES OR SERVICES. 380 Show data context 3,874 Show data context
  Domestic Coachman, Groom 57 Show data context -
  Domestic Gardener 122 Show data context -
  Domestic Indoor Servant 133 Show data context 3,157 Show data context
  Lodge, Gate, Park Keeper (not Government) 6 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Inn, Hotel Servant 50 Show data context 28 Show data context
  College, Club Service 1 Show data context -
  Cook (not domestic) - 9 Show data context
  Charwoman - 107 Show data context
  Washing and Bathing Service 10 Show data context 563 Show data context
  Hospital and Institution Service - 9 Show data context
  Others engaged in Service 1 Show data context -
5. PERSONS ENGAGED IN COMMERCIAL OCCUPATIONS. 643 Show data context 25 Show data context
  Merchant 39 Show data context -
  Broker, Agent, Factor 98 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Auctioneer, Appraiser, Valuer, House Agent 25 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Accountant 21 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Salesman, Buyer (not otherwise specified) 5 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Commercial Traveller 73 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Commercial Clerk 276 Show data context 15 Show data context
  Officer of Commercial Company, Guild, Society &c. 4 Show data context -
  Banker 3 Show data context -
  Bank Service 56 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Bill Discounter, Bill Broker, Finance Agent 1 Show data context -
  Life, House, Ship &c., Insurance Service 42 Show data context -
6. PERSONS ENGAGED IN CONVEYANCE OF MEN, GOODS, AND MESSAGES. 642 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Railway Engine Driver, Stoker 20 Show data context -
  Railway Guard 19 Show data context -
  Pointsman, Level Crossing Man 1 Show data context -
  Other Railway Officials and Servants 134 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Omnibus, Coach, Cab, Owner - Livery Stable Keeper 15 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Cabman, Flyman, Coachman (not domestic) 152 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Carman, Carrier, Carter, Haulier 143 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Bargeman, Lighterman, Waterman 35 Show data context -
  Navigation Service (on shore) 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Seaman (Merchant Service) 13 Show data context -
  Harbour, Dock, Wharf, Lighthouse Service 3 Show data context -
  Warehouseman (not Manchester) 14 Show data context -
  Messenger, Porter, Watchman (not Railway or Government) 87 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Telegraph, Telephone Service 4 Show data context -
7. PERSONS ENGAGED IN AGRICULTURE. 604 Show data context 10 Show data context
  Farmer, Grazier 19 Show data context -
  Farmer's, Grazier's - Son, Grandson, Brother, Nephew 5 Show data context -
  Farm Bailiff 5 Show data context -
  Agricultural Labourer, Farm Servant, Cottager 147 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Shepherd 3 Show data context -
  Agricultural Machine - Proprietor, Attendant 4 Show data context -
  Others engaged in, or connected with agriculture 2 Show data context -
  Woodman 5 Show data context -
  Nurseryman, Seedsman, Florist 27 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Gardener (not domestic) 387 Show data context 1 Show data context
8. PERSONS ENGAGED ABOUT ANIMALS. 132 Show data context -
  Horse Proprietor, Breeder, Dealer 3 Show data context -
  Groom, Horse-keeper, Horse-breaker 95 Show data context -
  Veterinary Surgeon, Farrier 17 Show data context -
  Cattle, Sheep, Pig - Dealer, Salesman 2 Show data context -
  Drover 8 Show data context -
  Gamekeeper 1 Show data context -
  Fisherman 5 Show data context -
  Knacker, Catsmeat Dealer &c &c. 1 Show data context -
9. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN BOOKS, PRINTS, AND MAPS. 121 Show data context 10 Show data context
  Publisher, Bookseller, Librarian 29 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Music-Publisher, Seller, Printer - 1 Show data context
  Bookbinder 11 Show data context -
  Printer 65 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Newspaper Agent, News Room Keeper 8 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Lithographer, Lithographic Printer 8 Show data context -
10. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN MACHINES AND IMPLEMENTS. 98 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Engine, Machine Maker 16 Show data context -
  Fitter, Turner (Engine and Machine) 27 Show data context -
  Boiler Maker 1 Show data context -
  Agricultural Machine and Implement Maker 5 Show data context -
  Cutler, Scissors Maker 2 Show data context -
  Watch Maker, Clock Maker 30 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Philosophical Instrument Maker 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Electrical Apparatus Maker 4 Show data context -
  Weighing and Measuring Apparatus Maker 1 Show data context -
  Gunsmith, Gun Manufacturer 5 Show data context -
  Die, Seal, Coin, Medal Maker 1 Show data context -
  Toy Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Fishing Rod, Tackle, Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Apparatus for other games, Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
11. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN HOUSES, FURNITURE, AND DECORATIONS. 1,244 Show data context 19 Show data context
  Builder 79 Show data context -
  Carpenter, Joiner 335 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Bricklayer 280 Show data context -
  Mason 40 Show data context -
  Slater, Tiler 14 Show data context -
  Plasterer, Whitewasher 75 Show data context -
  Paperhanger 5 Show data context -
  Plumber 66 Show data context -
  Painter, Glazier 250 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Cabinet Maker 35 Show data context 13 Show data context
  French Polisher 5 Show data context -
  Furniture Broker, Dealer 11 Show data context -
  Locksmith, Bellhanger 1 Show data context -
  Gas Fitter 30 Show data context -
  House and Shop Fittings - Maker, Dealer 6 Show data context -
  Funeral Furniture Maker, Undertaker 2 Show data context -
  Carver, Gilder 6 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Dealer in Works of Art 2 Show data context -
  Animal, Bird &c. Preserver, Naturalist 1 Show data context -
  Artificial Flower Maker 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
12. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CARRIAGES AND HARNESS. 80 Show data context -
  Coachmaker 27 Show data context -
  Wheelwright 25 Show data context -
  Bicycle, Tricycle - Maker, Dealer 5 Show data context -
  Saddler, Harness, Whip Maker 23 Show data context -
13. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN SHIPS AND BOATS. 24 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Ship, Boat, Barge Builder 19 Show data context -
  Shipwright, Ship Carpenter (ashore) 1 Show data context -
  Sail Maker 4 Show data context 1 Show data context
14. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CHEMICALS AND COMPOUNDS. 34 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Dye, Paint Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Ink, Blacking, Colour Substance Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Fusee, Fireworks, Explosive Article Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Chemist, Druggist 22 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Manufacturing Chemist 9 Show data context -
15. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TOBACCO AND PIPES. 24 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Tobacco Manufacture, Tobacconist 18 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Tobacco Pipe, Snuff Box &c. Maker 6 Show data context 2 Show data context
16. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN FOOD AND LODGING. 808 Show data context 93 Show data context
  Innkeeper, Hotel Keeper, Publican 86 Show data context 13 Show data context
  Lodging, Boarding House Keeper 8 Show data context 30 Show data context
  Coffee, Eating House, Keeper 8 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Hop - Merchant, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Maltster 11 Show data context -
  Brewer 45 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Beerseller, Ale, Porter, Cider Dealer 14 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Cellarman 10 Show data context -
  Wine, Spirit - Merchant, Agent 23 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Milkseller, Dairyman 39 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Cheesemonger, Butterman 8 Show data context -
  Butcher, Meat Salesman 118 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Provision Curer, Dealer 5 Show data context -
  Poulterer, Game Dealer 4 Show data context -
  Fishmonger 29 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Corn, Flour, Seed Merchant, Dealer 21 Show data context -
  Corn Miller 2 Show data context -
  Baker 127 Show data context 12 Show data context
  Confectioner, Pastrycook 35 Show data context 10 Show data context
  Greengrocer, Fruiterer 52 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Grocer. Tea, Coffee, Chocolate Maker, Dealer 156 Show data context 12 Show data context
  Ginger Beer, Mineral Water Manufacturer, Dealer 6 Show data context -
17. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TEXTILE FABRICS. 145 Show data context 80 Show data context
  Worsted, Stuff, Manufacture - 1 Show data context
  Flannel Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Silk, Silk Goods, Manufacture 4 Show data context -
  Silk Merchant, Dealer 8 Show data context -
  Cotton, Cotton Goods Manufacture - 1 Show data context
  Lace Manufacturer, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Hemp, Jute, Cocoa Fibre Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Rope, Twine, Cord - Maker, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Mat Maker, Seller 3 Show data context -
  Dyer, Printer, Scourer, Bleacher, Calenderer (undefined) 10 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Manchester Warehouseman 3 Show data context -
  Draper, Linen Draper, Mercer 109 Show data context 64 Show data context
  Fancy Goods (Textile) Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 3 Show data context 10 Show data context
  Embroiderer - 2 Show data context
18. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN DRESS. 314 Show data context 678 Show data context
  Hatter, Hat Manufacture 7 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Straw - Hat, Bonnet, Plait Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Tailor 137 Show data context 10 Show data context
  Milliner, Dressmaker, Staymaker 5 Show data context 569 Show data context
  Shirt Maker, Seamstress 1 Show data context 77 Show data context
  Hosier, Haberdasher 7 Show data context -
  Glover, Glove Maker 1 Show data context -
  Shoe, Boot - Maker, Dealer 137 Show data context 12 Show data context
  Wig Maker, Hair Dresser 16 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Umbrella, Parasol, Stick - Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Old Clothes Dealer, and others 1 Show data context 2 Show data context
19. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS ANIMAL SUBSTANCES. 40 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Tallow Chandler, Candle, Grease Manufacture 3 Show data context -
  Soap Boiler, Maker 2 Show data context -
  Comb Maker 1 Show data context -
  Furrier, Skinner 4 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Tanner, Fellmonger 10 Show data context -
  Currier 7 Show data context -
  Leather Goods, Portmanteau, Bag, Strap &c., Maker, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Hair, Bristle - Worker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Brush, Broom, Maker 10 Show data context 1 Show data context
20. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS VEGETABLE SUBSTANCES. 98 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Oil and Colourman 18 Show data context -
  India Rubber, Gutta Percha - Worker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Willow, Cane, Rush Worker, Dealer, Basketmaker 11 Show data context -
  Hay, Straw (not plait), Chaff, Cutter, Dealer 6 Show data context -
  Timber, Wood - Merchant, Dealer 17 Show data context -
  Sawyer 11 Show data context -
  Lath, Wooden Fence, Hurdle Maker 6 Show data context -
  Wood Turner, Box Maker 3 Show data context -
  Cooper, Hoop Maker, Bender 6 Show data context -
  Paper Manufacture 2 Show data context -
  Stationer, Law Stationer 15 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Paper Box, Paper Bag Maker 1 Show data context -
  Others 1 Show data context -
21. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS MINERAL SUBSTANCES. 448 Show data context 19 Show data context
  Mine Service 1 Show data context -
  Coal Merchant 12 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Coalheaver 31 Show data context -
  Coke, Charcoal, Peat - Cutter, Burner, Dealer 3 Show data context -
  Gas Works Service 39 Show data context -
  Stone Cutter, Dresser, Dealer 8 Show data context -
  Slate Worker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Limeburner 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Plaster, Cement Manufacture 2 Show data context -
  Brick, Tile - Maker, Burner, Dealer 63 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Paviour 3 Show data context -
  Road Contractor, Surveyor, Inspector 1 Show data context -
  Road Labourer 8 Show data context -
  Railway Contractor 2 Show data context -
  Platelayer 15 Show data context -
  Railway Labourer, Navvy 19 Show data context -
  Earthenware, China, Porcelain, Manufacture 21 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Glass Manufacture 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Earthenware, China, Glass Dealer 10 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Waterworks Service 12 Show data context -
  Others 1 Show data context -
  Goldsmith, Silversmith, Jeweller 13 Show data context -
  Others 1 Show data context -
  [Iron Manufacture] 22 Show data context -
  Blacksmith 61 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Whitesmith 30 Show data context -
  Ironmonger. Hardware Dealer, Merchant 34 Show data context 2 Show data context
  [Coppersmith] 3 Show data context -
  Tin, Tin Plate, Tin Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 13 Show data context -
  Zinc, Zinc Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Lead, Leaden Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Metal Refiner, Worker, Turner, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Brass, Bronze Manufacture. Brazier 10 Show data context -
  White Metal, Plated Ware, Manufacture. Pewterer 1 Show data context -
  Wire Maker, Worker, Weaver, Drawer 3 Show data context -
22. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN GENERAL OR UNSPECIFIED COMMODITIES. 936 Show data context 146 Show data context
  General Shopkeeper, Dealer 65 Show data context 51 Show data context
  Pawnbroker 10 Show data context -
  Costermonger, Huckster, Street Seller 74 Show data context 55 Show data context
  Manufacturer, Manager, Superintendant (undefined) 8 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Contractor (undefined) 4 Show data context -
  General Labourer 684 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Engine Driver, Stoker, Fireman (not railway, marine or agricultural) 38 Show data context -
  Artizan, Mechanic (undefined) 37 Show data context 23 Show data context
  Apprentice (undefined) 7 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Factory Labourer (undefined) 7 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Machinist, Machine Worker (undefined) 2 Show data context 2 Show data context
23. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN REFUSE MATTERS. 21 Show data context -
  Chimney Sweep, Soot Merchant 19 Show data context -
  Scavenger, Crossing Sweeper 1 Show data context -
  Rag Gatherer, Dealer 1 Show data context -
24. PERSONS WITHOUT SPECIFIED OCCUPATIONS. 235 Show data context 869 Show data context
  Persons returned by Property, Rank &c. and not special occupation 235 Show data context 869 Show data context
[UNKNOWN OCCUPATION] 236 Show data context 5,020 Show data context
  [Occupation recorded but of unknown meaning] 3 Show data context 10 Show data context
  [Blank field, or illegible] 233 Show data context 5,010 Show data context

Notes:

The following notes to the table appeared in the original report.

1 This table is a very special case: The original Table 10 as published by Division in the 1881 census reports was limited to data for Registration Divisions, their component Registration Counties, and just those Urban Sanitary Districts with populations of over 50,000. Data presented here for counties and higher-level units are taken from the published reports, as usual, but we also include in A Vision of Britain through Time data for Registration Districts, sub-Districts and Civil Parishes which never appeared in the original reports. These were specially created for us by the History Data Service at the University of Essex and derive from the complete transcription of the individual-level Enumerators Book data coordinated by the Genealogical Society of Utah.
2 In creating these data, each occupation listed in the enumerators books has been assigned as far as possible to the relevant category used in the published reports, but some additional categories with labels in square brackets unavoidably appear. Unlike the published statistics for higher-level units, these specially-calculated data for districts and parishes include persons under 15 or over 65. For these and other reasons, no attempt has been made to ensure that county totals for the districts or parishes match the published county totals. The remaining notes are those that appeared below the original published table.
3 NOTE.--Persons returned as engaged in more than one occupation have been referred to the one that appeared to be of most importance; or if there was no difference in this respect, to the one first given by the person in his or her return. In some cases special rules have been followed: e.g. "Clergyman and Schoolmaster" in combination has always been referred to "Schoolmaster"; a Member of Parliament or Peer engaged in any branch of commerce or industry has always been referred to this latter, not to "Peer, M.P.".
4 The numbers returned under any heading include Labourers, Apprentices, and Assistants, as well as Masters, but not Clerks, Messengers, Errand boys, Porters, or Watchmen, for which occupations there are special headings. Civil, Military, and Naval Clerks, Law, Bank, Insurance, and Railway Clerks, and Government and Railway Porters, are, however, exceptions to this rule. Many young persons, being Apprentices or Assistants, have therefore been referred to occupations usually followed by adults. Women also, chiefly widows or orphans carrying on the business of their deceased husbands or fathers, will sometimes be found under occupations commonly followed by men only.
5 Persons returned as retired from any business have not been referred to that business. Inmates of workhouses have been referred to their trades, unless their age or infirmities showed that they were past work. But persons who might be supposed to be only temporarily separated from their usual employment, such as Prisoners, and Patients in General Hospitals, have been classed under their usual occupations.
6 In some cases, for convenience of space, the male designation, e.g. "Schoolmaster", alone is given, instead of "Schoolmaster, Schoolmistress".

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This website does not try to provide an exact replica of the original printed census tables, which often had thousands of rows and far more columns than will fit on our web pages. Instead, we let you drill down from national totals to the most detailed data available. The column headings are those that appeared in the original printed report. The numbers presented here, which are the same ones we use to create statistical maps and graphs, come from the census table and have usually been carefully checked.

The system can only hold statistics for units listed in our administrative gazetteer, so some rows from the original table may be missing. Sometimes big low-level units, like urban parishes, were divided between more than one higher-level units, like Registration sub-Districts. This is why some pages will give a higher figure for a lower-level unit: it covers the whole of the lower-level unit, not just the part within the current higher-level unit.


Acknowledgments:

We are grateful to the following contributors. If you make use of the data in your own work, please follow any instructions given here on acknowledgment and re-use.

(1) Kevin Schurer (Department of Geography, University of Cambridge). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)

(2) Matthew Woollard (UK Data Service, University of Essex). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)