1881 Census of England and Wales, Tables: Ages, Condition as to Marriage, Occupations and Birthplaces of people, Table 10 : " Occupations of Males and Females in the Division and its Registration Counties".

List Strand PLU/RegD St Anne Within the Liberty of Westminster CP  
OCCUPATIONS. Males.
[1]
Females.
[2]
1. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE GENERAL OR LOCAL GOVERNMENT OF THE COUNTRY. 54 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Civil Service (officers and clerks) 4 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Civil Service (messengers, &c.) 6 Show data context -
  Police 41 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Municipal, Parish, Union, District, Officer 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
2. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE DEFENCE OF THE COUNTRY. 13 Show data context -
  Army Officer (effective/retired) 2 Show data context -
  Soldier and Non-commissioned officer 4 Show data context -
  Army Pensioner 4 Show data context -
  Seaman, R.N. 1 Show data context -
  Navy Pensioner 2 Show data context -
3. PERSONS ENGAGED IN PROFESSIONAL OCCUPATIONS (WITH THEIR IMMEDIATE SUBORDINATES). 203 Show data context 150 Show data context
  Clergymen (Established Church) 5 Show data context -
  Roman Catholic Priest 7 Show data context -
  Minister, Priest of other religious bodies 1 Show data context -
  Missionary, Scripture Reader, Itinerant preacher 1 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Nun, Sister of Charity - 19 Show data context
  Church, chapel, cemetery - officer, servant 3 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Barrister, Solicitor 2 Show data context -
  Law Clerk, and others connected with the law 17 Show data context -
  Physician, Surgeon, General Practitioner 17 Show data context -
  Dentist 7 Show data context -
  Medical Student, Assistant 6 Show data context -
  Midwife - 1 Show data context
  Subordinate Medical Service 4 Show data context 35 Show data context
  Schoolmaster 6 Show data context 30 Show data context
  Teacher, Professor, Lecturer 14 Show data context 20 Show data context
  School Service, and others connected with teaching 1 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Author, Editor, Journalist 2 Show data context -
  Literary, Scientific, Institution, Service, &c. 7 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Civil Engineer 3 Show data context -
  Land, House, Ship, Surveyor 1 Show data context -
  Painter (artist) 17 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Engraver (artist) 20 Show data context -
  Sculptor 4 Show data context -
  Architect 2 Show data context -
  Musician, Music Master 27 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Art Student 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Photographer 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Actor 9 Show data context 16 Show data context
  Art, Music, Theatre Service 7 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Performer, Showman, Exhibition, Service 5 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Billiard, Cricket & other Games, Service 5 Show data context -
4. PERSONS ENGAGED IN DOMESTIC OFFICES OR SERVICES. 494 Show data context 1,201 Show data context
  Domestic Coachman, Groom 15 Show data context -
  Domestic Indoor Servant 152 Show data context 769 Show data context
  Inn, Hotel Servant 280 Show data context 71 Show data context
  College, Club Service 6 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Office Keeper (not Government) 5 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Cook (not domestic) 16 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Charwoman - 120 Show data context
  Washing and Bathing Service 10 Show data context 206 Show data context
  Hospital and Institution Service 4 Show data context 29 Show data context
  Others engaged in Service 6 Show data context -
5. PERSONS ENGAGED IN COMMERCIAL OCCUPATIONS. 205 Show data context 15 Show data context
  Merchant 10 Show data context -
  Broker, Agent, Factor 16 Show data context -
  Auctioneer, Appraiser, Valuer, House Agent 4 Show data context -
  Accountant 3 Show data context -
  Salesman, Buyer (not otherwise specified) 6 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Commercial Traveller 34 Show data context -
  Commercial Clerk 126 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Bill Discounter, Bill Broker, Finance Agent 1 Show data context -
  Life, House, Ship &c., Insurance Service 5 Show data context -
6. PERSONS ENGAGED IN CONVEYANCE OF MEN, GOODS, AND MESSAGES. 517 Show data context 10 Show data context
  Railway Guard 2 Show data context -
  Other Railway Officials and Servants 10 Show data context -
  Cabman, Flyman, Coachman (not domestic) 24 Show data context -
  Carman, Carrier, Carter, Haulier 83 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Bargeman, Lighterman, Waterman 1 Show data context -
  Seaman (Merchant Service) 11 Show data context -
  Ship Steward, Cook 1 Show data context -
  Harbour, Dock, Wharf, Lighthouse Service 1 Show data context -
  Warehouseman (not Manchester) 23 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Messenger, Porter, Watchman (not Railway or Government) 360 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Telegraph, Telephone Service 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
7. PERSONS ENGAGED IN AGRICULTURE. 15 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Farmer, Grazier 1 Show data context -
  Agricultural Labourer, Farm Servant, Cottager 5 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Nurseryman, Seedsman, Florist 7 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Gardener (not domestic) 2 Show data context -
8. PERSONS ENGAGED ABOUT ANIMALS. 29 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Horse Proprietor, Breeder, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Groom, Horse-keeper, Horse-breaker 21 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Veterinary Surgeon, Farrier 4 Show data context -
  Drover 1 Show data context -
  Dog, Bird, Animal - Keeper, Dealer 2 Show data context -
9. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN BOOKS, PRINTS, AND MAPS. 248 Show data context 49 Show data context
  Publisher, Bookseller, Librarian 18 Show data context -
  Music-Publisher, Seller, Printer 16 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Bookbinder 25 Show data context 40 Show data context
  Printer 162 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Newspaper Agent, News Room Keeper 6 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Lithographer, Lithographic Printer 16 Show data context -
  Copper Plate and Steel Plate Printer 1 Show data context -
  Map and Print - Colourer, Seller 4 Show data context 3 Show data context
10. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN MACHINES AND IMPLEMENTS. 162 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Engine, Machine Maker 4 Show data context -
  Millwright 1 Show data context -
  Fitter, Turner (Engine and Machine) 9 Show data context -
  Spinning and Weaving Machine Maker 1 Show data context -
  Domestic Machinery - Maker, Dealer 3 Show data context -
  Tool Maker, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Cutler, Scissors Maker 3 Show data context -
  Watch Maker, Clock Maker 52 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Philosophical Instrument Maker 9 Show data context -
  Electrical Apparatus Maker 7 Show data context -
  Weighing and Measuring Apparatus Maker 3 Show data context -
  Surgical Instrument Maker 7 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Gunsmith, Gun Manufacturer 10 Show data context -
  Sword, Bayonet - Maker, Cutler 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Musical Instrument Maker, Dealer 27 Show data context -
  Type Cutter, Founder 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Die, Seal, Coin, Medal Maker 9 Show data context -
  Toy Maker, Dealer 8 Show data context -
  Fishing Rod, Tackle, Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Apparatus for other games, Maker, Dealer 2 Show data context -
11. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN HOUSES, FURNITURE, AND DECORATIONS. 648 Show data context 53 Show data context
  Builder 15 Show data context -
  Carpenter, Joiner 101 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Bricklayer 46 Show data context -
  Mason 18 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Plasterer, Whitewasher 12 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Paperhanger 5 Show data context -
  Plumber 27 Show data context -
  Painter, Glazier 142 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Cabinet Maker 105 Show data context 27 Show data context
  French Polisher 36 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Furniture Broker, Dealer 15 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Locksmith, Bellhanger 5 Show data context -
  Gas Fitter 21 Show data context -
  House and Shop Fittings - Maker, Dealer 6 Show data context -
  Funeral Furniture Maker, Undertaker 6 Show data context -
  Others 2 Show data context -
  Wood Carver 6 Show data context -
  Carver, Gilder 60 Show data context -
  Dealer in Works of Art 15 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Figure, Image - Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Animal, Bird &c. Preserver, Naturalist 2 Show data context -
  Artificial Flower Maker 2 Show data context 13 Show data context
12. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CARRIAGES AND HARNESS. 69 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Coachmaker 29 Show data context -
  Saddler, Harness, Whip Maker 40 Show data context 3 Show data context
13. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN SHIPS AND BOATS. 2 Show data context -
  Ship, Boat, Barge Builder 1 Show data context -
  Shipwright, Ship Carpenter (ashore) 1 Show data context -
14. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CHEMICALS AND COMPOUNDS. 32 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Dye, Paint Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Ink, Blacking, Colour Substance Manufacture 12 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Fusee, Fireworks, Explosive Article Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Chemist, Druggist 10 Show data context -
  Manufacturing Chemist 8 Show data context -
15. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TOBACCO AND PIPES. 39 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Tobacco Manufacture, Tobacconist 32 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Tobacco Pipe, Snuff Box &c. Maker 7 Show data context -
16. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN FOOD AND LODGING. 436 Show data context 98 Show data context
  Innkeeper, Hotel Keeper, Publican 71 Show data context 10 Show data context
  Lodging, Boarding House Keeper 6 Show data context 18 Show data context
  Coffee, Eating House, Keeper 29 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Brewer 17 Show data context -
  Cellarman 18 Show data context -
  Wine, Spirit - Merchant, Agent 13 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Milkseller, Dairyman 15 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Cheesemonger, Butterman 15 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Butcher, Meat Salesman 58 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Provision Curer, Dealer 15 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Poulterer, Game Dealer 6 Show data context -
  Fishmonger 11 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Corn, Flour, Seed Merchant, Dealer - 2 Show data context
  Baker 68 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Confectioner, Pastrycook 32 Show data context 22 Show data context
  Greengrocer, Fruiterer 17 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Mustard, Vinegar, Spice, Pickle Maker, Dealer 5 Show data context 12 Show data context
  Sugar Refiner 3 Show data context -
  Grocer. Tea, Coffee, Chocolate Maker, Dealer 36 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Ginger Beer, Mineral Water Manufacturer, Dealer 1 Show data context -
17. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TEXTILE FABRICS. 83 Show data context 118 Show data context
  Woollen Cloth Manufacture 11 Show data context -
  Cloth, Worsted, Stuff, Flannel, Blanket Dealer 3 Show data context -
  Others - 1 Show data context
  Silk, Silk Goods, Manufacture 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Silk Merchant, Dealer - 1 Show data context
  Cotton, Calico - Warehouseman, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Flax, Linen - Manufacturer, Dealer - 1 Show data context
  Lace Manufacturer, Dealer - 3 Show data context
  Canvas, Sailcloth Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Weaver (undefined) 1 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Dyer, Printer, Scourer, Bleacher, Calenderer (undefined) 4 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Factory Hand (textile, undefined) 4 Show data context -
  Carpet, Rug Manufacture 2 Show data context -
  Draper, Linen Draper, Mercer 48 Show data context 38 Show data context
  Fancy Goods (Textile) Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 3 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Trimming Maker, Dealer 3 Show data context 19 Show data context
  Embroiderer - 40 Show data context
18. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN DRESS. 885 Show data context 940 Show data context
  Hatter, Hat Manufacture 21 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Straw - Hat, Bonnet, Plait Manufacture - 1 Show data context
  Tailor 413 Show data context 352 Show data context
  Milliner, Dressmaker, Staymaker 10 Show data context 381 Show data context
  Shirt Maker, Seamstress 2 Show data context 115 Show data context
  Hosier, Haberdasher 15 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Glover, Glove Maker - 2 Show data context
  Button Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Shoe, Boot - Maker, Dealer 356 Show data context 51 Show data context
  Wig Maker, Hair Dresser 54 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Umbrella, Parasol, Stick - Maker, Dealer 6 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Accoutrement Maker 7 Show data context 15 Show data context
  Old Clothes Dealer, and others - 3 Show data context
19. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS ANIMAL SUBSTANCES. 79 Show data context 22 Show data context
  Tallow Chandler, Candle, Grease Manufacture 2 Show data context -
  Soap Boiler, Maker 3 Show data context -
  Bone, Horn, Ivory, Tortoise-shell - Worker, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Comb Maker 1 Show data context -
  Others 3 Show data context -
  Furrier, Skinner 2 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Tanner, Fellmonger - 1 Show data context
  Currier 12 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Leather Goods, Portmanteau, Bag, Strap &c., Maker, Dealer 40 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Hair, Bristle - Worker, Dealer 1 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Brush, Broom, Maker 12 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Quill, Feather - Dresser, Dealer 1 Show data context 4 Show data context
20. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS VEGETABLE SUBSTANCES. 103 Show data context 54 Show data context
  Oil and Colourman 10 Show data context -
  Floor Cloth, Oil Cloth Manufacture 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Japanner 5 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Waterproof Goods - Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Willow, Cane, Rush Worker, Dealer, Basketmaker 8 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Hay, Straw (not plait), Chaff, Cutter, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Timber, Wood - Merchant, Dealer 4 Show data context -
  Sawyer 2 Show data context -
  Wood Turner, Box Maker 9 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Cooper, Hoop Maker, Bender 11 Show data context -
  Cork, Bark - Cutter, Worker, Dealer 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Paper Manufacture 2 Show data context -
  Envelope Maker 2 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Stationer, Law Stationer 33 Show data context 16 Show data context
  Paper Box, Paper Bag Maker 2 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Ticket, Label Writer 5 Show data context 12 Show data context
  Others 5 Show data context -
21. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS MINERAL SUBSTANCES. 352 Show data context 31 Show data context
  Coal Merchant 7 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Coalheaver 8 Show data context -
  Coke, Charcoal, Peat - Cutter, Burner, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Gas Works Service 3 Show data context -
  Stone Cutter, Dresser, Dealer 4 Show data context -
  Brick, Tile - Maker, Burner, Dealer 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Paviour 3 Show data context -
  Road Labourer 2 Show data context -
  Others 1 Show data context -
  Earthenware, China, Porcelain, Manufacture 6 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Glass Manufacture 16 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Earthenware, China, Glass Dealer 8 Show data context -
  Waterworks Service 2 Show data context -
  Others 1 Show data context -
  Goldsmith, Silversmith, Jeweller 111 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Gold, Silver, Beater 2 Show data context -
  Lapidary 14 Show data context -
  Others 13 Show data context 5 Show data context
  [Iron Manufacture] 9 Show data context -
  Blacksmith 30 Show data context -
  Whitesmith 4 Show data context -
  Nail Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Ironmonger. Hardware Dealer, Merchant 5 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Other Iron and Steel Manufacture 3 Show data context -
  [Coppersmith] 9 Show data context -
  Tin, Tin Plate, Tin Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 27 Show data context -
  Zinc, Zinc Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Metal Refiner, Worker, Turner, Dealer 8 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Brass, Bronze Manufacture. Brazier 31 Show data context -
  Metal Burnisher, Lacquerer 1 Show data context 10 Show data context
  White Metal, Plated Ware, Manufacture. Pewterer 7 Show data context -
  Wire Maker, Worker, Weaver, Drawer 8 Show data context -
  Lamp, Lantern, Candlestick Maker 5 Show data context -
22. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN GENERAL OR UNSPECIFIED COMMODITIES. 309 Show data context 170 Show data context
  General Shopkeeper, Dealer 67 Show data context 66 Show data context
  Pawnbroker 12 Show data context -
  Costermonger, Huckster, Street Seller 22 Show data context 32 Show data context
  Manufacturer, Manager, Superintendant (undefined) 10 Show data context 3 Show data context
  General Labourer 127 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Engine Driver, Stoker, Fireman (not railway, marine or agricultural) 9 Show data context -
  Artizan, Mechanic (undefined) 26 Show data context 11 Show data context
  Apprentice (undefined) 11 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Factory Labourer (undefined) 22 Show data context 13 Show data context
  Machinist, Machine Worker (undefined) 3 Show data context 41 Show data context
23. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN REFUSE MATTERS. 11 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Chimney Sweep, Soot Merchant 8 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Scavenger, Crossing Sweeper 1 Show data context -
  Rag Gatherer, Dealer 2 Show data context -
24. PERSONS WITHOUT SPECIFIED OCCUPATIONS. 44 Show data context 247 Show data context
  Persons returned by Property, Rank &c. and not special occupation 44 Show data context 247 Show data context
[UNKNOWN OCCUPATION] 94 Show data context 2,202 Show data context
  [Occupation recorded but of unknown meaning] 14 Show data context 9 Show data context
  [Blank field, or illegible] 80 Show data context 2,193 Show data context

Notes:

The following notes to the table appeared in the original report.

1 This table is a very special case: The original Table 10 as published by Division in the 1881 census reports was limited to data for Registration Divisions, their component Registration Counties, and just those Urban Sanitary Districts with populations of over 50,000. Data presented here for counties and higher-level units are taken from the published reports, as usual, but we also include in A Vision of Britain through Time data for Registration Districts, sub-Districts and Civil Parishes which never appeared in the original reports. These were specially created for us by the History Data Service at the University of Essex and derive from the complete transcription of the individual-level Enumerators Book data coordinated by the Genealogical Society of Utah.
2 In creating these data, each occupation listed in the enumerators books has been assigned as far as possible to the relevant category used in the published reports, but some additional categories with labels in square brackets unavoidably appear. Unlike the published statistics for higher-level units, these specially-calculated data for districts and parishes include persons under 15 or over 65. For these and other reasons, no attempt has been made to ensure that county totals for the districts or parishes match the published county totals. The remaining notes are those that appeared below the original published table.
3 NOTE.--Persons returned as engaged in more than one occupation have been referred to the one that appeared to be of most importance; or if there was no difference in this respect, to the one first given by the person in his or her return. In some cases special rules have been followed: e.g. "Clergyman and Schoolmaster" in combination has always been referred to "Schoolmaster"; a Member of Parliament or Peer engaged in any branch of commerce or industry has always been referred to this latter, not to "Peer, M.P.".
4 The numbers returned under any heading include Labourers, Apprentices, and Assistants, as well as Masters, but not Clerks, Messengers, Errand boys, Porters, or Watchmen, for which occupations there are special headings. Civil, Military, and Naval Clerks, Law, Bank, Insurance, and Railway Clerks, and Government and Railway Porters, are, however, exceptions to this rule. Many young persons, being Apprentices or Assistants, have therefore been referred to occupations usually followed by adults. Women also, chiefly widows or orphans carrying on the business of their deceased husbands or fathers, will sometimes be found under occupations commonly followed by men only.
5 Persons returned as retired from any business have not been referred to that business. Inmates of workhouses have been referred to their trades, unless their age or infirmities showed that they were past work. But persons who might be supposed to be only temporarily separated from their usual employment, such as Prisoners, and Patients in General Hospitals, have been classed under their usual occupations.
6 In some cases, for convenience of space, the male designation, e.g. "Schoolmaster", alone is given, instead of "Schoolmaster, Schoolmistress".

Click on the triangles for all about a particular number.

This website does not try to provide an exact replica of the original printed census tables, which often had thousands of rows and far more columns than will fit on our web pages. Instead, we let you drill down from national totals to the most detailed data available. The column headings are those that appeared in the original printed report. The numbers presented here, which are the same ones we use to create statistical maps and graphs, come from the census table and have usually been carefully checked.

The system can only hold statistics for units listed in our administrative gazetteer, so some rows from the original table may be missing. Sometimes big low-level units, like urban parishes, were divided between more than one higher-level units, like Registration sub-Districts. This is why some pages will give a higher figure for a lower-level unit: it covers the whole of the lower-level unit, not just the part within the current higher-level unit.


Acknowledgments:

We are grateful to the following contributors. If you make use of the data in your own work, please follow any instructions given here on acknowledgment and re-use.

(1) Kevin Schurer (Department of Geography, University of Cambridge). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)

(2) Matthew Woollard (UK Data Service, University of Essex). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)