1881 Census of England and Wales, Tables: Ages, Condition as to Marriage, Occupations and Birthplaces of people, Table 10 : " Occupations of Males and Females in the Division and its Registration Counties".

List Cheshire RegC Runcorn PLU/RegD
OCCUPATIONS. Males.
[1]
Females.
[2]
1. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE GENERAL OR LOCAL GOVERNMENT OF THE COUNTRY. 82 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Civil Service (officers and clerks) 17 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Civil Service (messengers, &c.) 14 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Police 30 Show data context -
  Municipal, Parish, Union, District, Officer 14 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Other Local or County Official 7 Show data context -
2. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE DEFENCE OF THE COUNTRY. 10 Show data context -
  Army Officer (effective/retired) 2 Show data context -
  Militia, Yeomanry, Volunteers 3 Show data context -
  Army Pensioner 3 Show data context -
  Seaman, R.N. 1 Show data context -
  Royal Marines (officers/men) 1 Show data context -
3. PERSONS ENGAGED IN PROFESSIONAL OCCUPATIONS (WITH THEIR IMMEDIATE SUBORDINATES). 192 Show data context 173 Show data context
  Clergymen (Established Church) 19 Show data context -
  Roman Catholic Priest 1 Show data context -
  Minister, Priest of other religious bodies 14 Show data context -
  Missionary, Scripture Reader, Itinerant preacher 4 Show data context -
  Theological Student 1 Show data context -
  Church, chapel, cemetery - officer, servant 3 Show data context -
  Barrister, Solicitor 8 Show data context -
  Law Clerk, and others connected with the law 17 Show data context -
  Physician, Surgeon, General Practitioner 11 Show data context -
  Dentist 1 Show data context -
  Medical Student, Assistant 1 Show data context -
  Midwife - 4 Show data context
  Subordinate Medical Service - 24 Show data context
  Schoolmaster 52 Show data context 118 Show data context
  Teacher, Professor, Lecturer - 11 Show data context
  School Service, and others connected with teaching 4 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Author, Editor, Journalist 2 Show data context -
  Reporter, Short-hand Writer 2 Show data context -
  Persons engaged in Scientific Pursuits 13 Show data context -
  Civil Engineer 4 Show data context -
  Mining Engineer 4 Show data context -
  Land, House, Ship, Surveyor 5 Show data context -
  Painter (artist) 2 Show data context -
  Architect 4 Show data context -
  Musician, Music Master 10 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Art Student 2 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Photographer 3 Show data context -
  Actor 3 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Billiard, Cricket & other Games, Service 2 Show data context -
4. PERSONS ENGAGED IN DOMESTIC OFFICES OR SERVICES. 219 Show data context 1,811 Show data context
  Domestic Coachman, Groom 80 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Domestic Gardener 59 Show data context -
  Domestic Indoor Servant 65 Show data context 1,637 Show data context
  Inn, Hotel Servant 15 Show data context 18 Show data context
  Office Keeper (not Government) - 2 Show data context
  Charwoman - 71 Show data context
  Washing and Bathing Service - 82 Show data context
5. PERSONS ENGAGED IN COMMERCIAL OCCUPATIONS. 290 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Merchant 2 Show data context -
  Broker, Agent, Factor 29 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Auctioneer, Appraiser, Valuer, House Agent 10 Show data context -
  Accountant 6 Show data context -
  Commercial Traveller 13 Show data context -
  Commercial Clerk 199 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Bank Service 19 Show data context -
  Bill Discounter, Bill Broker, Finance Agent 1 Show data context -
  Life, House, Ship &c., Insurance Service 11 Show data context -
6. PERSONS ENGAGED IN CONVEYANCE OF MEN, GOODS, AND MESSAGES. 1,289 Show data context 14 Show data context
  Railway Engine Driver, Stoker 8 Show data context -
  Railway Guard 5 Show data context -
  Pointsman, Level Crossing Man 22 Show data context -
  Other Railway Officials and Servants 100 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Toll Collector, Turnpike Gate Keeper 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Omnibus, Coach, Cab, Owner - Livery Stable Keeper 3 Show data context -
  Cabman, Flyman, Coachman (not domestic) 21 Show data context -
  Carman, Carrier, Carter, Haulier 86 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Inland Navigation Service 69 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Bargeman, Lighterman, Waterman 519 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Navigation Service (on shore) 1 Show data context -
  Seaman (Merchant Service) 127 Show data context -
  Ship Steward, Cook 1 Show data context -
  Harbour, Dock, Wharf, Lighthouse Service 264 Show data context -
  Warehouseman (not Manchester) 10 Show data context -
  Meter, Weigher 11 Show data context -
  Messenger, Porter, Watchman (not Railway or Government) 36 Show data context -
  Telegraph, Telephone Service 4 Show data context 2 Show data context
7. PERSONS ENGAGED IN AGRICULTURE. 2,345 Show data context 121 Show data context
  Farmer, Grazier 407 Show data context 43 Show data context
  Farmer's, Grazier's - Son, Grandson, Brother, Nephew 214 Show data context -
  Farm Bailiff 17 Show data context -
  Agricultural Labourer, Farm Servant, Cottager 1,625 Show data context 76 Show data context
  Shepherd 9 Show data context -
  Agricultural Machine - Proprietor, Attendant 2 Show data context -
  Woodman 1 Show data context -
  Nurseryman, Seedsman, Florist 2 Show data context -
  Gardener (not domestic) 68 Show data context 2 Show data context
8. PERSONS ENGAGED ABOUT ANIMALS. 49 Show data context -
  Groom, Horse-keeper, Horse-breaker 11 Show data context -
  Veterinary Surgeon, Farrier 7 Show data context -
  Cattle, Sheep, Pig - Dealer, Salesman 3 Show data context -
  Gamekeeper 19 Show data context -
  Fisherman 9 Show data context -
9. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN BOOKS, PRINTS, AND MAPS. 19 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Publisher, Bookseller, Librarian 2 Show data context -
  Music-Publisher, Seller, Printer - 2 Show data context
  Bookbinder 2 Show data context -
  Printer 12 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Newspaper Agent, News Room Keeper 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Map and Print - Colourer, Seller 1 Show data context -
10. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN MACHINES AND IMPLEMENTS. 128 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Engine, Machine Maker 15 Show data context -
  Millwright 4 Show data context -
  Fitter, Turner (Engine and Machine) 48 Show data context -
  Boiler Maker 30 Show data context -
  Agricultural Machine and Implement Maker 3 Show data context -
  Tool Maker, Dealer 4 Show data context -
  File Maker 15 Show data context -
  Watch Maker, Clock Maker 8 Show data context -
  Electrical Apparatus Maker 1 Show data context -
  Toy Maker, Dealer - 1 Show data context
11. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN HOUSES, FURNITURE, AND DECORATIONS. 651 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Builder 14 Show data context -
  Carpenter, Joiner 226 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Bricklayer 142 Show data context -
  Mason 90 Show data context -
  Slater, Tiler 5 Show data context -
  Plasterer, Whitewasher 17 Show data context -
  Plumber 36 Show data context -
  Painter, Glazier 93 Show data context -
  Cabinet Maker 13 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Furniture Broker, Dealer 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Locksmith, Bellhanger 1 Show data context -
  Gas Fitter 8 Show data context -
  Funeral Furniture Maker, Undertaker 1 Show data context -
  Wood Carver 2 Show data context -
  Carver, Gilder 1 Show data context -
12. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CARRIAGES AND HARNESS. 102 Show data context -
  Coachmaker 1 Show data context -
  Wheelwright 79 Show data context -
  Saddler, Harness, Whip Maker 22 Show data context -
13. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN SHIPS AND BOATS. 215 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Ship, Boat, Barge Builder 18 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Shipwright, Ship Carpenter (ashore) 163 Show data context -
  Mast, Yard, Oar, Block Maker 3 Show data context -
  Ship Rigger, Chandler, Fitter 5 Show data context -
  Sail Maker 26 Show data context -
14. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CHEMICALS AND COMPOUNDS. 1,002 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Gunpowder, Guncotton, Explosive Substance Manufacture 2 Show data context -
  Chemist, Druggist 23 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Manufacturing Chemist 952 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Alkali Manufacture 25 Show data context -
15. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TOBACCO AND PIPES. 2 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Tobacco Manufacture, Tobacconist 2 Show data context 2 Show data context
16. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN FOOD AND LODGING. 401 Show data context 150 Show data context
  Innkeeper, Hotel Keeper, Publican 50 Show data context 13 Show data context
  Lodging, Boarding House Keeper - 10 Show data context
  Coffee, Eating House, Keeper 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Maltster 1 Show data context -
  Brewer 36 Show data context -
  Beerseller, Ale, Porter, Cider Dealer 27 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Cellarman 2 Show data context -
  Wine, Spirit - Merchant, Agent 3 Show data context -
  Milkseller, Dairyman 5 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Cheesemonger, Butterman 1 Show data context -
  Butcher, Meat Salesman 58 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Provision Curer, Dealer 13 Show data context 15 Show data context
  Poulterer, Game Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Fishmonger 4 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Corn, Flour, Seed Merchant, Dealer 11 Show data context -
  Corn Miller 11 Show data context -
  Baker 32 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Confectioner, Pastrycook - 26 Show data context
  Greengrocer, Fruiterer 11 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Sugar Refiner 1 Show data context -
  Grocer. Tea, Coffee, Chocolate Maker, Dealer 128 Show data context 50 Show data context
  Ginger Beer, Mineral Water Manufacturer, Dealer 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
17. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TEXTILE FABRICS. 84 Show data context 22 Show data context
  Woollen Cloth Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Cotton, Cotton Goods Manufacture 2 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Cotton, Calico - Warehouseman, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Rope, Twine, Cord - Maker, Dealer 31 Show data context -
  Sacking, Sack, Bag - Maker, Dealer - 1 Show data context
  Dyer, Printer, Scourer, Bleacher, Calenderer (undefined) 2 Show data context -
  Factory Hand (textile, undefined) - 2 Show data context
  Draper, Linen Draper, Mercer 47 Show data context 15 Show data context
  Fancy Goods (Textile) Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer - 1 Show data context
  Trimming Maker, Dealer - 1 Show data context
18. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN DRESS. 232 Show data context 366 Show data context
  Hatter, Hat Manufacture 4 Show data context -
  Straw - Hat, Bonnet, Plait Manufacture - 1 Show data context
  Tailor 70 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Milliner, Dressmaker, Staymaker - 324 Show data context
  Shirt Maker, Seamstress - 25 Show data context
  Hosiery Manufacture - 1 Show data context
  Shoe, Boot - Maker, Dealer 131 Show data context 10 Show data context
  Patten, Clog Maker 19 Show data context -
  Wig Maker, Hair Dresser 8 Show data context -
19. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS ANIMAL SUBSTANCES. 221 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Soap Boiler, Maker 46 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Glue, Size, Gelatine, Isinglass - Maker, Dealer - 3 Show data context
  Manure Manufacture 7 Show data context -
  Bone, Horn, Ivory, Tortoise-shell - Worker, Dealer 8 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Furrier, Skinner 1 Show data context -
  Tanner, Fellmonger 148 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Currier 10 Show data context -
  Brush, Broom, Maker 1 Show data context -
20. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS VEGETABLE SUBSTANCES. 157 Show data context 13 Show data context
  Oil Miller, Oil Cake - Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Willow, Cane, Rush Worker, Dealer, Basketmaker 17 Show data context -
  Hay, Straw (not plait), Chaff, Cutter, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Timber, Wood - Merchant, Dealer 4 Show data context -
  Sawyer 37 Show data context -
  Cooper, Hoop Maker, Bender 89 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Stationer, Law Stationer 4 Show data context 11 Show data context
  Paper Box, Paper Bag Maker 3 Show data context -
  Others 1 Show data context -
21. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS MINERAL SUBSTANCES. 737 Show data context 10 Show data context
  Coal Miner 2 Show data context -
  Copper Miner 1 Show data context -
  Miner, in other or undefined Minerals 1 Show data context -
  Mine Service 2 Show data context -
  Coal Merchant 38 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Coalheaver 1 Show data context -
  Gas Works Service 11 Show data context -
  Stone Quarrier 156 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Stone Cutter, Dresser, Dealer 11 Show data context -
  Limeburner 1 Show data context -
  Well Sinker, Borer 2 Show data context -
  Brick, Tile - Maker, Burner, Dealer 49 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Paviour 5 Show data context -
  Road Contractor, Surveyor, Inspector 2 Show data context -
  Road Labourer 9 Show data context -
  Platelayer 43 Show data context -
  Railway Labourer, Navvy 60 Show data context -
  Earthenware, China, Porcelain, Manufacture 14 Show data context -
  Glass Manufacture - 3 Show data context
  Earthenware, China, Glass Dealer 4 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Salt Maker, Dealer 28 Show data context -
  Waterworks Service 3 Show data context -
  Goldsmith, Silversmith, Jeweller 1 Show data context -
  Others 1 Show data context -
  [Iron Manufacture] 78 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Blacksmith 162 Show data context -
  Whitesmith 5 Show data context -
  Nail Manufacture 2 Show data context -
  Ironmonger. Hardware Dealer, Merchant 9 Show data context -
  Other Iron and Steel Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Copper, Copper Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 6 Show data context -
  [Coppersmith] 1 Show data context -
  Tin, Tin Plate, Tin Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 15 Show data context -
  Lead, Leaden Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 7 Show data context -
  Brass, Bronze Manufacture. Brazier 1 Show data context -
  Wire Maker, Worker, Weaver, Drawer 5 Show data context -
22. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN GENERAL OR UNSPECIFIED COMMODITIES. 1,052 Show data context 53 Show data context
  General Shopkeeper, Dealer 15 Show data context 25 Show data context
  Pawnbroker 7 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Costermonger, Huckster, Street Seller 17 Show data context 12 Show data context
  Manufacturer, Manager, Superintendant (undefined) 12 Show data context -
  Contractor (undefined) 1 Show data context -
  General Labourer 851 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Engine Driver, Stoker, Fireman (not railway, marine or agricultural) 96 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Artizan, Mechanic (undefined) 40 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Apprentice (undefined) 3 Show data context -
  Factory Labourer (undefined) 8 Show data context -
  Machinist, Machine Worker (undefined) 2 Show data context -
23. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN REFUSE MATTERS. 7 Show data context -
  Town Drainage Service 2 Show data context -
  Chimney Sweep, Soot Merchant 3 Show data context -
  Scavenger, Crossing Sweeper 1 Show data context -
  Rag Gatherer, Dealer 1 Show data context -
24. PERSONS WITHOUT SPECIFIED OCCUPATIONS. 117 Show data context 1,524 Show data context
  Persons returned by Property, Rank &c. and not special occupation 117 Show data context 1,524 Show data context
[UNKNOWN OCCUPATION] 78 Show data context 4,592 Show data context
  [Occupation recorded but of unknown meaning] 12 Show data context 2 Show data context
  [Blank field, or illegible] 66 Show data context 4,590 Show data context

Notes:

The following notes to the table appeared in the original report.

1 This table is a very special case: The original Table 10 as published by Division in the 1881 census reports was limited to data for Registration Divisions, their component Registration Counties, and just those Urban Sanitary Districts with populations of over 50,000. Data presented here for counties and higher-level units are taken from the published reports, as usual, but we also include in A Vision of Britain through Time data for Registration Districts, sub-Districts and Civil Parishes which never appeared in the original reports. These were specially created for us by the History Data Service at the University of Essex and derive from the complete transcription of the individual-level Enumerators Book data coordinated by the Genealogical Society of Utah.
2 In creating these data, each occupation listed in the enumerators books has been assigned as far as possible to the relevant category used in the published reports, but some additional categories with labels in square brackets unavoidably appear. Unlike the published statistics for higher-level units, these specially-calculated data for districts and parishes include persons under 15 or over 65. For these and other reasons, no attempt has been made to ensure that county totals for the districts or parishes match the published county totals. The remaining notes are those that appeared below the original published table.
3 NOTE.--Persons returned as engaged in more than one occupation have been referred to the one that appeared to be of most importance; or if there was no difference in this respect, to the one first given by the person in his or her return. In some cases special rules have been followed: e.g. "Clergyman and Schoolmaster" in combination has always been referred to "Schoolmaster"; a Member of Parliament or Peer engaged in any branch of commerce or industry has always been referred to this latter, not to "Peer, M.P.".
4 The numbers returned under any heading include Labourers, Apprentices, and Assistants, as well as Masters, but not Clerks, Messengers, Errand boys, Porters, or Watchmen, for which occupations there are special headings. Civil, Military, and Naval Clerks, Law, Bank, Insurance, and Railway Clerks, and Government and Railway Porters, are, however, exceptions to this rule. Many young persons, being Apprentices or Assistants, have therefore been referred to occupations usually followed by adults. Women also, chiefly widows or orphans carrying on the business of their deceased husbands or fathers, will sometimes be found under occupations commonly followed by men only.
5 Persons returned as retired from any business have not been referred to that business. Inmates of workhouses have been referred to their trades, unless their age or infirmities showed that they were past work. But persons who might be supposed to be only temporarily separated from their usual employment, such as Prisoners, and Patients in General Hospitals, have been classed under their usual occupations.
6 In some cases, for convenience of space, the male designation, e.g. "Schoolmaster", alone is given, instead of "Schoolmaster, Schoolmistress".

Click on the triangles for all about a particular number.

This website does not try to provide an exact replica of the original printed census tables, which often had thousands of rows and far more columns than will fit on our web pages. Instead, we let you drill down from national totals to the most detailed data available. The column headings are those that appeared in the original printed report. The numbers presented here, which are the same ones we use to create statistical maps and graphs, come from the census table and have usually been carefully checked.

The system can only hold statistics for units listed in our administrative gazetteer, so some rows from the original table may be missing. Sometimes big low-level units, like urban parishes, were divided between more than one higher-level units, like Registration sub-Districts. This is why some pages will give a higher figure for a lower-level unit: it covers the whole of the lower-level unit, not just the part within the current higher-level unit.


Acknowledgments:

We are grateful to the following contributors. If you make use of the data in your own work, please follow any instructions given here on acknowledgment and re-use.

(1) Kevin Schurer (Department of Geography, University of Cambridge). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)

(2) Matthew Woollard (UK Data Service, University of Essex). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)