1881 Census of England and Wales, Tables: Ages, Condition as to Marriage, Occupations and Birthplaces of people, Table 10 : " Occupations of Males and Females in the Division and its Registration Counties".

List Darlington PLU/RegD Darlington AP/CP
OCCUPATIONS. Males.
[1]
Females.
[2]
1. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE GENERAL OR LOCAL GOVERNMENT OF THE COUNTRY. 118 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Civil Service (officers and clerks) 32 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Civil Service (messengers, &c.) 26 Show data context -
  Police 37 Show data context -
  Municipal, Parish, Union, District, Officer 20 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Other Local or County Official 3 Show data context -
2. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE DEFENCE OF THE COUNTRY. 15 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Army Officer (effective/retired) 2 Show data context -
  Soldier and Non-commissioned officer 4 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Militia, Yeomanry, Volunteers 2 Show data context -
  Army Pensioner 5 Show data context -
  Seaman, R.N. 1 Show data context -
  Navy Pensioner 1 Show data context -
3. PERSONS ENGAGED IN PROFESSIONAL OCCUPATIONS (WITH THEIR IMMEDIATE SUBORDINATES). 294 Show data context 255 Show data context
  Clergymen (Established Church) 9 Show data context -
  Roman Catholic Priest 4 Show data context -
  Minister, Priest of other religious bodies 18 Show data context -
  Missionary, Scripture Reader, Itinerant preacher 9 Show data context 10 Show data context
  Nun, Sister of Charity - 3 Show data context
  Theological Student 1 Show data context -
  Church, chapel, cemetery - officer, servant 4 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Barrister, Solicitor 22 Show data context -
  Law Student 3 Show data context -
  Law Clerk, and others connected with the law 54 Show data context -
  Physician, Surgeon, General Practitioner 15 Show data context -
  Dentist 7 Show data context -
  Medical Student, Assistant 6 Show data context -
  Subordinate Medical Service 2 Show data context 31 Show data context
  Schoolmaster 44 Show data context 166 Show data context
  Teacher, Professor, Lecturer 1 Show data context 20 Show data context
  School Service, and others connected with teaching 2 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Author, Editor, Journalist 9 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Persons engaged in Scientific Pursuits 4 Show data context -
  Literary, Scientific, Institution, Service, &c. 2 Show data context -
  Civil Engineer 14 Show data context -
  Mining Engineer 5 Show data context -
  Land, House, Ship, Surveyor 6 Show data context -
  Painter (artist) 1 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Sculptor 3 Show data context -
  Architect 13 Show data context -
  Musician, Music Master 16 Show data context 11 Show data context
  Art Student 3 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Photographer 6 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Actor 1 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Art, Music, Theatre Service 1 Show data context -
  Performer, Showman, Exhibition, Service 1 Show data context -
  Billiard, Cricket & other Games, Service 8 Show data context 1 Show data context
4. PERSONS ENGAGED IN DOMESTIC OFFICES OR SERVICES. 160 Show data context 1,636 Show data context
  Domestic Coachman, Groom 36 Show data context -
  Domestic Gardener 75 Show data context -
  Domestic Indoor Servant 24 Show data context 1,462 Show data context
  Lodge, Gate, Park Keeper (not Government) - 1 Show data context
  Inn, Hotel Servant 17 Show data context 27 Show data context
  College, Club Service 2 Show data context -
  Office Keeper (not Government) 3 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Cook (not domestic) - 6 Show data context
  Charwoman 1 Show data context 61 Show data context
  Washing and Bathing Service 1 Show data context 59 Show data context
  Hospital and Institution Service 1 Show data context 12 Show data context
5. PERSONS ENGAGED IN COMMERCIAL OCCUPATIONS. 393 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Merchant 1 Show data context -
  Broker, Agent, Factor 16 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Auctioneer, Appraiser, Valuer, House Agent 18 Show data context -
  Accountant 53 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Salesman, Buyer (not otherwise specified) 2 Show data context -
  Commercial Traveller 61 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Commercial Clerk 177 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Officer of Commercial Company, Guild, Society &c. 2 Show data context -
  Banker 1 Show data context -
  Bank Service 37 Show data context -
  Life, House, Ship &c., Insurance Service 25 Show data context -
6. PERSONS ENGAGED IN CONVEYANCE OF MEN, GOODS, AND MESSAGES. 826 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Railway Engine Driver, Stoker 208 Show data context -
  Railway Guard 90 Show data context -
  Pointsman, Level Crossing Man 8 Show data context -
  Other Railway Officials and Servants 332 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Omnibus, Coach, Cab, Owner - Livery Stable Keeper 15 Show data context -
  Cabman, Flyman, Coachman (not domestic) 36 Show data context -
  Carman, Carrier, Carter, Haulier 72 Show data context -
  Seaman (Merchant Service) 8 Show data context -
  Harbour, Dock, Wharf, Lighthouse Service 1 Show data context -
  Warehouseman (not Manchester) 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Messenger, Porter, Watchman (not Railway or Government) 48 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Telegraph, Telephone Service 5 Show data context -
7. PERSONS ENGAGED IN AGRICULTURE. 195 Show data context 14 Show data context
  Farmer, Grazier 25 Show data context -
  Farmer's, Grazier's - Son, Grandson, Brother, Nephew 9 Show data context -
  Farm Bailiff 7 Show data context -
  Agricultural Labourer, Farm Servant, Cottager 88 Show data context 12 Show data context
  Land Drainage Service (not in towns) 2 Show data context -
  Woodman 1 Show data context -
  Nurseryman, Seedsman, Florist 4 Show data context -
  Gardener (not domestic) 59 Show data context 2 Show data context
8. PERSONS ENGAGED ABOUT ANIMALS. 65 Show data context -
  Horse Proprietor, Breeder, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Groom, Horse-keeper, Horse-breaker 38 Show data context -
  Veterinary Surgeon, Farrier 9 Show data context -
  Cattle, Sheep, Pig - Dealer, Salesman 14 Show data context -
  Drover 2 Show data context -
  Fisherman 1 Show data context -
9. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN BOOKS, PRINTS, AND MAPS. 160 Show data context 14 Show data context
  Publisher, Bookseller, Librarian 16 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Bookbinder 6 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Printer 126 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Newspaper Agent, News Room Keeper 7 Show data context -
  Lithographer, Lithographic Printer 5 Show data context -
10. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN MACHINES AND IMPLEMENTS. 976 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Engine, Machine Maker 195 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Millwright 9 Show data context -
  Fitter, Turner (Engine and Machine) 509 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Boiler Maker 186 Show data context -
  Spinning and Weaving Machine Maker 4 Show data context -
  Agricultural Machine and Implement Maker 5 Show data context -
  Tool Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Cutler, Scissors Maker 2 Show data context -
  File Maker 3 Show data context -
  Domestic Implement Maker 1 Show data context -
  Watch Maker, Clock Maker 25 Show data context -
  Philosophical Instrument Maker 1 Show data context -
  Electrical Apparatus Maker 19 Show data context -
  Weighing and Measuring Apparatus Maker 5 Show data context -
  Gunsmith, Gun Manufacturer 2 Show data context -
  Musical Instrument Maker, Dealer 4 Show data context -
  Die, Seal, Coin, Medal Maker 1 Show data context -
  Toy Maker, Dealer 4 Show data context 5 Show data context
11. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN HOUSES, FURNITURE, AND DECORATIONS. 1,164 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Builder 40 Show data context -
  Carpenter, Joiner 394 Show data context -
  Bricklayer 194 Show data context -
  Mason 79 Show data context -
  Slater, Tiler 37 Show data context -
  Plasterer, Whitewasher 15 Show data context -
  Paperhanger 2 Show data context -
  Plumber 109 Show data context -
  Painter, Glazier 180 Show data context -
  Cabinet Maker 80 Show data context 8 Show data context
  French Polisher 5 Show data context -
  Furniture Broker, Dealer 12 Show data context -
  Gas Fitter 4 Show data context -
  House and Shop Fittings - Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Wood Carver 3 Show data context -
  Carver, Gilder 7 Show data context -
  Figure, Image - Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Animal, Bird &c. Preserver, Naturalist 1 Show data context -
12. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CARRIAGES AND HARNESS. 166 Show data context -
  Coachmaker 59 Show data context -
  Railway Carriage, Railway Wagon, Maker 38 Show data context -
  Wheelwright 12 Show data context -
  Others 39 Show data context -
  Saddler, Harness, Whip Maker 18 Show data context -
13. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN SHIPS AND BOATS. 11 Show data context -
  Ship, Boat, Barge Builder 3 Show data context -
  Shipwright, Ship Carpenter (ashore) 8 Show data context -
14. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CHEMICALS AND COMPOUNDS. 34 Show data context -
  Dye, Paint Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Chemist, Druggist 26 Show data context -
  Manufacturing Chemist 5 Show data context -
  Drysalter 2 Show data context -
15. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TOBACCO AND PIPES. 16 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Tobacco Manufacture, Tobacconist 14 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Tobacco Pipe, Snuff Box &c. Maker 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
16. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN FOOD AND LODGING. 583 Show data context 160 Show data context
  Innkeeper, Hotel Keeper, Publican 54 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Lodging, Boarding House Keeper 6 Show data context 40 Show data context
  Coffee, Eating House, Keeper 5 Show data context -
  Maltster 11 Show data context -
  Brewer 17 Show data context -
  Beerseller, Ale, Porter, Cider Dealer 20 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Cellarman 4 Show data context -
  Wine, Spirit - Merchant, Agent 11 Show data context -
  Milkseller, Dairyman 20 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Butcher, Meat Salesman 119 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Provision Curer, Dealer 15 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Poulterer, Game Dealer 5 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Fishmonger 17 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Corn, Flour, Seed Merchant, Dealer 21 Show data context -
  Corn Miller 31 Show data context -
  Baker 7 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Confectioner, Pastrycook 16 Show data context 48 Show data context
  Greengrocer, Fruiterer 26 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Mustard, Vinegar, Spice, Pickle Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Grocer. Tea, Coffee, Chocolate Maker, Dealer 172 Show data context 27 Show data context
  Ginger Beer, Mineral Water Manufacturer, Dealer 5 Show data context 1 Show data context
17. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TEXTILE FABRICS. 230 Show data context 369 Show data context
  Woolstapler 3 Show data context -
  Woollen Cloth Manufacture 36 Show data context 65 Show data context
  Worsted, Stuff, Manufacture 46 Show data context 228 Show data context
  Cloth, Worsted, Stuff, Flannel, Blanket Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Silk Merchant, Dealer 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Cotton, Cotton Goods Manufacture 1 Show data context 35 Show data context
  Flax, Linen - Manufacturer, Dealer 4 Show data context 10 Show data context
  Lace Manufacturer, Dealer - 2 Show data context
  Rope, Twine, Cord - Maker, Dealer 6 Show data context -
  Weaver (undefined) - 3 Show data context
  Dyer, Printer, Scourer, Bleacher, Calenderer (undefined) 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Factory Hand (textile, undefined) 2 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Carpet, Rug Manufacture 3 Show data context -
  Draper, Linen Draper, Mercer 123 Show data context 16 Show data context
  Fancy Goods (Textile) Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 1 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Trimming Maker, Dealer - 1 Show data context
18. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN DRESS. 349 Show data context 666 Show data context
  Hatter, Hat Manufacture 12 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Straw - Hat, Bonnet, Plait Manufacture - 1 Show data context
  Tailor 168 Show data context 30 Show data context
  Milliner, Dressmaker, Staymaker 3 Show data context 550 Show data context
  Shirt Maker, Seamstress - 53 Show data context
  Hosier, Haberdasher 5 Show data context 11 Show data context
  Glover, Glove Maker 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Shoe, Boot - Maker, Dealer 129 Show data context 13 Show data context
  Patten, Clog Maker 3 Show data context -
  Wig Maker, Hair Dresser 22 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Umbrella, Parasol, Stick - Maker, Dealer 3 Show data context -
  Old Clothes Dealer, and others 3 Show data context 4 Show data context
19. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS ANIMAL SUBSTANCES. 81 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Tallow Chandler, Candle, Grease Manufacture 5 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Comb Maker - 1 Show data context
  Furrier, Skinner 3 Show data context -
  Tanner, Fellmonger 35 Show data context -
  Currier 33 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Brush, Broom, Maker 5 Show data context -
20. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS VEGETABLE SUBSTANCES. 74 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Oil and Colourman 1 Show data context -
  Willow, Cane, Rush Worker, Dealer, Basketmaker 3 Show data context -
  Hay, Straw (not plait), Chaff, Cutter, Dealer 6 Show data context -
  Timber, Wood - Merchant, Dealer 8 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Sawyer 24 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Lath, Wooden Fence, Hurdle Maker 2 Show data context -
  Wood Turner, Box Maker 7 Show data context -
  Cooper, Hoop Maker, Bender 8 Show data context -
  Stationer, Law Stationer 12 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Others 3 Show data context -
21. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS MINERAL SUBSTANCES. 2,381 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Coal Miner 9 Show data context -
  Ironstone Miner 2 Show data context -
  Mine Service 8 Show data context -
  Coal Merchant 30 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Coalheaver 11 Show data context -
  Coke, Charcoal, Peat - Cutter, Burner, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Gas Works Service 18 Show data context -
  Stone Cutter, Dresser, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Slate Worker, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Well Sinker, Borer 1 Show data context -
  Brick, Tile - Maker, Burner, Dealer 26 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Paviour 4 Show data context -
  Road Labourer 9 Show data context -
  Railway Contractor 9 Show data context -
  Platelayer 29 Show data context -
  Railway Labourer, Navvy 57 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Earthenware, China, Porcelain, Manufacture 3 Show data context -
  Earthenware, China, Glass Dealer 5 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Waterworks Service 5 Show data context -
  Goldsmith, Silversmith, Jeweller 16 Show data context -
  Lapidary 1 Show data context -
  [Iron Manufacture] 1,727 Show data context 1 Show data context
  [Steel Manufacture] 22 Show data context -
  Blacksmith 261 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Whitesmith 24 Show data context -
  Nail Manufacture 3 Show data context -
  Ironmonger. Hardware Dealer, Merchant 29 Show data context -
  Other Iron and Steel Manufacture 2 Show data context -
  [Coppersmith] 5 Show data context -
  Tin, Tin Plate, Tin Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 10 Show data context -
  Metal Refiner, Worker, Turner, Dealer 10 Show data context -
  Brass, Bronze Manufacture. Brazier 24 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Wire Maker, Worker, Weaver, Drawer 8 Show data context -
  Bolt, Nut, Rivet, Screw, Staple Maker 8 Show data context -
22. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN GENERAL OR UNSPECIFIED COMMODITIES. 743 Show data context 24 Show data context
  General Shopkeeper, Dealer 18 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Pawnbroker 4 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Costermonger, Huckster, Street Seller 17 Show data context 12 Show data context
  Manufacturer, Manager, Superintendant (undefined) 1 Show data context -
  Contractor (undefined) 3 Show data context -
  General Labourer 594 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Engine Driver, Stoker, Fireman (not railway, marine or agricultural) 70 Show data context -
  Artizan, Mechanic (undefined) 16 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Apprentice (undefined) 1 Show data context -
  Factory Labourer (undefined) 11 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Machinist, Machine Worker (undefined) 8 Show data context -
23. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN REFUSE MATTERS. 19 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Town Drainage Service 8 Show data context -
  Chimney Sweep, Soot Merchant 10 Show data context -
  Scavenger, Crossing Sweeper 1 Show data context -
  Rag Gatherer, Dealer - 1 Show data context
24. PERSONS WITHOUT SPECIFIED OCCUPATIONS. 149 Show data context 941 Show data context
  Persons returned by Property, Rank &c. and not special occupation 149 Show data context 941 Show data context
[UNKNOWN OCCUPATION] 46 Show data context 5,359 Show data context
  [Occupation recorded but of unknown meaning] 4 Show data context 2 Show data context
  [Blank field, or illegible] 42 Show data context 5,357 Show data context

Notes:

The following notes to the table appeared in the original report.

1 This table is a very special case: The original Table 10 as published by Division in the 1881 census reports was limited to data for Registration Divisions, their component Registration Counties, and just those Urban Sanitary Districts with populations of over 50,000. Data presented here for counties and higher-level units are taken from the published reports, as usual, but we also include in A Vision of Britain through Time data for Registration Districts, sub-Districts and Civil Parishes which never appeared in the original reports. These were specially created for us by the History Data Service at the University of Essex and derive from the complete transcription of the individual-level Enumerators Book data coordinated by the Genealogical Society of Utah.
2 In creating these data, each occupation listed in the enumerators books has been assigned as far as possible to the relevant category used in the published reports, but some additional categories with labels in square brackets unavoidably appear. Unlike the published statistics for higher-level units, these specially-calculated data for districts and parishes include persons under 15 or over 65. For these and other reasons, no attempt has been made to ensure that county totals for the districts or parishes match the published county totals. The remaining notes are those that appeared below the original published table.
3 NOTE.--Persons returned as engaged in more than one occupation have been referred to the one that appeared to be of most importance; or if there was no difference in this respect, to the one first given by the person in his or her return. In some cases special rules have been followed: e.g. "Clergyman and Schoolmaster" in combination has always been referred to "Schoolmaster"; a Member of Parliament or Peer engaged in any branch of commerce or industry has always been referred to this latter, not to "Peer, M.P.".
4 The numbers returned under any heading include Labourers, Apprentices, and Assistants, as well as Masters, but not Clerks, Messengers, Errand boys, Porters, or Watchmen, for which occupations there are special headings. Civil, Military, and Naval Clerks, Law, Bank, Insurance, and Railway Clerks, and Government and Railway Porters, are, however, exceptions to this rule. Many young persons, being Apprentices or Assistants, have therefore been referred to occupations usually followed by adults. Women also, chiefly widows or orphans carrying on the business of their deceased husbands or fathers, will sometimes be found under occupations commonly followed by men only.
5 Persons returned as retired from any business have not been referred to that business. Inmates of workhouses have been referred to their trades, unless their age or infirmities showed that they were past work. But persons who might be supposed to be only temporarily separated from their usual employment, such as Prisoners, and Patients in General Hospitals, have been classed under their usual occupations.
6 In some cases, for convenience of space, the male designation, e.g. "Schoolmaster", alone is given, instead of "Schoolmaster, Schoolmistress".

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This website does not try to provide an exact replica of the original printed census tables, which often had thousands of rows and far more columns than will fit on our web pages. Instead, we let you drill down from national totals to the most detailed data available. The column headings are those that appeared in the original printed report. The numbers presented here, which are the same ones we use to create statistical maps and graphs, come from the census table and have usually been carefully checked.

The system can only hold statistics for units listed in our administrative gazetteer, so some rows from the original table may be missing. Sometimes big low-level units, like urban parishes, were divided between more than one higher-level units, like Registration sub-Districts. This is why some pages will give a higher figure for a lower-level unit: it covers the whole of the lower-level unit, not just the part within the current higher-level unit.


Acknowledgments:

We are grateful to the following contributors. If you make use of the data in your own work, please follow any instructions given here on acknowledgment and re-use.

(1) Kevin Schurer (Department of Geography, University of Cambridge). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)

(2) Matthew Woollard (UK Data Service, University of Essex). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)