1971 Census of England and Wales, Economic activity County Leaflets (Sample Report Title: Census 1971: England and Wales: Economic Activity Leaflet: (Laid before Parliament pursuant to Section 4 (1), Census Act 1920) Shropshire), Table 3 : " Industry and status by area of workplace and sex for County, county boroughs, urban areas with populations of 50,000 or more, conurbation centres".

List England Dep Hertfordshire AdmC
Industry Males
[1]
Females
[2]
Married Females
[3]
In employment 243,230 Show data context 149,340 Show data context 105,190 Show data context
    Self-employed 22,420 Show data context 4,740 Show data context 3,610 Show data context
        Self-employed without employees 14,920 Show data context 3,140 Show data context 2,340 Show data context
        Self-employed with employees 7,500 Show data context 1,600 Show data context 1,270 Show data context
    Employees 220,810 Show data context 144,600 Show data context 101,580 Show data context
        Managers 26,290 Show data context 4,840 Show data context 3,460 Show data context
        [Managers] Large establishments 10,330 Show data context 1,680 Show data context 1,020 Show data context
[Managers] Small establishments 15,960 Show data context 3,160 Show data context 2,440 Show data context
Foremen and supervisors 12,030 Show data context 3,470 Show data context 2,400 Show data context
[Foremen and supervisors] manual 8,900 Show data context 970 Show data context 800 Show data context
[Foremen and supervisors] non-manual 3,130 Show data context 2,500 Show data context 1,600 Show data context
Apprentices, articled clerks and formal trainees 10,520 Show data context 1,970 Show data context 210 Show data context
Professional employees 15,260 Show data context 1,510 Show data context 950 Show data context
Family workers 350 Show data context 1,760 Show data context 1,650 Show data context
Other employees (excluding professional) 156,360 Show data context 131,050 Show data context 92,910 Show data context
I. AGRICULTURE, FORESTRY, FISHING 5,370 Show data context 1,700 Show data context 1,180 Show data context
    001 Agriculture and horticulture 5,290 Show data context 1,660 Show data context 1,160 Show data context
        1. Farming and stockrearing 3,400 Show data context 770 Show data context 530 Show data context
        2. Agriculture contracting 170 Show data context 20 Show data context 20 Show data context
        3. Market gardening, fruit, flower and seed growing 1,720 Show data context 870 Show data context 610 Show data context
    002 Forestry 70 Show data context 30 Show data context 10 Show data context
    003 Fishing 10 Show data context 10 Show data context 10 Show data context
II. MINING AND QUARRYING 800 Show data context 110 Show data context 70 Show data context
    101 Coal mining 0 Show data context 0 Show data context 0 Show data context
    102 Stone and slate quarrying and mining 10 Show data context 10 Show data context 10 Show data context
    103 Chalk, clay, sand and gravel extraction 780 Show data context 100 Show data context 60 Show data context
    104 Petroleum and natural gas 10 Show data context 0 Show data context 0 Show data context
    109 Other mining and quarrying 0 Show data context 0 Show data context 0 Show data context
III. FOOD, DRINK AND TOBACCO 4,160 Show data context 2,270 Show data context 1,680 Show data context
    211 Grain milling 1,020 Show data context 440 Show data context 290 Show data context
    212 Bread and flour confectionery 330 Show data context 130 Show data context 120 Show data context
    213 Biscuits 110 Show data context 40 Show data context 20 Show data context
    214 Bacon curing, meat and fish products 250 Show data context 130 Show data context 110 Show data context
    215 Milk and milk products 160 Show data context 60 Show data context 60 Show data context
    216 Sugar 0 Show data context 0 Show data context 0 Show data context
    217 Cocoa, chocolate and sugar confectionery 130 Show data context 310 Show data context 250 Show data context
    218 Fruit and vegetable products 90 Show data context 110 Show data context 90 Show data context
    219 Animal and poultry foods 160 Show data context 20 Show data context 20 Show data context
    221 Vegetable and animal oils and fats 0 Show data context 20 Show data context 20 Show data context
    229 Food industries not elsewhere specified 650 Show data context 560 Show data context 390 Show data context
    231 Brewing and malting 830 Show data context 130 Show data context 100 Show data context
    232 Soft drinks 370 Show data context 290 Show data context 180 Show data context
    239 Other drink industries 30 Show data context 30 Show data context 30 Show data context
    240 Tobacco 30 Show data context 0 Show data context 0 Show data context
IV. COAL AND PETROLEUM PRODUCTS 50 Show data context 10 Show data context 10 Show data context
    261 Coke ovens and manufactured fuel 0 Show data context 0 Show data context 0 Show data context
    262 Mineral oil refining 40 Show data context 0 Show data context 0 Show data context
    263 Lubricating oils and greases 10 Show data context 10 Show data context 10 Show data context
V. CHEMICALS AND ALLIED INDUSTRIES 9,490 Show data context 5,090 Show data context 3,350 Show data context
    271 General chemicals 1,210 Show data context 500 Show data context 350 Show data context
    272 Pharmaceutical chemicals and preparations 2,590 Show data context 2,470 Show data context 1,570 Show data context
    273 Toilet preparations 150 Show data context 130 Show data context 90 Show data context
    274 Paint 190 Show data context 60 Show data context 50 Show data context
    275 Soap and detergents 10 Show data context 0 Show data context 0 Show data context
    276 Synthetic resins and plastics materials and synthetic rubber 3,820 Show data context 1,060 Show data context 650 Show data context
    277 Dyestuffs and pigments 0 Show data context 0 Show data context 0 Show data context
    278 Fertilizers 200 Show data context 80 Show data context 60 Show data context
    279 Other chemical industries 1,320 Show data context 790 Show data context 580 Show data context
VI. METAL MANUFACTURE 3,220 Show data context 880 Show data context 620 Show data context
    311 Iron and steel (general) 870 Show data context 70 Show data context 50 Show data context
    312 Steel tubes 890 Show data context 110 Show data context 70 Show data context
    313 Iron castings, etc. 330 Show data context 60 Show data context 50 Show data context
    321 Aluminium and aluminium alloys 600 Show data context 370 Show data context 270 Show data context
    322 Copper, brass and other copper alloys 90 Show data context 50 Show data context 40 Show data context
    323 Other base metals 440 Show data context 220 Show data context 140 Show data context
VII. MECHANICAL ENGINEERING 17,460 Show data context 4,140 Show data context 2,950 Show data context
    331 Agricultural machinery (except tractors) 460 Show data context 70 Show data context 60 Show data context
    332 Metalworking machine tools 1,850 Show data context 360 Show data context 260 Show data context
    333 Pumps, valves and compressors 880 Show data context 180 Show data context 130 Show data context
    334 Industrial engines 30 Show data context 10 Show data context 10 Show data context
    335 Textile machinery and accessories 70 Show data context 10 Show data context 0 Show data context
    336 Construction and earth moving equipment 1,040 Show data context 180 Show data context 140 Show data context
    337 Mechanical handling equipment 2,410 Show data context 380 Show data context 240 Show data context
    338 Office machinery 1,560 Show data context 670 Show data context 390 Show data context
    339 Other machinery 2,840 Show data context 680 Show data context 510 Show data context
    341 Industrial (including process) plant and steelwork 890 Show data context 220 Show data context 160 Show data context
    342 Ordnance and small arms 30 Show data context 10 Show data context 0 Show data context
    349 Other mechanical engineering not elsewhere specified 5,400 Show data context 1,370 Show data context 1,050 Show data context
VIII. INSTRUMENT ENGINEERING 4,620 Show data context 2,690 Show data context 2,090 Show data context
    351 Photographic and document copying equipment 1,940 Show data context 930 Show data context 710 Show data context
    352 Watches and clocks 50 Show data context 10 Show data context 10 Show data context
    353 Surgical instruments and appliances 440 Show data context 550 Show data context 390 Show data context
    354 Scientific and industrial instruments and systems 2,190 Show data context 1,200 Show data context 980 Show data context
IX. ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING 17,280 Show data context 8,110 Show data context 5,790 Show data context
    361 Electrical machinery 1,480 Show data context 770 Show data context 560 Show data context
    362 Insulated wires and cables 120 Show data context 50 Show data context 40 Show data context
    363 Telegraph and telephone apparatus and equipment 260 Show data context 200 Show data context 170 Show data context
    364 Radio and electronic components 1,710 Show data context 1,220 Show data context 900 Show data context
    365 Broadcast receiving and sound reproducing equipment 440 Show data context 350 Show data context 230 Show data context
    366 Electronic computers 5,910 Show data context 2,240 Show data context 1,570 Show data context
    367 Radio, radar and electronic capital goods 4,460 Show data context 2,120 Show data context 1,500 Show data context
    368 Electric appliances primarily for domestic use 230 Show data context 130 Show data context 100 Show data context
    369 Other electrical goods 2,670 Show data context 1,030 Show data context 720 Show data context
X. SHIPBUILDING AND MARINE ENGINEERING 270 Show data context 100 Show data context 70 Show data context
    370 Shipbuilding and marine engineering 270 Show data context 100 Show data context 70 Show data context
XI. VEHICLES 22,740 Show data context 4,250 Show data context 2,890 Show data context
    380 Wheeled tractor manufacturing 50 Show data context 0 Show data context 0 Show data context
    381 Motor vehicle manufacturing 6,980 Show data context 1,160 Show data context 840 Show data context
    382 Motor cycle, tricycle and pedal cycle manufacturing 70 Show data context 50 Show data context 40 Show data context
    383 Aerospace equipment manufacturing and repairing 15,340 Show data context 2,970 Show data context 1,950 Show data context
    384 Locomotive and railway track equipment 10 Show data context 0 Show data context 0 Show data context
    385 Railway carriages and wagons and trams 290 Show data context 70 Show data context 60 Show data context
XII. METAL GOODS NOT ELSEWHERE SPECIFIED 6,790 Show data context 1,980 Show data context 1,530 Show data context
    390 Engineers' small tools and gauges 1,200 Show data context 370 Show data context 320 Show data context
    391 Hand tools and implements 120 Show data context 10 Show data context 0 Show data context
    392 Cutlery, spoons, forks and plated tableware, etc. 0 Show data context 0 Show data context 0 Show data context
    393 Bolts, nuts, screws, rivets, etc. 770 Show data context 150 Show data context 130 Show data context
    394 Wire and wire manufactures 270 Show data context 40 Show data context 40 Show data context
    395 Cans and metal boxes 90 Show data context 70 Show data context 30 Show data context
    396 Jewellery and precious metals 440 Show data context 160 Show data context 110 Show data context
    399 Metal industries not elsewhere specified 3,900 Show data context 1,180 Show data context 900 Show data context
XIII. TEXTILES 690 Show data context 710 Show data context 570 Show data context
    411 Production of manmade fibres 0 Show data context 0 Show data context 0 Show data context
    412 Spinning and doubling on the cotton and flax systems 0 Show data context 10 Show data context 10 Show data context
    413 Weaving of cotton, linen and manmade fibres 10 Show data context 0 Show data context 0 Show data context
    414 Woollen and worsted 30 Show data context 0 Show data context 0 Show data context
    415 Jute 0 Show data context 0 Show data context 0 Show data context
    416 Rope, twine and net 10 Show data context 0 Show data context 0 Show data context
    417 Hosiery and other knitted goods 380 Show data context 500 Show data context 410 Show data context
    418 Lace 0 Show data context 0 Show data context 0 Show data context
    419 Carpets 30 Show data context 10 Show data context 0 Show data context
    421 Narrow fabrics 10 Show data context 20 Show data context 20 Show data context
    422 Made up textiles 50 Show data context 80 Show data context 60 Show data context
    423 Textile finishing 100 Show data context 50 Show data context 30 Show data context
    429 Other textile industries 70 Show data context 40 Show data context 40 Show data context
XIV. LEATHER, LEATHER GOODS AND FUR 170 Show data context 210 Show data context 140 Show data context
    431 Leather (tanning and dressing) and fellmongery 90 Show data context 30 Show data context 30 Show data context
    432 Leather goods 60 Show data context 170 Show data context 110 Show data context
    433 Fur 20 Show data context 10 Show data context 0 Show data context
XV. CLOTHING AND FOOTWEAR 620 Show data context 2,210 Show data context 1,420 Show data context
    441 Weatherproof outerwear 60 Show data context 80 Show data context 70 Show data context
    442 Men's and boys' tailored outerwear 70 Show data context 120 Show data context 70 Show data context
    443 Women's and girls' tailored outerwear 150 Show data context 230 Show data context 140 Show data context
    444 Overalls and men's shirts, underwear, etc. 80 Show data context 310 Show data context 190 Show data context
    445 Dresses, lingerie, infants' wear, etc. 70 Show data context 670 Show data context 420 Show data context
    446 Hats, caps and millinery 40 Show data context 80 Show data context 50 Show data context
    449 Dress industries not elsewhere specified 70 Show data context 620 Show data context 410 Show data context
    450 Footwear 80 Show data context 100 Show data context 70 Show data context
XVI. BRICKS, POTTERY, GLASS, CEMENT, ETC. 3,480 Show data context 850 Show data context 560 Show data context
    461 Brick, fireclay and refractory goods 60 Show data context 20 Show data context 0 Show data context
    462 Pottery 20 Show data context 20 Show data context 20 Show data context
    463 Glass 490 Show data context 200 Show data context 180 Show data context
    464 Cement 30 Show data context 10 Show data context 0 Show data context
    469 Abrasives and building materials, etc. not elsewhere specified 2,880 Show data context 600 Show data context 360 Show data context
XVII. TIMBER, FURNITURE, ETC. 4,960 Show data context 760 Show data context 510 Show data context
    471 Timber 1,120 Show data context 130 Show data context 80 Show data context
    472 Furniture and upholstery 2,310 Show data context 390 Show data context 230 Show data context
    473 Bedding, etc. 60 Show data context 120 Show data context 80 Show data context
    474 Shop and office fitting 660 Show data context 80 Show data context 80 Show data context
    475 Wooden containers and baskets 80 Show data context 20 Show data context 20 Show data context
    479 Miscellaneous wood and cork manufactures 730 Show data context 20 Show data context 20 Show data context
XVIII. PAPER, PRINTING AND PUBLISHING 14,910 Show data context 6,680 Show data context 4,260 Show data context
    481 Paper and board 1,960 Show data context 370 Show data context 280 Show data context
    482 Packaging products of paper, board and associated materials 790 Show data context 500 Show data context 310 Show data context
    483 Manufactured stationery 1,870 Show data context 1,920 Show data context 1,330 Show data context
    484 Manufactures of paper and board not elsewhere specified 550 Show data context 500 Show data context 340 Show data context
    485 Printing, publishing of newspapers 670 Show data context 430 Show data context 280 Show data context
    486 Printing, publishing of periodicals 4,590 Show data context 540 Show data context 260 Show data context
    489 Other printing, publishing, bookbinding, engraving, etc. 4,480 Show data context 2,420 Show data context 1,460 Show data context
XIX. OTHER MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES 5,720 Show data context 4,400 Show data context 3,330 Show data context
    491 Rubber 1,160 Show data context 410 Show data context 330 Show data context
    492 Linoleum, plastics floorcovering, leather, cloth, etc. 10 Show data context 20 Show data context 20 Show data context
    493 Brushes and brooms 440 Show data context 770 Show data context 600 Show data context
    494 Toys, games, children's carriages and sports equipment 520 Show data context 820 Show data context 650 Show data context
    495 Miscellaneous stationers' goods 540 Show data context 990 Show data context 670 Show data context
    496 Plastics products not elsewhere specified 2,630 Show data context 950 Show data context 760 Show data context
    499 Miscellaneous manufacturing industries 420 Show data context 440 Show data context 300 Show data context
XX. CONSTRUCTION 23,410 Show data context 1,930 Show data context 1,320 Show data context
    500 Construction 23,410 Show data context 1,930 Show data context 1,320 Show data context
XXI. GAS, ELECTRICITY AND WATER 4,690 Show data context 1,060 Show data context 690 Show data context
    601 Gas 2,330 Show data context 450 Show data context 260 Show data context
    602 Electricity 1,540 Show data context 400 Show data context 290 Show data context
    603 Water supply 820 Show data context 210 Show data context 140 Show data context
XXII. TRANSPORT AND COMMUNICATION 13,200 Show data context 3,270 Show data context 2,110 Show data context
    701 Railways 2,010 Show data context 530 Show data context 320 Show data context
    702 Road passenger transport 2,880 Show data context 310 Show data context 230 Show data context
    703 Road haulage contracting for general hire or reward 3,080 Show data context 430 Show data context 320 Show data context
    704 Other road haulage 40 Show data context 0 Show data context 0 Show data context
    705 Sea transport 100 Show data context 0 Show data context 0 Show data context
    706 Port and inland water transport 200 Show data context 90 Show data context 60 Show data context
    707 Air transport 100 Show data context 20 Show data context 0 Show data context
    708 Postal services and telecommunications 4,090 Show data context 1,440 Show data context 900 Show data context
    709 Miscellaneous transport services and storage 700 Show data context 450 Show data context 280 Show data context
XXIII. DISTRIBUTIVE TRADES 23,610 Show data context 25,560 Show data context 18,550 Show data context
    810 Wholesale distribution of food and drink 2,280 Show data context 1,030 Show data context 760 Show data context
    811 Wholesale distribution of petroleum products 890 Show data context 500 Show data context 270 Show data context
    812 Other wholesale distribution 2,310 Show data context 1,290 Show data context 920 Show data context
    820 Retail distribution of food and drink 6,000 Show data context 7,640 Show data context 5,840 Show data context
    821 Other retail distribution 8,590 Show data context 13,870 Show data context 9,860 Show data context
    831 Dealing in coal, oil, builders' materials, grain and agricultural supplies 1,800 Show data context 740 Show data context 510 Show data context
    832 Dealing in other industrial materials and machinery 1,740 Show data context 490 Show data context 390 Show data context
XXIV. INSURANCE, BANKING, FINANCE AND BUSINESS SERVICES 5,660 Show data context 7,540 Show data context 4,770 Show data context
    860 Insurance 1,650 Show data context 1,340 Show data context 820 Show data context
    861 Banking and billdiscounting 1,160 Show data context 2,110 Show data context 730 Show data context
    862 Other financial institutions 360 Show data context 380 Show data context 220 Show data context
    863 Property owning and managing, etc. 1,340 Show data context 890 Show data context 600 Show data context
    864 Advertising and market research 180 Show data context 330 Show data context 270 Show data context
    865 Other business services 970 Show data context 2,480 Show data context 2,130 Show data context
    866 Central offices not allocable elsewhere 0 Show data context 10 Show data context 0 Show data context
XXV. PROFESSIONAL AND SCIENTIFIC SERVICES 20,720 Show data context 35,080 Show data context 25,840 Show data context
    871 Accountancy services 530 Show data context 390 Show data context 310 Show data context
    872 Educational services 7,980 Show data context 20,690 Show data context 16,260 Show data context
        1. Maintained primary and secondary schools 4,100 Show data context 15,380 Show data context 12,560 Show data context
        2. Other primary and secondary schools 1,160 Show data context 2,410 Show data context 1,570 Show data context
        3pt. Universities 50 Show data context 10 Show data context 0 Show data context
        3pt. Colleges of education 240 Show data context 300 Show data context 200 Show data context
        3pt. Establishments for further education 2,020 Show data context 1,340 Show data context 1,020 Show data context
        4. Educational administration 220 Show data context 600 Show data context 480 Show data context
        5. Educational establishments not elsewhere specified 190 Show data context 650 Show data context 430 Show data context
    873 Legal services 570 Show data context 790 Show data context 580 Show data context
    874 Medical and dental services 4,790 Show data context 10,280 Show data context 6,960 Show data context
        1. Hospital and consultant services 3,700 Show data context 8,530 Show data context 5,730 Show data context
        2. Local authority health services 110 Show data context 350 Show data context 240 Show data context
        3. General medical services 430 Show data context 680 Show data context 480 Show data context
        4. Dental services 320 Show data context 390 Show data context 240 Show data context
        5. Other medical services 230 Show data context 330 Show data context 270 Show data context
    875 Religious organisations 670 Show data context 360 Show data context 120 Show data context
    876 Research and development services 2,670 Show data context 1,150 Show data context 620 Show data context
    879 Other professional and scientific services 3,510 Show data context 1,420 Show data context 990 Show data context
        1. Architects, surveyors and consulting engineers 2,030 Show data context 540 Show data context 420 Show data context
        2. Other scientific and technical services 530 Show data context 210 Show data context 140 Show data context
        3. Professional and scientific organisations 130 Show data context 190 Show data context 150 Show data context
        4. Veterinary surgery 20 Show data context 130 Show data context 60 Show data context
        5. Other professional services 800 Show data context 350 Show data context 220 Show data context
XXVI. MISCELLANEOUS SERVICES 17,060 Show data context 17,860 Show data context 12,150 Show data context
    881 Cinemas, theatres, radio, etc. 1,940 Show data context 740 Show data context 410 Show data context
    882 Sport and other recreations 840 Show data context 400 Show data context 260 Show data context
    883 Betting and gambling 290 Show data context 180 Show data context 180 Show data context
    884 Hotels and other residential establishments 630 Show data context 950 Show data context 640 Show data context
    885 Restaurants, cafes, snack bars 630 Show data context 960 Show data context 680 Show data context
    886 Public houses 1,090 Show data context 1,680 Show data context 1,420 Show data context
    887 Clubs 160 Show data context 180 Show data context 140 Show data context
    888 Catering contractors 200 Show data context 510 Show data context 410 Show data context
    889 Hairdressing and manicure 590 Show data context 1,900 Show data context 810 Show data context
    891 Private domestic service 780 Show data context 3,650 Show data context 2,130 Show data context
    892 Laundries 300 Show data context 830 Show data context 590 Show data context
    893 Dry cleaning, job dyeing, carpet beating, etc. 80 Show data context 270 Show data context 240 Show data context
    894 Motor repairers, distributors, garages and filling stations 6,830 Show data context 1,490 Show data context 1,020 Show data context
    895 Repair of boots and shoes 120 Show data context 40 Show data context 40 Show data context
    899 Other services 2,580 Show data context 4,080 Show data context 3,180 Show data context
        1. Funeral services 100 Show data context 10 Show data context 10 Show data context
        2. Photography 720 Show data context 1,140 Show data context 960 Show data context
        3. Welfare and charitable services 430 Show data context 1,570 Show data context 1,120 Show data context
        4. Community service not elsewhere specified 50 Show data context 60 Show data context 50 Show data context
        5. Service of Commonwealth and foreign governments 120 Show data context 60 Show data context 20 Show data context
        6. Trade associations 140 Show data context 80 Show data context 50 Show data context
        7. Other services 1,020 Show data context 1,160 Show data context 970 Show data context
XXVII. PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION AND DEFENCE 10,910 Show data context 8,540 Show data context 5,800 Show data context
    901 National government service 3,210 Show data context 3,020 Show data context 2,020 Show data context
        1-4. Armed forces 450 Show data context 50 Show data context 0 Show data context
        5. Defence departments (civilian staffs) 230 Show data context 190 Show data context 130 Show data context
        6. Other national government service 2,530 Show data context 2,780 Show data context 1,890 Show data context
    906 Local government service 7,700 Show data context 5,520 Show data context 3,780 Show data context
        1. Police 1,490 Show data context 380 Show data context 200 Show data context
        2. Fire service 320 Show data context 60 Show data context 50 Show data context
        3. Other local government service 5,890 Show data context 5,080 Show data context 3,530 Show data context
Industry inadequately described 1,100 Show data context 1,350 Show data context 940 Show data context
Workplace outside United Kingdom 70 Show data context 0 Show data context 0 Show data context

Comments:

1 All data values have been multiplied by ten, as the original data are from a 10 per cent sample.

Click on the triangles for all about a particular number.

This website does not try to provide an exact replica of the original printed census tables, which often had thousands of rows and far more columns than will fit on our web pages. Instead, we let you drill down from national totals to the most detailed data available. The column headings are those that appeared in the original printed report. The numbers presented here, which are the same ones we use to create statistical maps and graphs, come from the census table and have usually been carefully checked.

The system can only hold statistics for units listed in our administrative gazetteer, so some rows from the original table may be missing. Sometimes big low-level units, like urban parishes, were divided between more than one higher-level units, like Registration sub-Districts. This is why some pages will give a higher figure for a lower-level unit: it covers the whole of the lower-level unit, not just the part within the current higher-level unit.