1861 Census of England and Wales, Ages (Sample Report Title: Population Tables. Ages, Civil Condition, Occupations and Birth-places of the People: with the Ages and Occupations of the Blind, of the Deaf-and-dumb, and of the inmates of certain public institutions Part II), Table 17 : " Occupations of Males aged 20 Years and upwards in Districts".

List Middlesex RegC Strand PLU/RegD  
OCCUPATIONS [Males]
[1]
Total of Males 12,442 Show data context
1. Persons engaged in the General or Local Government of the Country 293 Show data context
(1) Officers of National Government 104 Show data context
      Civ. Serv. not in Rev. Dep. 28 Show data context
      Post Office 32 Show data context
      Inland Revenue 5 Show data context
      Customs 12 Show data context
      Government Messengers, Workmen 27 Show data context
      Dockyard Artificers 0 Show data context
      Other Govt. 0 Show data context
(2) Officers of Local Government 188 Show data context
      Magistrate 4 Show data context
      Police 153 Show data context
      Prison Officer 4 Show data context
      Union and Parish Officer 11 Show data context
      Officer of Local Board 2 Show data context
      Other Local Officers 14 Show data context
(3) Officers of East India and Colonial Government 1 Show data context
      E. India and Col. Service 1 Show data context
2. Persons engaged in the Defence of the Country 98 Show data context
(1) Army 81 Show data context
      Army Officer 18 Show data context
      Army Half-pay Officer 16 Show data context
      Soldier 22 Show data context
      Chelsea Pensioner 21 Show data context
      Militia 3 Show data context
      Others 1 Show data context
(2) Navy 17 Show data context
      Navy Officer 12 Show data context
      Navy Half-pay Officer 1 Show data context
      Seaman, R.N. 2 Show data context
      Royal Marine 0 Show data context
      Greenwich Pensioner 0 Show data context
      Others 2 Show data context
3. Persons engaged in the Learned Professions or engaged in Literature, Art, and Science (with their immediate Subordinates) 1,098 Show data context
(1) Clergymen, Ministers, and Church Officers 41 Show data context
      Clergyman 25 Show data context
      Protestant Minister 2 Show data context
      Roman Catholic Priest 2 Show data context
      Other Relig. Teachers 2 Show data context
      Parish Clerk 4 Show data context
      Other Church Officers 6 Show data context
(2) Lawyers, Law Court Officers, and Law Stationers 387 Show data context
      Barrister 65 Show data context
      Solicitor 67 Show data context
      Law Student 19 Show data context
      Other Lawyers 0 Show data context
      Officers of Law Court 6 Show data context
      Law Clerk 141 Show data context
      Law Stationer 89 Show data context
(3) Physicians, Surgeons, and Druggists 174 Show data context
      Physician 17 Show data context
      Surgeon, Apothecary 61 Show data context
      Medical Student, Assist. 38 Show data context
      Dentist 8 Show data context
      Druggist 41 Show data context
      Others 9 Show data context
(4) Authors and Literary Persons 64 Show data context
      Author, Editor, Writer 42 Show data context
      Ors. eng. in Literature 22 Show data context
(5) Artists 140 Show data context
      Artist, Painter 54 Show data context
      Sculptor 1 Show data context
      Engraver 70 Show data context
      Photographic Artist 15 Show data context
      Ors. Eng. in the Fine Arts 0 Show data context
(6) Musicians, Teachers of Music 121 Show data context
      Musician 112 Show data context
      Music-master 8 Show data context
      Others 1 Show data context
(7) Actors, Actresses 66 Show data context
      Actor 23 Show data context
      In Theatres, Exhibitions 43 Show data context
(8) Teachers 71 Show data context
      Schoolmaster 19 Show data context
      Teacher of Languages 28 Show data context
      Profes. of Mathematics 2 Show data context
      Teacher (General) 11 Show data context
      Teacher of Dancing 7 Show data context
      Other Teachers 4 Show data context
(9) Scientific Persons 34 Show data context
      Civil Engineer 26 Show data context
      Other Scientific Persons 8 Show data context
4. Persons engaged in the Domestic Officers or Duties of Wives, Mothers, Mistresses of Families, Children, Relatives (not otherwise returned) 25 Show data context
(3) Children and Relatives at home (not otherwise described) 17 Show data context
      Son, Grandson, Brother, Neph. (not oth. Des.) 17 Show data context
(4) Scholars (so described) 8 Show data context
      Scholar (so described) 8 Show data context
5. Persons engaged in entertaining, and performing Personal Offices for Man 876 Show data context
(1) In Board and Lodging 367 Show data context
      Innkeeper, Hotelkeeper 41 Show data context
      Publican 175 Show data context
      Beerseller 4 Show data context
      Lodg., Boardg.-house K. 21 Show data context
      Coffee-house Keeper 85 Show data context
      Cook (not Domst. Serv.) 33 Show data context
      Others--Boarding, &c. 8 Show data context
(2) Attendance (Domestic Servants, &c.) 509 Show data context
      Domst. Serv. (General) 106 Show data context
      Coachman 3 Show data context
      Groom 2 Show data context
      Gardener 0 Show data context
      Inn Servant 384 Show data context
      Hosp. Attent., Nurse, &c. 0 Show data context
      Others 14 Show data context
6. Persons who buy or sell, keep, or lend Money, Houses or Goods of various Kinds 666 Show data context
(1) Mercantile Men [Women] 492 Show data context
      Merchant 74 Show data context
      Banker 6 Show data context
      Insur., Ben. Soci. Offr. 10 Show data context
      Stock Broker, &c. 4 Show data context
      Ship Broker, Agent 2 Show data context
      Broker 8 Show data context
      Agent, Factor 53 Show data context
      Coal, Colliery Agent 0 Show data context
      Iron Merchant, Agent 0 Show data context
      Salesman 24 Show data context
      Auctioneer, Apprsr., Val. 16 Show data context
      Accountant 24 Show data context
      Commercial Clerk 201 Show data context
      Commercial Traveller 65 Show data context
      Other Mercantile Men 5 Show data context
(2) Other General Dealers 174 Show data context
      Pawnbroker 16 Show data context
      Marine-store Dealer 9 Show data context
      Ge. Dlr., Costermonger 100 Show data context
      Shopkeeper 6 Show data context
      Hawker, Pedlar 32 Show data context
      Other General Dealers 11 Show data context
7. Persons engaged in the Conveyance of Men, Animals, Goods, and Messages 1,036 Show data context
(1) Carriers on Railways 18 Show data context
      Rail. Engine Driver, &c. 5 Show data context
      Railway Official 8 Show data context
      Railway Servant 4 Show data context
      Railway Police 1 Show data context
      Ors. eng. in 0 Show data context
(2) Carriers on Roads 208 Show data context
      Toll Collector 3 Show data context
      Coach, Omn., Cab, Ownr. 3 Show data context
      Livery Staple Keeper 6 Show data context
      Coachman (not domstc.) 29 Show data context
      Cabman, Flyman 49 Show data context
      Carm., Carr., Carter, Dray. 115 Show data context
      Others 3 Show data context
(3) Carriers on Canals and Rivers 27 Show data context
      Canal and River Service 2 Show data context
      Bargeman, Waterman 25 Show data context
      Others 0 Show data context
(4) Carriers on Seas and Rivers 74 Show data context
      Shipowner 3 Show data context
      Seaman (Mercht. Serv.) 47 Show data context
      Pilot 2 Show data context
      Boatman on Seas 0 Show data context
      Dock Servant, Labourer 16 Show data context
      Wharfinger 1 Show data context
      Others 5 Show data context
(5) Engaged in Storage 64 Show data context
      Warehsmn. (not Manch.) 57 Show data context
      Others in Storage 7 Show data context
(6) Messengers and Porters 645 Show data context
      Messr., Port., Ernd. Boy 632 Show data context
      Telegraph Service 2 Show data context
      Others in Messages 11 Show data context
8. Persons possessing or working the Land, and engaged in growing Grain, Fruits, Grasses, Animals, and other Products 64 Show data context
(1) In Fields and Pastures (Agriculturists) 43 Show data context
      Land Proprietor 21 Show data context
      Farmer, Grazier 8 Show data context
      Farmer's "Son", "Brother", "Grandson" 1 Show data context
      Farm Bailiff 1 Show data context
      Agricultural Labourer 5 Show data context
      Shepherd (out-door) 1 Show data context
      Farm Servant (in-door) 0 Show data context
      Land Surv., Estate Agt. 6 Show data context
      Others in Agriculture 0 Show data context
(2) In Woods (Arboriculturists) 0 Show data context
      Woodman 0 Show data context
      Others in Arboriculture 0 Show data context
(3) In Gardens (Horticulturists) 21 Show data context
      Gardener 12 Show data context
      Nurseryman 9 Show data context
      Others in Horticulture 0 Show data context
9. Persons engaged about Animals 84 Show data context
(1) Persons engaged about Animals 84 Show data context
      Horse Dealer 4 Show data context
      Horsebreaker 0 Show data context
      Horsekpr., Grm., Jockey 52 Show data context
      Farrier, Veterinary Sur. 14 Show data context
      Cattle, Sheep,--Dealer 2 Show data context
      Drover 6 Show data context
      Pig Merchant, Dealer 0 Show data context
      Gamekeeper 0 Show data context
      Vermin Destroyer 0 Show data context
      Fisherman 0 Show data context
      Others about Animals 6 Show data context
10. Persons engaged in Art and Mechanic Productions, in which Matters of various kinds are employed in combination 2,899 Show data context
(1) In Books 760 Show data context
      Bookseller, Publisher 129 Show data context
      Bookbinder 94 Show data context
      Printer 479 Show data context
      Newspaper Agent 56 Show data context
      Others in Publications 2 Show data context
(2) In Musical Instrument 99 Show data context
      Musical Instr. Mak., Dlr. 68 Show data context
      Others 31 Show data context
(3) In Prints and Pictures 104 Show data context
      Lithographer, Lithographic Printer 27 Show data context
      Others 77 Show data context
(4) In Carving and Figures 31 Show data context
      Wood-carver 11 Show data context
      Others 20 Show data context
(5) in Tackle for Sport and Games 17 Show data context
      Toy Maker, Dealer 8 Show data context
      Bow, Bat, Tackle,--Mak. 9 Show data context
(6) In Designs, Medals, and Dies 16 Show data context
      Pattern Designer 4 Show data context
      Others 12 Show data context
(7) In Watches and Philosophical Instruments 118 Show data context
      Watchmkr., Clockmkr. 87 Show data context
      Optician 16 Show data context
      Weight or Measure Mkr. 10 Show data context
      Others 5 Show data context
(8) In Surgical Instruments 26 Show data context
      Surgical Instrmt. Maker 22 Show data context
      Others 4 Show data context
(9) In Arms 39 Show data context
      Gunsmith, Gun Manuf. 34 Show data context
      Others 5 Show data context
(10) In Machines 110 Show data context
      Eng. and Mach. Maker 68 Show data context
      Spindle-maker 0 Show data context
      Needle manufacture 2 Show data context
      Scissors-maker 0 Show data context
      Tool Maker, Dealer 4 Show data context
      File-maker 2 Show data context
      Saw Smith, Maker 4 Show data context
      Cutler 22 Show data context
      Blade Maker, Forger 0 Show data context
      Knife-maker 0 Show data context
      Razor-maker 0 Show data context
      Others in Tools, Mchns. 8 Show data context
(11) In Carriages 101 Show data context
      Coachmaker 100 Show data context
      Others 1 Show data context
(12) In Harness 76 Show data context
      Saddler, Harness-maker 72 Show data context
      Whip-maker 4 Show data context
(13) In Ships 2 Show data context
      Shipbldr., Shipwright 0 Show data context
      Block, Oar, Mast,--Mak. 0 Show data context
      Boat, Barge,--Builder 2 Show data context
      Sailmaker 0 Show data context
      Others 0 Show data context
(14) In Houses and Buildings 956 Show data context
      House Proprietor 17 Show data context
      House Agent 3 Show data context
      Architect 18 Show data context
      Surveyor 7 Show data context
      Builder 47 Show data context
      Carpenter, Joiner 244 Show data context
      Bricklayer 200 Show data context
      Marble Mason 4 Show data context
      Mason, Pavior 38 Show data context
      Slater, Tiler 2 Show data context
      Plasterer 38 Show data context
      Paperhanger 13 Show data context
      Plumber, Painter, Glazr. 314 Show data context
      Others 11 Show data context
(15) In Furniture 399 Show data context
      Cabinet Maker, Uphol. 173 Show data context
      Undertaker 13 Show data context
      Chair-maker 22 Show data context
      Picture-frame Maker 37 Show data context
      Carver, Gilder 87 Show data context
      Bedstead, Mattress,--Mak. 8 Show data context
      Furniture Broker 24 Show data context
      Others 35 Show data context
(16) In Implements 18 Show data context
      Wheelwright 18 Show data context
      Millwright 0 Show data context
      Other Implement Mkrs. 0 Show data context
(17) In Chemicals 27 Show data context
      Manuf. Chemist, Laborer 7 Show data context
      Dye, Colour,--manuf. 3 Show data context
      Dyer, Calenderer 13 Show data context
      Others 4 Show data context
11. Persons working and Dealing in the Textile Fabrics and in Dress 2,082 Show data context
(1) In Wool and Worsted 12 Show data context
      Woolstapler 0 Show data context
      Felt manufacture 0 Show data context
      Woollen Cloth manuf. 4 Show data context
      Clothier 0 Show data context
      Fuller 0 Show data context
      Wool, Woollen,--Dyer 0 Show data context
      Worsted manufacture 0 Show data context
      Stuff manufacture 0 Show data context
      Flannel manufacture 0 Show data context
      Blanket manufacture 0 Show data context
      Carpet, Rug,--manuf. 8 Show data context
      Others 0 Show data context
(2) In Silk 13 Show data context
      Silk manufacture 3 Show data context
      Silk Dyer, Printer 2 Show data context
      Silk Mercer 2 Show data context
      Ribbon manufacture 0 Show data context
      Others 6 Show data context
(3) In Cotton and Flax 11 Show data context
      Flax, Linen,--manuf. 0 Show data context
      Thread manufacture 0 Show data context
      Lace manufacture 4 Show data context
      Cotton manufacture 1 Show data context
      Fustian manufacture 0 Show data context
      Muslin manufacture 0 Show data context
      Calico, Cotton,--Printer 3 Show data context
      Calico, Cotton,--Dyer 0 Show data context
      Others 3 Show data context
(4) In Mixed Materials (1, 2, 3.) 204 Show data context
      Packer and Presser 4 Show data context
      Weaver (undefined) 1 Show data context
      Manchester Warehmn. 1 Show data context
      Draper, Mercer 179 Show data context
      Others 19 Show data context
(5) In Dress 1,835 Show data context
      Hairdresser, Wig-maker 70 Show data context
      Hatter, Hat manuf. 32 Show data context
      Straw Plait manuf. 0 Show data context
      Straw Hat, Bonnet Mak. 10 Show data context
      Shawl manufacture 0 Show data context
      Furrier 5 Show data context
      Tailor 849 Show data context
      Clothes Dealer, Outfitr. 15 Show data context
      Button-maker 9 Show data context
      Hose manufacture 1 Show data context
      Hosier, Haberdasher 35 Show data context
      Glover, Leather, &c. 4 Show data context
      Shoemaker, Bootmaker 721 Show data context
      Patten, Clog,--Maker 0 Show data context
      Umbrella, Stick,--Mak. 11 Show data context
      Others providing Dress 73 Show data context
(6) In Hemp and other Fibrous Materials 7 Show data context
      Mat Maker, Seller 5 Show data context
      Rope, Cord,--Maker 1 Show data context
      Canvas Maker, Dealer 0 Show data context
      Sailcloth manufacture 0 Show data context
      Others 1 Show data context
12. Persons working and dealing in Food and Drinks 1,078 Show data context
(1) In Animal Food 335 Show data context
      Cowkeeper, Milkseller 36 Show data context
      Cheesemonger 37 Show data context
      Butcher, Meat Salesman 173 Show data context
      Provision Curer, Dealer 25 Show data context
      Poulterer, Game Dealer 11 Show data context
      Fishmonger 48 Show data context
      Others 5 Show data context
(2) In Vegetable Food 417 Show data context
      Corn Merchant, Dealer 10 Show data context
      Miller 3 Show data context
      Flour Dealer, Agent 2 Show data context
      Baker 183 Show data context
      Confectioner, Pastry Ck. 49 Show data context
      Greengrocer, Fruiterer 94 Show data context
      Fruit, Flower,--Vendor 49 Show data context
      Potato Merchant 17 Show data context
      Seed Mercht., Seedsman 8 Show data context
      Sugar Refiner 2 Show data context
      Others 0 Show data context
(3) In Drinks and Stimulants 326 Show data context
      Maltster 1 Show data context
      Brewer, &c. 32 Show data context
      Wine and Spirit Mercht. 35 Show data context
      Distiller, Rectifier 0 Show data context
      Cellarman 9 Show data context
      Ginger Br., Sod. Wat. Ma. 6 Show data context
      Grocer, Tea Dealer 147 Show data context
      Tobo., Cig., Snuff, manuf. 10 Show data context
      Tobacconist 51 Show data context
      Others 35 Show data context
13. Persons working and dealing in Animal Substances 207 Show data context
(1) In Grease, Gut, Bones, Horn, Ivory, and Whalebone 32 Show data context
      Soap-boiler 4 Show data context
      Tallow-chandler 13 Show data context
      Comb-maker 3 Show data context
      Others 12 Show data context
(2) In Skins, Feathers, and Quills 145 Show data context
      Fellmonger 0 Show data context
      Skinner 4 Show data context
      Tanner 4 Show data context
      Currier 64 Show data context
      Others 73 Show data context
(3) In Hair 30 Show data context
      Hair, Bristle,--manuf. 3 Show data context
      Brush, Broom,--Maker 25 Show data context
      Others 2 Show data context
14. Persons working and dealing in Vegetable Substances 296 Show data context
(1) In Gums and Resins 88 Show data context
      Oil Miller, Refiner 0 Show data context
      Oil and Colourman 30 Show data context
      French-polisher 39 Show data context
      Japanner 9 Show data context
      Others 10 Show data context
(2) In Wood 86 Show data context
      Timber Merch., Dealer 4 Show data context
      Wood Dealer 1 Show data context
      Sawyer 7 Show data context
      Fence, Hurdle,--Maker 0 Show data context
      Lath-maker 2 Show data context
      Turner 21 Show data context
      Box-maker 8 Show data context
      Cooper 14 Show data context
      Hoop Maker, Bender 0 Show data context
      Others 29 Show data context
(3) In Bark 10 Show data context
      Cork Cutter, manuf. 10 Show data context
      Others Workers in Bark 0 Show data context
(4) In Cane, Rush, and Straw 32 Show data context
      Basket-maker 30 Show data context
      Hay and Straw Dealer 0 Show data context
      Thatcher 0 Show data context
      Others 2 Show data context
(5) In Paper 80 Show data context
      Rag Gatherer, Dealer 4 Show data context
      Paper manufacture 4 Show data context
      Stationer (not Law) 35 Show data context
      Paper-stainer 7 Show data context
      Others Workers in Paper 30 Show data context
15. Persons working and dealing in Minerals 867 Show data context
(1) In Mining 7 Show data context
      Coal-miner 1 Show data context
      Copper-miner 0 Show data context
      Tin-miner 0 Show data context
      Lead-miner 0 Show data context
      Iron-miner 0 Show data context
      Others 6 Show data context
(2) In Coal 110 Show data context
      Coal Merchant, Dealer 29 Show data context
      Coalheaver, Labourer 50 Show data context
      Coke Burner, Dealer 0 Show data context
      Chimney Sweeper 20 Show data context
      Gas Works Service 8 Show data context
      Other Workers in Coal 3 Show data context
(3) In Stone, Clay 27 Show data context
      Stone Quarrier 0 Show data context
      Stone Cutter, Polisher 2 Show data context
      Slate Quarrier 0 Show data context
      Limestone Quar., Burner 0 Show data context
      Clay Labourer 0 Show data context
      Brick Maker, Dealer 6 Show data context
      Railway Labourer 0 Show data context
      Platelayer 0 Show data context
      Excavator, Navvy 1 Show data context
      Road Contractor, &c. 0 Show data context
      Road Labourer 3 Show data context
      Scavenger 7 Show data context
      Dust Collector 2 Show data context
      Others 6 Show data context
(4) In Earthenware 7 Show data context
      Earthenware manuf. 3 Show data context
      Tobacco-pipe Makers 1 Show data context
      Earthenw., Glass, Dealer 1 Show data context
      Others 2 Show data context
(5) In Glass 31 Show data context
      Glass manufacture 25 Show data context
      Other Workers in Glass 6 Show data context
(6) In Salt 0 Show data context
      Salt manufacture 0 Show data context
      Other Dealers in Salt 0 Show data context
(7) In Water 6 Show data context
      Waterworks Service 5 Show data context
      Others 1 Show data context
(8) In Gold, Silver, and Precious Stones 227 Show data context
      Goldsmith, Jeweller 165 Show data context
      Plater, Plated Wareman 12 Show data context
      Others 50 Show data context
(9) In Copper 12 Show data context
      Copper manufacture 1 Show data context
      Coppersmith 11 Show data context
      Others 0 Show data context
(10) In Tin and Quicksilver 49 Show data context
      Tin manufacture 1 Show data context
      Tinman, Tinker 12 Show data context
      Tinplate Worker 35 Show data context
      Others 1 Show data context
(11) In Zinc 2 Show data context
      Zinc manufacture 2 Show data context
      Others 0 Show data context
(12) In Lead and Antimony 8 Show data context
      Lead manufacture 2 Show data context
      Typefounder 4 Show data context
      Others 2 Show data context
(13) In Brass and other mixed Metals 206 Show data context
      Brass Founder, manuf. 69 Show data context
      Brazier 12 Show data context
      Locksmith, Bellhanger 20 Show data context
      Gasfitter 47 Show data context
      Wire Maker, Drawer 1 Show data context
      Wire Worker, Weaver 18 Show data context
      Others 39 Show data context
(14) In Iron and Steel 175 Show data context
      Iron manufacture 20 Show data context
      Whitesmith 31 Show data context
      Blacksmith 77 Show data context
      Nail manufacture 0 Show data context
      Anchor, Chain,--Smith 0 Show data context
      Boiler-maker 0 Show data context
      Ironmonger 33 Show data context
      Hardwareman, Dealer 1 Show data context
      Steel manufacture 2 Show data context
      Grinder (branch undef.) 0 Show data context
      Others 11 Show data context
16. Labourers and others - Branch of Labour undefined 421 Show data context
(1) General Labourers 352 Show data context
      Labourer 352 Show data context
(2) Other Persons of indefinite Occupations 69 Show data context
      Mechanic 7 Show data context
      Shopman 40 Show data context
      Apprentice 0 Show data context
      Others of indef. occu. 22 Show data context
17. Persons of Rank or Property, not returned under any Office or Occupation 114 Show data context
(1) Persons of Rank or property, not returned under any Office or Occupation 114 Show data context
      Gentleman 78 Show data context
      Annuitant 36 Show data context
18. Persons supported by the Community and of no specified Occupation 19 Show data context
(1) On Income from voluntary Sources and Rates 19 Show data context
      Dependent on Relatives 4 Show data context
      Almserperson, no stat. occ. 0 Show data context
      Pauper, no stated occ. 1 Show data context
      Lunatic, no stated occ. 0 Show data context
      Others 14 Show data context
(2) Prisoners and others of Criminal Class 0 Show data context
      Prisoner, no stated occ. 0 Show data context
(3) Vagrants and Gipsies 0 Show data context
      Vagrant, Beggar 0 Show data context
      Gipsy 0 Show data context
19. Persons of no stated Rank, Profession, or Occupation 219 Show data context
      Visitor, no stated occ. 18 Show data context
      Others of no stated occupation or condition 201 Show data context

Comments:

1 Note that the original table is organised into the Orders and sub-Orders listed here, but provides counts only for the individual occupations.

Click on the triangles for all about a particular number.

This website does not try to provide an exact replica of the original printed census tables, which often had thousands of rows and far more columns than will fit on our web pages. Instead, we let you drill down from national totals to the most detailed data available. The column headings are those that appeared in the original printed report. The numbers presented here, which are the same ones we use to create statistical maps and graphs, come from the census table and have usually been carefully checked.

The system can only hold statistics for units listed in our administrative gazetteer, so some rows from the original table may be missing. Sometimes big low-level units, like urban parishes, were divided between more than one higher-level units, like Registration sub-Districts. This is why some pages will give a higher figure for a lower-level unit: it covers the whole of the lower-level unit, not just the part within the current higher-level unit.


Acknowledgments:

We are grateful to the following contributors. If you make use of the data in your own work, please follow any instructions given here on acknowledgment and re-use.

David Allan Gatley (School of Social Sciences, University of Staffordshire). Role: transcriber. Restrictions on use: the contributor must be acknowledged but the data may be freely used for non-commercial purposes.