Appendix: Instructions for the Enumerators

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Appointed to take the Account of the POPULATION of IRELAND, according to the Provisions of the Act of the 55 Geo. 3. c. 120.

Day of commencement, 28 May 1821.

THE Enumerators having received a sufficient number of Note Books and Printed Forms, are to be prepared to commence to take the account of the Population oh the 28th May 1821.

On that day they are to commence at such part of their district as they shall deem most convenient, and proceed therein from house to house, and from day to day, without neglect or wilful delay, until they shall have taken down the NAME, AGE and OCCUPATION of every individual then living within such district, and Entered same, and every particular necessary for a full account thereof, in the Note Book delivered to them fat this purpose.

The printed Forms are arranged with a blank heading at the top of each page, in which is to be written the name of the Townland, Ploughland, or other denomination or sub-denomination (as the case may be), within the Enumerator's district, together with the Parish, Barony and County in which it is situate. This Form is divided into several columns; the first, for the number of Houses in each Townland, Ploughland, or other denomination. See; the second, for the number of stories in each House; the third, for the names of the persons of every age and sex residing in such House; the fourth, for the age of every such person; the fifth, for their occupation or mode of subsistence; the sixth, for the number of acres held by any landholder in such Townland; and the seventh, for such observations as the Enumerator shall think necessary to be made respecting the subject matter of any of the preceding columns.—The Note Book is divided into the same number of columns as the printed form.


To be attended to in filling up each of the above-mentioned columns:

Particular Instructions to the Enumerator.

1st col. THE number of every Dwelling House in each Townland is to be entered in the first column, and the numbers are to be commenced again with number One at every succeeding Townland.

Houses building or uninhabited are to be numbered like the others; but instead of the name of the inhabitant in the second column, is to be written the word "building" or "uninhabited" or "ruinous," (as the case may be.) No House actually building is to be noticed as such, unless the roof be laid on, or laying on.

2d col. In counting the number of stories, the under ground story, if any, is not to be omitted.

3d col. In this column the Christian and surname of every individual living in each House is to be written in a plain legible hand; and to each name is to be annexed the title of relationship (as wife, son, daughter, &c.) which each person bears to the householder or head of the family. The names of persons happening to lodge in each House at the time of taking the account, are to be entered as inhabiting the same.

4th col. In taking the account of the age, the Enumerator must decide according to the best information he can procure, either from the accounts given by the persons themselves, from his own knowledge, or from the information he is able to collect from other sources; and on this point particularly, the greatest attention must be paid to the feelings of the persons concerned. Where the precise age cannot be ascertained, or where there is reason to believe that it is inaccurately stated, the Enumerator must be guided by his own judgment.

5th col. If the sons or any mother relatives of the house-holder, whether males or females, maintain themselves by a peculiar trade or occupation, the same must be entered in this column after the name of such person.

When any female in a family earns her own support, her occupation is to be entered in this column opposite to her name, as "flax-spinner," "cotton-spinner," "sempstress," &c.

Every person holding two acres or more of land is to be deemed a farmer, and the number of acres he holds is to be inserted in the 6th column, opposite to his name. See observation on 6th column.

If he also works as a day labourer, his occupation is to be stated, "farmer and labourer." And in all cases in which an individual maintains himself by two occupations, both are to be mentioned, as "farmer and weaver."

Servants living with their employers are to be entered as "house servants;" those not living with their employers are to be entered in their own place of dwelling, and to be called "out-door servants."

If labourers or tradesmen, or workmen of any description whatever, be "unemployed," or only "occasionally employed," the same is to be entered in the column of Observations on the same line with the name of each person.

6th col. In cases in which a landholder holds land in other Townlands, &c. the number of acres that he holds in the Townland in which he actually lives is to be entered in this column, and a note is to be made in the column of Observations of the number of acres he holds in other Townlands or Parishes, 8tc.

7th col. In this column are to be entered the names of Towns and Villages in each Townland, stating the numbers of each House in such Village or Town, according to the numbering in the first column; thus, "the Houses N° 3, 4, 7, are in the Town or Village of —— and where the Village or Town extends into another Townland the same is to be -stated thus, "the remainder of the Town (or Village) of is in the Townland of —— in this Parish, or in the Parish of ——" ('as the case may be.)

No assemblage of Houses is to be considered as a Village, unless it consist of twenty Houses adjoining each other, or nearly so; and any smaller assemblage (but containing at least five houses) is to be named "a Hamlet," and no notice is to be taken of any assemblage of Houses if fewer than five.

When the boundaries of Towns or Villages are not determined by law or custom, the Enumerator is to consider that the Town or Village terminates where the Dwelling Houses cease to be adjoining to each other, or nearly so.

In this column may also be inserted the Public Buildings on the Townland, as Churches, Chapels, Meeting-Houses, School-Houses (stating the number of Pupils, both male and female where it can be done). Prisons, Bridewells, Hospitals, Barracks; also. Burial Grounds, Ruins of Churches, Old Castles, &c.

Further directions.

When the Enumerator has ascertained the accuracy of all the particulars entered in his Note, Book, he is to copy the same fairly and accurately into the printed forms.

In case of any doubt or difficulty arising in his proceedings, the Enumerator is to write forthwith to the officer appointed by the Chief Secretary, directing his letter "To William Shaw Mason, Esq. Record Tower, Dublin Castle," and (least any delay should occur in sending the letter or answer) if an answer be not returned within a reasonable period, he is to write a second time.

The Enumerators are authorized by the Act to take to their assistance, and to employ (wherever they shall consider it necessary) the Churchwardens, Constables, and other Peace Officers, within each Parish, Barony, Townland, District, Division, or place respectively, as also the Sub-constables and other persons employed in applotting and collecting the grand jury assessments, within the same respectively; which said several persons are required to be aiding and assisting herein.

And they are further authorized and empowered to ask all such questions,-of all persons within the respective Parishes, Baronies, Half Baronies, Townlands, Districts, Divisions, and places in which they shall take the accounts required by this Act, respecting themselves, and the number, age, and occupation of the persons constituting their respective families, .as shall he necessary for stating the particulars required to be stated concerning them, in the answers and questions aforesaid.

But the Enumerators are at the same time to take care to execute their duty in the I. mildest and most inoffensive manner possible, complying, as far as can be done, consistently with their duty, with the feelings of the people, and never having recourse to the powers afforded by the legislature, except in cases of the most urgent necessity.

When his account is completed and fairly transcribed from the Note Book into the printed return, the Enumerator is to keep the same in his own possession until the day of the next meeting of the special sessions, where he is to attend in order to deliver his return to the assistant barrister or recorder and bench of magistrates, and to attest the correctness of the same upon oath, according to the following form:

"I, A. B. having been appointed Enumerator to take an Account of the Population of the [Barony, Half Barony, Parish, or Parishes, as the case may be ] of —— in the County [or, County of a City, as may be ] of —— Do swear, that I commenced taking the said account on the 28th day of May, and continued so to do from day to day (Sundays excepted) without negligent or wilful delay, until the same was fully completed. And that the Return hereunto annexed, comprising — pages, contains a full and true account, to the best of my knowledge and belief, of all the matters and things required to be done by me, under the instructions furnished under an Act of the 55 Geo. 3, for taking an Account of the Population of Ireland.

So help me GOD.

Signature of Enumerator.

Attested before us, at an adjournment of the sessions, holden at on — the day of — 1821.

Signature of Ass. Bar. or Rec. and Magistrates.

Annexed is a Specimen of the manner in which the particulars are to be entered into the Note Book and Printed Form.

No.1.—Townland of Ballykeel, in the Parish of Dunmore, Barony of Castletown, and County of Cork.

Col. 1. Col. 2. Col. 3. Col. 4. Col. 5. Col. 6. Col. 7.
No of House. No of Stories Names of INHABITANTS Ages OCCUPATION No of Acres. OBSERVATIONS.
1 3 Williams Jenkins 28 Woollen draper.    
    Mary Jenkins, his wife 25      
    Peter Dillon 13 Apprentice    
    Samuel Underwood 40 House servant.    
    Bridget Wilkins 50 House servant.    
2 1 Peter Willoughby 64 Farmer and Linen weaver. 12  
    John Willoughby, his son 32 Linen weaver.    
    Jane Willoughby, his wife 26 Flax spinner.    
    Terence Willoughby, grand son 5      
    Jane Willoughby, grand daughter 2      
3 1 Deborah Simpson 68 Wool Spinner   Holds Eighteen Acres in the Townland of Seaville, in this Parish.
    James Jackson 42 Out-door servant to Wm. Jenkins.  
    Mary Young 45 Wool spinner.  
4 2 Simon Pendleton 37 Farmer and Miller. 2  
    Susannah Pendleton, his wife 30      
    Rachel Pendleton, his mother 57      
    John Pendleton, his son 15 Apprentice .    
    Jane Pendleton, daughter 13      
    Peter Frizell 43 Millwright    
    John Applegard 40 Carter.    
    Martha Applegard 30 House servant.    
5 1 James Dunks 65 Labourer and Farmer. 3  
    William Dunks, his son 34 Labourer   Occasionally employed.
    James Dunks, his son 27 Millwright   Unemployed.
6 3 Philip Steady 47 Clergyman & Schoolmaster 10 The Houses, No s 1, 4, 6, 7, are in the Village of Newtown; the remainder of the Village is in the Parish of Dunbeg.
    Mary Steady, his wife 39    
    Mary Oldbrook, his daughter 19    
    Philip Oldbrook, his son-in-law 23 Teacher  
    John Philips 14 Pupil.    
    James Stordy 14 Pupil.    
    William Gardiner 12 Pupil.   The Parish Church of Newtown and its Burial Ground are in this Townland.
    Mary Philips 30 Cook  
    Jane Williamson 42 House-servant  
7 1 Ellen Alloway 30 Mantuamaker.   A Windmill is on this Townland.
    Mary Morrison 16 Apprentice.  
8 1 Abraham Newland 86 Pauper.    
1 1 Barnaby Johnson 25 Labourer 1 ½ Occasionally employed.
    Mary Johnson, sister 28 Flax spinner.    
    Mary Williams, orphan 14 Flax spinner.    
2 1 John Thorogood 41 Coachman to Mr. Tankerville,    
    Letitia Thorogood, wife 40 Washerwoman   Unemployed.
    William Thorogood, son 20 Out-door servant.    
3 3 Alex. Tankerville 35 Gentleman and Farmer 167 Holds also 240 Acres in the Parish of Dunbeg.
    Lucinda Tankerville, wife 30    
    Alex. Tankerville, son 7    
    Sophia Tankerville, daughter 3      
    John Sparks, a visitor 54 Gentleman.    
    Jane Sparks, his wife 45      
    John Battersby 34 Tutor.    
    Emilia Clermont 30 Governess.    
    Philip Palairet 40 Cook.    
    John Jones 40 Footman.    
    Mary Dunton 40 Housemaid.    
    Bridget Bell 20 Kitchen-maid.    
4 1 Walter Cartwright 74 Parish Clerk and Farmer 4 A charity school is on this Townland, it contains 20 boys and 16 girls; it is supported by subscriptions.
    John Cartwright, son 48 Schoolmaster.  
5 1 Patrick Rafferty 26 Labourer.    
7 1 Matthew Brennan 65 Barony Constable & Farmer. 28 There is a bridewell, consisting of two apartments, on this Townland, but no person is now confined in it.
    Jane, his wife 50    
    Thomas, son 23 Land surveyor.  
    Anne, daughter 10    
    Jane Jenkitts, grand-child 4    
    John Fawker 20 Labourer.   The ruined castle of Tenekil is on this Townland.
    Mary Tynan 18 House servant.  
    Charlotte Orme 40 House servant.  


WHEN a Townland, Ploughland, or other denomination contains several sub-denominations, the name of each sub-denomination is to be written under that of the Townland, &c. at the head of the page; thus,

"Townland of Ballymore, in the Parish, &c.
Sub-division of Johnswell."

Each Townland (and in Counties of Cities and of Towns, each street, lane, &c. unless it consist of but one or two houses) is to commence with a new page; and when a Townland contains several sub- denominations, each of these is also to commence with a page.

The Townlands, &c. in every Parish are to be numbered l, 2, 3, &c. and a new numbering to begin with each new Parish or part of Parish.

When a Townland, &c. has no house or inhabitant on it, a note is to be taken thereof in the column of Observations.

Every Townland, &c. is to be entered by its old name (when it is known), and the new name (if it has one) may be written under it; thus,

"Townland of Dervor, in the Parish of, &c.
Present name Woodville."

The names are to be entered of soldiers and their families in barracks, of patients in infirmaries, of prisoners in gaols, of boarders in schools (the number only of the day scholars being noted in the column of Observations, as their names are to be entered in the houses in which they reside respectively); and in all such cases, when a number of persons live in one establishment, whenever the account cannot be taken by actual inspection, the Enumerator must take it from the superintendent of such place, or from some person whom he has reason to think properly qualified to give him an accurate account.

The same rule extends to cases where infectious disease prevails.

All the officers and servants of such establishment, who live within its walls, are to be entered as belonging to it; such officers and servants as reside out of it, are to be entered in the. Houses, in which they reside or lodge.

Visitors actually residing in a House for one or more days, are to be entered, together with their ages and occupations, as belonging to that House: the circumstance of their being visitors may be noted in the column of Observations.

Travellers sleeping in inns or hotels for one or more nights are to be entered in such inn.

Strolling beggars are to be entered in the House in which they lodged the last night; and when their place of lodging is not known, their names are to be entered at the end of the Townland, with a note in the column of Observations, stating the Parish or place of their usual residence, when it can be found out.

No notice is to be taken of absentees, or of any persons not actually residing in the place at the time the account is taken, whether they be heads of families or not.

Children of every age are to be entered, noting those of less than one year old in the column of ages in the following words, "under 1 "; when soldiers have other occupations, the same is to be noticed thus, "soldier and shoemaker ."

Widows holding land are to be classed as "farmers ;" those not holding land, nor having any employment by which they maintain themselves, as "widows " only.

When the number of acres held by any resident in a Townland cannot be ascertained, it will be sufficient to note the probable quantity in the column of Observations.

It is desirable to specify the quantity of arable land and bog separately, when it can be done without much difficulty.

No return is to be made of lands belonging to persons not residing in the Townland, nor where the quantity held does not amount to the one fourth part of an acre.

When landholders reside in Cities or Towns unconnected with their landed property, no notice need be taken of the quantity of land they hold, except (if the Enumerator chooses to do so) in the column of Observations.

Record Tower, Dublin Castle, 26th May 1821.


As it appears that the number of Note Books already sent to the Peace Clerk will not be sufficient for the full supply of the several Enumerators throughout the County, I think it necessary to inform you, that an additional number has been forwarded to his office, so that you can obtain whatever quantity you require by applying there; but if towards the close of your Enumeration you should require one or two additional Note Books, or a few printed Forms, you can, if you reside at an inconvenient distance from the Peace Clerk's office, be supplied with them by writing to me.

I take this opportunity of sending you some Instructions for special cases which may occur; you will find them on the other side of this letter.

I also inclose a printed Table, in which you will insert the names of the Townlands, and of the total number of Houses and of Inhabitants in each Townland (without regarding for the present any other particulars), which has been completed by you from the 28th of May to the 10th of June; you are to send it up here through the Post Office, on Monday the 11th of June, or as soon as possible afterwards; and you are to continue to do the same every fortnight, taking care to have the printed Table filled up with the names of the Townlands, and the number of Houses and of Inhabitants) up to the Saturday night preceding. The days, therefore, on which you are to send one of those printed Tables filled up will be the 11th of June, the 25th of June, the 9th of July, and the 23d of July, unless the account of your district shall have been sooner finished. But you are to observe, that this Table is not to interfere with, or to prevent, your entering all your proceedings in the large printed Forms given you by the Peace Clerk, according to your book of Instructions.

I am, SIR,

Your obedient humble Servant,

W. Shaw Mason.

N. B. The printed Forms are to be returned, folded up like a letter, but not sealed or wafered.

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