Theme: Social Structure

Themes are used in the Vision of Britain system to organise all our statistical data into a small number of broad categories, often identified by icons on the web site.

Identifier:
T_SOC
Name:
Social Structure
Type:
Theme (T)
Text:
The first census in 1801 simply divided people into those employed in agriculture and those in trade or manufacturing, and the 1841 census, the first to gather detailed occupational data, imposed no real order on it at all. However, the first occupational classification, introduced in 1851, was clearly concerned with social status as well as with what people made: it began with the Queen, followed by government officials and then by 'the learned professions'.

In the twentieth century a separate system of social classes was devised. Originally created to help understand mortality, the Registrar General's Social Classification was tabulated by the census from 1951 onwards. To provide a longer perspective we have re-organised earlier occupational information to the same system. Like the published 1951 data, all our figures are limited to men.

This is only possible where we have very detailed occupational statistics at district-level, so these earlier censuses are limited to 1841, where the replies to the occupational question were tabulated almost raw; 1881, where we can use complete data from the enumerator's books; and 1931, which produced the most detailed of all occupational reports. The 2001 data are based on a rather different system, so comparisons over time are tricky.

Theme "Social Structure" is contained within:


The Database, which everything else is contained within:

Entity IDEntity Name
DB VoB Database



Theme "Social Structure" contains:


Rates, for mapping and for comparing areas :

Entity IDEntity Name
R_RGSOC_12 Percentage of Working-Age Males in Class 1 & 2
R_RGSOC_3 Percentage of Working-Age Males in Class 3
R_RGSOC_45 Percentage of Working-Age Males in Class 4 & 5
R_SOC_EMP_1831 Employers & "Educated Men" (1831 definition)
R_SOC_MID_1831 "Middling Sorts" (1831 definition)
R_SOC_LAB_1831 Labourers & Servants (1831 definition)

Datasets or nCubes, containing the actual data :

Entity IDEntity Name
N_SOC_GEN Social Class
N_RGSOC_TOT_M Social Class Total
N_RGSOC_GROUP Grouped Social Class
N_SOC1831 Social Status, based on 1831 occupational statistics
N_SEG_M Socio-Economic Group (males only)
N_SEG_M_TOT Socio-Econmic Groups Total (males only)
N_SEG1971_M Socio-Economic Group (males only)

Variables, defining what data was gathered for :

Entity IDEntity Name
V_RGSOC Registrar General's Social Class
V_RGSOC_TOT Registrar General's Social Class
V_RGSOC_GROUP Registrar General's Social Class, grouped
V_SOC1831 1831 Occupations grouped by Status
V_SEG Socio-Economic Groups
V_SEG_TOT Total of all Socio-Economic Groups
V_SEG1971 Socio-Economic Groups, with sub-groups