Theme : Social Structure

Themes are used in the Vision of Britain system to organise all our statistical data into a small number of broad categories, often identified by icons on the web site.

Social Structure
Theme (T)
The first census in 1801 simply divided people into those employed in agriculture and those in trade or manufacturing, and the 1841 census, the first to gather detailed occupational data, imposed no real order on it at all. However, the first occupational classification, introduced in 1851, was clearly concerned with social status as well as with what people made: it began with the Queen, followed by government officials and then by 'the learned professions'.

In the twentieth century a separate system of social classes was devised. Originally created to help understand mortality, the Registrar General's Social Classification was tabulated by the census from 1951 onwards. However, the Office for National Statistics no longer officially use the social classification, but instead provide data for an essentially similar set of 'Social Grades' defined by the British Market Research Society. To provide a longer perspective we have re-organised earlier occupational information to the same system. Like the published 1951 data, all our figures are limited to men.

This is only possible where we have very detailed occupational statistics at district-level, so these earlier censuses are limited to 1841, where the replies to the occupational question were tabulated almost raw; 1881, where we can use complete data from the enumerator's books; and 1931, which produced the most detailed of all occupational reports.

Theme " Social Structure " is contained within:

The Database, which everything else is contained within:

Entity ID Entity Name
DB VoB Database

Theme " Social Structure " contains:

Rates, for mapping and for comparing areas :

Entity ID Entity Name
R_SOCIAL_GRADE_AB Percentage of Working-Age Males in Social Grades A and B
R_SOCIAL_GRADE_DE Percentage of Working-Age Males in Social Grades D and E
R_SOCIAL_GRADE_C Percentage of Working-Age Males in Social Grade C

Datasets or nCubes, containing the actual data :

Entity ID Entity Name
N_SOC_GEN Social Class
N_RGSOC_TOT_M Social Class Total
N_SOCIAL_GRADE_TOT_M Social Grade Total
N_RGSOC_GROUP Grouped Social Class
N_SOC1831 Social Status, based on 1831 occupational statistics
N_SEG_M Socio-Economic Group (males only)
N_SEG_M_TOT Socio-Econmic Groups Total (males only)
N_SEG1971_M Socio-Economic Group (males only)

Variables, defining what data was gathered for :

Entity ID Entity Name
V_RGSOC Registrar General's Social Class
V_RGSOC_TOT Registrar General's Social Class
V_RGSOC_GROUP Registrar General's Social Class, grouped
V_SOCIAL_GRADE Social Grade (simplified)
V_SOCIAL_GRADE_TOT Social Grade (Total)
V_SOC1831 1831 Occupations grouped by Status
V_SEG Socio-Economic Groups
V_SEG_TOT Total of all Socio-Economic Groups
V_SEG1971 Socio-Economic Groups, with sub-groups