1911 Census of England and Wales, General Report with Appendices, Table 2: " Increase or Decrease per cent. of Population in each Intercensal Period; Sex-Proportions and Density of Population at each Census, 1821 to 1911, in the United Kingdom and in its several Divisions".

Census Year. Increase or Decrease per cent. of Population. Females to 1000 Males. Persons per Square Mile.(c)
United
Kingdom.(a)
England
and
Wales.
Scotland. Ireland. United
Kingdom.
England
and
Wales. (b)
Scotland. Ireland. United
Kingdom
(120,724
square miles)
England
and
Wales
(58,340
square miles)
Scotland
(29,798
square miles)
Ireland
(32,586
square miles)
1821         1,053 1,036 1,128 1,035 173 206 70 209
1831 15.0 15.8 13.0 14.2 1,057 1,040 1,121 1,047 199 238 79 238
1841 11.2 14.3 10.8 5.2 1,047 1,046 1,109 1,028 221 273 88 251
1851 2.5 12.7 10.2 -19.8 1,049 1,042 1,100 1,046 227 307 97 201
1861 5.6 11.9 6.0 -11.8 1,057 1,053 1,112 1,044 240 344 103 178
1871 8.8 13.2 9.7 -6.7 1,058 1,054 1,096 1,050 261 389 113 166
1881 10.8 14.4 11.2 -4.4 1,055 1,055 1,076 1,043 289 445 125 159
1891 8.2 11.7 7.8 -9.1 1,060 1,064 1,072 1,029 313 497 135 144
1901 9.9 12.2 11.1 -5.2 1,062 1,068 1,057 1,027 343 558 150 137
1911 9.1 10.9 6.5 -1.5 1,061 1,068 1,062 1,003 375 618 160 135

(a) In computing the rate of increase between 1831 and 1841, the military and shipping population returned in the latter year are excluded.

(b) In computing the proportion of females to males in 1821 and 1831, it has been estimated that the numbers of men in the Army, Navy, and Merchant Service at home were 87,740 and 78,968 respectively.

(c) The areas on which the density of population have been calculated include land and inland water, but not tidal water or foreshore.