1881 Census of England and Wales, Tables: Ages, Condition as to Marriage, Occupations and Birthplaces of people, Table 10 : " Occupations of Males and Females in the Division and its Registration Counties".

List Pontefract PLU/RegD Pontefract SubD
OCCUPATIONS. Males.
[1]
Females.
[2]
1. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE GENERAL OR LOCAL GOVERNMENT OF THE COUNTRY. 54 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Civil Service (officers and clerks) 9 Show data context -
  Civil Service (messengers, &c.) 8 Show data context -
  Police 19 Show data context -
  Municipal, Parish, Union, District, Officer 7 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Other Local or County Official 11 Show data context -
2. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE DEFENCE OF THE COUNTRY. 511 Show data context -
  Army Officer (effective/retired) 15 Show data context -
  Soldier and Non-commissioned officer 187 Show data context -
  Militia, Yeomanry, Volunteers 302 Show data context -
  Army Pensioner 5 Show data context -
  Navy Officer (effective/retired) 2 Show data context -
3. PERSONS ENGAGED IN PROFESSIONAL OCCUPATIONS (WITH THEIR IMMEDIATE SUBORDINATES). 124 Show data context 94 Show data context
  Clergymen (Established Church) 10 Show data context -
  Minister, Priest of other religious bodies 6 Show data context -
  Missionary, Scripture Reader, Itinerant preacher 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Church, chapel, cemetery - officer, servant 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Barrister, Solicitor 11 Show data context -
  Law Student 2 Show data context -
  Law Clerk, and others connected with the law 24 Show data context -
  Physician, Surgeon, General Practitioner 4 Show data context -
  Dentist 1 Show data context -
  Medical Student, Assistant 1 Show data context -
  Midwife - 2 Show data context
  Subordinate Medical Service - 10 Show data context
  Schoolmaster 27 Show data context 59 Show data context
  Teacher, Professor, Lecturer 1 Show data context 16 Show data context
  School Service, and others connected with teaching - 1 Show data context
  Author, Editor, Journalist 3 Show data context -
  Civil Engineer 3 Show data context -
  Mining Engineer 2 Show data context -
  Land, House, Ship, Surveyor 2 Show data context -
  Architect 4 Show data context -
  Musician, Music Master 14 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Art Student 1 Show data context -
  Photographer 2 Show data context -
  Billiard, Cricket & other Games, Service 3 Show data context 2 Show data context
4. PERSONS ENGAGED IN DOMESTIC OFFICES OR SERVICES. 50 Show data context 715 Show data context
  Domestic Coachman, Groom 17 Show data context -
  Domestic Gardener 5 Show data context -
  Domestic Indoor Servant 17 Show data context 657 Show data context
  Inn, Hotel Servant 10 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Office Keeper (not Government) - 1 Show data context
  Cook (not domestic) - 1 Show data context
  Charwoman - 22 Show data context
  Washing and Bathing Service 1 Show data context 28 Show data context
  Hospital and Institution Service - 2 Show data context
5. PERSONS ENGAGED IN COMMERCIAL OCCUPATIONS. 87 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Broker, Agent, Factor 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Auctioneer, Appraiser, Valuer, House Agent 4 Show data context -
  Accountant 2 Show data context -
  Salesman, Buyer (not otherwise specified) - 1 Show data context
  Commercial Traveller 16 Show data context -
  Commercial Clerk 41 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Banker 1 Show data context -
  Bank Service 11 Show data context -
  Life, House, Ship &c., Insurance Service 9 Show data context -
6. PERSONS ENGAGED IN CONVEYANCE OF MEN, GOODS, AND MESSAGES. 129 Show data context -
  Railway Engine Driver, Stoker 3 Show data context -
  Pointsman, Level Crossing Man 2 Show data context -
  Other Railway Officials and Servants 61 Show data context -
  Omnibus, Coach, Cab, Owner - Livery Stable Keeper 1 Show data context -
  Cabman, Flyman, Coachman (not domestic) 18 Show data context -
  Carman, Carrier, Carter, Haulier 25 Show data context -
  Bargeman, Lighterman, Waterman 1 Show data context -
  Seaman (Merchant Service) 3 Show data context -
  Warehouseman (not Manchester) 1 Show data context -
  Meter, Weigher 2 Show data context -
  Messenger, Porter, Watchman (not Railway or Government) 12 Show data context -
7. PERSONS ENGAGED IN AGRICULTURE. 579 Show data context 27 Show data context
  Farmer, Grazier 79 Show data context -
  Farmer's, Grazier's - Son, Grandson, Brother, Nephew 17 Show data context -
  Farm Bailiff 5 Show data context -
  Agricultural Labourer, Farm Servant, Cottager 335 Show data context 21 Show data context
  Shepherd 3 Show data context -
  Land Drainage Service (not in towns) 2 Show data context -
  Others engaged in, or connected with agriculture 1 Show data context -
  Woodman 1 Show data context -
  Nurseryman, Seedsman, Florist 6 Show data context -
  Gardener (not domestic) 130 Show data context 6 Show data context
8. PERSONS ENGAGED ABOUT ANIMALS. 46 Show data context -
  Groom, Horse-keeper, Horse-breaker 35 Show data context -
  Veterinary Surgeon, Farrier 3 Show data context -
  Cattle, Sheep, Pig - Dealer, Salesman 3 Show data context -
  Gamekeeper 4 Show data context -
  Vermin Destroyer 1 Show data context -
9. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN BOOKS, PRINTS, AND MAPS. 28 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Publisher, Bookseller, Librarian 5 Show data context -
  Music-Publisher, Seller, Printer 1 Show data context -
  Bookbinder 2 Show data context -
  Printer 18 Show data context -
  Newspaper Agent, News Room Keeper 2 Show data context 2 Show data context
10. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN MACHINES AND IMPLEMENTS. 26 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Engine, Machine Maker 3 Show data context -
  Fitter, Turner (Engine and Machine) 9 Show data context -
  Spinning and Weaving Machine Maker 1 Show data context -
  Agricultural Machine and Implement Maker 1 Show data context -
  Watch Maker, Clock Maker 10 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Electrical Apparatus Maker 1 Show data context -
  Gunsmith, Gun Manufacturer 1 Show data context -
11. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN HOUSES, FURNITURE, AND DECORATIONS. 309 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Builder 15 Show data context -
  Carpenter, Joiner 82 Show data context -
  Bricklayer 103 Show data context -
  Mason 13 Show data context -
  Slater, Tiler 9 Show data context -
  Plasterer, Whitewasher 7 Show data context -
  Plumber 21 Show data context -
  Painter, Glazier 37 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Cabinet Maker 15 Show data context 8 Show data context
  French Polisher 2 Show data context -
  Locksmith, Bellhanger 1 Show data context -
  Gas Fitter 3 Show data context -
  Carver, Gilder 1 Show data context -
12. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CARRIAGES AND HARNESS. 31 Show data context -
  Coachmaker 8 Show data context -
  Railway Carriage, Railway Wagon, Maker 2 Show data context -
  Wheelwright 13 Show data context -
  Saddler, Harness, Whip Maker 8 Show data context -
14. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CHEMICALS AND COMPOUNDS. 12 Show data context -
  Chemist, Druggist 11 Show data context -
  Manufacturing Chemist 1 Show data context -
15. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TOBACCO AND PIPES. 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Tobacco Manufacture, Tobacconist 3 Show data context -
  Tobacco Pipe, Snuff Box &c. Maker - 1 Show data context
16. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN FOOD AND LODGING. 295 Show data context 91 Show data context
  Innkeeper, Hotel Keeper, Publican 40 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Lodging, Boarding House Keeper 2 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Coffee, Eating House, Keeper 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Maltster 58 Show data context -
  Brewer 7 Show data context -
  Cellarman 1 Show data context -
  Wine, Spirit - Merchant, Agent 7 Show data context -
  Milkseller, Dairyman 4 Show data context -
  Butcher, Meat Salesman 45 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Provision Curer, Dealer 6 Show data context -
  Fishmonger 5 Show data context -
  Corn, Flour, Seed Merchant, Dealer 3 Show data context -
  Corn Miller 6 Show data context -
  Baker 4 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Confectioner, Pastrycook 8 Show data context 22 Show data context
  Greengrocer, Fruiterer 7 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Mustard, Vinegar, Spice, Pickle Maker, Dealer 16 Show data context 47 Show data context
  Grocer. Tea, Coffee, Chocolate Maker, Dealer 72 Show data context 13 Show data context
  Ginger Beer, Mineral Water Manufacturer, Dealer 2 Show data context -
17. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TEXTILE FABRICS. 52 Show data context 11 Show data context
  Woollen Cloth Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Worsted, Stuff, Manufacture 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Cloth, Worsted, Stuff, Flannel, Blanket Dealer 3 Show data context -
  Cotton, Cotton Goods Manufacture - 2 Show data context
  Rope, Twine, Cord - Maker, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Mat Maker, Seller 2 Show data context -
  Sacking, Sack, Bag - Maker, Dealer 3 Show data context -
  Weaver (undefined) 2 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Factory Hand (textile, undefined) 1 Show data context -
  Carpet, Rug Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Draper, Linen Draper, Mercer 35 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Others - 1 Show data context
18. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN DRESS. 80 Show data context 195 Show data context
  Hatter, Hat Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Straw - Hat, Bonnet, Plait Manufacture - 2 Show data context
  Tailor 25 Show data context -
  Milliner, Dressmaker, Staymaker 1 Show data context 177 Show data context
  Shirt Maker, Seamstress - 12 Show data context
  Hosiery Manufacture - 1 Show data context
  Hosier, Haberdasher 2 Show data context -
  Shoe, Boot - Maker, Dealer 42 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Patten, Clog Maker 1 Show data context -
  Wig Maker, Hair Dresser 8 Show data context -
19. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS ANIMAL SUBSTANCES. 50 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Tallow Chandler, Candle, Grease Manufacture 6 Show data context -
  Manure Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Furrier, Skinner 2 Show data context -
  Tanner, Fellmonger 28 Show data context -
  Currier 3 Show data context -
  Brush, Broom, Maker 10 Show data context 2 Show data context
20. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS VEGETABLE SUBSTANCES. 14 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Willow, Cane, Rush Worker, Dealer, Basketmaker 5 Show data context -
  Sawyer 4 Show data context -
  Wood Turner, Box Maker 2 Show data context -
  Cooper, Hoop Maker, Bender 1 Show data context -
  Paper Manufacture 1 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Others 1 Show data context -
21. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS MINERAL SUBSTANCES. 1,814 Show data context 12 Show data context
  Coal Miner 1,548 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Miner, in other or undefined Minerals 22 Show data context -
  Mine Service 17 Show data context -
  Coal Merchant 6 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Coalheaver 6 Show data context -
  Gas Works Service 10 Show data context -
  Stone Quarrier 2 Show data context -
  Stone Cutter, Dresser, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Limeburner 4 Show data context -
  Clay, Sand, Gravel, Chalk, Labourer, Dealer 6 Show data context -
  Well Sinker, Borer 7 Show data context -
  Brick, Tile - Maker, Burner, Dealer 36 Show data context -
  Paviour 1 Show data context -
  Road Contractor, Surveyor, Inspector 1 Show data context -
  Road Labourer 3 Show data context -
  Platelayer 18 Show data context -
  Railway Labourer, Navvy 15 Show data context -
  Earthenware, China, Porcelain, Manufacture 7 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Glass Manufacture 7 Show data context -
  Earthenware, China, Glass Dealer - 1 Show data context
  Salt Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Goldsmith, Silversmith, Jeweller 2 Show data context 2 Show data context
  [Iron Manufacture] 16 Show data context -
  Blacksmith 44 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Whitesmith 11 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Ironmonger. Hardware Dealer, Merchant 9 Show data context -
  Tin, Tin Plate, Tin Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 13 Show data context -
22. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN GENERAL OR UNSPECIFIED COMMODITIES. 285 Show data context 21 Show data context
  General Shopkeeper, Dealer 8 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Pawnbroker 1 Show data context -
  Costermonger, Huckster, Street Seller 14 Show data context 10 Show data context
  Manufacturer, Manager, Superintendant (undefined) 2 Show data context -
  Contractor (undefined) 4 Show data context -
  General Labourer 201 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Engine Driver, Stoker, Fireman (not railway, marine or agricultural) 45 Show data context -
  Artizan, Mechanic (undefined) 6 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Apprentice (undefined) - 1 Show data context
  Factory Labourer (undefined) 2 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Machinist, Machine Worker (undefined) 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
23. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN REFUSE MATTERS. 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Chimney Sweep, Soot Merchant 3 Show data context -
  Rag Gatherer, Dealer - 1 Show data context
24. PERSONS WITHOUT SPECIFIED OCCUPATIONS. 62 Show data context 418 Show data context
  Persons returned by Property, Rank &c. and not special occupation 62 Show data context 418 Show data context
[UNKNOWN OCCUPATION] 43 Show data context 2,317 Show data context
  [Occupation recorded but of unknown meaning] 3 Show data context -
  [Blank field, or illegible] 40 Show data context 2,317 Show data context

Notes:

The following notes to the table appeared in the original report.

1 This table is a very special case: The original Table 10 as published by Division in the 1881 census reports was limited to data for Registration Divisions, their component Registration Counties, and just those Urban Sanitary Districts with populations of over 50,000. Data presented here for counties and higher-level units are taken from the published reports, as usual, but we also include in A Vision of Britain through Time data for Registration Districts, sub-Districts and Civil Parishes which never appeared in the original reports. These were specially created for us by the History Data Service at the University of Essex and derive from the complete transcription of the individual-level Enumerators Book data coordinated by the Genealogical Society of Utah.
2 In creating these data, each occupation listed in the enumerators books has been assigned as far as possible to the relevant category used in the published reports, but some additional categories with labels in square brackets unavoidably appear. Unlike the published statistics for higher-level units, these specially-calculated data for districts and parishes include persons under 15 or over 65. For these and other reasons, no attempt has been made to ensure that county totals for the districts or parishes match the published county totals. The remaining notes are those that appeared below the original published table.
3 NOTE.--Persons returned as engaged in more than one occupation have been referred to the one that appeared to be of most importance; or if there was no difference in this respect, to the one first given by the person in his or her return. In some cases special rules have been followed: e.g. "Clergyman and Schoolmaster" in combination has always been referred to "Schoolmaster"; a Member of Parliament or Peer engaged in any branch of commerce or industry has always been referred to this latter, not to "Peer, M.P.".
4 The numbers returned under any heading include Labourers, Apprentices, and Assistants, as well as Masters, but not Clerks, Messengers, Errand boys, Porters, or Watchmen, for which occupations there are special headings. Civil, Military, and Naval Clerks, Law, Bank, Insurance, and Railway Clerks, and Government and Railway Porters, are, however, exceptions to this rule. Many young persons, being Apprentices or Assistants, have therefore been referred to occupations usually followed by adults. Women also, chiefly widows or orphans carrying on the business of their deceased husbands or fathers, will sometimes be found under occupations commonly followed by men only.
5 Persons returned as retired from any business have not been referred to that business. Inmates of workhouses have been referred to their trades, unless their age or infirmities showed that they were past work. But persons who might be supposed to be only temporarily separated from their usual employment, such as Prisoners, and Patients in General Hospitals, have been classed under their usual occupations.
6 In some cases, for convenience of space, the male designation, e.g. "Schoolmaster", alone is given, instead of "Schoolmaster, Schoolmistress".

Click on the triangles for all about a particular number.

This website does not try to provide an exact replica of the original printed census tables, which often had thousands of rows and far more columns than will fit on our web pages. Instead, we let you drill down from national totals to the most detailed data available. The column headings are those that appeared in the original printed report. The numbers presented here, which are the same ones we use to create statistical maps and graphs, come from the census table and have usually been carefully checked.

The system can only hold statistics for units listed in our administrative gazetteer, so some rows from the original table may be missing. Sometimes big low-level units, like urban parishes, were divided between more than one higher-level units, like Registration sub-Districts. This is why some pages will give a higher figure for a lower-level unit: it covers the whole of the lower-level unit, not just the part within the current higher-level unit.


Acknowledgments:

We are grateful to the following contributors. If you make use of the data in your own work, please follow any instructions given here on acknowledgment and re-use.

(1) Kevin Schurer (Department of Geography, University of Cambridge). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)

(2) Matthew Woollard (UK Data Service, University of Essex). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)