1881 Census of England and Wales, Tables: Ages, Condition as to Marriage, Occupations and Birthplaces of people, Table 10 : " Occupations of Males and Females in the Division and its Registration Counties".

List Halifax PLU/RegD Brighouse SubD
OCCUPATIONS. Males.
[1]
Females.
[2]
1. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE GENERAL OR LOCAL GOVERNMENT OF THE COUNTRY. 16 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Civil Service (officers and clerks) 3 Show data context -
  Civil Service (messengers, &c.) 2 Show data context -
  Police 8 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Municipal, Parish, Union, District, Officer 3 Show data context -
2. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE DEFENCE OF THE COUNTRY. 3 Show data context -
  Soldier and Non-commissioned officer 1 Show data context -
  Army Pensioner 2 Show data context -
3. PERSONS ENGAGED IN PROFESSIONAL OCCUPATIONS (WITH THEIR IMMEDIATE SUBORDINATES). 86 Show data context 74 Show data context
  Clergymen (Established Church) 5 Show data context -
  Roman Catholic Priest 1 Show data context -
  Minister, Priest of other religious bodies 2 Show data context -
  Missionary, Scripture Reader, Itinerant preacher - 1 Show data context
  Church, chapel, cemetery - officer, servant 4 Show data context -
  Barrister, Solicitor 6 Show data context -
  Law Student 1 Show data context -
  Law Clerk, and others connected with the law 6 Show data context -
  Physician, Surgeon, General Practitioner 6 Show data context -
  Dentist 3 Show data context -
  Medical Student, Assistant 1 Show data context -
  Midwife - 1 Show data context
  Subordinate Medical Service 1 Show data context 11 Show data context
  Schoolmaster 17 Show data context 47 Show data context
  Teacher, Professor, Lecturer - 8 Show data context
  Author, Editor, Journalist 1 Show data context -
  Civil Engineer 6 Show data context -
  Land, House, Ship, Surveyor 2 Show data context -
  Painter (artist) 4 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Sculptor 1 Show data context -
  Architect 6 Show data context -
  Musician, Music Master 7 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Art Student 4 Show data context -
  Photographer 2 Show data context -
4. PERSONS ENGAGED IN DOMESTIC OFFICES OR SERVICES. 38 Show data context 537 Show data context
  Domestic Coachman, Groom 15 Show data context -
  Domestic Gardener 6 Show data context -
  Domestic Indoor Servant 9 Show data context 478 Show data context
  Inn, Hotel Servant 6 Show data context 8 Show data context
  College, Club Service 2 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Charwoman - 23 Show data context
  Washing and Bathing Service - 26 Show data context
5. PERSONS ENGAGED IN COMMERCIAL OCCUPATIONS. 101 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Merchant 1 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Broker, Agent, Factor 4 Show data context -
  Auctioneer, Appraiser, Valuer, House Agent 5 Show data context -
  Accountant 4 Show data context -
  Commercial Traveller 17 Show data context -
  Commercial Clerk 57 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Bank Service 6 Show data context -
  Life, House, Ship &c., Insurance Service 7 Show data context -
6. PERSONS ENGAGED IN CONVEYANCE OF MEN, GOODS, AND MESSAGES. 212 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Railway Guard 1 Show data context -
  Pointsman, Level Crossing Man 4 Show data context -
  Other Railway Officials and Servants 25 Show data context -
  Toll Collector, Turnpike Gate Keeper 1 Show data context -
  Cabman, Flyman, Coachman (not domestic) 14 Show data context -
  Carman, Carrier, Carter, Haulier 90 Show data context -
  Inland Navigation Service 2 Show data context -
  Bargeman, Lighterman, Waterman 34 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Seaman (Merchant Service) 7 Show data context -
  Boatman on Seas 1 Show data context -
  Harbour, Dock, Wharf, Lighthouse Service 1 Show data context -
  Warehouseman (not Manchester) 17 Show data context -
  Meter, Weigher 1 Show data context -
  Messenger, Porter, Watchman (not Railway or Government) 12 Show data context -
  Telegraph, Telephone Service 2 Show data context -
7. PERSONS ENGAGED IN AGRICULTURE. 303 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Farmer, Grazier 88 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Farmer's, Grazier's - Son, Grandson, Brother, Nephew 17 Show data context -
  Farm Bailiff 3 Show data context -
  Agricultural Labourer, Farm Servant, Cottager 133 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Woodman 2 Show data context -
  Nurseryman, Seedsman, Florist 5 Show data context -
  Gardener (not domestic) 55 Show data context -
8. PERSONS ENGAGED ABOUT ANIMALS. 31 Show data context -
  Groom, Horse-keeper, Horse-breaker 22 Show data context -
  Veterinary Surgeon, Farrier 3 Show data context -
  Cattle, Sheep, Pig - Dealer, Salesman 1 Show data context -
  Gamekeeper 5 Show data context -
9. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN BOOKS, PRINTS, AND MAPS. 28 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Publisher, Bookseller, Librarian 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Music-Publisher, Seller, Printer 2 Show data context -
  Bookbinder 4 Show data context -
  Printer 20 Show data context -
  Newspaper Agent, News Room Keeper 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
10. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN MACHINES AND IMPLEMENTS. 117 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Engine, Machine Maker 11 Show data context -
  Millwright 7 Show data context -
  Fitter, Turner (Engine and Machine) 16 Show data context -
  Spinning and Weaving Machine Maker 71 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Watch Maker, Clock Maker 6 Show data context -
  Philosophical Instrument Maker 1 Show data context -
  Electrical Apparatus Maker 2 Show data context -
  Weighing and Measuring Apparatus Maker 1 Show data context -
  Musical Instrument Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Toy Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
11. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN HOUSES, FURNITURE, AND DECORATIONS. 340 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Builder 6 Show data context -
  Carpenter, Joiner 92 Show data context -
  Bricklayer 2 Show data context -
  Mason 144 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Plasterer, Whitewasher 18 Show data context -
  Plumber 15 Show data context -
  Painter, Glazier 23 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Cabinet Maker 28 Show data context 4 Show data context
  French Polisher 3 Show data context -
  Furniture Broker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Gas Fitter 2 Show data context -
  House and Shop Fittings - Maker, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Wood Carver 3 Show data context -
  Carver, Gilder 1 Show data context -
12. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CARRIAGES AND HARNESS. 26 Show data context -
  Coachmaker 1 Show data context -
  Wheelwright 15 Show data context -
  Others 1 Show data context -
  Saddler, Harness, Whip Maker 9 Show data context -
14. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CHEMICALS AND COMPOUNDS. 14 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Dye, Paint Manufacture - 1 Show data context
  Chemist, Druggist 10 Show data context -
  Manufacturing Chemist 3 Show data context -
  Drysalter 1 Show data context -
15. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TOBACCO AND PIPES. 3 Show data context -
  Tobacco Manufacture, Tobacconist 3 Show data context -
16. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN FOOD AND LODGING. 260 Show data context 32 Show data context
  Innkeeper, Hotel Keeper, Publican 27 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Lodging, Boarding House Keeper 4 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Coffee, Eating House, Keeper 2 Show data context -
  Maltster 14 Show data context -
  Brewer 9 Show data context -
  Beerseller, Ale, Porter, Cider Dealer 17 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Cellarman 1 Show data context -
  Wine, Spirit - Merchant, Agent 5 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Milkseller, Dairyman 5 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Cheesemonger, Butterman 2 Show data context -
  Butcher, Meat Salesman 45 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Provision Curer, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Fishmonger 7 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Corn, Flour, Seed Merchant, Dealer 4 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Corn Miller 27 Show data context -
  Baker 9 Show data context -
  Confectioner, Pastrycook 5 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Greengrocer, Fruiterer 21 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Grocer. Tea, Coffee, Chocolate Maker, Dealer 53 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Ginger Beer, Mineral Water Manufacturer, Dealer 1 Show data context -
17. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TEXTILE FABRICS. 988 Show data context 1,009 Show data context
  Woolstapler 9 Show data context -
  Woollen Cloth Manufacture 29 Show data context 74 Show data context
  Wool, Woollen goods - Dyer, Printer 2 Show data context -
  Worsted, Stuff, Manufacture 80 Show data context 163 Show data context
  Flannel Manufacture 1 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Blanket Manufacture - 5 Show data context
  Fuller 2 Show data context -
  Cloth, Worsted, Stuff, Flannel, Blanket Dealer 17 Show data context -
  Others 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Silk, Silk Goods, Manufacture 353 Show data context 387 Show data context
  Silk Dyer, Printer 1 Show data context -
  Silk Merchant, Dealer 3 Show data context -
  Cotton, Cotton Goods Manufacture 286 Show data context 304 Show data context
  Cotton, Calico - Printer, Dyer, Bleacher 28 Show data context -
  Cotton, Calico - Warehouseman, Dealer 2 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Flax, Linen - Manufacturer, Dealer - 2 Show data context
  Thread Manufacturer, Dealer - 1 Show data context
  Rope, Twine, Cord - Maker, Dealer 3 Show data context -
  Weaver (undefined) 1 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Dyer, Printer, Scourer, Bleacher, Calenderer (undefined) 69 Show data context -
  Factory Hand (textile, undefined) 11 Show data context 11 Show data context
  Carpet, Rug Manufacture 63 Show data context 44 Show data context
  Draper, Linen Draper, Mercer 26 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Others - 2 Show data context
18. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN DRESS. 122 Show data context 168 Show data context
  Hatter, Hat Manufacture 2 Show data context -
  Tailor 42 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Milliner, Dressmaker, Staymaker - 157 Show data context
  Shirt Maker, Seamstress - 4 Show data context
  Hosier, Haberdasher 1 Show data context -
  Shoe, Boot - Maker, Dealer 60 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Patten, Clog Maker 8 Show data context -
  Wig Maker, Hair Dresser 8 Show data context -
  Umbrella, Parasol, Stick - Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
19. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS ANIMAL SUBSTANCES. 90 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Tallow Chandler, Candle, Grease Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Soap Boiler, Maker 2 Show data context -
  Furrier, Skinner - 1 Show data context
  Tanner, Fellmonger 9 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Currier 71 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Leather Goods, Portmanteau, Bag, Strap &c., Maker, Dealer 5 Show data context -
  Brush, Broom, Maker 2 Show data context -
20. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS VEGETABLE SUBSTANCES. 47 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Willow, Cane, Rush Worker, Dealer, Basketmaker 4 Show data context -
  Hay, Straw (not plait), Chaff, Cutter, Dealer 8 Show data context -
  Timber, Wood - Merchant, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Sawyer 3 Show data context -
  Wood Turner, Box Maker 3 Show data context -
  Cooper, Hoop Maker, Bender 7 Show data context -
  Cork, Bark - Cutter, Worker, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Stationer, Law Stationer 1 Show data context -
  Card, Pattern Card Maker 17 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Others 1 Show data context -
21. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS MINERAL SUBSTANCES. 1,133 Show data context 17 Show data context
  Coal Miner 263 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Ironstone Miner 1 Show data context -
  Miner, in other or undefined Minerals 6 Show data context -
  Mine Service 2 Show data context -
  Coal Merchant 5 Show data context -
  Coalheaver 5 Show data context -
  Gas Works Service 14 Show data context -
  Stone Quarrier 322 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Stone Cutter, Dresser, Dealer 132 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Limeburner 2 Show data context -
  Brick, Tile - Maker, Burner, Dealer 5 Show data context -
  Road Contractor, Surveyor, Inspector 4 Show data context -
  Road Labourer 4 Show data context -
  Platelayer 11 Show data context -
  Railway Labourer, Navvy 24 Show data context -
  Earthenware, China, Glass Dealer 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Waterworks Service 1 Show data context -
  [Iron Manufacture] 48 Show data context -
  [Steel Manufacture] 1 Show data context -
  Blacksmith 42 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Whitesmith 4 Show data context -
  Nail Manufacture - 1 Show data context
  Ironmonger. Hardware Dealer, Merchant 4 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Tin, Tin Plate, Tin Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 5 Show data context -
  Brass, Bronze Manufacture. Brazier 19 Show data context -
  Wire Maker, Worker, Weaver, Drawer 204 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Bolt, Nut, Rivet, Screw, Staple Maker 2 Show data context -
  Lamp, Lantern, Candlestick Maker 1 Show data context -
22. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN GENERAL OR UNSPECIFIED COMMODITIES. 286 Show data context 66 Show data context
  General Shopkeeper, Dealer 7 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Pawnbroker - 2 Show data context
  Costermonger, Huckster, Street Seller 11 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Manufacturer, Manager, Superintendant (undefined) 11 Show data context -
  Contractor (undefined) 7 Show data context -
  General Labourer 141 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Engine Driver, Stoker, Fireman (not railway, marine or agricultural) 92 Show data context -
  Artizan, Mechanic (undefined) 5 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Apprentice (undefined) 3 Show data context -
  Factory Labourer (undefined) 9 Show data context 47 Show data context
  Machinist, Machine Worker (undefined) - 1 Show data context
23. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN REFUSE MATTERS. 6 Show data context -
  Chimney Sweep, Soot Merchant 6 Show data context -
24. PERSONS WITHOUT SPECIFIED OCCUPATIONS. 47 Show data context 399 Show data context
  Persons returned by Property, Rank &c. and not special occupation 47 Show data context 399 Show data context
[UNKNOWN OCCUPATION] 49 Show data context 2,388 Show data context
  [Occupation recorded but of unknown meaning] 2 Show data context -
  [Blank field, or illegible] 47 Show data context 2,388 Show data context

Notes:

The following notes to the table appeared in the original report.

1 This table is a very special case: The original Table 10 as published by Division in the 1881 census reports was limited to data for Registration Divisions, their component Registration Counties, and just those Urban Sanitary Districts with populations of over 50,000. Data presented here for counties and higher-level units are taken from the published reports, as usual, but we also include in A Vision of Britain through Time data for Registration Districts, sub-Districts and Civil Parishes which never appeared in the original reports. These were specially created for us by the History Data Service at the University of Essex and derive from the complete transcription of the individual-level Enumerators Book data coordinated by the Genealogical Society of Utah.
2 In creating these data, each occupation listed in the enumerators books has been assigned as far as possible to the relevant category used in the published reports, but some additional categories with labels in square brackets unavoidably appear. Unlike the published statistics for higher-level units, these specially-calculated data for districts and parishes include persons under 15 or over 65. For these and other reasons, no attempt has been made to ensure that county totals for the districts or parishes match the published county totals. The remaining notes are those that appeared below the original published table.
3 NOTE.--Persons returned as engaged in more than one occupation have been referred to the one that appeared to be of most importance; or if there was no difference in this respect, to the one first given by the person in his or her return. In some cases special rules have been followed: e.g. "Clergyman and Schoolmaster" in combination has always been referred to "Schoolmaster"; a Member of Parliament or Peer engaged in any branch of commerce or industry has always been referred to this latter, not to "Peer, M.P.".
4 The numbers returned under any heading include Labourers, Apprentices, and Assistants, as well as Masters, but not Clerks, Messengers, Errand boys, Porters, or Watchmen, for which occupations there are special headings. Civil, Military, and Naval Clerks, Law, Bank, Insurance, and Railway Clerks, and Government and Railway Porters, are, however, exceptions to this rule. Many young persons, being Apprentices or Assistants, have therefore been referred to occupations usually followed by adults. Women also, chiefly widows or orphans carrying on the business of their deceased husbands or fathers, will sometimes be found under occupations commonly followed by men only.
5 Persons returned as retired from any business have not been referred to that business. Inmates of workhouses have been referred to their trades, unless their age or infirmities showed that they were past work. But persons who might be supposed to be only temporarily separated from their usual employment, such as Prisoners, and Patients in General Hospitals, have been classed under their usual occupations.
6 In some cases, for convenience of space, the male designation, e.g. "Schoolmaster", alone is given, instead of "Schoolmaster, Schoolmistress".

Click on the triangles for all about a particular number.

This website does not try to provide an exact replica of the original printed census tables, which often had thousands of rows and far more columns than will fit on our web pages. Instead, we let you drill down from national totals to the most detailed data available. The column headings are those that appeared in the original printed report. The numbers presented here, which are the same ones we use to create statistical maps and graphs, come from the census table and have usually been carefully checked.

The system can only hold statistics for units listed in our administrative gazetteer, so some rows from the original table may be missing. Sometimes big low-level units, like urban parishes, were divided between more than one higher-level units, like Registration sub-Districts. This is why some pages will give a higher figure for a lower-level unit: it covers the whole of the lower-level unit, not just the part within the current higher-level unit.


Acknowledgments:

We are grateful to the following contributors. If you make use of the data in your own work, please follow any instructions given here on acknowledgment and re-use.

(1) Kevin Schurer (Department of Geography, University of Cambridge). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)

(2) Matthew Woollard (UK Data Service, University of Essex). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)