1881 Census of England and Wales, Tables: Ages, Condition as to Marriage, Occupations and Birthplaces of people, Table 10 : " Occupations of Males and Females in the Division and its Registration Counties".

List Oswestry PLU/Inc/RegD Oswestry PA/CP  
OCCUPATIONS. Males.
[1]
Females.
[2]
1. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE GENERAL OR LOCAL GOVERNMENT OF THE COUNTRY. 42 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Civil Service (officers and clerks) 9 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Civil Service (messengers, &c.) 13 Show data context -
  Police 10 Show data context -
  Municipal, Parish, Union, District, Officer 8 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Other Local or County Official 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
2. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE DEFENCE OF THE COUNTRY. 3 Show data context -
  Militia, Yeomanry, Volunteers 2 Show data context -
  Army Pensioner 1 Show data context -
3. PERSONS ENGAGED IN PROFESSIONAL OCCUPATIONS (WITH THEIR IMMEDIATE SUBORDINATES). 146 Show data context 75 Show data context
  Clergymen (Established Church) 8 Show data context -
  Roman Catholic Priest 1 Show data context -
  Minister, Priest of other religious bodies 9 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Missionary, Scripture Reader, Itinerant preacher - 1 Show data context
  Theological Student 2 Show data context -
  Church, chapel, cemetery - officer, servant 2 Show data context -
  Barrister, Solicitor 16 Show data context -
  Law Clerk, and others connected with the law 27 Show data context -
  Physician, Surgeon, General Practitioner 4 Show data context -
  Dentist 3 Show data context -
  Medical Student, Assistant 1 Show data context -
  Midwife - 1 Show data context
  Subordinate Medical Service 3 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Schoolmaster 30 Show data context 36 Show data context
  Teacher, Professor, Lecturer 3 Show data context 18 Show data context
  School Service, and others connected with teaching 1 Show data context -
  Author, Editor, Journalist 6 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Reporter, Short-hand Writer 1 Show data context -
  Persons engaged in Scientific Pursuits 1 Show data context -
  Civil Engineer 3 Show data context -
  Mining Engineer 2 Show data context -
  Painter (artist) 1 Show data context -
  Architect 6 Show data context -
  Musician, Music Master 8 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Art Student 1 Show data context -
  Photographer 3 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Actor 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Billiard, Cricket & other Games, Service 3 Show data context -
4. PERSONS ENGAGED IN DOMESTIC OFFICES OR SERVICES. 133 Show data context 886 Show data context
  Domestic Coachman, Groom 43 Show data context -
  Domestic Gardener 30 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Domestic Indoor Servant 41 Show data context 771 Show data context
  Lodge, Gate, Park Keeper (not Government) 1 Show data context -
  Inn, Hotel Servant 17 Show data context 24 Show data context
  Office Keeper (not Government) - 1 Show data context
  Cook (not domestic) - 1 Show data context
  Charwoman - 11 Show data context
  Washing and Bathing Service - 73 Show data context
  Hospital and Institution Service 1 Show data context 3 Show data context
5. PERSONS ENGAGED IN COMMERCIAL OCCUPATIONS. 107 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Merchant 2 Show data context -
  Broker, Agent, Factor 5 Show data context -
  Auctioneer, Appraiser, Valuer, House Agent 6 Show data context -
  Accountant 5 Show data context -
  Salesman, Buyer (not otherwise specified) 1 Show data context -
  Commercial Traveller 19 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Commercial Clerk 53 Show data context -
  Banker 1 Show data context -
  Bank Service 10 Show data context -
  Life, House, Ship &c., Insurance Service 5 Show data context -
6. PERSONS ENGAGED IN CONVEYANCE OF MEN, GOODS, AND MESSAGES. 186 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Railway Engine Driver, Stoker 21 Show data context -
  Railway Guard 11 Show data context -
  Pointsman, Level Crossing Man 4 Show data context -
  Other Railway Officials and Servants 77 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Cabman, Flyman, Coachman (not domestic) 4 Show data context -
  Carman, Carrier, Carter, Haulier 32 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Inland Navigation Service 1 Show data context -
  Bargeman, Lighterman, Waterman 4 Show data context -
  Seaman (Merchant Service) 2 Show data context -
  Messenger, Porter, Watchman (not Railway or Government) 28 Show data context -
  Telegraph, Telephone Service 2 Show data context -
7. PERSONS ENGAGED IN AGRICULTURE. 419 Show data context 40 Show data context
  Farmer, Grazier 101 Show data context 13 Show data context
  Farmer's, Grazier's - Son, Grandson, Brother, Nephew 35 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Farm Bailiff 4 Show data context -
  Agricultural Labourer, Farm Servant, Cottager 248 Show data context 26 Show data context
  Shepherd 5 Show data context -
  Land Drainage Service (not in towns) 4 Show data context -
  Woodman 2 Show data context -
  Nurseryman, Seedsman, Florist 2 Show data context -
  Gardener (not domestic) 18 Show data context -
8. PERSONS ENGAGED ABOUT ANIMALS. 32 Show data context -
  Horse Proprietor, Breeder, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Groom, Horse-keeper, Horse-breaker 15 Show data context -
  Veterinary Surgeon, Farrier 2 Show data context -
  Cattle, Sheep, Pig - Dealer, Salesman 4 Show data context -
  Gamekeeper 6 Show data context -
  Vermin Destroyer 3 Show data context -
9. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN BOOKS, PRINTS, AND MAPS. 58 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Publisher, Bookseller, Librarian 8 Show data context -
  Bookbinder 10 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Printer 37 Show data context -
  Lithographer, Lithographic Printer 2 Show data context -
  Map and Print - Colourer, Seller 1 Show data context -
10. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN MACHINES AND IMPLEMENTS. 74 Show data context -
  Engine, Machine Maker 10 Show data context -
  Fitter, Turner (Engine and Machine) 39 Show data context -
  Boiler Maker 7 Show data context -
  Watch Maker, Clock Maker 12 Show data context -
  Electrical Apparatus Maker 1 Show data context -
  Gunsmith, Gun Manufacturer 4 Show data context -
  Musical Instrument Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
11. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN HOUSES, FURNITURE, AND DECORATIONS. 366 Show data context 10 Show data context
  Builder 11 Show data context -
  Carpenter, Joiner 111 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Bricklayer 73 Show data context -
  Mason 29 Show data context -
  Slater, Tiler 13 Show data context -
  Plasterer, Whitewasher 11 Show data context -
  Plumber 23 Show data context -
  Painter, Glazier 46 Show data context -
  Cabinet Maker 36 Show data context 7 Show data context
  French Polisher 4 Show data context -
  Locksmith, Bellhanger 3 Show data context -
  Gas Fitter 3 Show data context -
  Wood Carver 1 Show data context -
  Carver, Gilder 2 Show data context -
12. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CARRIAGES AND HARNESS. 70 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Coachmaker 25 Show data context -
  Railway Carriage, Railway Wagon, Maker 18 Show data context -
  Wheelwright 13 Show data context -
  Saddler, Harness, Whip Maker 14 Show data context 1 Show data context
13. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN SHIPS AND BOATS. 1 Show data context -
  Shipwright, Ship Carpenter (ashore) 1 Show data context -
14. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CHEMICALS AND COMPOUNDS. 15 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Dye, Paint Manufacture 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Gunpowder, Guncotton, Explosive Substance Manufacture - 1 Show data context
  Chemist, Druggist 14 Show data context -
15. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TOBACCO AND PIPES. 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Tobacco Manufacture, Tobacconist 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
16. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN FOOD AND LODGING. 299 Show data context 72 Show data context
  Innkeeper, Hotel Keeper, Publican 41 Show data context 11 Show data context
  Lodging, Boarding House Keeper 1 Show data context 10 Show data context
  Coffee, Eating House, Keeper 3 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Maltster 17 Show data context -
  Brewer 17 Show data context -
  Beerseller, Ale, Porter, Cider Dealer 7 Show data context -
  Cellarman 1 Show data context -
  Wine, Spirit - Merchant, Agent 6 Show data context -
  Cheesemonger, Butterman - 1 Show data context
  Butcher, Meat Salesman 60 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Provision Curer, Dealer 10 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Poulterer, Game Dealer 4 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Fishmonger 4 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Corn, Flour, Seed Merchant, Dealer 3 Show data context -
  Corn Miller 25 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Baker 18 Show data context -
  Confectioner, Pastrycook 3 Show data context 20 Show data context
  Greengrocer, Fruiterer 3 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Grocer. Tea, Coffee, Chocolate Maker, Dealer 75 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Ginger Beer, Mineral Water Manufacturer, Dealer 1 Show data context -
17. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TEXTILE FABRICS. 63 Show data context 14 Show data context
  Woolstapler 1 Show data context -
  Cotton, Cotton Goods Manufacture - 1 Show data context
  Fustian Manufacturer, Dealer - 2 Show data context
  Rope, Twine, Cord - Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Mat Maker, Seller 2 Show data context -
  Dyer, Printer, Scourer, Bleacher, Calenderer (undefined) 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Factory Hand (textile, undefined) - 1 Show data context
  Draper, Linen Draper, Mercer 58 Show data context 9 Show data context
18. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN DRESS. 155 Show data context 209 Show data context
  Hatter, Hat Manufacture 2 Show data context -
  Straw - Hat, Bonnet, Plait Manufacture - 1 Show data context
  Tailor 77 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Milliner, Dressmaker, Staymaker - 183 Show data context
  Shirt Maker, Seamstress - 16 Show data context
  Hosier, Haberdasher 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Glover, Glove Maker - 1 Show data context
  Shoe, Boot - Maker, Dealer 63 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Patten, Clog Maker 2 Show data context -
  Wig Maker, Hair Dresser 8 Show data context -
  Umbrella, Parasol, Stick - Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
19. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS ANIMAL SUBSTANCES. 73 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Tallow Chandler, Candle, Grease Manufacture 2 Show data context -
  Furrier, Skinner 36 Show data context -
  Tanner, Fellmonger 15 Show data context -
  Currier 20 Show data context 2 Show data context
20. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS VEGETABLE SUBSTANCES. 37 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Japanner - 1 Show data context
  Waterproof Goods - Maker, Dealer 3 Show data context -
  Willow, Cane, Rush Worker, Dealer, Basketmaker 3 Show data context -
  Timber, Wood - Merchant, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Sawyer 21 Show data context -
  Wood Turner, Box Maker 1 Show data context -
  Cooper, Hoop Maker, Bender 6 Show data context -
  Cork, Bark - Cutter, Worker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Stationer, Law Stationer - 6 Show data context
  Others 1 Show data context -
21. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS MINERAL SUBSTANCES. 330 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Coal Miner 34 Show data context -
  Copper Miner 3 Show data context -
  Lead Miner 7 Show data context -
  Mine Service 3 Show data context -
  [Haulier] [not in Census Report but in codebook] 1 Show data context -
  Coal Merchant 11 Show data context -
  Coalheaver 1 Show data context -
  Gas Works Service 3 Show data context -
  Stone Quarrier 44 Show data context -
  Stone Cutter, Dresser, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Slate Worker, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Limeburner 13 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Well Sinker, Borer 1 Show data context -
  Plaster, Cement Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Brick, Tile - Maker, Burner, Dealer 15 Show data context -
  Paviour 2 Show data context -
  Road Contractor, Surveyor, Inspector 1 Show data context -
  Road Labourer 8 Show data context -
  Platelayer 8 Show data context -
  Railway Labourer, Navvy 13 Show data context -
  Earthenware, China, Glass Dealer 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Waterworks Service 1 Show data context -
  Goldsmith, Silversmith, Jeweller 3 Show data context -
  [Iron Manufacture] 18 Show data context -
  Blacksmith 60 Show data context -
  Whitesmith 1 Show data context -
  Nail Manufacture 15 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Anchor, Chain Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Ironmonger. Hardware Dealer, Merchant 29 Show data context -
  Other Iron and Steel Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  [Coppersmith] 2 Show data context -
  Tin, Tin Plate, Tin Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 19 Show data context -
  Brass, Bronze Manufacture. Brazier 4 Show data context -
  Wire Maker, Worker, Weaver, Drawer 1 Show data context -
22. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN GENERAL OR UNSPECIFIED COMMODITIES. 434 Show data context 24 Show data context
  General Shopkeeper, Dealer 16 Show data context 15 Show data context
  Pawnbroker 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Costermonger, Huckster, Street Seller 5 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Manufacturer, Manager, Superintendant (undefined) 2 Show data context -
  Contractor (undefined) 2 Show data context -
  General Labourer 349 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Engine Driver, Stoker, Fireman (not railway, marine or agricultural) 31 Show data context -
  Artizan, Mechanic (undefined) 12 Show data context -
  Apprentice (undefined) 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Factory Labourer (undefined) 5 Show data context -
  Machinist, Machine Worker (undefined) 6 Show data context -
23. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN REFUSE MATTERS. 5 Show data context -
  Town Drainage Service 1 Show data context -
  Chimney Sweep, Soot Merchant 3 Show data context -
  Rag Gatherer, Dealer 1 Show data context -
24. PERSONS WITHOUT SPECIFIED OCCUPATIONS. 97 Show data context 570 Show data context
  Persons returned by Property, Rank &c. and not special occupation 97 Show data context 570 Show data context
[UNKNOWN OCCUPATION] 56 Show data context 1,455 Show data context
  [Occupation recorded but of unknown meaning] 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  [Blank field, or illegible] 54 Show data context 1,454 Show data context

Notes:

The following notes to the table appeared in the original report.

1 This table is a very special case: The original Table 10 as published by Division in the 1881 census reports was limited to data for Registration Divisions, their component Registration Counties, and just those Urban Sanitary Districts with populations of over 50,000. Data presented here for counties and higher-level units are taken from the published reports, as usual, but we also include in A Vision of Britain through Time data for Registration Districts, sub-Districts and Civil Parishes which never appeared in the original reports. These were specially created for us by the History Data Service at the University of Essex and derive from the complete transcription of the individual-level Enumerators Book data coordinated by the Genealogical Society of Utah.
2 In creating these data, each occupation listed in the enumerators books has been assigned as far as possible to the relevant category used in the published reports, but some additional categories with labels in square brackets unavoidably appear. Unlike the published statistics for higher-level units, these specially-calculated data for districts and parishes include persons under 15 or over 65. For these and other reasons, no attempt has been made to ensure that county totals for the districts or parishes match the published county totals. The remaining notes are those that appeared below the original published table.
3 NOTE.--Persons returned as engaged in more than one occupation have been referred to the one that appeared to be of most importance; or if there was no difference in this respect, to the one first given by the person in his or her return. In some cases special rules have been followed: e.g. "Clergyman and Schoolmaster" in combination has always been referred to "Schoolmaster"; a Member of Parliament or Peer engaged in any branch of commerce or industry has always been referred to this latter, not to "Peer, M.P.".
4 The numbers returned under any heading include Labourers, Apprentices, and Assistants, as well as Masters, but not Clerks, Messengers, Errand boys, Porters, or Watchmen, for which occupations there are special headings. Civil, Military, and Naval Clerks, Law, Bank, Insurance, and Railway Clerks, and Government and Railway Porters, are, however, exceptions to this rule. Many young persons, being Apprentices or Assistants, have therefore been referred to occupations usually followed by adults. Women also, chiefly widows or orphans carrying on the business of their deceased husbands or fathers, will sometimes be found under occupations commonly followed by men only.
5 Persons returned as retired from any business have not been referred to that business. Inmates of workhouses have been referred to their trades, unless their age or infirmities showed that they were past work. But persons who might be supposed to be only temporarily separated from their usual employment, such as Prisoners, and Patients in General Hospitals, have been classed under their usual occupations.
6 In some cases, for convenience of space, the male designation, e.g. "Schoolmaster", alone is given, instead of "Schoolmaster, Schoolmistress".

Click on the triangles for all about a particular number.

This website does not try to provide an exact replica of the original printed census tables, which often had thousands of rows and far more columns than will fit on our web pages. Instead, we let you drill down from national totals to the most detailed data available. The column headings are those that appeared in the original printed report. The numbers presented here, which are the same ones we use to create statistical maps and graphs, come from the census table and have usually been carefully checked.

The system can only hold statistics for units listed in our administrative gazetteer, so some rows from the original table may be missing. Sometimes big low-level units, like urban parishes, were divided between more than one higher-level units, like Registration sub-Districts. This is why some pages will give a higher figure for a lower-level unit: it covers the whole of the lower-level unit, not just the part within the current higher-level unit.


Acknowledgments:

We are grateful to the following contributors. If you make use of the data in your own work, please follow any instructions given here on acknowledgment and re-use.

(1) Kevin Schurer (Department of Geography, University of Cambridge). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)

(2) Matthew Woollard (UK Data Service, University of Essex). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)