1881 Census of England and Wales, Tables: Ages, Condition as to Marriage, Occupations and Birthplaces of people, Table 10 : " Occupations of Males and Females in the Division and its Registration Counties".

List Ashton under Lyne PLU/RegD Haughton Tn/CP  
OCCUPATIONS. Males.
[1]
Females.
[2]
1. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE GENERAL OR LOCAL GOVERNMENT OF THE COUNTRY. 2 Show data context -
  Police 1 Show data context -
  Municipal, Parish, Union, District, Officer 1 Show data context -
2. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE DEFENCE OF THE COUNTRY. 3 Show data context -
  Soldier and Non-commissioned officer 2 Show data context -
  Army Pensioner 1 Show data context -
3. PERSONS ENGAGED IN PROFESSIONAL OCCUPATIONS (WITH THEIR IMMEDIATE SUBORDINATES). 11 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Clergymen (Established Church) 3 Show data context -
  Church, chapel, cemetery - officer, servant 1 Show data context -
  Law Clerk, and others connected with the law 1 Show data context -
  Physician, Surgeon, General Practitioner 1 Show data context -
  Subordinate Medical Service - 3 Show data context
  Schoolmaster 3 Show data context -
  Land, House, Ship, Surveyor 2 Show data context -
  Musician, Music Master - 1 Show data context
4. PERSONS ENGAGED IN DOMESTIC OFFICES OR SERVICES. 5 Show data context 119 Show data context
  Domestic Indoor Servant 3 Show data context 101 Show data context
  Lodge, Gate, Park Keeper (not Government) 1 Show data context -
  Inn, Hotel Servant 1 Show data context -
  Charwoman - 7 Show data context
  Washing and Bathing Service - 11 Show data context
5. PERSONS ENGAGED IN COMMERCIAL OCCUPATIONS. 28 Show data context -
  Broker, Agent, Factor 3 Show data context -
  Auctioneer, Appraiser, Valuer, House Agent 1 Show data context -
  Commercial Traveller 4 Show data context -
  Commercial Clerk 19 Show data context -
  Bank Service 1 Show data context -
6. PERSONS ENGAGED IN CONVEYANCE OF MEN, GOODS, AND MESSAGES. 51 Show data context -
  Other Railway Officials and Servants 1 Show data context -
  Cabman, Flyman, Coachman (not domestic) 2 Show data context -
  Carman, Carrier, Carter, Haulier 31 Show data context -
  Bargeman, Lighterman, Waterman 1 Show data context -
  Warehouseman (not Manchester) 12 Show data context -
  Messenger, Porter, Watchman (not Railway or Government) 4 Show data context -
7. PERSONS ENGAGED IN AGRICULTURE. 24 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Farmer, Grazier 10 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Farmer's, Grazier's - Son, Grandson, Brother, Nephew 2 Show data context -
  Agricultural Labourer, Farm Servant, Cottager 11 Show data context -
  Gardener (not domestic) 1 Show data context -
9. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN BOOKS, PRINTS, AND MAPS. 9 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Printer 9 Show data context 1 Show data context
10. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN MACHINES AND IMPLEMENTS. 27 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Engine, Machine Maker 1 Show data context -
  Fitter, Turner (Engine and Machine) 8 Show data context -
  Boiler Maker 2 Show data context -
  Spinning and Weaving Machine Maker 16 Show data context 3 Show data context
11. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN HOUSES, FURNITURE, AND DECORATIONS. 66 Show data context -
  Carpenter, Joiner 26 Show data context -
  Bricklayer 9 Show data context -
  Mason 9 Show data context -
  Plasterer, Whitewasher 1 Show data context -
  Plumber 6 Show data context -
  Painter, Glazier 13 Show data context -
  Cabinet Maker 1 Show data context -
  Figure, Image - Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
12. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CARRIAGES AND HARNESS. 2 Show data context -
  Wheelwright 1 Show data context -
  Saddler, Harness, Whip Maker 1 Show data context -
14. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CHEMICALS AND COMPOUNDS. 2 Show data context -
  Manufacturing Chemist 1 Show data context -
  Drysalter 1 Show data context -
16. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN FOOD AND LODGING. 40 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Innkeeper, Hotel Keeper, Publican 7 Show data context -
  Lodging, Boarding House Keeper - 1 Show data context
  Coffee, Eating House, Keeper 1 Show data context -
  Brewer 1 Show data context -
  Beerseller, Ale, Porter, Cider Dealer 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Milkseller, Dairyman 2 Show data context -
  Butcher, Meat Salesman 6 Show data context -
  Provision Curer, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Baker 6 Show data context -
  Confectioner, Pastrycook - 3 Show data context
  Greengrocer, Fruiterer 2 Show data context -
  Grocer. Tea, Coffee, Chocolate Maker, Dealer 11 Show data context 4 Show data context
17. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TEXTILE FABRICS. 150 Show data context 453 Show data context
  Woollen Cloth Manufacture 6 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Wool, Woollen goods - Dyer, Printer 1 Show data context -
  Worsted, Stuff, Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Cloth, Worsted, Stuff, Flannel, Blanket Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Silk, Silk Goods, Manufacture 4 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Cotton, Cotton Goods Manufacture 125 Show data context 401 Show data context
  Rope, Twine, Cord - Maker, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Weaver (undefined) 3 Show data context 18 Show data context
  Factory Hand (textile, undefined) 4 Show data context 18 Show data context
  Draper, Linen Draper, Mercer 2 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Trimming Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Others - 1 Show data context
18. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN DRESS. 408 Show data context 350 Show data context
  Hatter, Hat Manufacture 390 Show data context 331 Show data context
  Straw - Hat, Bonnet, Plait Manufacture - 4 Show data context
  Tailor 4 Show data context -
  Milliner, Dressmaker, Staymaker - 14 Show data context
  Shirt Maker, Seamstress - 1 Show data context
  Hosier, Haberdasher 1 Show data context -
  Shoe, Boot - Maker, Dealer 5 Show data context -
  Patten, Clog Maker 6 Show data context -
  Wig Maker, Hair Dresser 2 Show data context -
19. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS ANIMAL SUBSTANCES. 1 Show data context -
  Furrier, Skinner 1 Show data context -
20. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS VEGETABLE SUBSTANCES. 36 Show data context 8 Show data context
  India Rubber, Gutta Percha - Worker, Dealer 8 Show data context -
  Sawyer 1 Show data context -
  Paper Manufacture 11 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Card, Pattern Card Maker 16 Show data context -
21. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS MINERAL SUBSTANCES. 348 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Coal Miner 278 Show data context -
  Miner, in other or undefined Minerals 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Mine Service 1 Show data context -
  Coalheaver 1 Show data context -
  Gas Works Service 4 Show data context -
  Well Sinker, Borer 1 Show data context -
  Brick, Tile - Maker, Burner, Dealer 10 Show data context -
  Paviour 1 Show data context -
  [Iron Manufacture] 7 Show data context -
  Blacksmith 12 Show data context -
  Nail Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Tin, Tin Plate, Tin Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Wire Maker, Worker, Weaver, Drawer 30 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Others - 1 Show data context
22. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN GENERAL OR UNSPECIFIED COMMODITIES. 104 Show data context 9 Show data context
  General Shopkeeper, Dealer 5 Show data context -
  Costermonger, Huckster, Street Seller 1 Show data context -
  Contractor (undefined) 2 Show data context -
  General Labourer 48 Show data context -
  Engine Driver, Stoker, Fireman (not railway, marine or agricultural) 27 Show data context -
  Artizan, Mechanic (undefined) 15 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Apprentice (undefined) 1 Show data context -
  Factory Labourer (undefined) 5 Show data context 5 Show data context
24. PERSONS WITHOUT SPECIFIED OCCUPATIONS. 2 Show data context 29 Show data context
  Persons returned by Property, Rank &c. and not special occupation 2 Show data context 29 Show data context
[UNKNOWN OCCUPATION] 10 Show data context 474 Show data context
  [Occupation recorded but of unknown meaning] 3 Show data context 3 Show data context
  [Blank field, or illegible] 7 Show data context 471 Show data context

Notes:

The following notes to the table appeared in the original report.

1 This table is a very special case: The original Table 10 as published by Division in the 1881 census reports was limited to data for Registration Divisions, their component Registration Counties, and just those Urban Sanitary Districts with populations of over 50,000. Data presented here for counties and higher-level units are taken from the published reports, as usual, but we also include in A Vision of Britain through Time data for Registration Districts, sub-Districts and Civil Parishes which never appeared in the original reports. These were specially created for us by the History Data Service at the University of Essex and derive from the complete transcription of the individual-level Enumerators Book data coordinated by the Genealogical Society of Utah.
2 In creating these data, each occupation listed in the enumerators books has been assigned as far as possible to the relevant category used in the published reports, but some additional categories with labels in square brackets unavoidably appear. Unlike the published statistics for higher-level units, these specially-calculated data for districts and parishes include persons under 15 or over 65. For these and other reasons, no attempt has been made to ensure that county totals for the districts or parishes match the published county totals. The remaining notes are those that appeared below the original published table.
3 NOTE.--Persons returned as engaged in more than one occupation have been referred to the one that appeared to be of most importance; or if there was no difference in this respect, to the one first given by the person in his or her return. In some cases special rules have been followed: e.g. "Clergyman and Schoolmaster" in combination has always been referred to "Schoolmaster"; a Member of Parliament or Peer engaged in any branch of commerce or industry has always been referred to this latter, not to "Peer, M.P.".
4 The numbers returned under any heading include Labourers, Apprentices, and Assistants, as well as Masters, but not Clerks, Messengers, Errand boys, Porters, or Watchmen, for which occupations there are special headings. Civil, Military, and Naval Clerks, Law, Bank, Insurance, and Railway Clerks, and Government and Railway Porters, are, however, exceptions to this rule. Many young persons, being Apprentices or Assistants, have therefore been referred to occupations usually followed by adults. Women also, chiefly widows or orphans carrying on the business of their deceased husbands or fathers, will sometimes be found under occupations commonly followed by men only.
5 Persons returned as retired from any business have not been referred to that business. Inmates of workhouses have been referred to their trades, unless their age or infirmities showed that they were past work. But persons who might be supposed to be only temporarily separated from their usual employment, such as Prisoners, and Patients in General Hospitals, have been classed under their usual occupations.
6 In some cases, for convenience of space, the male designation, e.g. "Schoolmaster", alone is given, instead of "Schoolmaster, Schoolmistress".

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This website does not try to provide an exact replica of the original printed census tables, which often had thousands of rows and far more columns than will fit on our web pages. Instead, we let you drill down from national totals to the most detailed data available. The column headings are those that appeared in the original printed report. The numbers presented here, which are the same ones we use to create statistical maps and graphs, come from the census table and have usually been carefully checked.

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Acknowledgments:

We are grateful to the following contributors. If you make use of the data in your own work, please follow any instructions given here on acknowledgment and re-use.

(1) Kevin Schurer (Department of Geography, University of Cambridge). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)

(2) Matthew Woollard (UK Data Service, University of Essex). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)