1881 Census of England and Wales, Tables: Ages, Condition as to Marriage, Occupations and Birthplaces of people, Table 10 : " Occupations of Males and Females in the Division and its Registration Counties".

List Glamorgan RegC Pontypridd PLU/RegD
OCCUPATIONS. Males.
[1]
Females.
[2]
1. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE GENERAL OR LOCAL GOVERNMENT OF THE COUNTRY. 121 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Civil Service (officers and clerks) 20 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Civil Service (messengers, &c.) 17 Show data context -
  Police 58 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Municipal, Parish, Union, District, Officer 16 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Other Local or County Official 10 Show data context -
2. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE DEFENCE OF THE COUNTRY. 6 Show data context -
  Soldier and Non-commissioned officer 2 Show data context -
  Army Pensioner 2 Show data context -
  Navy Pensioner 2 Show data context -
3. PERSONS ENGAGED IN PROFESSIONAL OCCUPATIONS (WITH THEIR IMMEDIATE SUBORDINATES). 475 Show data context 298 Show data context
  Clergymen (Established Church) 27 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Roman Catholic Priest 1 Show data context -
  Minister, Priest of other religious bodies 94 Show data context -
  Missionary, Scripture Reader, Itinerant preacher 3 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Nun, Sister of Charity - 1 Show data context
  Theological Student 14 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Church, chapel, cemetery - officer, servant 7 Show data context -
  Barrister, Solicitor 16 Show data context -
  Law Clerk, and others connected with the law 29 Show data context -
  Physician, Surgeon, General Practitioner 28 Show data context -
  Medical Student, Assistant 20 Show data context -
  Midwife - 4 Show data context
  Subordinate Medical Service 4 Show data context 16 Show data context
  Schoolmaster 116 Show data context 234 Show data context
  Teacher, Professor, Lecturer 2 Show data context 13 Show data context
  School Service, and others connected with teaching 3 Show data context -
  Author, Editor, Journalist 4 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Persons engaged in Scientific Pursuits 1 Show data context -
  Literary, Scientific, Institution, Service, &c. 1 Show data context -
  Civil Engineer 12 Show data context -
  Mining Engineer 29 Show data context -
  Land, House, Ship, Surveyor 8 Show data context -
  Painter (artist) 1 Show data context -
  Sculptor 11 Show data context -
  Architect 3 Show data context -
  Musician, Music Master 26 Show data context 11 Show data context
  Photographer 3 Show data context -
  Actor 5 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Art, Music, Theatre Service 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Billiard, Cricket & other Games, Service 5 Show data context -
4. PERSONS ENGAGED IN DOMESTIC OFFICES OR SERVICES. 128 Show data context 3,092 Show data context
  Domestic Coachman, Groom 27 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Domestic Gardener 33 Show data context -
  Domestic Indoor Servant 43 Show data context 2,682 Show data context
  Lodge, Gate, Park Keeper (not Government) 1 Show data context -
  Inn, Hotel Servant 19 Show data context 62 Show data context
  Office Keeper (not Government) 1 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Charwoman 2 Show data context 132 Show data context
  Washing and Bathing Service 2 Show data context 210 Show data context
  Hospital and Institution Service - 1 Show data context
5. PERSONS ENGAGED IN COMMERCIAL OCCUPATIONS. 342 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Merchant 8 Show data context -
  Broker, Agent, Factor 25 Show data context -
  Auctioneer, Appraiser, Valuer, House Agent 15 Show data context -
  Accountant 15 Show data context -
  Commercial Traveller 47 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Commercial Clerk 180 Show data context -
  Bank Service 11 Show data context -
  Bill Discounter, Bill Broker, Finance Agent 1 Show data context -
  Life, House, Ship &c., Insurance Service 40 Show data context -
6. PERSONS ENGAGED IN CONVEYANCE OF MEN, GOODS, AND MESSAGES. 719 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Railway Engine Driver, Stoker 63 Show data context -
  Railway Guard 28 Show data context -
  Pointsman, Level Crossing Man 13 Show data context -
  Other Railway Officials and Servants 369 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Toll Collector, Turnpike Gate Keeper 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Omnibus, Coach, Cab, Owner - Livery Stable Keeper 1 Show data context -
  Cabman, Flyman, Coachman (not domestic) 8 Show data context -
  Carman, Carrier, Carter, Haulier 79 Show data context -
  Tramway Companies' Service 2 Show data context -
  Inland Navigation Service 7 Show data context -
  Bargeman, Lighterman, Waterman 82 Show data context -
  Navigation Service (on shore) 1 Show data context -
  Seaman (Merchant Service) 12 Show data context -
  Harbour, Dock, Wharf, Lighthouse Service 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Warehouseman (not Manchester) 2 Show data context -
  Meter, Weigher 19 Show data context -
  Messenger, Porter, Watchman (not Railway or Government) 16 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Telegraph, Telephone Service 15 Show data context 4 Show data context
7. PERSONS ENGAGED IN AGRICULTURE. 832 Show data context 64 Show data context
  Farmer, Grazier 235 Show data context 29 Show data context
  Farmer's, Grazier's - Son, Grandson, Brother, Nephew 160 Show data context -
  Farm Bailiff 19 Show data context -
  Agricultural Labourer, Farm Servant, Cottager 366 Show data context 35 Show data context
  Shepherd 12 Show data context -
  Woodman 34 Show data context -
  Gardener (not domestic) 6 Show data context -
8. PERSONS ENGAGED ABOUT ANIMALS. 135 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Horse Proprietor, Breeder, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Groom, Horse-keeper, Horse-breaker 114 Show data context -
  Veterinary Surgeon, Farrier 10 Show data context -
  Cattle, Sheep, Pig - Dealer, Salesman 4 Show data context -
  Gamekeeper 4 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Dog, Bird, Animal - Keeper, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Knacker, Catsmeat Dealer &c &c. 1 Show data context -
9. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN BOOKS, PRINTS, AND MAPS. 46 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Publisher, Bookseller, Librarian 14 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Printer 31 Show data context -
  Newspaper Agent, News Room Keeper 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
10. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN MACHINES AND IMPLEMENTS. 244 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Engine, Machine Maker 32 Show data context -
  Millwright 3 Show data context -
  Fitter, Turner (Engine and Machine) 140 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Boiler Maker 38 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Watch Maker, Clock Maker 27 Show data context -
  Electrical Apparatus Maker 3 Show data context -
  Musical Instrument Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Toy Maker, Dealer - 1 Show data context
11. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN HOUSES, FURNITURE, AND DECORATIONS. 1,351 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Builder 35 Show data context -
  Carpenter, Joiner 418 Show data context -
  Bricklayer 18 Show data context -
  Mason 636 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Slater, Tiler 10 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Plasterer, Whitewasher 89 Show data context -
  Plumber 13 Show data context -
  Painter, Glazier 93 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Cabinet Maker 22 Show data context 1 Show data context
  French Polisher 1 Show data context -
  Furniture Broker, Dealer 4 Show data context -
  Gas Fitter 8 Show data context -
  Funeral Furniture Maker, Undertaker 2 Show data context -
  Carver, Gilder 1 Show data context -
  Animal, Bird &c. Preserver, Naturalist 1 Show data context -
12. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CARRIAGES AND HARNESS. 104 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Coachmaker 5 Show data context -
  Railway Carriage, Railway Wagon, Maker 11 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Wheelwright 21 Show data context -
  Bicycle, Tricycle - Maker, Dealer 4 Show data context -
  Others 18 Show data context -
  Saddler, Harness, Whip Maker 45 Show data context -
13. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN SHIPS AND BOATS. 11 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Ship, Boat, Barge Builder 7 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Shipwright, Ship Carpenter (ashore) 4 Show data context -
14. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CHEMICALS AND COMPOUNDS. 37 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Fusee, Fireworks, Explosive Article Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Chemist, Druggist 26 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Manufacturing Chemist 10 Show data context -
15. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TOBACCO AND PIPES. 7 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Tobacco Manufacture, Tobacconist 3 Show data context -
  Tobacco Pipe, Snuff Box &c. Maker 4 Show data context 2 Show data context
16. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN FOOD AND LODGING. 928 Show data context 220 Show data context
  Innkeeper, Hotel Keeper, Publican 178 Show data context 44 Show data context
  Lodging, Boarding House Keeper 3 Show data context 36 Show data context
  Coffee, Eating House, Keeper 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Maltster 4 Show data context -
  Brewer 35 Show data context -
  Beerseller, Ale, Porter, Cider Dealer 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Cellarman 4 Show data context -
  Wine, Spirit - Merchant, Agent 2 Show data context -
  Milkseller, Dairyman 8 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Cheesemonger, Butterman 10 Show data context -
  Butcher, Meat Salesman 123 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Provision Curer, Dealer 4 Show data context -
  Fishmonger 10 Show data context -
  Corn, Flour, Seed Merchant, Dealer 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Corn Miller 8 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Baker 32 Show data context 22 Show data context
  Confectioner, Pastrycook 12 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Greengrocer, Fruiterer 45 Show data context 35 Show data context
  Sugar Refiner 1 Show data context -
  Grocer. Tea, Coffee, Chocolate Maker, Dealer 440 Show data context 55 Show data context
  Ginger Beer, Mineral Water Manufacturer, Dealer 3 Show data context -
17. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TEXTILE FABRICS. 203 Show data context 61 Show data context
  Woollen Cloth Manufacture 49 Show data context 15 Show data context
  Flannel Manufacture 1 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Cloth, Worsted, Stuff, Flannel, Blanket Dealer 4 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Silk, Silk Goods, Manufacture - 1 Show data context
  Cotton, Cotton Goods Manufacture - 1 Show data context
  Lace Manufacturer, Dealer - 1 Show data context
  Weaver (undefined) 9 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Draper, Linen Draper, Mercer 139 Show data context 38 Show data context
  Others 1 Show data context -
18. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN DRESS. 540 Show data context 1,079 Show data context
  Hatter, Hat Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Straw - Hat, Bonnet, Plait Manufacture 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Tailor 234 Show data context 15 Show data context
  Milliner, Dressmaker, Staymaker 2 Show data context 1,032 Show data context
  Shirt Maker, Seamstress - 23 Show data context
  Hosiery Manufacture - 1 Show data context
  Hosier, Haberdasher 4 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Glover, Glove Maker - 1 Show data context
  Shoe, Boot - Maker, Dealer 265 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Wig Maker, Hair Dresser 33 Show data context 1 Show data context
19. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS ANIMAL SUBSTANCES. 17 Show data context -
  Tallow Chandler, Candle, Grease Manufacture 5 Show data context -
  Manure Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Furrier, Skinner 4 Show data context -
  Tanner, Fellmonger 4 Show data context -
  Currier 2 Show data context -
  Brush, Broom, Maker 1 Show data context -
20. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS VEGETABLE SUBSTANCES. 151 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Oil Miller, Oil Cake - Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Willow, Cane, Rush Worker, Dealer, Basketmaker 6 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Hay, Straw (not plait), Chaff, Cutter, Dealer 16 Show data context -
  Timber, Wood - Merchant, Dealer 28 Show data context -
  Sawyer 79 Show data context -
  Lath, Wooden Fence, Hurdle Maker 2 Show data context -
  Wood Turner, Box Maker 2 Show data context -
  Cooper, Hoop Maker, Bender 8 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Paper Manufacture 2 Show data context -
  Stationer, Law Stationer 6 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Others 1 Show data context -
21. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS MINERAL SUBSTANCES. 19,770 Show data context 225 Show data context
  Coal Miner 16,402 Show data context 92 Show data context
  Ironstone Miner 211 Show data context -
  Copper Miner 3 Show data context -
  Tin Miner 1 Show data context -
  Lead Miner 5 Show data context -
  Miner, in other or undefined Minerals 111 Show data context 11 Show data context
  Mine Service 99 Show data context -
  [Haulier] [not in Census Report but in codebook] 681 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Coal Merchant 14 Show data context -
  Coalheaver 64 Show data context -
  Coke, Charcoal, Peat - Cutter, Burner, Dealer 99 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Gas Works Service 22 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Stone Quarrier 244 Show data context -
  Stone Cutter, Dresser, Dealer 23 Show data context -
  Slate Quarrier 2 Show data context -
  Limeburner 4 Show data context -
  Clay, Sand, Gravel, Chalk, Labourer, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Well Sinker, Borer 47 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Brick, Tile - Maker, Burner, Dealer 27 Show data context 17 Show data context
  Paviour 1 Show data context -
  Road Contractor, Surveyor, Inspector 5 Show data context -
  Road Labourer 43 Show data context -
  Railway Contractor 4 Show data context -
  Platelayer 240 Show data context -
  Railway Labourer, Navvy 153 Show data context -
  Earthenware, China, Porcelain, Manufacture 9 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Glass Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Earthenware, China, Glass Dealer 5 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Waterworks Service 6 Show data context -
  Goldsmith, Silversmith, Jeweller - 3 Show data context
  [Iron Manufacture] 247 Show data context 3 Show data context
  [Steel Manufacture] 32 Show data context -
  Blacksmith 474 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Nail Manufacture 4 Show data context -
  Anchor, Chain Manufacture 60 Show data context -
  Ironmonger. Hardware Dealer, Merchant 29 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Other Iron and Steel Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  [Coppersmith] 2 Show data context -
  Tin, Tin Plate, Tin Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 383 Show data context 78 Show data context
  Lead, Leaden Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Metal Refiner, Worker, Turner, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Brass, Bronze Manufacture. Brazier 3 Show data context -
  Wire Maker, Worker, Weaver, Drawer 1 Show data context -
  Bolt, Nut, Rivet, Screw, Staple Maker 2 Show data context -
  Lamp, Lantern, Candlestick Maker 2 Show data context -
22. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN GENERAL OR UNSPECIFIED COMMODITIES. 2,519 Show data context 62 Show data context
  General Shopkeeper, Dealer 36 Show data context 20 Show data context
  Pawnbroker 9 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Costermonger, Huckster, Street Seller 36 Show data context 14 Show data context
  Manufacturer, Manager, Superintendant (undefined) 16 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Contractor (undefined) 39 Show data context -
  General Labourer 1,495 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Engine Driver, Stoker, Fireman (not railway, marine or agricultural) 763 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Artizan, Mechanic (undefined) 90 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Apprentice (undefined) 3 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Factory Labourer (undefined) 28 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Machinist, Machine Worker (undefined) 4 Show data context 2 Show data context
23. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN REFUSE MATTERS. 11 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Chimney Sweep, Soot Merchant 5 Show data context -
  Scavenger, Crossing Sweeper 5 Show data context -
  Rag Gatherer, Dealer 1 Show data context 2 Show data context
24. PERSONS WITHOUT SPECIFIED OCCUPATIONS. 344 Show data context 3,149 Show data context
  Persons returned by Property, Rank &c. and not special occupation 344 Show data context 3,149 Show data context
[UNKNOWN OCCUPATION] 232 Show data context 13,893 Show data context
  [Occupation recorded but of unknown meaning] 20 Show data context 2 Show data context
  [Blank field, or illegible] 212 Show data context 13,891 Show data context

Notes:

The following notes to the table appeared in the original report.

1 This table is a very special case: The original Table 10 as published by Division in the 1881 census reports was limited to data for Registration Divisions, their component Registration Counties, and just those Urban Sanitary Districts with populations of over 50,000. Data presented here for counties and higher-level units are taken from the published reports, as usual, but we also include in A Vision of Britain through Time data for Registration Districts, sub-Districts and Civil Parishes which never appeared in the original reports. These were specially created for us by the History Data Service at the University of Essex and derive from the complete transcription of the individual-level Enumerators Book data coordinated by the Genealogical Society of Utah.
2 In creating these data, each occupation listed in the enumerators books has been assigned as far as possible to the relevant category used in the published reports, but some additional categories with labels in square brackets unavoidably appear. Unlike the published statistics for higher-level units, these specially-calculated data for districts and parishes include persons under 15 or over 65. For these and other reasons, no attempt has been made to ensure that county totals for the districts or parishes match the published county totals. The remaining notes are those that appeared below the original published table.
3 NOTE.--Persons returned as engaged in more than one occupation have been referred to the one that appeared to be of most importance; or if there was no difference in this respect, to the one first given by the person in his or her return. In some cases special rules have been followed: e.g. "Clergyman and Schoolmaster" in combination has always been referred to "Schoolmaster"; a Member of Parliament or Peer engaged in any branch of commerce or industry has always been referred to this latter, not to "Peer, M.P.".
4 The numbers returned under any heading include Labourers, Apprentices, and Assistants, as well as Masters, but not Clerks, Messengers, Errand boys, Porters, or Watchmen, for which occupations there are special headings. Civil, Military, and Naval Clerks, Law, Bank, Insurance, and Railway Clerks, and Government and Railway Porters, are, however, exceptions to this rule. Many young persons, being Apprentices or Assistants, have therefore been referred to occupations usually followed by adults. Women also, chiefly widows or orphans carrying on the business of their deceased husbands or fathers, will sometimes be found under occupations commonly followed by men only.
5 Persons returned as retired from any business have not been referred to that business. Inmates of workhouses have been referred to their trades, unless their age or infirmities showed that they were past work. But persons who might be supposed to be only temporarily separated from their usual employment, such as Prisoners, and Patients in General Hospitals, have been classed under their usual occupations.
6 In some cases, for convenience of space, the male designation, e.g. "Schoolmaster", alone is given, instead of "Schoolmaster, Schoolmistress".

Click on the triangles for all about a particular number.

This website does not try to provide an exact replica of the original printed census tables, which often had thousands of rows and far more columns than will fit on our web pages. Instead, we let you drill down from national totals to the most detailed data available. The column headings are those that appeared in the original printed report. The numbers presented here, which are the same ones we use to create statistical maps and graphs, come from the census table and have usually been carefully checked.

The system can only hold statistics for units listed in our administrative gazetteer, so some rows from the original table may be missing. Sometimes big low-level units, like urban parishes, were divided between more than one higher-level units, like Registration sub-Districts. This is why some pages will give a higher figure for a lower-level unit: it covers the whole of the lower-level unit, not just the part within the current higher-level unit.


Acknowledgments:

We are grateful to the following contributors. If you make use of the data in your own work, please follow any instructions given here on acknowledgment and re-use.

(1) Kevin Schurer (Department of Geography, University of Cambridge). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)

(2) Matthew Woollard (UK Data Service, University of Essex). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)