1881 Census of England and Wales, Tables: Ages, Condition as to Marriage, Occupations and Birthplaces of people, Table 10 : " Occupations of Males and Females in the Division and its Registration Counties".

List West Riding RegC Rotherham PLU/RegD
OCCUPATIONS. Males.
[1]
Females.
[2]
1. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE GENERAL OR LOCAL GOVERNMENT OF THE COUNTRY. 125 Show data context 10 Show data context
  Civil Service (officers and clerks) 16 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Civil Service (messengers, &c.) 20 Show data context -
  Police 61 Show data context -
  Municipal, Parish, Union, District, Officer 21 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Other Local or County Official 7 Show data context -
2. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE DEFENCE OF THE COUNTRY. 13 Show data context -
  Army Officer (effective/retired) 1 Show data context -
  Soldier and Non-commissioned officer 4 Show data context -
  Militia, Yeomanry, Volunteers 1 Show data context -
  Army Pensioner 6 Show data context -
  Navy Officer (effective/retired) 1 Show data context -
3. PERSONS ENGAGED IN PROFESSIONAL OCCUPATIONS (WITH THEIR IMMEDIATE SUBORDINATES). 425 Show data context 337 Show data context
  Clergymen (Established Church) 29 Show data context -
  Roman Catholic Priest 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Minister, Priest of other religious bodies 19 Show data context -
  Missionary, Scripture Reader, Itinerant preacher 3 Show data context -
  Theological Student 8 Show data context -
  Church, chapel, cemetery - officer, servant 12 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Barrister, Solicitor 24 Show data context -
  Law Student 7 Show data context -
  Law Clerk, and others connected with the law 60 Show data context -
  Physician, Surgeon, General Practitioner 30 Show data context -
  Dentist 3 Show data context -
  Medical Student, Assistant 11 Show data context -
  Midwife - 8 Show data context
  Subordinate Medical Service 4 Show data context 41 Show data context
  Schoolmaster 115 Show data context 227 Show data context
  Teacher, Professor, Lecturer 2 Show data context 34 Show data context
  School Service, and others connected with teaching 8 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Author, Editor, Journalist 5 Show data context -
  Reporter, Short-hand Writer 2 Show data context -
  Persons engaged in Scientific Pursuits 1 Show data context -
  Civil Engineer 6 Show data context -
  Mining Engineer 23 Show data context -
  Land, House, Ship, Surveyor 3 Show data context -
  Engraver (artist) 2 Show data context -
  Architect 12 Show data context -
  Musician, Music Master 18 Show data context 18 Show data context
  Art Student 3 Show data context -
  Photographer 4 Show data context -
  Actor 1 Show data context -
  Performer, Showman, Exhibition, Service 7 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Billiard, Cricket & other Games, Service 1 Show data context -
4. PERSONS ENGAGED IN DOMESTIC OFFICES OR SERVICES. 259 Show data context 2,524 Show data context
  Domestic Coachman, Groom 103 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Domestic Gardener 59 Show data context -
  Domestic Indoor Servant 69 Show data context 2,277 Show data context
  Lodge, Gate, Park Keeper (not Government) 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Inn, Hotel Servant 19 Show data context 25 Show data context
  College, Club Service 4 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Office Keeper (not Government) - 3 Show data context
  Cook (not domestic) - 1 Show data context
  Charwoman - 122 Show data context
  Washing and Bathing Service - 85 Show data context
  Hospital and Institution Service 1 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Others engaged in Service 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
5. PERSONS ENGAGED IN COMMERCIAL OCCUPATIONS. 473 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Merchant 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Broker, Agent, Factor 21 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Auctioneer, Appraiser, Valuer, House Agent 12 Show data context -
  Accountant 27 Show data context -
  Salesman, Buyer (not otherwise specified) - 3 Show data context
  Commercial Traveller 39 Show data context -
  Commercial Clerk 330 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Bank Service 13 Show data context -
  Life, House, Ship &c., Insurance Service 30 Show data context 1 Show data context
6. PERSONS ENGAGED IN CONVEYANCE OF MEN, GOODS, AND MESSAGES. 1,025 Show data context 11 Show data context
  Railway Engine Driver, Stoker 68 Show data context -
  Railway Guard 30 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Pointsman, Level Crossing Man 41 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Other Railway Officials and Servants 280 Show data context -
  Toll Collector, Turnpike Gate Keeper 3 Show data context -
  Omnibus, Coach, Cab, Owner - Livery Stable Keeper 6 Show data context -
  Cabman, Flyman, Coachman (not domestic) 44 Show data context -
  Carman, Carrier, Carter, Haulier 286 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Tramway Companies' Service 1 Show data context -
  Inland Navigation Service 14 Show data context -
  Bargeman, Lighterman, Waterman 123 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Seaman (Merchant Service) 21 Show data context -
  Warehouseman (not Manchester) 23 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Meter, Weigher 6 Show data context -
  Messenger, Porter, Watchman (not Railway or Government) 75 Show data context -
  Telegraph, Telephone Service 4 Show data context -
7. PERSONS ENGAGED IN AGRICULTURE. 1,453 Show data context 55 Show data context
  Farmer, Grazier 261 Show data context 25 Show data context
  Farmer's, Grazier's - Son, Grandson, Brother, Nephew 88 Show data context -
  Farm Bailiff 25 Show data context -
  Agricultural Labourer, Farm Servant, Cottager 912 Show data context 29 Show data context
  Shepherd 7 Show data context -
  Land Drainage Service (not in towns) 1 Show data context -
  Agricultural Machine - Proprietor, Attendant 7 Show data context -
  Woodman 26 Show data context -
  Nurseryman, Seedsman, Florist 4 Show data context -
  Gardener (not domestic) 122 Show data context 1 Show data context
8. PERSONS ENGAGED ABOUT ANIMALS. 119 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Horse Proprietor, Breeder, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Groom, Horse-keeper, Horse-breaker 63 Show data context -
  Veterinary Surgeon, Farrier 8 Show data context -
  Cattle, Sheep, Pig - Dealer, Salesman 11 Show data context -
  Drover 2 Show data context -
  Gamekeeper 33 Show data context -
  Dog, Bird, Animal - Keeper, Dealer 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
9. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN BOOKS, PRINTS, AND MAPS. 69 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Publisher, Bookseller, Librarian 7 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Music-Publisher, Seller, Printer 1 Show data context -
  Bookbinder 6 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Printer 35 Show data context -
  Newspaper Agent, News Room Keeper 10 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Lithographer, Lithographic Printer 10 Show data context -
10. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN MACHINES AND IMPLEMENTS. 567 Show data context 15 Show data context
  Engine, Machine Maker 72 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Millwright 16 Show data context -
  Fitter, Turner (Engine and Machine) 158 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Boiler Maker 56 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Spinning and Weaving Machine Maker 1 Show data context -
  Agricultural Machine and Implement Maker 82 Show data context -
  Tool Maker, Dealer 7 Show data context -
  Cutler, Scissors Maker 21 Show data context 3 Show data context
  File Maker 83 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Saw Maker 4 Show data context -
  Domestic Implement Maker 5 Show data context -
  Watch Maker, Clock Maker 29 Show data context -
  Electrical Apparatus Maker 3 Show data context -
  Weighing and Measuring Apparatus Maker 26 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Surgical Instrument Maker 1 Show data context -
  Gunsmith, Gun Manufacturer 1 Show data context -
  Die, Seal, Coin, Medal Maker 2 Show data context -
11. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN HOUSES, FURNITURE, AND DECORATIONS. 1,310 Show data context 15 Show data context
  Builder 32 Show data context -
  Carpenter, Joiner 407 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Bricklayer 205 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Mason 288 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Slater, Tiler 31 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Plasterer, Whitewasher 49 Show data context -
  Paperhanger 2 Show data context -
  Plumber 74 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Painter, Glazier 116 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Cabinet Maker 66 Show data context 5 Show data context
  French Polisher 2 Show data context -
  Furniture Broker, Dealer 9 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Locksmith, Bellhanger 1 Show data context -
  Gas Fitter 12 Show data context -
  House and Shop Fittings - Maker, Dealer 8 Show data context -
  Wood Carver 3 Show data context -
  Carver, Gilder 4 Show data context -
  Animal, Bird &c. Preserver, Naturalist 1 Show data context -
12. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CARRIAGES AND HARNESS. 242 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Coachmaker 15 Show data context -
  Railway Carriage, Railway Wagon, Maker 103 Show data context -
  Wheelwright 76 Show data context -
  Others 25 Show data context -
  Saddler, Harness, Whip Maker 23 Show data context 1 Show data context
13. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN SHIPS AND BOATS. 4 Show data context -
  Ship, Boat, Barge Builder 2 Show data context -
  Shipwright, Ship Carpenter (ashore) 2 Show data context -
14. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CHEMICALS AND COMPOUNDS. 64 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Ink, Blacking, Colour Substance Manufacture 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Chemist, Druggist 32 Show data context -
  Manufacturing Chemist 28 Show data context -
  Alkali Manufacture 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
15. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TOBACCO AND PIPES. 8 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Tobacco Manufacture, Tobacconist 8 Show data context 5 Show data context
16. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN FOOD AND LODGING. 918 Show data context 146 Show data context
  Innkeeper, Hotel Keeper, Publican 118 Show data context 21 Show data context
  Lodging, Boarding House Keeper 1 Show data context 14 Show data context
  Coffee, Eating House, Keeper 2 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Maltster 30 Show data context -
  Brewer 36 Show data context -
  Beerseller, Ale, Porter, Cider Dealer 25 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Cellarman 5 Show data context -
  Wine, Spirit - Merchant, Agent 12 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Milkseller, Dairyman 24 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Butcher, Meat Salesman 201 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Provision Curer, Dealer 23 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Poulterer, Game Dealer 1 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Fishmonger 28 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Corn, Flour, Seed Merchant, Dealer 7 Show data context -
  Corn Miller 47 Show data context -
  Baker 12 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Confectioner, Pastrycook 20 Show data context 16 Show data context
  Greengrocer, Fruiterer 51 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Mustard, Vinegar, Spice, Pickle Maker, Dealer - 1 Show data context
  Sugar Refiner - 1 Show data context
  Grocer. Tea, Coffee, Chocolate Maker, Dealer 263 Show data context 53 Show data context
  Ginger Beer, Mineral Water Manufacturer, Dealer 12 Show data context 1 Show data context
17. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TEXTILE FABRICS. 101 Show data context 43 Show data context
  Woollen Cloth Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Silk, Silk Goods, Manufacture - 4 Show data context
  Cotton, Cotton Goods Manufacture 8 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Flax, Linen - Manufacturer, Dealer 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Lace Manufacturer, Dealer - 4 Show data context
  Rope, Twine, Cord - Maker, Dealer 10 Show data context -
  Weaver (undefined) - 2 Show data context
  Dyer, Printer, Scourer, Bleacher, Calenderer (undefined) 2 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Factory Hand (textile, undefined) 3 Show data context -
  Carpet, Rug Manufacture 2 Show data context -
  Draper, Linen Draper, Mercer 73 Show data context 23 Show data context
18. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN DRESS. 322 Show data context 759 Show data context
  Hatter, Hat Manufacture 6 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Straw - Hat, Bonnet, Plait Manufacture - 5 Show data context
  Tailor 107 Show data context 24 Show data context
  Milliner, Dressmaker, Staymaker 2 Show data context 679 Show data context
  Shirt Maker, Seamstress 1 Show data context 26 Show data context
  Hosiery Manufacture 1 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Hosier, Haberdasher 6 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Glover, Glove Maker 1 Show data context -
  Shoe, Boot - Maker, Dealer 159 Show data context 10 Show data context
  Patten, Clog Maker 12 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Wig Maker, Hair Dresser 25 Show data context -
  Umbrella, Parasol, Stick - Maker, Dealer 2 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Old Clothes Dealer, and others - 1 Show data context
19. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS ANIMAL SUBSTANCES. 22 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Tallow Chandler, Candle, Grease Manufacture 2 Show data context -
  Manure Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Bone, Horn, Ivory, Tortoise-shell - Worker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Furrier, Skinner 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Tanner, Fellmonger 3 Show data context -
  Currier 6 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Leather Goods, Portmanteau, Bag, Strap &c., Maker, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Hair, Bristle - Worker, Dealer - 2 Show data context
  Brush, Broom, Maker 4 Show data context 2 Show data context
20. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS VEGETABLE SUBSTANCES. 143 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Oil Miller, Oil Cake - Maker, Dealer 43 Show data context -
  Oil and Colourman 2 Show data context -
  Japanner 2 Show data context -
  India Rubber, Gutta Percha - Worker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Willow, Cane, Rush Worker, Dealer, Basketmaker 5 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Hay, Straw (not plait), Chaff, Cutter, Dealer 7 Show data context -
  Timber, Wood - Merchant, Dealer 20 Show data context -
  Sawyer 35 Show data context -
  Wood Turner, Box Maker 4 Show data context -
  Cooper, Hoop Maker, Bender 15 Show data context -
  Stationer, Law Stationer 8 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Paper Box, Paper Bag Maker - 1 Show data context
  Others 1 Show data context -
21. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS MINERAL SUBSTANCES. 11,273 Show data context 154 Show data context
  Coal Miner 5,948 Show data context 21 Show data context
  Ironstone Miner 37 Show data context -
  Miner, in other or undefined Minerals 42 Show data context -
  Mine Service 53 Show data context -
  [Haulier] [not in Census Report but in codebook] 1 Show data context -
  Coal Merchant 25 Show data context -
  Coalheaver 24 Show data context -
  Coke, Charcoal, Peat - Cutter, Burner, Dealer 47 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Gas Works Service 37 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Stone Quarrier 161 Show data context -
  Stone Cutter, Dresser, Dealer 34 Show data context -
  Limeburner 3 Show data context -
  Well Sinker, Borer 21 Show data context -
  Brick, Tile - Maker, Burner, Dealer 97 Show data context -
  Paviour 1 Show data context -
  Road Labourer 20 Show data context -
  Railway Contractor 11 Show data context -
  Platelayer 64 Show data context -
  Railway Labourer, Navvy 53 Show data context -
  Earthenware, China, Porcelain, Manufacture 203 Show data context 83 Show data context
  Glass Manufacture 261 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Earthenware, China, Glass Dealer 7 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Salt Maker, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Waterworks Service 5 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Goldsmith, Silversmith, Jeweller 9 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Others 1 Show data context -
  [Iron Manufacture] 2,297 Show data context 18 Show data context
  [Steel Manufacture] 262 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Blacksmith 376 Show data context -
  Whitesmith 13 Show data context -
  Nail Manufacture 53 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Anchor, Chain Manufacture 5 Show data context -
  Ironmonger. Hardware Dealer, Merchant 42 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Other Iron and Steel Manufacture 574 Show data context 1 Show data context
  [Coppersmith] 1 Show data context -
  Tin, Tin Plate, Tin Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 15 Show data context -
  Lead, Leaden Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 18 Show data context -
  Metal Refiner, Worker, Turner, Dealer 14 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Brass, Bronze Manufacture. Brazier 384 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Metal Burnisher, Lacquerer 2 Show data context 3 Show data context
  White Metal, Plated Ware, Manufacture. Pewterer 8 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Wire Maker, Worker, Weaver, Drawer 22 Show data context -
  Bolt, Nut, Rivet, Screw, Staple Maker 8 Show data context -
  Lamp, Lantern, Candlestick Maker 11 Show data context -
  Others 1 Show data context -
22. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN GENERAL OR UNSPECIFIED COMMODITIES. 1,834 Show data context 100 Show data context
  General Shopkeeper, Dealer 25 Show data context 49 Show data context
  Pawnbroker 36 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Costermonger, Huckster, Street Seller 39 Show data context 15 Show data context
  Manufacturer, Manager, Superintendant (undefined) 20 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Contractor (undefined) 15 Show data context -
  General Labourer 1,202 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Engine Driver, Stoker, Fireman (not railway, marine or agricultural) 365 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Artizan, Mechanic (undefined) 77 Show data context 14 Show data context
  Apprentice (undefined) 12 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Factory Labourer (undefined) 39 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Machinist, Machine Worker (undefined) 4 Show data context 9 Show data context
23. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN REFUSE MATTERS. 21 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Town Drainage Service 1 Show data context -
  Chimney Sweep, Soot Merchant 15 Show data context -
  Scavenger, Crossing Sweeper 1 Show data context -
  Rag Gatherer, Dealer 4 Show data context 1 Show data context
24. PERSONS WITHOUT SPECIFIED OCCUPATIONS. 190 Show data context 1,728 Show data context
  Persons returned by Property, Rank &c. and not special occupation 190 Show data context 1,728 Show data context
[UNKNOWN OCCUPATION] 264 Show data context 12,839 Show data context
  [Occupation recorded but of unknown meaning] 7 Show data context 3 Show data context
  [Blank field, or illegible] 257 Show data context 12,836 Show data context

Notes:

The following notes to the table appeared in the original report.

1 This table is a very special case: The original Table 10 as published by Division in the 1881 census reports was limited to data for Registration Divisions, their component Registration Counties, and just those Urban Sanitary Districts with populations of over 50,000. Data presented here for counties and higher-level units are taken from the published reports, as usual, but we also include in A Vision of Britain through Time data for Registration Districts, sub-Districts and Civil Parishes which never appeared in the original reports. These were specially created for us by the History Data Service at the University of Essex and derive from the complete transcription of the individual-level Enumerators Book data coordinated by the Genealogical Society of Utah.
2 In creating these data, each occupation listed in the enumerators books has been assigned as far as possible to the relevant category used in the published reports, but some additional categories with labels in square brackets unavoidably appear. Unlike the published statistics for higher-level units, these specially-calculated data for districts and parishes include persons under 15 or over 65. For these and other reasons, no attempt has been made to ensure that county totals for the districts or parishes match the published county totals. The remaining notes are those that appeared below the original published table.
3 NOTE.--Persons returned as engaged in more than one occupation have been referred to the one that appeared to be of most importance; or if there was no difference in this respect, to the one first given by the person in his or her return. In some cases special rules have been followed: e.g. "Clergyman and Schoolmaster" in combination has always been referred to "Schoolmaster"; a Member of Parliament or Peer engaged in any branch of commerce or industry has always been referred to this latter, not to "Peer, M.P.".
4 The numbers returned under any heading include Labourers, Apprentices, and Assistants, as well as Masters, but not Clerks, Messengers, Errand boys, Porters, or Watchmen, for which occupations there are special headings. Civil, Military, and Naval Clerks, Law, Bank, Insurance, and Railway Clerks, and Government and Railway Porters, are, however, exceptions to this rule. Many young persons, being Apprentices or Assistants, have therefore been referred to occupations usually followed by adults. Women also, chiefly widows or orphans carrying on the business of their deceased husbands or fathers, will sometimes be found under occupations commonly followed by men only.
5 Persons returned as retired from any business have not been referred to that business. Inmates of workhouses have been referred to their trades, unless their age or infirmities showed that they were past work. But persons who might be supposed to be only temporarily separated from their usual employment, such as Prisoners, and Patients in General Hospitals, have been classed under their usual occupations.
6 In some cases, for convenience of space, the male designation, e.g. "Schoolmaster", alone is given, instead of "Schoolmaster, Schoolmistress".

Click on the triangles for all about a particular number.

This website does not try to provide an exact replica of the original printed census tables, which often had thousands of rows and far more columns than will fit on our web pages. Instead, we let you drill down from national totals to the most detailed data available. The column headings are those that appeared in the original printed report. The numbers presented here, which are the same ones we use to create statistical maps and graphs, come from the census table and have usually been carefully checked.

The system can only hold statistics for units listed in our administrative gazetteer, so some rows from the original table may be missing. Sometimes big low-level units, like urban parishes, were divided between more than one higher-level units, like Registration sub-Districts. This is why some pages will give a higher figure for a lower-level unit: it covers the whole of the lower-level unit, not just the part within the current higher-level unit.


Acknowledgments:

We are grateful to the following contributors. If you make use of the data in your own work, please follow any instructions given here on acknowledgment and re-use.

(1) Kevin Schurer (Department of Geography, University of Cambridge). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)

(2) Matthew Woollard (UK Data Service, University of Essex). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)