1881 Census of England and Wales, Tables: Ages, Condition as to Marriage, Occupations and Birthplaces of people, Table 10 : " Occupations of Males and Females in the Division and its Registration Counties".

List Chester RegD Chester St Oswald CP/AP
OCCUPATIONS. Males.
[1]
Females.
[2]
1. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE GENERAL OR LOCAL GOVERNMENT OF THE COUNTRY. 74 Show data context -
  Civil Service (officers and clerks) 25 Show data context -
  Civil Service (messengers, &c.) 19 Show data context -
  Prison Service, &c. 1 Show data context -
  Police 23 Show data context -
  Municipal, Parish, Union, District, Officer 5 Show data context -
  Other Local or County Official 1 Show data context -
2. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE DEFENCE OF THE COUNTRY. 9 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Army Officer (effective/retired) 6 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Army Pensioner 2 Show data context -
  Navy Pensioner 1 Show data context -
3. PERSONS ENGAGED IN PROFESSIONAL OCCUPATIONS (WITH THEIR IMMEDIATE SUBORDINATES). 154 Show data context 109 Show data context
  Clergymen (Established Church) 8 Show data context -
  Roman Catholic Priest 1 Show data context -
  Minister, Priest of other religious bodies 10 Show data context -
  Missionary, Scripture Reader, Itinerant preacher 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Church, chapel, cemetery - officer, servant 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Barrister, Solicitor 7 Show data context -
  Law Clerk, and others connected with the law 31 Show data context -
  Physician, Surgeon, General Practitioner 7 Show data context -
  Dentist 1 Show data context -
  Medical Student, Assistant 2 Show data context -
  Midwife - 1 Show data context
  Subordinate Medical Service 1 Show data context 20 Show data context
  Schoolmaster 40 Show data context 62 Show data context
  Teacher, Professor, Lecturer 5 Show data context 10 Show data context
  School Service, and others connected with teaching - 2 Show data context
  Author, Editor, Journalist 4 Show data context -
  Reporter, Short-hand Writer 1 Show data context -
  Civil Engineer 7 Show data context -
  Mining Engineer 2 Show data context -
  Land, House, Ship, Surveyor 5 Show data context -
  Painter (artist) 2 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Sculptor 1 Show data context -
  Architect 6 Show data context -
  Musician, Music Master 5 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Art Student 1 Show data context -
  Photographer 1 Show data context -
  Actor - 2 Show data context
  Billiard, Cricket & other Games, Service 3 Show data context -
4. PERSONS ENGAGED IN DOMESTIC OFFICES OR SERVICES. 108 Show data context 839 Show data context
  Domestic Coachman, Groom 24 Show data context -
  Domestic Gardener 26 Show data context -
  Domestic Indoor Servant 19 Show data context 706 Show data context
  Lodge, Gate, Park Keeper (not Government) 1 Show data context -
  Inn, Hotel Servant 31 Show data context 16 Show data context
  College, Club Service 1 Show data context -
  Office Keeper (not Government) 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Cook (not domestic) 1 Show data context -
  Charwoman - 49 Show data context
  Washing and Bathing Service 1 Show data context 66 Show data context
  Hospital and Institution Service 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
5. PERSONS ENGAGED IN COMMERCIAL OCCUPATIONS. 208 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Merchant 3 Show data context -
  Broker, Agent, Factor 11 Show data context -
  Auctioneer, Appraiser, Valuer, House Agent 7 Show data context -
  Accountant 16 Show data context -
  Salesman, Buyer (not otherwise specified) - 3 Show data context
  Commercial Traveller 25 Show data context -
  Commercial Clerk 124 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Banker 1 Show data context -
  Bank Service 13 Show data context -
  Life, House, Ship &c., Insurance Service 8 Show data context -
6. PERSONS ENGAGED IN CONVEYANCE OF MEN, GOODS, AND MESSAGES. 378 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Railway Engine Driver, Stoker 44 Show data context -
  Railway Guard 35 Show data context -
  Pointsman, Level Crossing Man 11 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Other Railway Officials and Servants 109 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Omnibus, Coach, Cab, Owner - Livery Stable Keeper 12 Show data context -
  Cabman, Flyman, Coachman (not domestic) 19 Show data context -
  Carman, Carrier, Carter, Haulier 54 Show data context -
  Tramway Companies' Service 1 Show data context -
  Inland Navigation Service 7 Show data context -
  Bargeman, Lighterman, Waterman 10 Show data context -
  Navigation Service (on shore) 1 Show data context -
  Seaman (Merchant Service) 13 Show data context -
  Ship Steward, Cook 1 Show data context -
  Harbour, Dock, Wharf, Lighthouse Service 2 Show data context -
  Warehouseman (not Manchester) 5 Show data context -
  Messenger, Porter, Watchman (not Railway or Government) 47 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Telegraph, Telephone Service 7 Show data context 3 Show data context
7. PERSONS ENGAGED IN AGRICULTURE. 71 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Farmer, Grazier 2 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Farm Bailiff 1 Show data context -
  Agricultural Labourer, Farm Servant, Cottager 25 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Woodman 3 Show data context -
  Nurseryman, Seedsman, Florist 10 Show data context -
  Gardener (not domestic) 30 Show data context -
8. PERSONS ENGAGED ABOUT ANIMALS. 14 Show data context -
  Groom, Horse-keeper, Horse-breaker 9 Show data context -
  Veterinary Surgeon, Farrier 1 Show data context -
  Drover 1 Show data context -
  Gamekeeper 2 Show data context -
  Fisherman 1 Show data context -
9. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN BOOKS, PRINTS, AND MAPS. 48 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Publisher, Bookseller, Librarian 8 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Bookbinder 4 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Printer 31 Show data context -
  Newspaper Agent, News Room Keeper 5 Show data context 1 Show data context
10. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN MACHINES AND IMPLEMENTS. 117 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Engine, Machine Maker 23 Show data context -
  Millwright 2 Show data context -
  Fitter, Turner (Engine and Machine) 53 Show data context -
  Boiler Maker 11 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Cutler, Scissors Maker 3 Show data context -
  Watch Maker, Clock Maker 7 Show data context -
  Electrical Apparatus Maker 3 Show data context -
  Weighing and Measuring Apparatus Maker 1 Show data context -
  Gunsmith, Gun Manufacturer 2 Show data context -
  Musical Instrument Maker, Dealer 12 Show data context -
11. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN HOUSES, FURNITURE, AND DECORATIONS. 456 Show data context 15 Show data context
  Builder 19 Show data context -
  Carpenter, Joiner 147 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Bricklayer 54 Show data context -
  Mason 33 Show data context -
  Slater, Tiler 5 Show data context -
  Plasterer, Whitewasher 10 Show data context -
  Paperhanger 1 Show data context -
  Plumber 38 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Painter, Glazier 81 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Cabinet Maker 49 Show data context 10 Show data context
  French Polisher 5 Show data context -
  Furniture Broker, Dealer 1 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Gas Fitter 4 Show data context -
  Funeral Furniture Maker, Undertaker 1 Show data context -
  Wood Carver 3 Show data context -
  Carver, Gilder 2 Show data context -
  Dealer in Works of Art 1 Show data context -
  Animal, Bird &c. Preserver, Naturalist 2 Show data context -
12. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CARRIAGES AND HARNESS. 78 Show data context -
  Coachmaker 26 Show data context -
  Railway Carriage, Railway Wagon, Maker 21 Show data context -
  Wheelwright 14 Show data context -
  Others 7 Show data context -
  Saddler, Harness, Whip Maker 10 Show data context -
13. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN SHIPS AND BOATS. 43 Show data context -
  Ship, Boat, Barge Builder 17 Show data context -
  Shipwright, Ship Carpenter (ashore) 24 Show data context -
  Sail Maker 2 Show data context -
14. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CHEMICALS AND COMPOUNDS. 19 Show data context -
  Chemist, Druggist 18 Show data context -
  Alkali Manufacture 1 Show data context -
15. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TOBACCO AND PIPES. 26 Show data context 10 Show data context
  Tobacco Manufacture, Tobacconist 26 Show data context 10 Show data context
16. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN FOOD AND LODGING. 273 Show data context 85 Show data context
  Innkeeper, Hotel Keeper, Publican 31 Show data context 10 Show data context
  Lodging, Boarding House Keeper 2 Show data context 13 Show data context
  Coffee, Eating House, Keeper 2 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Maltster 1 Show data context -
  Brewer 12 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Beerseller, Ale, Porter, Cider Dealer 4 Show data context -
  Cellarman 1 Show data context -
  Wine, Spirit - Merchant, Agent 10 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Milkseller, Dairyman 7 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Cheesemonger, Butterman 5 Show data context -
  Butcher, Meat Salesman 45 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Provision Curer, Dealer 11 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Poulterer, Game Dealer 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Fishmonger 7 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Corn, Flour, Seed Merchant, Dealer 7 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Corn Miller 4 Show data context -
  Baker 51 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Confectioner, Pastrycook 24 Show data context 15 Show data context
  Greengrocer, Fruiterer 11 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Sugar Refiner 1 Show data context -
  Grocer. Tea, Coffee, Chocolate Maker, Dealer 36 Show data context 7 Show data context
17. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TEXTILE FABRICS. 44 Show data context 15 Show data context
  Silk Dyer, Printer 1 Show data context -
  Silk Merchant, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Rope, Twine, Cord - Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Sacking, Sack, Bag - Maker, Dealer - 1 Show data context
  Weaver (undefined) - 1 Show data context
  Dyer, Printer, Scourer, Bleacher, Calenderer (undefined) 4 Show data context -
  Carpet, Rug Manufacture 3 Show data context -
  Draper, Linen Draper, Mercer 32 Show data context 11 Show data context
  Fancy Goods (Textile) Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer - 2 Show data context
  Others 1 Show data context -
18. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN DRESS. 209 Show data context 301 Show data context
  Hatter, Hat Manufacture 2 Show data context -
  Tailor 85 Show data context 16 Show data context
  Milliner, Dressmaker, Staymaker 2 Show data context 245 Show data context
  Shirt Maker, Seamstress - 13 Show data context
  Hosiery Manufacture - 1 Show data context
  Hosier, Haberdasher 5 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Shoe, Boot - Maker, Dealer 104 Show data context 24 Show data context
  Patten, Clog Maker 1 Show data context -
  Wig Maker, Hair Dresser 10 Show data context -
19. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS ANIMAL SUBSTANCES. 8 Show data context -
  Tallow Chandler, Candle, Grease Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Tanner, Fellmonger 3 Show data context -
  Currier 1 Show data context -
  Brush, Broom, Maker 3 Show data context -
20. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS VEGETABLE SUBSTANCES. 33 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Oil Miller, Oil Cake - Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Willow, Cane, Rush Worker, Dealer, Basketmaker 7 Show data context -
  Hay, Straw (not plait), Chaff, Cutter, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Timber, Wood - Merchant, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Sawyer 7 Show data context -
  Wood Turner, Box Maker 2 Show data context -
  Cooper, Hoop Maker, Bender 4 Show data context -
  Cork, Bark - Cutter, Worker, Dealer 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Paper Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Stationer, Law Stationer 5 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Others 1 Show data context -
21. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS MINERAL SUBSTANCES. 259 Show data context 10 Show data context
  Coal Miner 1 Show data context -
  Mine Service 1 Show data context -
  Coal Merchant 10 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Coalheaver 13 Show data context -
  Gas Works Service 5 Show data context -
  Stone Quarrier 1 Show data context -
  Slate Worker, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Brick, Tile - Maker, Burner, Dealer 25 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Paviour 5 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Road Contractor, Surveyor, Inspector 1 Show data context -
  Platelayer 9 Show data context -
  Railway Labourer, Navvy 16 Show data context -
  Earthenware, China, Glass Dealer 4 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Salt Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Waterworks Service 2 Show data context -
  Goldsmith, Silversmith, Jeweller 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  [Iron Manufacture] 74 Show data context -
  Blacksmith 41 Show data context -
  Whitesmith 7 Show data context -
  Nail Manufacture 5 Show data context -
  Anchor, Chain Manufacture 2 Show data context -
  Ironmonger. Hardware Dealer, Merchant 14 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Other Iron and Steel Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  [Coppersmith] 2 Show data context -
  Tin, Tin Plate, Tin Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 6 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Lead, Leaden Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 4 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Brass, Bronze Manufacture. Brazier 4 Show data context -
  Wire Maker, Worker, Weaver, Drawer 1 Show data context -
22. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN GENERAL OR UNSPECIFIED COMMODITIES. 339 Show data context 63 Show data context
  General Shopkeeper, Dealer 8 Show data context 30 Show data context
  Pawnbroker 4 Show data context -
  Costermonger, Huckster, Street Seller 2 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Manufacturer, Manager, Superintendant (undefined) 16 Show data context 1 Show data context
  General Labourer 223 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Engine Driver, Stoker, Fireman (not railway, marine or agricultural) 34 Show data context -
  Artizan, Mechanic (undefined) 36 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Apprentice (undefined) 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Factory Labourer (undefined) 11 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Machinist, Machine Worker (undefined) 2 Show data context 17 Show data context
23. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN REFUSE MATTERS. 2 Show data context -
  Chimney Sweep, Soot Merchant 1 Show data context -
  Scavenger, Crossing Sweeper 1 Show data context -
24. PERSONS WITHOUT SPECIFIED OCCUPATIONS. 180 Show data context 272 Show data context
  Persons returned by Property, Rank &c. and not special occupation 180 Show data context 272 Show data context
[UNKNOWN OCCUPATION] 35 Show data context 1,788 Show data context
  [Occupation recorded but of unknown meaning] 4 Show data context 1 Show data context
  [Blank field, or illegible] 31 Show data context 1,787 Show data context

Notes:

The following notes to the table appeared in the original report.

1 This table is a very special case: The original Table 10 as published by Division in the 1881 census reports was limited to data for Registration Divisions, their component Registration Counties, and just those Urban Sanitary Districts with populations of over 50,000. Data presented here for counties and higher-level units are taken from the published reports, as usual, but we also include in A Vision of Britain through Time data for Registration Districts, sub-Districts and Civil Parishes which never appeared in the original reports. These were specially created for us by the History Data Service at the University of Essex and derive from the complete transcription of the individual-level Enumerators Book data coordinated by the Genealogical Society of Utah.
2 In creating these data, each occupation listed in the enumerators books has been assigned as far as possible to the relevant category used in the published reports, but some additional categories with labels in square brackets unavoidably appear. Unlike the published statistics for higher-level units, these specially-calculated data for districts and parishes include persons under 15 or over 65. For these and other reasons, no attempt has been made to ensure that county totals for the districts or parishes match the published county totals. The remaining notes are those that appeared below the original published table.
3 NOTE.--Persons returned as engaged in more than one occupation have been referred to the one that appeared to be of most importance; or if there was no difference in this respect, to the one first given by the person in his or her return. In some cases special rules have been followed: e.g. "Clergyman and Schoolmaster" in combination has always been referred to "Schoolmaster"; a Member of Parliament or Peer engaged in any branch of commerce or industry has always been referred to this latter, not to "Peer, M.P.".
4 The numbers returned under any heading include Labourers, Apprentices, and Assistants, as well as Masters, but not Clerks, Messengers, Errand boys, Porters, or Watchmen, for which occupations there are special headings. Civil, Military, and Naval Clerks, Law, Bank, Insurance, and Railway Clerks, and Government and Railway Porters, are, however, exceptions to this rule. Many young persons, being Apprentices or Assistants, have therefore been referred to occupations usually followed by adults. Women also, chiefly widows or orphans carrying on the business of their deceased husbands or fathers, will sometimes be found under occupations commonly followed by men only.
5 Persons returned as retired from any business have not been referred to that business. Inmates of workhouses have been referred to their trades, unless their age or infirmities showed that they were past work. But persons who might be supposed to be only temporarily separated from their usual employment, such as Prisoners, and Patients in General Hospitals, have been classed under their usual occupations.
6 In some cases, for convenience of space, the male designation, e.g. "Schoolmaster", alone is given, instead of "Schoolmaster, Schoolmistress".

Click on the triangles for all about a particular number.

This website does not try to provide an exact replica of the original printed census tables, which often had thousands of rows and far more columns than will fit on our web pages. Instead, we let you drill down from national totals to the most detailed data available. The column headings are those that appeared in the original printed report. The numbers presented here, which are the same ones we use to create statistical maps and graphs, come from the census table and have usually been carefully checked.

The system can only hold statistics for units listed in our administrative gazetteer, so some rows from the original table may be missing. Sometimes big low-level units, like urban parishes, were divided between more than one higher-level units, like Registration sub-Districts. This is why some pages will give a higher figure for a lower-level unit: it covers the whole of the lower-level unit, not just the part within the current higher-level unit.


Acknowledgments:

We are grateful to the following contributors. If you make use of the data in your own work, please follow any instructions given here on acknowledgment and re-use.

(1) Kevin Schurer (Department of Geography, University of Cambridge). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)

(2) Matthew Woollard (UK Data Service, University of Essex). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)