1881 Census of England and Wales, Tables: Ages, Condition as to Marriage, Occupations and Birthplaces of people, Table 10 : " Occupations of Males and Females in the Division and its Registration Counties".

List Cornwall RegC Truro PLU/RegD
OCCUPATIONS. Males.
[1]
Females.
[2]
1. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE GENERAL OR LOCAL GOVERNMENT OF THE COUNTRY. 111 Show data context 14 Show data context
  Civil Service (officers and clerks) 35 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Civil Service (messengers, &c.) 27 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Police 29 Show data context -
  Municipal, Parish, Union, District, Officer 10 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Other Local or County Official 10 Show data context -
2. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE DEFENCE OF THE COUNTRY. 89 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Army Officer (effective/retired) 3 Show data context -
  Soldier and Non-commissioned officer 6 Show data context -
  Militia, Yeomanry, Volunteers 3 Show data context -
  Army Pensioner 7 Show data context -
  Navy Officer (effective/retired) 4 Show data context -
  Seaman, R.N. 48 Show data context -
  Royal Marines (officers/men) 1 Show data context -
  Navy Pensioner 17 Show data context 1 Show data context
3. PERSONS ENGAGED IN PROFESSIONAL OCCUPATIONS (WITH THEIR IMMEDIATE SUBORDINATES). 291 Show data context 237 Show data context
  Clergymen (Established Church) 31 Show data context -
  Minister, Priest of other religious bodies 24 Show data context -
  Missionary, Scripture Reader, Itinerant preacher - 1 Show data context
  Theological Student 22 Show data context -
  Church, chapel, cemetery - officer, servant 3 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Barrister, Solicitor 11 Show data context -
  Law Clerk, and others connected with the law 39 Show data context -
  Physician, Surgeon, General Practitioner 15 Show data context -
  Dentist 2 Show data context -
  Medical Student, Assistant 1 Show data context -
  Subordinate Medical Service 1 Show data context 48 Show data context
  Schoolmaster 78 Show data context 139 Show data context
  Teacher, Professor, Lecturer 4 Show data context 27 Show data context
  School Service, and others connected with teaching - 2 Show data context
  Author, Editor, Journalist 6 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Persons engaged in Scientific Pursuits 2 Show data context -
  Civil Engineer 3 Show data context -
  Mining Engineer 15 Show data context -
  Land, House, Ship, Surveyor 1 Show data context -
  Painter (artist) 3 Show data context -
  Architect 5 Show data context -
  Musician, Music Master 16 Show data context 12 Show data context
  Art Student - 3 Show data context
  Photographer 6 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Billiard, Cricket & other Games, Service 3 Show data context -
4. PERSONS ENGAGED IN DOMESTIC OFFICES OR SERVICES. 153 Show data context 2,500 Show data context
  Domestic Coachman, Groom 42 Show data context -
  Domestic Gardener 43 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Domestic Indoor Servant 53 Show data context 2,148 Show data context
  Lodge, Gate, Park Keeper (not Government) - 2 Show data context
  Inn, Hotel Servant 13 Show data context 28 Show data context
  Cook (not domestic) - 1 Show data context
  Charwoman 1 Show data context 198 Show data context
  Washing and Bathing Service - 118 Show data context
  Hospital and Institution Service 1 Show data context 2 Show data context
5. PERSONS ENGAGED IN COMMERCIAL OCCUPATIONS. 189 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Merchant 5 Show data context -
  Broker, Agent, Factor 13 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Auctioneer, Appraiser, Valuer, House Agent 8 Show data context -
  Accountant 34 Show data context -
  Salesman, Buyer (not otherwise specified) 1 Show data context -
  Commercial Traveller 21 Show data context -
  Commercial Clerk 59 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Banker 6 Show data context -
  Bank Service 24 Show data context -
  Life, House, Ship &c., Insurance Service 18 Show data context -
6. PERSONS ENGAGED IN CONVEYANCE OF MEN, GOODS, AND MESSAGES. 581 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Railway Engine Driver, Stoker 13 Show data context -
  Railway Guard 12 Show data context -
  Pointsman, Level Crossing Man 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Other Railway Officials and Servants 58 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Omnibus, Coach, Cab, Owner - Livery Stable Keeper 8 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Cabman, Flyman, Coachman (not domestic) 33 Show data context -
  Carman, Carrier, Carter, Haulier 69 Show data context -
  Bargeman, Lighterman, Waterman 60 Show data context -
  Navigation Service (on shore) 1 Show data context -
  Seaman (Merchant Service) 220 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Pilot 37 Show data context -
  Ship Steward, Cook 2 Show data context -
  Boatman on Seas 6 Show data context -
  Harbour, Dock, Wharf, Lighthouse Service 14 Show data context -
  Warehouseman (not Manchester) 10 Show data context -
  Messenger, Porter, Watchman (not Railway or Government) 33 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Telegraph, Telephone Service 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
7. PERSONS ENGAGED IN AGRICULTURE. 2,363 Show data context 198 Show data context
  Farmer, Grazier 648 Show data context 49 Show data context
  Farmer's, Grazier's - Son, Grandson, Brother, Nephew 277 Show data context -
  Farm Bailiff 22 Show data context -
  Agricultural Labourer, Farm Servant, Cottager 1,274 Show data context 143 Show data context
  Shepherd 12 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Land Drainage Service (not in towns) 2 Show data context -
  Agricultural Machine - Proprietor, Attendant 3 Show data context -
  Agricultural Student 3 Show data context -
  Woodman 35 Show data context -
  Nurseryman, Seedsman, Florist 5 Show data context -
  Gardener (not domestic) 82 Show data context 4 Show data context
8. PERSONS ENGAGED ABOUT ANIMALS. 259 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Groom, Horse-keeper, Horse-breaker 38 Show data context -
  Veterinary Surgeon, Farrier 5 Show data context -
  Cattle, Sheep, Pig - Dealer, Salesman 10 Show data context -
  Drover 4 Show data context -
  Gamekeeper 18 Show data context -
  Dog, Bird, Animal - Keeper, Dealer - 2 Show data context
  Fisherman 184 Show data context -
9. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN BOOKS, PRINTS, AND MAPS. 74 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Publisher, Bookseller, Librarian 5 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Bookbinder 5 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Printer 62 Show data context -
  Lithographer, Lithographic Printer 2 Show data context -
10. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN MACHINES AND IMPLEMENTS. 66 Show data context -
  Engine, Machine Maker 17 Show data context -
  Millwright 1 Show data context -
  Fitter, Turner (Engine and Machine) 13 Show data context -
  Boiler Maker 1 Show data context -
  Agricultural Machine and Implement Maker 1 Show data context -
  Watch Maker, Clock Maker 20 Show data context -
  Electrical Apparatus Maker 1 Show data context -
  Surgical Instrument Maker 1 Show data context -
  Gunsmith, Gun Manufacturer 1 Show data context -
  Musical Instrument Maker, Dealer 9 Show data context -
  Apparatus for other games, Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
11. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN HOUSES, FURNITURE, AND DECORATIONS. 729 Show data context 12 Show data context
  Builder 34 Show data context -
  Carpenter, Joiner 285 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Bricklayer 3 Show data context -
  Mason 266 Show data context -
  Plasterer, Whitewasher 6 Show data context -
  Plumber 21 Show data context -
  Painter, Glazier 64 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Cabinet Maker 37 Show data context 7 Show data context
  French Polisher 2 Show data context -
  Furniture Broker, Dealer 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Gas Fitter 4 Show data context -
  House and Shop Fittings - Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Carver, Gilder 3 Show data context -
12. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CARRIAGES AND HARNESS. 86 Show data context -
  Coachmaker 41 Show data context -
  Wheelwright 21 Show data context -
  Saddler, Harness, Whip Maker 24 Show data context -
13. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN SHIPS AND BOATS. 65 Show data context -
  Ship, Boat, Barge Builder 5 Show data context -
  Shipwright, Ship Carpenter (ashore) 55 Show data context -
  Ship Rigger, Chandler, Fitter 1 Show data context -
  Sail Maker 4 Show data context -
14. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CHEMICALS AND COMPOUNDS. 26 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Gunpowder, Guncotton, Explosive Substance Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Fusee, Fireworks, Explosive Article Manufacture - 2 Show data context
  Chemist, Druggist 17 Show data context -
  Manufacturing Chemist 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Alkali Manufacture 5 Show data context -
16. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN FOOD AND LODGING. 424 Show data context 193 Show data context
  Innkeeper, Hotel Keeper, Publican 50 Show data context 12 Show data context
  Lodging, Boarding House Keeper 2 Show data context 33 Show data context
  Coffee, Eating House, Keeper 2 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Maltster 17 Show data context -
  Brewer 11 Show data context -
  Beerseller, Ale, Porter, Cider Dealer - 2 Show data context
  Cellarman 6 Show data context -
  Wine, Spirit - Merchant, Agent 4 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Milkseller, Dairyman 7 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Butcher, Meat Salesman 85 Show data context 13 Show data context
  Provision Curer, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Poulterer, Game Dealer - 1 Show data context
  Fishmonger 6 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Corn, Flour, Seed Merchant, Dealer 12 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Corn Miller 29 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Baker 41 Show data context 12 Show data context
  Confectioner, Pastrycook 4 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Greengrocer, Fruiterer 4 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Grocer. Tea, Coffee, Chocolate Maker, Dealer 142 Show data context 91 Show data context
17. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TEXTILE FABRICS. 78 Show data context 129 Show data context
  Woolstapler 2 Show data context -
  Woollen Cloth Manufacture - 5 Show data context
  Cloth, Worsted, Stuff, Flannel, Blanket Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Silk Dyer, Printer - 1 Show data context
  Rope, Twine, Cord - Maker, Dealer 4 Show data context -
  Mat Maker, Seller 1 Show data context -
  Dyer, Printer, Scourer, Bleacher, Calenderer (undefined) 2 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Manchester Warehouseman 1 Show data context -
  Draper, Linen Draper, Mercer 66 Show data context 114 Show data context
  Fancy Goods (Textile) Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer - 6 Show data context
  Embroiderer - 1 Show data context
18. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN DRESS. 273 Show data context 976 Show data context
  Tailor 77 Show data context 138 Show data context
  Milliner, Dressmaker, Staymaker - 721 Show data context
  Shirt Maker, Seamstress 1 Show data context 77 Show data context
  Hosiery Manufacture - 1 Show data context
  Hosier, Haberdasher - 1 Show data context
  Glover, Glove Maker - 1 Show data context
  Shoe, Boot - Maker, Dealer 185 Show data context 37 Show data context
  Wig Maker, Hair Dresser 9 Show data context -
  Umbrella, Parasol, Stick - Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
19. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS ANIMAL SUBSTANCES. 34 Show data context 10 Show data context
  Tallow Chandler, Candle, Grease Manufacture 3 Show data context -
  Manure Manufacture 2 Show data context -
  Tanner, Fellmonger 13 Show data context -
  Currier 9 Show data context -
  Brush, Broom, Maker 7 Show data context 10 Show data context
20. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS VEGETABLE SUBSTANCES. 78 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Oil Miller, Oil Cake - Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Willow, Cane, Rush Worker, Dealer, Basketmaker 13 Show data context -
  Thatcher 3 Show data context -
  Timber, Wood - Merchant, Dealer 6 Show data context -
  Sawyer 26 Show data context -
  Lath, Wooden Fence, Hurdle Maker 3 Show data context -
  Wood Turner, Box Maker 6 Show data context -
  Cooper, Hoop Maker, Bender 9 Show data context -
  Stationer, Law Stationer 6 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Paper Box, Paper Bag Maker 2 Show data context -
  Others 3 Show data context -
21. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS MINERAL SUBSTANCES. 1,772 Show data context 155 Show data context
  Coal Miner 2 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Ironstone Miner 101 Show data context -
  Copper Miner 33 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Tin Miner 1,026 Show data context 79 Show data context
  Lead Miner 126 Show data context 10 Show data context
  Miner, in other or undefined Minerals 42 Show data context 24 Show data context
  Mine Service 19 Show data context -
  Coal Merchant 16 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Coalheaver 21 Show data context -
  Gas Works Service 6 Show data context -
  Stone Quarrier 7 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Stone Cutter, Dresser, Dealer 10 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Limeburner 3 Show data context -
  Clay, Sand, Gravel, Chalk, Labourer, Dealer 6 Show data context -
  Brick, Tile - Maker, Burner, Dealer 4 Show data context -
  Paviour 1 Show data context -
  Road Contractor, Surveyor, Inspector 3 Show data context -
  Road Labourer 16 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Platelayer 11 Show data context -
  Railway Labourer, Navvy 34 Show data context -
  Earthenware, China, Porcelain, Manufacture 8 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Glass Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Earthenware, China, Glass Dealer 3 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Goldsmith, Silversmith, Jeweller 5 Show data context -
  Others 1 Show data context -
  [Iron Manufacture] 8 Show data context -
  Blacksmith 158 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Whitesmith 3 Show data context -
  Ironmonger. Hardware Dealer, Merchant 32 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Other Iron and Steel Manufacture 2 Show data context -
  [Tin Manufacture] 43 Show data context 14 Show data context
  Tin, Tin Plate, Tin Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 11 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Metal Refiner, Worker, Turner, Dealer 5 Show data context -
  Brass, Bronze Manufacture. Brazier 1 Show data context -
  White Metal, Plated Ware, Manufacture. Pewterer 2 Show data context -
  Others 2 Show data context -
22. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN GENERAL OR UNSPECIFIED COMMODITIES. 483 Show data context 70 Show data context
  General Shopkeeper, Dealer 18 Show data context 45 Show data context
  Pawnbroker 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Costermonger, Huckster, Street Seller 26 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Manufacturer, Manager, Superintendant (undefined) 11 Show data context -
  General Labourer 319 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Engine Driver, Stoker, Fireman (not railway, marine or agricultural) 69 Show data context -
  Artizan, Mechanic (undefined) 31 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Apprentice (undefined) 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Factory Labourer (undefined) 1 Show data context -
  Machinist, Machine Worker (undefined) 4 Show data context 4 Show data context
23. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN REFUSE MATTERS. 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Chimney Sweep, Soot Merchant 2 Show data context -
  Rag Gatherer, Dealer 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
24. PERSONS WITHOUT SPECIFIED OCCUPATIONS. 242 Show data context 2,853 Show data context
  Persons returned by Property, Rank &c. and not special occupation 242 Show data context 2,853 Show data context
[UNKNOWN OCCUPATION] 58 Show data context 3,951 Show data context
  [Occupation recorded but of unknown meaning] 2 Show data context 2 Show data context
  [Blank field, or illegible] 56 Show data context 3,949 Show data context

Notes:

The following notes to the table appeared in the original report.

1 This table is a very special case: The original Table 10 as published by Division in the 1881 census reports was limited to data for Registration Divisions, their component Registration Counties, and just those Urban Sanitary Districts with populations of over 50,000. Data presented here for counties and higher-level units are taken from the published reports, as usual, but we also include in A Vision of Britain through Time data for Registration Districts, sub-Districts and Civil Parishes which never appeared in the original reports. These were specially created for us by the History Data Service at the University of Essex and derive from the complete transcription of the individual-level Enumerators Book data coordinated by the Genealogical Society of Utah.
2 In creating these data, each occupation listed in the enumerators books has been assigned as far as possible to the relevant category used in the published reports, but some additional categories with labels in square brackets unavoidably appear. Unlike the published statistics for higher-level units, these specially-calculated data for districts and parishes include persons under 15 or over 65. For these and other reasons, no attempt has been made to ensure that county totals for the districts or parishes match the published county totals. The remaining notes are those that appeared below the original published table.
3 NOTE.--Persons returned as engaged in more than one occupation have been referred to the one that appeared to be of most importance; or if there was no difference in this respect, to the one first given by the person in his or her return. In some cases special rules have been followed: e.g. "Clergyman and Schoolmaster" in combination has always been referred to "Schoolmaster"; a Member of Parliament or Peer engaged in any branch of commerce or industry has always been referred to this latter, not to "Peer, M.P.".
4 The numbers returned under any heading include Labourers, Apprentices, and Assistants, as well as Masters, but not Clerks, Messengers, Errand boys, Porters, or Watchmen, for which occupations there are special headings. Civil, Military, and Naval Clerks, Law, Bank, Insurance, and Railway Clerks, and Government and Railway Porters, are, however, exceptions to this rule. Many young persons, being Apprentices or Assistants, have therefore been referred to occupations usually followed by adults. Women also, chiefly widows or orphans carrying on the business of their deceased husbands or fathers, will sometimes be found under occupations commonly followed by men only.
5 Persons returned as retired from any business have not been referred to that business. Inmates of workhouses have been referred to their trades, unless their age or infirmities showed that they were past work. But persons who might be supposed to be only temporarily separated from their usual employment, such as Prisoners, and Patients in General Hospitals, have been classed under their usual occupations.
6 In some cases, for convenience of space, the male designation, e.g. "Schoolmaster", alone is given, instead of "Schoolmaster, Schoolmistress".

Click on the triangles for all about a particular number.

This website does not try to provide an exact replica of the original printed census tables, which often had thousands of rows and far more columns than will fit on our web pages. Instead, we let you drill down from national totals to the most detailed data available. The column headings are those that appeared in the original printed report. The numbers presented here, which are the same ones we use to create statistical maps and graphs, come from the census table and have usually been carefully checked.

The system can only hold statistics for units listed in our administrative gazetteer, so some rows from the original table may be missing. Sometimes big low-level units, like urban parishes, were divided between more than one higher-level units, like Registration sub-Districts. This is why some pages will give a higher figure for a lower-level unit: it covers the whole of the lower-level unit, not just the part within the current higher-level unit.


Acknowledgments:

We are grateful to the following contributors. If you make use of the data in your own work, please follow any instructions given here on acknowledgment and re-use.

(1) Kevin Schurer (Department of Geography, University of Cambridge). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)

(2) Matthew Woollard (UK Data Service, University of Essex). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)