1881 Census of England and Wales, Tables: Ages, Condition as to Marriage, Occupations and Birthplaces of people, Table 10 : " Occupations of Males and Females in the Division and its Registration Counties".

List Worcestershire RegC Stourbridge PLU/RegD
OCCUPATIONS. Males.
[1]
Females.
[2]
1. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE GENERAL OR LOCAL GOVERNMENT OF THE COUNTRY. 149 Show data context 17 Show data context
  Civil Service (officers and clerks) 45 Show data context 11 Show data context
  Civil Service (messengers, &c.) 27 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Police 48 Show data context -
  Municipal, Parish, Union, District, Officer 16 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Other Local or County Official 13 Show data context -
2. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE DEFENCE OF THE COUNTRY. 21 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Army Officer (effective/retired) 1 Show data context -
  Soldier and Non-commissioned officer 7 Show data context -
  Militia, Yeomanry, Volunteers 3 Show data context -
  Army Pensioner 6 Show data context -
  Navy Officer (effective/retired) 2 Show data context -
  Seaman, R.N. 1 Show data context -
  Navy Pensioner 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
3. PERSONS ENGAGED IN PROFESSIONAL OCCUPATIONS (WITH THEIR IMMEDIATE SUBORDINATES). 403 Show data context 356 Show data context
  Clergymen (Established Church) 27 Show data context -
  Roman Catholic Priest 3 Show data context -
  Minister, Priest of other religious bodies 14 Show data context -
  Missionary, Scripture Reader, Itinerant preacher 5 Show data context -
  Nun, Sister of Charity - 2 Show data context
  Theological Student 4 Show data context -
  Church, chapel, cemetery - officer, servant 5 Show data context -
  Barrister, Solicitor 24 Show data context -
  Law Student 4 Show data context -
  Law Clerk, and others connected with the law 48 Show data context -
  Physician, Surgeon, General Practitioner 23 Show data context -
  Dentist 1 Show data context -
  Medical Student, Assistant 10 Show data context -
  Midwife - 5 Show data context
  Subordinate Medical Service 2 Show data context 27 Show data context
  Schoolmaster 106 Show data context 240 Show data context
  Teacher, Professor, Lecturer 2 Show data context 53 Show data context
  School Service, and others connected with teaching 4 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Author, Editor, Journalist 4 Show data context -
  Reporter, Short-hand Writer 2 Show data context -
  Persons engaged in Scientific Pursuits 1 Show data context -
  Literary, Scientific, Institution, Service, &c. 1 Show data context -
  Civil Engineer 6 Show data context -
  Mining Engineer 36 Show data context -
  Land, House, Ship, Surveyor 10 Show data context -
  Painter (artist) 5 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Engraver (artist) 4 Show data context -
  Architect 5 Show data context -
  Musician, Music Master 19 Show data context 19 Show data context
  Art Student 1 Show data context -
  Photographer 7 Show data context -
  Actor 8 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Art, Music, Theatre Service 1 Show data context -
  Performer, Showman, Exhibition, Service 6 Show data context -
  Billiard, Cricket & other Games, Service 5 Show data context -
4. PERSONS ENGAGED IN DOMESTIC OFFICES OR SERVICES. 151 Show data context 2,965 Show data context
  Domestic Coachman, Groom 50 Show data context -
  Domestic Gardener 24 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Domestic Indoor Servant 54 Show data context 2,504 Show data context
  Lodge, Gate, Park Keeper (not Government) 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Inn, Hotel Servant 16 Show data context 57 Show data context
  Office Keeper (not Government) 1 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Cook (not domestic) 2 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Charwoman - 164 Show data context
  Washing and Bathing Service - 220 Show data context
  Hospital and Institution Service 3 Show data context 8 Show data context
5. PERSONS ENGAGED IN COMMERCIAL OCCUPATIONS. 572 Show data context 13 Show data context
  Merchant 4 Show data context -
  Broker, Agent, Factor 42 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Auctioneer, Appraiser, Valuer, House Agent 12 Show data context -
  Accountant 11 Show data context -
  Salesman, Buyer (not otherwise specified) 1 Show data context -
  Commercial Traveller 68 Show data context -
  Commercial Clerk 382 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Officer of Commercial Company, Guild, Society &c. 2 Show data context -
  Banker 1 Show data context -
  Bank Service 21 Show data context -
  Life, House, Ship &c., Insurance Service 28 Show data context 1 Show data context
6. PERSONS ENGAGED IN CONVEYANCE OF MEN, GOODS, AND MESSAGES. 970 Show data context 24 Show data context
  Railway Engine Driver, Stoker 50 Show data context -
  Railway Guard 17 Show data context -
  Pointsman, Level Crossing Man 8 Show data context -
  Other Railway Officials and Servants 186 Show data context -
  Toll Collector, Turnpike Gate Keeper 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Omnibus, Coach, Cab, Owner - Livery Stable Keeper 4 Show data context -
  Cabman, Flyman, Coachman (not domestic) 51 Show data context -
  Carman, Carrier, Carter, Haulier 344 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Inland Navigation Service 19 Show data context -
  Bargeman, Lighterman, Waterman 143 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Navigation Service (on shore) 2 Show data context -
  Seaman (Merchant Service) 9 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Harbour, Dock, Wharf, Lighthouse Service 15 Show data context -
  Warehouseman (not Manchester) 25 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Messenger, Porter, Watchman (not Railway or Government) 95 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Telegraph, Telephone Service - 3 Show data context
7. PERSONS ENGAGED IN AGRICULTURE. 632 Show data context 40 Show data context
  Farmer, Grazier 70 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Farmer's, Grazier's - Son, Grandson, Brother, Nephew 26 Show data context -
  Farm Bailiff 11 Show data context -
  Agricultural Labourer, Farm Servant, Cottager 374 Show data context 34 Show data context
  Shepherd 6 Show data context -
  Land Drainage Service (not in towns) 2 Show data context -
  Agricultural Machine - Proprietor, Attendant 1 Show data context -
  Others engaged in, or connected with agriculture 1 Show data context -
  Woodman 6 Show data context -
  Nurseryman, Seedsman, Florist 12 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Gardener (not domestic) 123 Show data context 1 Show data context
8. PERSONS ENGAGED ABOUT ANIMALS. 111 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Horse Proprietor, Breeder, Dealer 9 Show data context -
  Groom, Horse-keeper, Horse-breaker 77 Show data context -
  Veterinary Surgeon, Farrier 8 Show data context -
  Cattle, Sheep, Pig - Dealer, Salesman 5 Show data context -
  Drover 7 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Gamekeeper 3 Show data context -
  Dog, Bird, Animal - Keeper, Dealer 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Knacker, Catsmeat Dealer &c &c. 1 Show data context -
9. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN BOOKS, PRINTS, AND MAPS. 69 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Publisher, Bookseller, Librarian 12 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Music-Publisher, Seller, Printer 1 Show data context -
  Bookbinder 7 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Printer 45 Show data context -
  Newspaper Agent, News Room Keeper 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Lithographer, Lithographic Printer 1 Show data context -
10. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN MACHINES AND IMPLEMENTS. 921 Show data context 14 Show data context
  Engine, Machine Maker 49 Show data context -
  Millwright 18 Show data context -
  Fitter, Turner (Engine and Machine) 116 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Boiler Maker 89 Show data context -
  Spinning and Weaving Machine Maker 2 Show data context -
  Agricultural Machine and Implement Maker 347 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Tool Maker, Dealer 162 Show data context -
  Cutler, Scissors Maker 21 Show data context -
  File Maker 10 Show data context -
  Pin Maker 3 Show data context -
  Domestic Implement Maker 10 Show data context -
  Watch Maker, Clock Maker 22 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Philosophical Instrument Maker 3 Show data context -
  Electrical Apparatus Maker 2 Show data context -
  Gunsmith, Gun Manufacturer 52 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Musical Instrument Maker, Dealer 4 Show data context -
  Die, Seal, Coin, Medal Maker 10 Show data context -
  Fishing Rod, Tackle, Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
11. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN HOUSES, FURNITURE, AND DECORATIONS. 1,213 Show data context 20 Show data context
  Builder 44 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Carpenter, Joiner 306 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Bricklayer 480 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Mason 58 Show data context -
  Slater, Tiler 6 Show data context -
  Plasterer, Whitewasher 21 Show data context -
  Paperhanger 1 Show data context -
  Plumber 24 Show data context -
  Painter, Glazier 167 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Cabinet Maker 36 Show data context 5 Show data context
  French Polisher 1 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Furniture Broker, Dealer 10 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Locksmith, Bellhanger 5 Show data context -
  Gas Fitter 50 Show data context -
  House and Shop Fittings - Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Carver, Gilder 3 Show data context -
12. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CARRIAGES AND HARNESS. 158 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Coachmaker 46 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Railway Carriage, Railway Wagon, Maker 6 Show data context -
  Wheelwright 70 Show data context -
  Others 1 Show data context -
  Saddler, Harness, Whip Maker 35 Show data context 2 Show data context
13. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN SHIPS AND BOATS. 22 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Ship, Boat, Barge Builder 21 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Ship Rigger, Chandler, Fitter 1 Show data context -
14. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CHEMICALS AND COMPOUNDS. 53 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Ink, Blacking, Colour Substance Manufacture 3 Show data context -
  Gunpowder, Guncotton, Explosive Substance Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Fusee, Fireworks, Explosive Article Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Chemist, Druggist 29 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Manufacturing Chemist 19 Show data context 2 Show data context
15. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TOBACCO AND PIPES. 7 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Tobacco Manufacture, Tobacconist 4 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Tobacco Pipe, Snuff Box &c. Maker 3 Show data context 6 Show data context
16. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN FOOD AND LODGING. 1,072 Show data context 223 Show data context
  Innkeeper, Hotel Keeper, Publican 251 Show data context 54 Show data context
  Lodging, Boarding House Keeper - 4 Show data context
  Coffee, Eating House, Keeper 5 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Hop - Merchant, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Maltster 66 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Brewer 59 Show data context -
  Beerseller, Ale, Porter, Cider Dealer 20 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Cellarman 3 Show data context -
  Wine, Spirit - Merchant, Agent 9 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Milkseller, Dairyman 14 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Butcher, Meat Salesman 183 Show data context 11 Show data context
  Provision Curer, Dealer 4 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Poulterer, Game Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Fishmonger 21 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Corn, Flour, Seed Merchant, Dealer 22 Show data context -
  Corn Miller 21 Show data context -
  Baker 53 Show data context 12 Show data context
  Confectioner, Pastrycook 22 Show data context 14 Show data context
  Greengrocer, Fruiterer 77 Show data context 31 Show data context
  Mustard, Vinegar, Spice, Pickle Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Sugar Refiner 1 Show data context -
  Grocer. Tea, Coffee, Chocolate Maker, Dealer 230 Show data context 58 Show data context
  Ginger Beer, Mineral Water Manufacturer, Dealer 8 Show data context -
17. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TEXTILE FABRICS. 113 Show data context 47 Show data context
  Woollen Cloth Manufacture 1 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Cotton, Cotton Goods Manufacture - 4 Show data context
  Rope, Twine, Cord - Maker, Dealer 12 Show data context -
  Mat Maker, Seller 3 Show data context -
  Sacking, Sack, Bag - Maker, Dealer - 2 Show data context
  Weaver (undefined) - 1 Show data context
  Dyer, Printer, Scourer, Bleacher, Calenderer (undefined) 1 Show data context -
  Felt Manufacture 8 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Carpet, Rug Manufacture 9 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Draper, Linen Draper, Mercer 79 Show data context 25 Show data context
  Fancy Goods (Textile) Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer - 2 Show data context
18. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN DRESS. 492 Show data context 1,081 Show data context
  Hatter, Hat Manufacture 8 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Straw - Hat, Bonnet, Plait Manufacture - 3 Show data context
  Tailor 148 Show data context 123 Show data context
  Milliner, Dressmaker, Staymaker 4 Show data context 753 Show data context
  Shirt Maker, Seamstress 1 Show data context 68 Show data context
  Hosier, Haberdasher 6 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Glover, Glove Maker 1 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Button Maker, Dealer 53 Show data context 86 Show data context
  Shoe, Boot - Maker, Dealer 234 Show data context 26 Show data context
  Patten, Clog Maker 4 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Wig Maker, Hair Dresser 32 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Umbrella, Parasol, Stick - Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Old Clothes Dealer, and others - 1 Show data context
19. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS ANIMAL SUBSTANCES. 184 Show data context 19 Show data context
  Tallow Chandler, Candle, Grease Manufacture 3 Show data context -
  Soap Boiler, Maker - 1 Show data context
  Glue, Size, Gelatine, Isinglass - Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Bone, Horn, Ivory, Tortoise-shell - Worker, Dealer 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Furrier, Skinner 56 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Tanner, Fellmonger 10 Show data context -
  Currier 100 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Parchment, Vellum - Maker, Dealer 10 Show data context -
  Hair, Bristle - Worker, Dealer - 1 Show data context
  Brush, Broom, Maker 1 Show data context -
  Quill, Feather - Dresser, Dealer - 1 Show data context
20. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS VEGETABLE SUBSTANCES. 138 Show data context 14 Show data context
  Oil Miller, Oil Cake - Maker, Dealer 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Oil and Colourman 1 Show data context -
  Japanner - 1 Show data context
  Willow, Cane, Rush Worker, Dealer, Basketmaker 14 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Hay, Straw (not plait), Chaff, Cutter, Dealer 11 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Thatcher 2 Show data context -
  Timber, Wood - Merchant, Dealer 16 Show data context -
  Sawyer 38 Show data context -
  Lath, Wooden Fence, Hurdle Maker 1 Show data context -
  Wood Turner, Box Maker 9 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Cooper, Hoop Maker, Bender 33 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Others 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Paper Manufacture - 1 Show data context
  Stationer, Law Stationer 4 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Paper Box, Paper Bag Maker 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Others 4 Show data context -
21. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS MINERAL SUBSTANCES. 10,365 Show data context 3,244 Show data context
  Coal Miner 1,626 Show data context 10 Show data context
  Ironstone Miner 37 Show data context -
  Tin Miner 9 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Lead Miner 1 Show data context -
  Miner, in other or undefined Minerals 91 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Mine Service 49 Show data context -
  [Haulier] [not in Census Report but in codebook] 7 Show data context -
  Coal Merchant 76 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Coalheaver 28 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Coke, Charcoal, Peat - Cutter, Burner, Dealer 20 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Gas Works Service 90 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Stone Quarrier 28 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Stone Cutter, Dresser, Dealer 5 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Limeburner 5 Show data context -
  Clay, Sand, Gravel, Chalk, Labourer, Dealer 197 Show data context 65 Show data context
  Well Sinker, Borer 20 Show data context -
  Brick, Tile - Maker, Burner, Dealer 494 Show data context 565 Show data context
  Paviour 1 Show data context -
  Road Contractor, Surveyor, Inspector 2 Show data context -
  Road Labourer 21 Show data context -
  Platelayer 51 Show data context -
  Railway Labourer, Navvy 75 Show data context -
  Earthenware, China, Porcelain, Manufacture 66 Show data context 39 Show data context
  Glass Manufacture 1,248 Show data context 131 Show data context
  Earthenware, China, Glass Dealer 23 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Waterworks Service 2 Show data context -
  Goldsmith, Silversmith, Jeweller 11 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Lapidary 2 Show data context -
  [Iron Manufacture] 2,983 Show data context 36 Show data context
  [Steel Manufacture] 2 Show data context -
  Blacksmith 423 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Whitesmith 7 Show data context -
  Nail Manufacture 1,540 Show data context 2,020 Show data context
  Anchor, Chain Manufacture 799 Show data context 303 Show data context
  Ironmonger. Hardware Dealer, Merchant 31 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Other Iron and Steel Manufacture 8 Show data context -
  [Coppersmith] 1 Show data context -
  Tin, Tin Plate, Tin Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 73 Show data context 22 Show data context
  Lead, Leaden Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Metal Refiner, Worker, Turner, Dealer 39 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Brass, Bronze Manufacture. Brazier 16 Show data context -
  Metal Burnisher, Lacquerer 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  White Metal, Plated Ware, Manufacture. Pewterer 4 Show data context -
  Wire Maker, Worker, Weaver, Drawer 3 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Bolt, Nut, Rivet, Screw, Staple Maker 86 Show data context 17 Show data context
  Lamp, Lantern, Candlestick Maker 6 Show data context -
  Clasp, Buckle, Hinge Maker 1 Show data context -
  Fancy Chain, Gilt Toy Maker - 1 Show data context
  Others 55 Show data context 2 Show data context
22. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN GENERAL OR UNSPECIFIED COMMODITIES. 2,359 Show data context 216 Show data context
  General Shopkeeper, Dealer 53 Show data context 72 Show data context
  Pawnbroker 12 Show data context 17 Show data context
  Costermonger, Huckster, Street Seller 19 Show data context 23 Show data context
  Manufacturer, Manager, Superintendant (undefined) 27 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Contractor (undefined) 7 Show data context -
  General Labourer 1,674 Show data context 45 Show data context
  Engine Driver, Stoker, Fireman (not railway, marine or agricultural) 258 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Artizan, Mechanic (undefined) 184 Show data context 34 Show data context
  Apprentice (undefined) 11 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Factory Labourer (undefined) 108 Show data context 12 Show data context
  Machinist, Machine Worker (undefined) 6 Show data context 7 Show data context
23. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN REFUSE MATTERS. 20 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Town Drainage Service 6 Show data context -
  Chimney Sweep, Soot Merchant 10 Show data context -
  Rag Gatherer, Dealer 4 Show data context 1 Show data context
24. PERSONS WITHOUT SPECIFIED OCCUPATIONS. 243 Show data context 1,894 Show data context
  Persons returned by Property, Rank &c. and not special occupation 243 Show data context 1,894 Show data context
[UNKNOWN OCCUPATION] 469 Show data context 10,931 Show data context
  [Occupation recorded but of unknown meaning] 35 Show data context 11 Show data context
  [Blank field, or illegible] 434 Show data context 10,920 Show data context

Notes:

The following notes to the table appeared in the original report.

1 This table is a very special case: The original Table 10 as published by Division in the 1881 census reports was limited to data for Registration Divisions, their component Registration Counties, and just those Urban Sanitary Districts with populations of over 50,000. Data presented here for counties and higher-level units are taken from the published reports, as usual, but we also include in A Vision of Britain through Time data for Registration Districts, sub-Districts and Civil Parishes which never appeared in the original reports. These were specially created for us by the History Data Service at the University of Essex and derive from the complete transcription of the individual-level Enumerators Book data coordinated by the Genealogical Society of Utah.
2 In creating these data, each occupation listed in the enumerators books has been assigned as far as possible to the relevant category used in the published reports, but some additional categories with labels in square brackets unavoidably appear. Unlike the published statistics for higher-level units, these specially-calculated data for districts and parishes include persons under 15 or over 65. For these and other reasons, no attempt has been made to ensure that county totals for the districts or parishes match the published county totals. The remaining notes are those that appeared below the original published table.
3 NOTE.--Persons returned as engaged in more than one occupation have been referred to the one that appeared to be of most importance; or if there was no difference in this respect, to the one first given by the person in his or her return. In some cases special rules have been followed: e.g. "Clergyman and Schoolmaster" in combination has always been referred to "Schoolmaster"; a Member of Parliament or Peer engaged in any branch of commerce or industry has always been referred to this latter, not to "Peer, M.P.".
4 The numbers returned under any heading include Labourers, Apprentices, and Assistants, as well as Masters, but not Clerks, Messengers, Errand boys, Porters, or Watchmen, for which occupations there are special headings. Civil, Military, and Naval Clerks, Law, Bank, Insurance, and Railway Clerks, and Government and Railway Porters, are, however, exceptions to this rule. Many young persons, being Apprentices or Assistants, have therefore been referred to occupations usually followed by adults. Women also, chiefly widows or orphans carrying on the business of their deceased husbands or fathers, will sometimes be found under occupations commonly followed by men only.
5 Persons returned as retired from any business have not been referred to that business. Inmates of workhouses have been referred to their trades, unless their age or infirmities showed that they were past work. But persons who might be supposed to be only temporarily separated from their usual employment, such as Prisoners, and Patients in General Hospitals, have been classed under their usual occupations.
6 In some cases, for convenience of space, the male designation, e.g. "Schoolmaster", alone is given, instead of "Schoolmaster, Schoolmistress".

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This website does not try to provide an exact replica of the original printed census tables, which often had thousands of rows and far more columns than will fit on our web pages. Instead, we let you drill down from national totals to the most detailed data available. The column headings are those that appeared in the original printed report. The numbers presented here, which are the same ones we use to create statistical maps and graphs, come from the census table and have usually been carefully checked.

The system can only hold statistics for units listed in our administrative gazetteer, so some rows from the original table may be missing. Sometimes big low-level units, like urban parishes, were divided between more than one higher-level units, like Registration sub-Districts. This is why some pages will give a higher figure for a lower-level unit: it covers the whole of the lower-level unit, not just the part within the current higher-level unit.


Acknowledgments:

We are grateful to the following contributors. If you make use of the data in your own work, please follow any instructions given here on acknowledgment and re-use.

(1) Kevin Schurer (Department of Geography, University of Cambridge). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)

(2) Matthew Woollard (UK Data Service, University of Essex). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)