1881 Census of England and Wales, Tables: Ages, Condition as to Marriage, Occupations and Birthplaces of people, Table 10 : " Occupations of Males and Females in the Division and its Registration Counties".

List Devon RegC Newton Abbot PLU/RegD
OCCUPATIONS. Males.
[1]
Females.
[2]
1. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE GENERAL OR LOCAL GOVERNMENT OF THE COUNTRY. 220 Show data context 20 Show data context
  Peer, M.P., Privy Councillor (not otherwise described) 2 Show data context -
  Civil Service (officers and clerks) 46 Show data context 12 Show data context
  Civil Service (messengers, &c.) 50 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Police 68 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Municipal, Parish, Union, District, Officer 16 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Other Local or County Official 29 Show data context -
  East Indian and Colonial Service 9 Show data context -
2. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE DEFENCE OF THE COUNTRY. 283 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Army Officer (effective/retired) 81 Show data context -
  Soldier and Non-commissioned officer 14 Show data context -
  Militia, Yeomanry, Volunteers 18 Show data context -
  Army Pensioner 15 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Navy Officer (effective/retired) 21 Show data context -
  Seaman, R.N. 63 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Royal Marines (officers/men) 7 Show data context -
  Navy Pensioner 64 Show data context -
3. PERSONS ENGAGED IN PROFESSIONAL OCCUPATIONS (WITH THEIR IMMEDIATE SUBORDINATES). 823 Show data context 882 Show data context
  Clergymen (Established Church) 96 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Roman Catholic Priest 19 Show data context -
  Minister, Priest of other religious bodies 29 Show data context -
  Missionary, Scripture Reader, Itinerant preacher 7 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Nun, Sister of Charity - 87 Show data context
  Theological Student 26 Show data context -
  Church, chapel, cemetery - officer, servant 6 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Barrister, Solicitor 65 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Law Student 7 Show data context -
  Law Clerk, and others connected with the law 50 Show data context -
  Physician, Surgeon, General Practitioner 73 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Dentist 13 Show data context -
  Medical Student, Assistant 19 Show data context -
  Midwife - 3 Show data context
  Subordinate Medical Service 5 Show data context 226 Show data context
  Schoolmaster 136 Show data context 307 Show data context
  Teacher, Professor, Lecturer 23 Show data context 180 Show data context
  School Service, and others connected with teaching 1 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Author, Editor, Journalist 7 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Reporter, Short-hand Writer 7 Show data context -
  Persons engaged in Scientific Pursuits 1 Show data context -
  Literary, Scientific, Institution, Service, &c. 1 Show data context -
  Civil Engineer 26 Show data context -
  Mining Engineer 1 Show data context -
  Land, House, Ship, Surveyor 4 Show data context -
  Painter (artist) 29 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Engraver (artist) 2 Show data context -
  Sculptor 1 Show data context -
  Architect 29 Show data context -
  Musician, Music Master 65 Show data context 37 Show data context
  Art Student 9 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Photographer 29 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Actor 12 Show data context 10 Show data context
  Art, Music, Theatre Service 2 Show data context -
  Performer, Showman, Exhibition, Service 8 Show data context -
  Billiard, Cricket & other Games, Service 15 Show data context 1 Show data context
4. PERSONS ENGAGED IN DOMESTIC OFFICES OR SERVICES. 943 Show data context 7,479 Show data context
  Domestic Coachman, Groom 180 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Domestic Gardener 200 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Domestic Indoor Servant 441 Show data context 6,109 Show data context
  Lodge, Gate, Park Keeper (not Government) 2 Show data context -
  Inn, Hotel Servant 90 Show data context 77 Show data context
  College, Club Service 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Office Keeper (not Government) - 1 Show data context
  Cook (not domestic) 7 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Charwoman 2 Show data context 244 Show data context
  Washing and Bathing Service 7 Show data context 1,016 Show data context
  Hospital and Institution Service 3 Show data context 22 Show data context
  Others engaged in Service 8 Show data context 1 Show data context
5. PERSONS ENGAGED IN COMMERCIAL OCCUPATIONS. 411 Show data context 19 Show data context
  Merchant 34 Show data context -
  Broker, Agent, Factor 29 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Auctioneer, Appraiser, Valuer, House Agent 25 Show data context -
  Accountant 36 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Salesman, Buyer (not otherwise specified) 2 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Commercial Traveller 55 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Commercial Clerk 142 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Banker 9 Show data context -
  Bank Service 53 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Bill Discounter, Bill Broker, Finance Agent - 1 Show data context
  Life, House, Ship &c., Insurance Service 26 Show data context 1 Show data context
6. PERSONS ENGAGED IN CONVEYANCE OF MEN, GOODS, AND MESSAGES. 1,317 Show data context 27 Show data context
  Railway Engine Driver, Stoker 33 Show data context -
  Railway Guard 6 Show data context -
  Pointsman, Level Crossing Man 4 Show data context -
  Other Railway Officials and Servants 167 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Toll Collector, Turnpike Gate Keeper 1 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Omnibus, Coach, Cab, Owner - Livery Stable Keeper 88 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Cabman, Flyman, Coachman (not domestic) 258 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Carman, Carrier, Carter, Haulier 156 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Wheel Chair Proprietor, Attendant &c. 4 Show data context -
  Inland Navigation Service 2 Show data context -
  Bargeman, Lighterman, Waterman 44 Show data context -
  Navigation Service (on shore) 7 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Seaman (Merchant Service) 299 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Pilot 6 Show data context -
  Ship Steward, Cook 2 Show data context -
  Boatman on Seas 11 Show data context -
  Harbour, Dock, Wharf, Lighthouse Service 10 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Warehouseman (not Manchester) 6 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Messenger, Porter, Watchman (not Railway or Government) 205 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Telegraph, Telephone Service 8 Show data context 1 Show data context
7. PERSONS ENGAGED IN AGRICULTURE. 3,048 Show data context 112 Show data context
  Farmer, Grazier 494 Show data context 23 Show data context
  Farmer's, Grazier's - Son, Grandson, Brother, Nephew 248 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Farm Bailiff 34 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Agricultural Labourer, Farm Servant, Cottager 1,558 Show data context 75 Show data context
  Shepherd 16 Show data context -
  Land Drainage Service (not in towns) 1 Show data context -
  Agricultural Machine - Proprietor, Attendant 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Agricultural Student 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Others engaged in, or connected with agriculture 5 Show data context -
  Woodman 6 Show data context -
  Nurseryman, Seedsman, Florist 18 Show data context -
  Gardener (not domestic) 666 Show data context 9 Show data context
8. PERSONS ENGAGED ABOUT ANIMALS. 308 Show data context -
  Horse Proprietor, Breeder, Dealer 5 Show data context -
  Groom, Horse-keeper, Horse-breaker 110 Show data context -
  Veterinary Surgeon, Farrier 12 Show data context -
  Cattle, Sheep, Pig - Dealer, Salesman 4 Show data context -
  Drover 3 Show data context -
  Gamekeeper 31 Show data context -
  Dog, Bird, Animal - Keeper, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Fisherman 142 Show data context -
9. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN BOOKS, PRINTS, AND MAPS. 137 Show data context 13 Show data context
  Publisher, Bookseller, Librarian 28 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Music-Publisher, Seller, Printer 6 Show data context -
  Bookbinder 12 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Printer 86 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Newspaper Agent, News Room Keeper 5 Show data context 1 Show data context
10. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN MACHINES AND IMPLEMENTS. 280 Show data context 10 Show data context
  Engine, Machine Maker 56 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Millwright 7 Show data context -
  Fitter, Turner (Engine and Machine) 76 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Boiler Maker 18 Show data context -
  Agricultural Machine and Implement Maker 14 Show data context -
  Tool Maker, Dealer 7 Show data context -
  Cutler, Scissors Maker 5 Show data context -
  Watch Maker, Clock Maker 57 Show data context -
  Philosophical Instrument Maker 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Electrical Apparatus Maker 3 Show data context -
  Weighing and Measuring Apparatus Maker 1 Show data context -
  Surgical Instrument Maker - 2 Show data context
  Gunsmith, Gun Manufacturer 4 Show data context -
  Musical Instrument Maker, Dealer 22 Show data context -
  Type Cutter, Founder 1 Show data context -
  Toy Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Fishing Rod, Tackle, Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Apparatus for other games, Maker, Dealer 5 Show data context -
11. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN HOUSES, FURNITURE, AND DECORATIONS. 2,665 Show data context 66 Show data context
  Builder 149 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Carpenter, Joiner 772 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Bricklayer 26 Show data context -
  Mason 764 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Slater, Tiler 2 Show data context -
  Plasterer, Whitewasher 190 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Paperhanger 8 Show data context -
  Plumber 140 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Painter, Glazier 371 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Cabinet Maker 171 Show data context 40 Show data context
  French Polisher 14 Show data context -
  Furniture Broker, Dealer 16 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Gas Fitter 10 Show data context 1 Show data context
  House and Shop Fittings - Maker, Dealer 4 Show data context -
  Funeral Furniture Maker, Undertaker 2 Show data context -
  Wood Carver 1 Show data context -
  Carver, Gilder 19 Show data context -
  Dealer in Works of Art 1 Show data context -
  Figure, Image - Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Animal, Bird &c. Preserver, Naturalist 4 Show data context -
  Artificial Flower Maker - 1 Show data context
12. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CARRIAGES AND HARNESS. 278 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Coachmaker 93 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Railway Carriage, Railway Wagon, Maker 7 Show data context -
  Wheelwright 115 Show data context -
  Others 2 Show data context -
  Saddler, Harness, Whip Maker 61 Show data context 1 Show data context
13. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN SHIPS AND BOATS. 57 Show data context -
  Ship, Boat, Barge Builder 16 Show data context -
  Shipwright, Ship Carpenter (ashore) 29 Show data context -
  Mast, Yard, Oar, Block Maker 4 Show data context -
  Ship Rigger, Chandler, Fitter 2 Show data context -
  Sail Maker 6 Show data context -
14. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CHEMICALS AND COMPOUNDS. 66 Show data context -
  Dye, Paint Manufacture 4 Show data context -
  Chemist, Druggist 62 Show data context -
15. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TOBACCO AND PIPES. 10 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Tobacco Manufacture, Tobacconist 9 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Tobacco Pipe, Snuff Box &c. Maker 1 Show data context -
16. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN FOOD AND LODGING. 1,206 Show data context 509 Show data context
  Innkeeper, Hotel Keeper, Publican 153 Show data context 44 Show data context
  Lodging, Boarding House Keeper 45 Show data context 263 Show data context
  Coffee, Eating House, Keeper 8 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Maltster 13 Show data context -
  Brewer 30 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Beerseller, Ale, Porter, Cider Dealer 12 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Cellarman 11 Show data context -
  Wine, Spirit - Merchant, Agent 27 Show data context -
  Milkseller, Dairyman 49 Show data context 20 Show data context
  Cheesemonger, Butterman 1 Show data context -
  Butcher, Meat Salesman 181 Show data context 10 Show data context
  Provision Curer, Dealer 12 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Poulterer, Game Dealer 19 Show data context 10 Show data context
  Fishmonger 51 Show data context 15 Show data context
  Corn, Flour, Seed Merchant, Dealer 19 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Corn Miller 7 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Baker 275 Show data context 22 Show data context
  Confectioner, Pastrycook 23 Show data context 11 Show data context
  Greengrocer, Fruiterer 35 Show data context 23 Show data context
  Sugar Refiner 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Grocer. Tea, Coffee, Chocolate Maker, Dealer 225 Show data context 70 Show data context
  Ginger Beer, Mineral Water Manufacturer, Dealer 9 Show data context 1 Show data context
17. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TEXTILE FABRICS. 224 Show data context 397 Show data context
  Woolstapler 2 Show data context -
  Woollen Cloth Manufacture 36 Show data context 79 Show data context
  Worsted, Stuff, Manufacture 1 Show data context 10 Show data context
  Silk, Silk Goods, Manufacture 2 Show data context -
  Silk Merchant, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Cotton, Cotton Goods Manufacture 3 Show data context -
  Cotton, Calico - Warehouseman, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Lace Manufacturer, Dealer 1 Show data context 36 Show data context
  Rope, Twine, Cord - Maker, Dealer 21 Show data context -
  Sacking, Sack, Bag - Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Weaver (undefined) - 1 Show data context
  Dyer, Printer, Scourer, Bleacher, Calenderer (undefined) 10 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Factory Hand (textile, undefined) 3 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Draper, Linen Draper, Mercer 139 Show data context 241 Show data context
  Fancy Goods (Textile) Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 2 Show data context 20 Show data context
  Embroiderer - 4 Show data context
18. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN DRESS. 723 Show data context 1,901 Show data context
  Hatter, Hat Manufacture 3 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Straw - Hat, Bonnet, Plait Manufacture - 3 Show data context
  Tailor 345 Show data context 30 Show data context
  Milliner, Dressmaker, Staymaker 1 Show data context 1,697 Show data context
  Shirt Maker, Seamstress 1 Show data context 131 Show data context
  Hosiery Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Hosier, Haberdasher 7 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Glover, Glove Maker - 1 Show data context
  Shoe, Boot - Maker, Dealer 324 Show data context 21 Show data context
  Wig Maker, Hair Dresser 35 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Umbrella, Parasol, Stick - Maker, Dealer 6 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Old Clothes Dealer, and others - 3 Show data context
19. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS ANIMAL SUBSTANCES. 127 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Tallow Chandler, Candle, Grease Manufacture 5 Show data context -
  Bone, Horn, Ivory, Tortoise-shell - Worker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Furrier, Skinner 4 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Tanner, Fellmonger 95 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Currier 11 Show data context -
  Leather Goods, Portmanteau, Bag, Strap &c., Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Brush, Broom, Maker 10 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Quill, Feather - Dresser, Dealer - 2 Show data context
20. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS VEGETABLE SUBSTANCES. 206 Show data context 22 Show data context
  Oil Miller, Oil Cake - Maker, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Oil and Colourman 5 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Willow, Cane, Rush Worker, Dealer, Basketmaker 19 Show data context -
  Hay, Straw (not plait), Chaff, Cutter, Dealer 3 Show data context -
  Thatcher 32 Show data context -
  Timber, Wood - Merchant, Dealer 17 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Sawyer 95 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Lath, Wooden Fence, Hurdle Maker 2 Show data context -
  Wood Turner, Box Maker 5 Show data context -
  Cooper, Hoop Maker, Bender 11 Show data context -
  Paper Manufacture - 3 Show data context
  Stationer, Law Stationer 9 Show data context 15 Show data context
  Others 6 Show data context -
21. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS MINERAL SUBSTANCES. 1,302 Show data context 75 Show data context
  Coal Miner 1 Show data context -
  Ironstone Miner 63 Show data context -
  Copper Miner 11 Show data context -
  Tin Miner 5 Show data context -
  Miner, in other or undefined Minerals 12 Show data context -
  Mine Service 9 Show data context 1 Show data context
  [Haulier] [not in Census Report but in codebook] 5 Show data context -
  Coal Merchant 31 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Coalheaver 16 Show data context -
  Gas Works Service 19 Show data context -
  Stone Quarrier 51 Show data context -
  Stone Cutter, Dresser, Dealer 22 Show data context -
  Slate Quarrier 5 Show data context -
  Slate Worker, Dealer 15 Show data context -
  Limeburner 11 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Clay, Sand, Gravel, Chalk, Labourer, Dealer 187 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Brick, Tile - Maker, Burner, Dealer 64 Show data context -
  Road Contractor, Surveyor, Inspector 11 Show data context -
  Road Labourer 17 Show data context -
  Railway Contractor 1 Show data context -
  Platelayer 21 Show data context -
  Railway Labourer, Navvy 71 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Earthenware, China, Porcelain, Manufacture 148 Show data context 52 Show data context
  Glass Manufacture 2 Show data context -
  Earthenware, China, Glass Dealer 21 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Waterworks Service 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Goldsmith, Silversmith, Jeweller 63 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Lapidary 3 Show data context -
  [Iron Manufacture] 25 Show data context -
  Blacksmith 251 Show data context -
  Whitesmith 29 Show data context -
  Ironmonger. Hardware Dealer, Merchant 62 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Other Iron and Steel Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  [Coppersmith] 2 Show data context -
  Tin, Tin Plate, Tin Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 34 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Zinc, Zinc Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Metal Refiner, Worker, Turner, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Brass, Bronze Manufacture. Brazier 5 Show data context -
  Wire Maker, Worker, Weaver, Drawer 1 Show data context -
  Lamp, Lantern, Candlestick Maker - 2 Show data context
22. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN GENERAL OR UNSPECIFIED COMMODITIES. 1,736 Show data context 243 Show data context
  General Shopkeeper, Dealer 42 Show data context 82 Show data context
  Pawnbroker 5 Show data context -
  Costermonger, Huckster, Street Seller 62 Show data context 27 Show data context
  Manufacturer, Manager, Superintendant (undefined) 15 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Contractor (undefined) 7 Show data context -
  General Labourer 1,433 Show data context 24 Show data context
  Engine Driver, Stoker, Fireman (not railway, marine or agricultural) 23 Show data context -
  Artizan, Mechanic (undefined) 99 Show data context 92 Show data context
  Apprentice (undefined) 30 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Factory Labourer (undefined) 14 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Machinist, Machine Worker (undefined) 6 Show data context 6 Show data context
23. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN REFUSE MATTERS. 31 Show data context -
  Chimney Sweep, Soot Merchant 26 Show data context -
  Scavenger, Crossing Sweeper 3 Show data context -
  Rag Gatherer, Dealer 2 Show data context -
24. PERSONS WITHOUT SPECIFIED OCCUPATIONS. 592 Show data context 3,422 Show data context
  Persons returned by Property, Rank &c. and not special occupation 592 Show data context 3,422 Show data context
[UNKNOWN OCCUPATION] 426 Show data context 9,924 Show data context
  [Occupation recorded but of unknown meaning] 13 Show data context 9 Show data context
  [Blank field, or illegible] 413 Show data context 9,915 Show data context

Notes:

The following notes to the table appeared in the original report.

1 This table is a very special case: The original Table 10 as published by Division in the 1881 census reports was limited to data for Registration Divisions, their component Registration Counties, and just those Urban Sanitary Districts with populations of over 50,000. Data presented here for counties and higher-level units are taken from the published reports, as usual, but we also include in A Vision of Britain through Time data for Registration Districts, sub-Districts and Civil Parishes which never appeared in the original reports. These were specially created for us by the History Data Service at the University of Essex and derive from the complete transcription of the individual-level Enumerators Book data coordinated by the Genealogical Society of Utah.
2 In creating these data, each occupation listed in the enumerators books has been assigned as far as possible to the relevant category used in the published reports, but some additional categories with labels in square brackets unavoidably appear. Unlike the published statistics for higher-level units, these specially-calculated data for districts and parishes include persons under 15 or over 65. For these and other reasons, no attempt has been made to ensure that county totals for the districts or parishes match the published county totals. The remaining notes are those that appeared below the original published table.
3 NOTE.--Persons returned as engaged in more than one occupation have been referred to the one that appeared to be of most importance; or if there was no difference in this respect, to the one first given by the person in his or her return. In some cases special rules have been followed: e.g. "Clergyman and Schoolmaster" in combination has always been referred to "Schoolmaster"; a Member of Parliament or Peer engaged in any branch of commerce or industry has always been referred to this latter, not to "Peer, M.P.".
4 The numbers returned under any heading include Labourers, Apprentices, and Assistants, as well as Masters, but not Clerks, Messengers, Errand boys, Porters, or Watchmen, for which occupations there are special headings. Civil, Military, and Naval Clerks, Law, Bank, Insurance, and Railway Clerks, and Government and Railway Porters, are, however, exceptions to this rule. Many young persons, being Apprentices or Assistants, have therefore been referred to occupations usually followed by adults. Women also, chiefly widows or orphans carrying on the business of their deceased husbands or fathers, will sometimes be found under occupations commonly followed by men only.
5 Persons returned as retired from any business have not been referred to that business. Inmates of workhouses have been referred to their trades, unless their age or infirmities showed that they were past work. But persons who might be supposed to be only temporarily separated from their usual employment, such as Prisoners, and Patients in General Hospitals, have been classed under their usual occupations.
6 In some cases, for convenience of space, the male designation, e.g. "Schoolmaster", alone is given, instead of "Schoolmaster, Schoolmistress".

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This website does not try to provide an exact replica of the original printed census tables, which often had thousands of rows and far more columns than will fit on our web pages. Instead, we let you drill down from national totals to the most detailed data available. The column headings are those that appeared in the original printed report. The numbers presented here, which are the same ones we use to create statistical maps and graphs, come from the census table and have usually been carefully checked.

The system can only hold statistics for units listed in our administrative gazetteer, so some rows from the original table may be missing. Sometimes big low-level units, like urban parishes, were divided between more than one higher-level units, like Registration sub-Districts. This is why some pages will give a higher figure for a lower-level unit: it covers the whole of the lower-level unit, not just the part within the current higher-level unit.


Acknowledgments:

We are grateful to the following contributors. If you make use of the data in your own work, please follow any instructions given here on acknowledgment and re-use.

(1) Kevin Schurer (Department of Geography, University of Cambridge). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)

(2) Matthew Woollard (UK Data Service, University of Essex). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)