1881 Census of England and Wales, Tables: Ages, Condition as to Marriage, Occupations and Birthplaces of people, Table 10 : " Occupations of Males and Females in the Division and its Registration Counties".

List Nottinghamshire RegC Mansfield PLU/RegD
OCCUPATIONS. Males.
[1]
Females.
[2]
1. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE GENERAL OR LOCAL GOVERNMENT OF THE COUNTRY. 72 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Civil Service (officers and clerks) 8 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Civil Service (messengers, &c.) 14 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Police 30 Show data context -
  Municipal, Parish, Union, District, Officer 15 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Other Local or County Official 5 Show data context -
2. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE DEFENCE OF THE COUNTRY. 12 Show data context -
  Army Officer (effective/retired) 3 Show data context -
  Soldier and Non-commissioned officer 4 Show data context -
  Militia, Yeomanry, Volunteers 2 Show data context -
  Army Pensioner 2 Show data context -
  Navy Officer (effective/retired) 1 Show data context -
3. PERSONS ENGAGED IN PROFESSIONAL OCCUPATIONS (WITH THEIR IMMEDIATE SUBORDINATES). 213 Show data context 181 Show data context
  Clergymen (Established Church) 23 Show data context -
  Roman Catholic Priest 1 Show data context -
  Minister, Priest of other religious bodies 17 Show data context -
  Missionary, Scripture Reader, Itinerant preacher 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Nun, Sister of Charity - 4 Show data context
  Church, chapel, cemetery - officer, servant 6 Show data context -
  Barrister, Solicitor 10 Show data context -
  Law Clerk, and others connected with the law 15 Show data context -
  Physician, Surgeon, General Practitioner 13 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Dentist 1 Show data context -
  Medical Student, Assistant 2 Show data context -
  Midwife - 4 Show data context
  Subordinate Medical Service 4 Show data context 10 Show data context
  Schoolmaster 68 Show data context 130 Show data context
  Teacher, Professor, Lecturer 2 Show data context 15 Show data context
  School Service, and others connected with teaching 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Author, Editor, Journalist 2 Show data context -
  Civil Engineer 3 Show data context -
  Mining Engineer 11 Show data context -
  Land, House, Ship, Surveyor 2 Show data context -
  Painter (artist) 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Architect 3 Show data context -
  Musician, Music Master 14 Show data context 13 Show data context
  Art Student 1 Show data context -
  Photographer 4 Show data context -
  Actor - 1 Show data context
  Billiard, Cricket & other Games, Service 7 Show data context -
4. PERSONS ENGAGED IN DOMESTIC OFFICES OR SERVICES. 162 Show data context 1,272 Show data context
  Domestic Coachman, Groom 43 Show data context -
  Domestic Gardener 46 Show data context -
  Domestic Indoor Servant 53 Show data context 1,116 Show data context
  Inn, Hotel Servant 14 Show data context 20 Show data context
  Cook (not domestic) 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Charwoman - 70 Show data context
  Washing and Bathing Service 1 Show data context 64 Show data context
  Hospital and Institution Service 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Others engaged in Service 3 Show data context -
5. PERSONS ENGAGED IN COMMERCIAL OCCUPATIONS. 158 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Broker, Agent, Factor 4 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Auctioneer, Appraiser, Valuer, House Agent 8 Show data context -
  Accountant 4 Show data context -
  Salesman, Buyer (not otherwise specified) 1 Show data context -
  Commercial Traveller 18 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Commercial Clerk 109 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Bank Service 7 Show data context -
  Life, House, Ship &c., Insurance Service 7 Show data context -
6. PERSONS ENGAGED IN CONVEYANCE OF MEN, GOODS, AND MESSAGES. 348 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Railway Engine Driver, Stoker 25 Show data context -
  Railway Guard 9 Show data context -
  Pointsman, Level Crossing Man 5 Show data context -
  Other Railway Officials and Servants 122 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Toll Collector, Turnpike Gate Keeper 2 Show data context -
  Omnibus, Coach, Cab, Owner - Livery Stable Keeper 2 Show data context -
  Cabman, Flyman, Coachman (not domestic) 17 Show data context -
  Carman, Carrier, Carter, Haulier 113 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Seaman (Merchant Service) - 1 Show data context
  Warehouseman (not Manchester) 10 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Meter, Weigher 4 Show data context -
  Messenger, Porter, Watchman (not Railway or Government) 37 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Telegraph, Telephone Service 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
7. PERSONS ENGAGED IN AGRICULTURE. 1,479 Show data context 47 Show data context
  Farmer, Grazier 293 Show data context 25 Show data context
  Farmer's, Grazier's - Son, Grandson, Brother, Nephew 112 Show data context -
  Farm Bailiff 34 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Agricultural Labourer, Farm Servant, Cottager 926 Show data context 18 Show data context
  Shepherd 20 Show data context -
  [Farm Servant Indoor - prob. combined with 103] - 1 Show data context
  Land Drainage Service (not in towns) 3 Show data context -
  Agricultural Machine - Proprietor, Attendant 3 Show data context -
  Agricultural Student 1 Show data context -
  Woodman 20 Show data context -
  Nurseryman, Seedsman, Florist 6 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Gardener (not domestic) 61 Show data context 1 Show data context
8. PERSONS ENGAGED ABOUT ANIMALS. 90 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Groom, Horse-keeper, Horse-breaker 45 Show data context -
  Veterinary Surgeon, Farrier 4 Show data context -
  Cattle, Sheep, Pig - Dealer, Salesman 6 Show data context -
  Drover 4 Show data context -
  Gamekeeper 26 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Dog, Bird, Animal - Keeper, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Vermin Destroyer 3 Show data context -
  Fisherman 1 Show data context -
9. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN BOOKS, PRINTS, AND MAPS. 43 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Publisher, Bookseller, Librarian 4 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Bookbinder - 1 Show data context
  Printer 34 Show data context -
  Newspaper Agent, News Room Keeper 4 Show data context -
  Lithographer, Lithographic Printer 1 Show data context -
10. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN MACHINES AND IMPLEMENTS. 190 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Engine, Machine Maker 21 Show data context -
  Millwright 7 Show data context -
  Fitter, Turner (Engine and Machine) 83 Show data context -
  Boiler Maker 14 Show data context -
  Spinning and Weaving Machine Maker 36 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Cutler, Scissors Maker 3 Show data context -
  File Maker 2 Show data context -
  Needle Maker 3 Show data context -
  Watch Maker, Clock Maker 13 Show data context -
  Electrical Apparatus Maker 1 Show data context -
  Musical Instrument Maker, Dealer 5 Show data context -
  Die, Seal, Coin, Medal Maker 1 Show data context -
  Apparatus for other games, Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
11. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN HOUSES, FURNITURE, AND DECORATIONS. 793 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Builder 30 Show data context -
  Carpenter, Joiner 250 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Bricklayer 148 Show data context -
  Mason 211 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Slater, Tiler 9 Show data context -
  Plasterer, Whitewasher 20 Show data context -
  Plumber 27 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Painter, Glazier 62 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Cabinet Maker 16 Show data context 1 Show data context
  French Polisher 2 Show data context -
  Furniture Broker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Gas Fitter 10 Show data context -
  Carver, Gilder 2 Show data context -
  Figure, Image - Maker, Dealer 3 Show data context -
  Animal, Bird &c. Preserver, Naturalist 2 Show data context -
12. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CARRIAGES AND HARNESS. 96 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Coachmaker 14 Show data context -
  Railway Carriage, Railway Wagon, Maker 2 Show data context -
  Wheelwright 57 Show data context -
  Bicycle, Tricycle - Maker, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Others 2 Show data context -
  Saddler, Harness, Whip Maker 19 Show data context 3 Show data context
14. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CHEMICALS AND COMPOUNDS. 38 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Chemist, Druggist 33 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Manufacturing Chemist 5 Show data context -
15. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TOBACCO AND PIPES. 11 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Tobacco Manufacture, Tobacconist 8 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Tobacco Pipe, Snuff Box &c. Maker 3 Show data context 2 Show data context
16. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN FOOD AND LODGING. 554 Show data context 88 Show data context
  Innkeeper, Hotel Keeper, Publican 98 Show data context 21 Show data context
  Lodging, Boarding House Keeper 1 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Coffee, Eating House, Keeper 1 Show data context -
  Maltster 27 Show data context -
  Brewer 9 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Beerseller, Ale, Porter, Cider Dealer 15 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Wine, Spirit - Merchant, Agent 7 Show data context -
  Milkseller, Dairyman 12 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Butcher, Meat Salesman 102 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Provision Curer, Dealer 10 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Poulterer, Game Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Fishmonger 14 Show data context -
  Corn, Flour, Seed Merchant, Dealer 4 Show data context -
  Corn Miller 42 Show data context -
  Baker 32 Show data context -
  Confectioner, Pastrycook 11 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Greengrocer, Fruiterer 13 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Mustard, Vinegar, Spice, Pickle Maker, Dealer 6 Show data context -
  Sugar Refiner 2 Show data context -
  Grocer. Tea, Coffee, Chocolate Maker, Dealer 140 Show data context 34 Show data context
  Ginger Beer, Mineral Water Manufacturer, Dealer 7 Show data context -
17. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TEXTILE FABRICS. 289 Show data context 857 Show data context
  Woollen Cloth Manufacture 5 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Worsted, Stuff, Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Silk, Silk Goods, Manufacture 7 Show data context 11 Show data context
  Cotton, Cotton Goods Manufacture 176 Show data context 602 Show data context
  Cotton, Calico - Printer, Dyer, Bleacher 14 Show data context -
  Cotton, Calico - Warehouseman, Dealer 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Lace Manufacturer, Dealer 1 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Tape Manufacturer, Dealer - 1 Show data context
  Rope, Twine, Cord - Maker, Dealer 3 Show data context -
  Weaver (undefined) 1 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Dyer, Printer, Scourer, Bleacher, Calenderer (undefined) 13 Show data context -
  Factory Hand (textile, undefined) 8 Show data context 168 Show data context
  Draper, Linen Draper, Mercer 57 Show data context 16 Show data context
  Fancy Goods (Textile) Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 1 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Trimming Maker, Dealer - 2 Show data context
  Embroiderer 1 Show data context 36 Show data context
18. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN DRESS. 1,609 Show data context 1,674 Show data context
  Hatter, Hat Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Straw - Hat, Bonnet, Plait Manufacture - 2 Show data context
  Tailor 105 Show data context 11 Show data context
  Milliner, Dressmaker, Staymaker 2 Show data context 594 Show data context
  Shawl Manufacture 8 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Shirt Maker, Seamstress - 353 Show data context
  Hosiery Manufacture 1,213 Show data context 682 Show data context
  Hosier, Haberdasher 39 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Shoe, Boot - Maker, Dealer 225 Show data context 25 Show data context
  Patten, Clog Maker 2 Show data context -
  Wig Maker, Hair Dresser 11 Show data context -
  Umbrella, Parasol, Stick - Maker, Dealer 3 Show data context -
  Old Clothes Dealer, and others - 1 Show data context
19. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS ANIMAL SUBSTANCES. 59 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Tallow Chandler, Candle, Grease Manufacture 6 Show data context -
  Glue, Size, Gelatine, Isinglass - Maker, Dealer 5 Show data context -
  Manure Manufacture 6 Show data context -
  Bone, Horn, Ivory, Tortoise-shell - Worker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Tanner, Fellmonger 4 Show data context -
  Currier 6 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Brush, Broom, Maker 31 Show data context 1 Show data context
20. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS VEGETABLE SUBSTANCES. 88 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Oil and Colourman 1 Show data context -
  India Rubber, Gutta Percha - Worker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Willow, Cane, Rush Worker, Dealer, Basketmaker 6 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Hay, Straw (not plait), Chaff, Cutter, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Timber, Wood - Merchant, Dealer 4 Show data context -
  Sawyer 36 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Wood Turner, Box Maker 20 Show data context -
  Cooper, Hoop Maker, Bender 7 Show data context -
  Others 5 Show data context -
  Stationer, Law Stationer 5 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Others 2 Show data context -
21. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS MINERAL SUBSTANCES. 4,597 Show data context 11 Show data context
  Coal Miner 3,703 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Miner, in other or undefined Minerals 35 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Mine Service 21 Show data context -
  Coal Merchant 15 Show data context -
  Coalheaver 12 Show data context -
  Coke, Charcoal, Peat - Cutter, Burner, Dealer 6 Show data context -
  Gas Works Service 23 Show data context -
  Stone Quarrier 58 Show data context -
  Stone Cutter, Dresser, Dealer 17 Show data context -
  Limeburner 10 Show data context -
  Clay, Sand, Gravel, Chalk, Labourer, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Well Sinker, Borer 8 Show data context -
  Brick, Tile - Maker, Burner, Dealer 56 Show data context -
  Paviour 3 Show data context -
  Road Contractor, Surveyor, Inspector 1 Show data context -
  Road Labourer 10 Show data context -
  Platelayer 42 Show data context -
  Railway Labourer, Navvy 152 Show data context -
  Earthenware, China, Porcelain, Manufacture 12 Show data context -
  Glass Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Salt Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Waterworks Service 1 Show data context -
  Goldsmith, Silversmith, Jeweller 3 Show data context -
  [Iron Manufacture] 202 Show data context -
  Blacksmith 140 Show data context -
  Whitesmith 16 Show data context -
  Nail Manufacture 4 Show data context -
  Ironmonger. Hardware Dealer, Merchant 15 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Other Iron and Steel Manufacture 7 Show data context -
  Tin, Tin Plate, Tin Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 15 Show data context -
  Metal Refiner, Worker, Turner, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Brass, Bronze Manufacture. Brazier 4 Show data context -
  Wire Maker, Worker, Weaver, Drawer 1 Show data context -
22. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN GENERAL OR UNSPECIFIED COMMODITIES. 1,176 Show data context 213 Show data context
  General Shopkeeper, Dealer 36 Show data context 20 Show data context
  Pawnbroker 7 Show data context -
  Costermonger, Huckster, Street Seller 49 Show data context 14 Show data context
  Manufacturer, Manager, Superintendant (undefined) 6 Show data context -
  Contractor (undefined) 4 Show data context -
  General Labourer 758 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Engine Driver, Stoker, Fireman (not railway, marine or agricultural) 174 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Artizan, Mechanic (undefined) 96 Show data context 13 Show data context
  Apprentice (undefined) 6 Show data context -
  Factory Labourer (undefined) 39 Show data context 137 Show data context
  Machinist, Machine Worker (undefined) 1 Show data context 22 Show data context
23. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN REFUSE MATTERS. 18 Show data context -
  Chimney Sweep, Soot Merchant 14 Show data context -
  Scavenger, Crossing Sweeper 1 Show data context -
  Rag Gatherer, Dealer 3 Show data context -
24. PERSONS WITHOUT SPECIFIED OCCUPATIONS. 115 Show data context 1,631 Show data context
  Persons returned by Property, Rank &c. and not special occupation 115 Show data context 1,631 Show data context
[UNKNOWN OCCUPATION] 110 Show data context 5,365 Show data context
  [Occupation recorded but of unknown meaning] 8 Show data context 7 Show data context
  [Blank field, or illegible] 102 Show data context 5,358 Show data context

Notes:

The following notes to the table appeared in the original report.

1 This table is a very special case: The original Table 10 as published by Division in the 1881 census reports was limited to data for Registration Divisions, their component Registration Counties, and just those Urban Sanitary Districts with populations of over 50,000. Data presented here for counties and higher-level units are taken from the published reports, as usual, but we also include in A Vision of Britain through Time data for Registration Districts, sub-Districts and Civil Parishes which never appeared in the original reports. These were specially created for us by the History Data Service at the University of Essex and derive from the complete transcription of the individual-level Enumerators Book data coordinated by the Genealogical Society of Utah.
2 In creating these data, each occupation listed in the enumerators books has been assigned as far as possible to the relevant category used in the published reports, but some additional categories with labels in square brackets unavoidably appear. Unlike the published statistics for higher-level units, these specially-calculated data for districts and parishes include persons under 15 or over 65. For these and other reasons, no attempt has been made to ensure that county totals for the districts or parishes match the published county totals. The remaining notes are those that appeared below the original published table.
3 NOTE.--Persons returned as engaged in more than one occupation have been referred to the one that appeared to be of most importance; or if there was no difference in this respect, to the one first given by the person in his or her return. In some cases special rules have been followed: e.g. "Clergyman and Schoolmaster" in combination has always been referred to "Schoolmaster"; a Member of Parliament or Peer engaged in any branch of commerce or industry has always been referred to this latter, not to "Peer, M.P.".
4 The numbers returned under any heading include Labourers, Apprentices, and Assistants, as well as Masters, but not Clerks, Messengers, Errand boys, Porters, or Watchmen, for which occupations there are special headings. Civil, Military, and Naval Clerks, Law, Bank, Insurance, and Railway Clerks, and Government and Railway Porters, are, however, exceptions to this rule. Many young persons, being Apprentices or Assistants, have therefore been referred to occupations usually followed by adults. Women also, chiefly widows or orphans carrying on the business of their deceased husbands or fathers, will sometimes be found under occupations commonly followed by men only.
5 Persons returned as retired from any business have not been referred to that business. Inmates of workhouses have been referred to their trades, unless their age or infirmities showed that they were past work. But persons who might be supposed to be only temporarily separated from their usual employment, such as Prisoners, and Patients in General Hospitals, have been classed under their usual occupations.
6 In some cases, for convenience of space, the male designation, e.g. "Schoolmaster", alone is given, instead of "Schoolmaster, Schoolmistress".

Click on the triangles for all about a particular number.

This website does not try to provide an exact replica of the original printed census tables, which often had thousands of rows and far more columns than will fit on our web pages. Instead, we let you drill down from national totals to the most detailed data available. The column headings are those that appeared in the original printed report. The numbers presented here, which are the same ones we use to create statistical maps and graphs, come from the census table and have usually been carefully checked.

The system can only hold statistics for units listed in our administrative gazetteer, so some rows from the original table may be missing. Sometimes big low-level units, like urban parishes, were divided between more than one higher-level units, like Registration sub-Districts. This is why some pages will give a higher figure for a lower-level unit: it covers the whole of the lower-level unit, not just the part within the current higher-level unit.


Acknowledgments:

We are grateful to the following contributors. If you make use of the data in your own work, please follow any instructions given here on acknowledgment and re-use.

(1) Kevin Schurer (Department of Geography, University of Cambridge). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)

(2) Matthew Woollard (UK Data Service, University of Essex). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)