1881 Census of England and Wales, Tables: Ages, Condition as to Marriage, Occupations and Birthplaces of people, Table 10 : " Occupations of Males and Females in the Division and its Registration Counties".

List Lancashire RegC Leigh PLU/RegD
OCCUPATIONS. Males.
[1]
Females.
[2]
1. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE GENERAL OR LOCAL GOVERNMENT OF THE COUNTRY. 73 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Civil Service (officers and clerks) 9 Show data context -
  Civil Service (messengers, &c.) 10 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Police 33 Show data context -
  Municipal, Parish, Union, District, Officer 17 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Other Local or County Official 4 Show data context -
2. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE DEFENCE OF THE COUNTRY. 13 Show data context -
  Army Officer (effective/retired) 2 Show data context -
  Soldier and Non-commissioned officer 5 Show data context -
  Militia, Yeomanry, Volunteers 1 Show data context -
  Army Pensioner 5 Show data context -
3. PERSONS ENGAGED IN PROFESSIONAL OCCUPATIONS (WITH THEIR IMMEDIATE SUBORDINATES). 228 Show data context 177 Show data context
  Clergymen (Established Church) 18 Show data context -
  Roman Catholic Priest 6 Show data context -
  Minister, Priest of other religious bodies 10 Show data context -
  Missionary, Scripture Reader, Itinerant preacher 2 Show data context -
  Theological Student 3 Show data context -
  Church, chapel, cemetery - officer, servant 10 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Barrister, Solicitor 6 Show data context -
  Law Student 1 Show data context -
  Law Clerk, and others connected with the law 15 Show data context -
  Physician, Surgeon, General Practitioner 14 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Medical Student, Assistant 8 Show data context -
  Midwife - 3 Show data context
  Subordinate Medical Service - 12 Show data context
  Schoolmaster 75 Show data context 136 Show data context
  Teacher, Professor, Lecturer - 8 Show data context
  School Service, and others connected with teaching 2 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Author, Editor, Journalist 2 Show data context -
  Reporter, Short-hand Writer 1 Show data context -
  Civil Engineer 4 Show data context -
  Mining Engineer 13 Show data context -
  Land, House, Ship, Surveyor 8 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Painter (artist) - 1 Show data context
  Sculptor 1 Show data context -
  Architect 2 Show data context -
  Musician, Music Master 10 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Art Student 2 Show data context -
  Photographer 3 Show data context -
  Actor 11 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Billiard, Cricket & other Games, Service 1 Show data context -
4. PERSONS ENGAGED IN DOMESTIC OFFICES OR SERVICES. 98 Show data context 1,857 Show data context
  Domestic Coachman, Groom 30 Show data context -
  Domestic Gardener 30 Show data context -
  Domestic Indoor Servant 23 Show data context 1,662 Show data context
  Inn, Hotel Servant 7 Show data context 28 Show data context
  College, Club Service 6 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Office Keeper (not Government) 1 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Charwoman - 86 Show data context
  Washing and Bathing Service 1 Show data context 77 Show data context
5. PERSONS ENGAGED IN COMMERCIAL OCCUPATIONS. 314 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Merchant 2 Show data context -
  Broker, Agent, Factor 17 Show data context -
  Auctioneer, Appraiser, Valuer, House Agent 6 Show data context -
  Accountant 5 Show data context -
  Salesman, Buyer (not otherwise specified) 1 Show data context -
  Commercial Traveller 16 Show data context -
  Commercial Clerk 231 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Bank Service 8 Show data context -
  Life, House, Ship &c., Insurance Service 28 Show data context 1 Show data context
6. PERSONS ENGAGED IN CONVEYANCE OF MEN, GOODS, AND MESSAGES. 673 Show data context 19 Show data context
  Railway Engine Driver, Stoker 37 Show data context -
  Railway Guard 7 Show data context -
  Pointsman, Level Crossing Man 38 Show data context -
  Other Railway Officials and Servants 162 Show data context -
  Omnibus, Coach, Cab, Owner - Livery Stable Keeper 3 Show data context -
  Cabman, Flyman, Coachman (not domestic) 26 Show data context -
  Carman, Carrier, Carter, Haulier 208 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Inland Navigation Service 6 Show data context -
  Bargeman, Lighterman, Waterman 108 Show data context 16 Show data context
  Seaman (Merchant Service) 34 Show data context -
  Boatman on Seas 1 Show data context -
  Warehouseman (not Manchester) 9 Show data context -
  Meter, Weigher 1 Show data context -
  Messenger, Porter, Watchman (not Railway or Government) 28 Show data context -
  Telegraph, Telephone Service 5 Show data context 1 Show data context
7. PERSONS ENGAGED IN AGRICULTURE. 1,001 Show data context 81 Show data context
  Farmer, Grazier 304 Show data context 31 Show data context
  Farmer's, Grazier's - Son, Grandson, Brother, Nephew 112 Show data context -
  Farm Bailiff 9 Show data context -
  Agricultural Labourer, Farm Servant, Cottager 540 Show data context 50 Show data context
  Agricultural Machine - Proprietor, Attendant 4 Show data context -
  Nurseryman, Seedsman, Florist 5 Show data context -
  Gardener (not domestic) 27 Show data context -
8. PERSONS ENGAGED ABOUT ANIMALS. 30 Show data context -
  Groom, Horse-keeper, Horse-breaker 12 Show data context -
  Veterinary Surgeon, Farrier 7 Show data context -
  Cattle, Sheep, Pig - Dealer, Salesman 3 Show data context -
  Gamekeeper 7 Show data context -
  Vermin Destroyer 1 Show data context -
9. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN BOOKS, PRINTS, AND MAPS. 39 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Publisher, Bookseller, Librarian 4 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Bookbinder 5 Show data context -
  Printer 26 Show data context -
  Newspaper Agent, News Room Keeper 4 Show data context -
10. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN MACHINES AND IMPLEMENTS. 297 Show data context 20 Show data context
  Engine, Machine Maker 15 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Millwright 4 Show data context -
  Fitter, Turner (Engine and Machine) 83 Show data context -
  Boiler Maker 9 Show data context -
  Spinning and Weaving Machine Maker 93 Show data context 19 Show data context
  Agricultural Machine and Implement Maker 47 Show data context -
  File Maker 11 Show data context -
  Domestic Implement Maker 1 Show data context -
  [Others] 10 Show data context -
  Watch Maker, Clock Maker 14 Show data context -
  Weighing and Measuring Apparatus Maker 3 Show data context -
  Musical Instrument Maker, Dealer 3 Show data context -
  Type Cutter, Founder 2 Show data context -
  Die, Seal, Coin, Medal Maker 1 Show data context -
  Apparatus for other games, Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
11. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN HOUSES, FURNITURE, AND DECORATIONS. 743 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Builder 18 Show data context -
  Carpenter, Joiner 296 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Bricklayer 151 Show data context -
  Mason 66 Show data context -
  Slater, Tiler 8 Show data context -
  Plasterer, Whitewasher 32 Show data context -
  Paperhanger 3 Show data context -
  Plumber 33 Show data context -
  Painter, Glazier 104 Show data context -
  Cabinet Maker 11 Show data context -
  Furniture Broker, Dealer 5 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Locksmith, Bellhanger 1 Show data context -
  Gas Fitter 9 Show data context -
  House and Shop Fittings - Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Carver, Gilder 3 Show data context -
  Dealer in Works of Art 1 Show data context -
  Animal, Bird &c. Preserver, Naturalist 1 Show data context -
12. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CARRIAGES AND HARNESS. 63 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Coachmaker 3 Show data context -
  Railway Carriage, Railway Wagon, Maker 1 Show data context -
  Wheelwright 35 Show data context -
  Others 8 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Saddler, Harness, Whip Maker 16 Show data context -
13. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN SHIPS AND BOATS. 23 Show data context -
  Ship, Boat, Barge Builder 22 Show data context -
  Shipwright, Ship Carpenter (ashore) 1 Show data context -
14. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CHEMICALS AND COMPOUNDS. 40 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Gunpowder, Guncotton, Explosive Substance Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Fusee, Fireworks, Explosive Article Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Chemist, Druggist 23 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Manufacturing Chemist 14 Show data context -
  Alkali Manufacture 1 Show data context -
15. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TOBACCO AND PIPES. 4 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Tobacco Manufacture, Tobacconist 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Tobacco Pipe, Snuff Box &c. Maker 1 Show data context -
16. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN FOOD AND LODGING. 688 Show data context 232 Show data context
  Innkeeper, Hotel Keeper, Publican 88 Show data context 13 Show data context
  Lodging, Boarding House Keeper - 27 Show data context
  Coffee, Eating House, Keeper 2 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Maltster 6 Show data context -
  Brewer 25 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Beerseller, Ale, Porter, Cider Dealer 58 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Cellarman 1 Show data context -
  Wine, Spirit - Merchant, Agent 4 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Milkseller, Dairyman 5 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Butcher, Meat Salesman 95 Show data context 14 Show data context
  Provision Curer, Dealer 58 Show data context 36 Show data context
  Fishmonger 12 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Corn, Flour, Seed Merchant, Dealer 2 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Corn Miller 17 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Baker 74 Show data context 10 Show data context
  Confectioner, Pastrycook 8 Show data context 26 Show data context
  Greengrocer, Fruiterer 29 Show data context 13 Show data context
  Sugar Refiner 4 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Grocer. Tea, Coffee, Chocolate Maker, Dealer 194 Show data context 73 Show data context
  Ginger Beer, Mineral Water Manufacturer, Dealer 6 Show data context -
17. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TEXTILE FABRICS. 2,274 Show data context 5,758 Show data context
  Woollen Cloth Manufacture - 2 Show data context
  Wool, Woollen goods - Dyer, Printer 2 Show data context -
  Cloth, Worsted, Stuff, Flannel, Blanket Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Silk, Silk Goods, Manufacture 180 Show data context 927 Show data context
  Silk Merchant, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Cotton, Cotton Goods Manufacture 1,902 Show data context 4,708 Show data context
  Cotton, Calico - Printer, Dyer, Bleacher 53 Show data context 14 Show data context
  Cotton, Calico - Warehouseman, Dealer 21 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Flax, Linen - Manufacturer, Dealer - 1 Show data context
  Lace Manufacturer, Dealer - 1 Show data context
  Fustian Manufacturer, Dealer 10 Show data context 30 Show data context
  Tape Manufacturer, Dealer 5 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Thread Manufacturer, Dealer - 1 Show data context
  Hemp, Jute, Cocoa Fibre Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Rope, Twine, Cord - Maker, Dealer 9 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Weaver (undefined) - 11 Show data context
  Dyer, Printer, Scourer, Bleacher, Calenderer (undefined) 3 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Factory Hand (textile, undefined) 22 Show data context 20 Show data context
  Manchester Warehouseman 1 Show data context -
  Draper, Linen Draper, Mercer 53 Show data context 25 Show data context
  Fancy Goods (Textile) Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer - 1 Show data context
  Others 9 Show data context 4 Show data context
18. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN DRESS. 320 Show data context 409 Show data context
  Hatter, Hat Manufacture 6 Show data context -
  Straw - Hat, Bonnet, Plait Manufacture - 2 Show data context
  Tailor 101 Show data context 15 Show data context
  Milliner, Dressmaker, Staymaker - 365 Show data context
  Shirt Maker, Seamstress - 18 Show data context
  Glover, Glove Maker 1 Show data context -
  Shoe, Boot - Maker, Dealer 104 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Patten, Clog Maker 94 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Wig Maker, Hair Dresser 13 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Umbrella, Parasol, Stick - Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
19. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS ANIMAL SUBSTANCES. 14 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Tallow Chandler, Candle, Grease Manufacture 3 Show data context -
  Glue, Size, Gelatine, Isinglass - Maker, Dealer 5 Show data context -
  Currier 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Leather Goods, Portmanteau, Bag, Strap &c., Maker, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Brush, Broom, Maker 1 Show data context -
20. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS VEGETABLE SUBSTANCES. 124 Show data context 25 Show data context
  Oil Miller, Oil Cake - Maker, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  India Rubber, Gutta Percha - Worker, Dealer - 1 Show data context
  Willow, Cane, Rush Worker, Dealer, Basketmaker 8 Show data context -
  Hay, Straw (not plait), Chaff, Cutter, Dealer 12 Show data context -
  Timber, Wood - Merchant, Dealer 4 Show data context -
  Sawyer 26 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Lath, Wooden Fence, Hurdle Maker 2 Show data context -
  Wood Turner, Box Maker 4 Show data context -
  Cooper, Hoop Maker, Bender 4 Show data context -
  Paper Manufacture 25 Show data context 20 Show data context
  Stationer, Law Stationer 1 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Paper Stainer 35 Show data context -
  Paper Box, Paper Bag Maker - 1 Show data context
  Others 1 Show data context -
21. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS MINERAL SUBSTANCES. 7,094 Show data context 83 Show data context
  Coal Miner 5,617 Show data context 49 Show data context
  Miner, in other or undefined Minerals 6 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Mine Service 28 Show data context -
  [Haulier] [not in Census Report but in codebook] 1 Show data context -
  Coal Merchant 16 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Coalheaver 33 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Gas Works Service 27 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Stone Quarrier 9 Show data context -
  Stone Cutter, Dresser, Dealer 5 Show data context -
  Clay, Sand, Gravel, Chalk, Labourer, Dealer 3 Show data context -
  Well Sinker, Borer 23 Show data context -
  Brick, Tile - Maker, Burner, Dealer 112 Show data context -
  Paviour 37 Show data context -
  Road Contractor, Surveyor, Inspector 4 Show data context -
  Road Labourer 19 Show data context -
  Railway Contractor 7 Show data context -
  Platelayer 81 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Railway Labourer, Navvy 176 Show data context -
  Earthenware, China, Porcelain, Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Glass Manufacture 47 Show data context -
  Earthenware, China, Glass Dealer 3 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Waterworks Service 3 Show data context -
  Goldsmith, Silversmith, Jeweller 4 Show data context -
  Others - 1 Show data context
  [Iron Manufacture] 350 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Blacksmith 189 Show data context -
  Whitesmith 5 Show data context -
  Nail Manufacture 27 Show data context -
  Ironmonger. Hardware Dealer, Merchant 23 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Other Iron and Steel Manufacture 13 Show data context -
  Tin, Tin Plate, Tin Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 26 Show data context -
  Metal Refiner, Worker, Turner, Dealer 4 Show data context -
  Brass, Bronze Manufacture. Brazier 13 Show data context -
  Wire Maker, Worker, Weaver, Drawer 2 Show data context -
  Bolt, Nut, Rivet, Screw, Staple Maker 178 Show data context 17 Show data context
  Clasp, Buckle, Hinge Maker 1 Show data context -
  Others 1 Show data context -
22. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN GENERAL OR UNSPECIFIED COMMODITIES. 889 Show data context 94 Show data context
  General Shopkeeper, Dealer 28 Show data context 40 Show data context
  Pawnbroker 12 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Costermonger, Huckster, Street Seller 18 Show data context 14 Show data context
  Manufacturer, Manager, Superintendant (undefined) 7 Show data context -
  Contractor (undefined) 4 Show data context -
  General Labourer 445 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Engine Driver, Stoker, Fireman (not railway, marine or agricultural) 293 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Artizan, Mechanic (undefined) 54 Show data context 12 Show data context
  Apprentice (undefined) 4 Show data context -
  Factory Labourer (undefined) 23 Show data context 21 Show data context
  Machinist, Machine Worker (undefined) 1 Show data context -
23. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN REFUSE MATTERS. 15 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Chimney Sweep, Soot Merchant 6 Show data context -
  Scavenger, Crossing Sweeper 1 Show data context -
  Rag Gatherer, Dealer 8 Show data context 4 Show data context
24. PERSONS WITHOUT SPECIFIED OCCUPATIONS. 85 Show data context 1,502 Show data context
  Persons returned by Property, Rank &c. and not special occupation 85 Show data context 1,502 Show data context
[UNKNOWN OCCUPATION] 73 Show data context 5,464 Show data context
  [Occupation recorded but of unknown meaning] 11 Show data context 1 Show data context
  [Blank field, or illegible] 62 Show data context 5,463 Show data context

Notes:

The following notes to the table appeared in the original report.

1 This table is a very special case: The original Table 10 as published by Division in the 1881 census reports was limited to data for Registration Divisions, their component Registration Counties, and just those Urban Sanitary Districts with populations of over 50,000. Data presented here for counties and higher-level units are taken from the published reports, as usual, but we also include in A Vision of Britain through Time data for Registration Districts, sub-Districts and Civil Parishes which never appeared in the original reports. These were specially created for us by the History Data Service at the University of Essex and derive from the complete transcription of the individual-level Enumerators Book data coordinated by the Genealogical Society of Utah.
2 In creating these data, each occupation listed in the enumerators books has been assigned as far as possible to the relevant category used in the published reports, but some additional categories with labels in square brackets unavoidably appear. Unlike the published statistics for higher-level units, these specially-calculated data for districts and parishes include persons under 15 or over 65. For these and other reasons, no attempt has been made to ensure that county totals for the districts or parishes match the published county totals. The remaining notes are those that appeared below the original published table.
3 NOTE.--Persons returned as engaged in more than one occupation have been referred to the one that appeared to be of most importance; or if there was no difference in this respect, to the one first given by the person in his or her return. In some cases special rules have been followed: e.g. "Clergyman and Schoolmaster" in combination has always been referred to "Schoolmaster"; a Member of Parliament or Peer engaged in any branch of commerce or industry has always been referred to this latter, not to "Peer, M.P.".
4 The numbers returned under any heading include Labourers, Apprentices, and Assistants, as well as Masters, but not Clerks, Messengers, Errand boys, Porters, or Watchmen, for which occupations there are special headings. Civil, Military, and Naval Clerks, Law, Bank, Insurance, and Railway Clerks, and Government and Railway Porters, are, however, exceptions to this rule. Many young persons, being Apprentices or Assistants, have therefore been referred to occupations usually followed by adults. Women also, chiefly widows or orphans carrying on the business of their deceased husbands or fathers, will sometimes be found under occupations commonly followed by men only.
5 Persons returned as retired from any business have not been referred to that business. Inmates of workhouses have been referred to their trades, unless their age or infirmities showed that they were past work. But persons who might be supposed to be only temporarily separated from their usual employment, such as Prisoners, and Patients in General Hospitals, have been classed under their usual occupations.
6 In some cases, for convenience of space, the male designation, e.g. "Schoolmaster", alone is given, instead of "Schoolmaster, Schoolmistress".

Click on the triangles for all about a particular number.

This website does not try to provide an exact replica of the original printed census tables, which often had thousands of rows and far more columns than will fit on our web pages. Instead, we let you drill down from national totals to the most detailed data available. The column headings are those that appeared in the original printed report. The numbers presented here, which are the same ones we use to create statistical maps and graphs, come from the census table and have usually been carefully checked.

The system can only hold statistics for units listed in our administrative gazetteer, so some rows from the original table may be missing. Sometimes big low-level units, like urban parishes, were divided between more than one higher-level units, like Registration sub-Districts. This is why some pages will give a higher figure for a lower-level unit: it covers the whole of the lower-level unit, not just the part within the current higher-level unit.


Acknowledgments:

We are grateful to the following contributors. If you make use of the data in your own work, please follow any instructions given here on acknowledgment and re-use.

(1) Kevin Schurer (Department of Geography, University of Cambridge). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)

(2) Matthew Woollard (UK Data Service, University of Essex). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)