1881 Census of England and Wales, Tables: Ages, Condition as to Marriage, Occupations and Birthplaces of people, Table 10 : " Occupations of Males and Females in the Division and its Registration Counties".

List Solihull PLU/RegD Yardley AP/CP  
OCCUPATIONS. Males.
[1]
Females.
[2]
1. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE GENERAL OR LOCAL GOVERNMENT OF THE COUNTRY. 26 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Civil Service (officers and clerks) 5 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Civil Service (messengers, &c.) 5 Show data context -
  Police 10 Show data context -
  Municipal, Parish, Union, District, Officer 6 Show data context 1 Show data context
2. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE DEFENCE OF THE COUNTRY. 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Army Officer (effective/retired) - 1 Show data context
  Army Pensioner 1 Show data context -
  Royal Marines (officers/men) 1 Show data context -
3. PERSONS ENGAGED IN PROFESSIONAL OCCUPATIONS (WITH THEIR IMMEDIATE SUBORDINATES). 102 Show data context 108 Show data context
  Clergymen (Established Church) 7 Show data context -
  Minister, Priest of other religious bodies 1 Show data context -
  Theological Student 9 Show data context -
  Church, chapel, cemetery - officer, servant 1 Show data context -
  Barrister, Solicitor 12 Show data context -
  Law Student 1 Show data context -
  Law Clerk, and others connected with the law 13 Show data context -
  Physician, Surgeon, General Practitioner 3 Show data context -
  Dentist 6 Show data context -
  Medical Student, Assistant 1 Show data context -
  Midwife - 1 Show data context
  Subordinate Medical Service 1 Show data context 14 Show data context
  Schoolmaster 11 Show data context 65 Show data context
  Teacher, Professor, Lecturer 1 Show data context 20 Show data context
  Author, Editor, Journalist 2 Show data context -
  Reporter, Short-hand Writer 2 Show data context -
  Mining Engineer 2 Show data context -
  Land, House, Ship, Surveyor 3 Show data context -
  Painter (artist) 7 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Engraver (artist) 4 Show data context -
  Architect 4 Show data context -
  Musician, Music Master 7 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Art Student 2 Show data context -
  Photographer 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Actor 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
4. PERSONS ENGAGED IN DOMESTIC OFFICES OR SERVICES. 77 Show data context 862 Show data context
  Domestic Coachman, Groom 33 Show data context -
  Domestic Gardener 14 Show data context -
  Domestic Indoor Servant 20 Show data context 713 Show data context
  Inn, Hotel Servant 7 Show data context 10 Show data context
  Office Keeper (not Government) - 1 Show data context
  Charwoman - 7 Show data context
  Washing and Bathing Service 2 Show data context 130 Show data context
  Hospital and Institution Service 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
5. PERSONS ENGAGED IN COMMERCIAL OCCUPATIONS. 273 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Merchant 12 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Broker, Agent, Factor 17 Show data context -
  Auctioneer, Appraiser, Valuer, House Agent 15 Show data context -
  Accountant 10 Show data context -
  Salesman, Buyer (not otherwise specified) 1 Show data context -
  Commercial Traveller 39 Show data context -
  Commercial Clerk 152 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Officer of Commercial Company, Guild, Society &c. - 1 Show data context
  Banker 2 Show data context -
  Bank Service 14 Show data context -
  Life, House, Ship &c., Insurance Service 11 Show data context -
6. PERSONS ENGAGED IN CONVEYANCE OF MEN, GOODS, AND MESSAGES. 104 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Railway Guard 1 Show data context -
  Pointsman, Level Crossing Man 3 Show data context -
  Other Railway Officials and Servants 12 Show data context -
  Omnibus, Coach, Cab, Owner - Livery Stable Keeper 4 Show data context -
  Cabman, Flyman, Coachman (not domestic) 24 Show data context -
  Carman, Carrier, Carter, Haulier 28 Show data context -
  Inland Navigation Service 2 Show data context -
  Bargeman, Lighterman, Waterman 2 Show data context -
  Seaman (Merchant Service) 3 Show data context -
  Warehouseman (not Manchester) 8 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Messenger, Porter, Watchman (not Railway or Government) 17 Show data context -
7. PERSONS ENGAGED IN AGRICULTURE. 333 Show data context 14 Show data context
  Farmer, Grazier 40 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Farmer's, Grazier's - Son, Grandson, Brother, Nephew 21 Show data context -
  Farm Bailiff 8 Show data context -
  Agricultural Labourer, Farm Servant, Cottager 160 Show data context 10 Show data context
  Shepherd 5 Show data context -
  Nurseryman, Seedsman, Florist 2 Show data context -
  Gardener (not domestic) 97 Show data context -
8. PERSONS ENGAGED ABOUT ANIMALS. 35 Show data context -
  Groom, Horse-keeper, Horse-breaker 33 Show data context -
  Veterinary Surgeon, Farrier 1 Show data context -
  Cattle, Sheep, Pig - Dealer, Salesman 1 Show data context -
9. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN BOOKS, PRINTS, AND MAPS. 14 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Publisher, Bookseller, Librarian 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Music-Publisher, Seller, Printer - 1 Show data context
  Bookbinder 1 Show data context -
  Printer 11 Show data context -
  Lithographer, Lithographic Printer 1 Show data context -
10. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN MACHINES AND IMPLEMENTS. 114 Show data context -
  Engine, Machine Maker 27 Show data context -
  Fitter, Turner (Engine and Machine) 5 Show data context -
  Spinning and Weaving Machine Maker 2 Show data context -
  Domestic Machinery - Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Tool Maker, Dealer 21 Show data context -
  File Maker 2 Show data context -
  Needle Maker 1 Show data context -
  Steel Pen Maker 2 Show data context -
  Watch Maker, Clock Maker 6 Show data context -
  Philosophical Instrument Maker 1 Show data context -
  Weighing and Measuring Apparatus Maker 9 Show data context -
  Surgical Instrument Maker 1 Show data context -
  Gunsmith, Gun Manufacturer 31 Show data context -
  Musical Instrument Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Die, Seal, Coin, Medal Maker 4 Show data context -
11. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN HOUSES, FURNITURE, AND DECORATIONS. 174 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Builder 15 Show data context -
  Carpenter, Joiner 59 Show data context -
  Bricklayer 39 Show data context -
  Mason 6 Show data context -
  Plasterer, Whitewasher 4 Show data context -
  Paperhanger 2 Show data context -
  Painter, Glazier 26 Show data context -
  Cabinet Maker 8 Show data context -
  French Polisher 3 Show data context -
  Locksmith, Bellhanger 4 Show data context -
  Gas Fitter 2 Show data context -
  House and Shop Fittings - Maker, Dealer - 1 Show data context
  Funeral Furniture Maker, Undertaker 1 Show data context -
  Carver, Gilder 3 Show data context -
  Figure, Image - Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Animal, Bird &c. Preserver, Naturalist 1 Show data context -
12. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CARRIAGES AND HARNESS. 30 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Coachmaker 5 Show data context -
  Wheelwright 18 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Others 1 Show data context -
  Saddler, Harness, Whip Maker 6 Show data context -
14. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CHEMICALS AND COMPOUNDS. 9 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Fusee, Fireworks, Explosive Article Manufacture - 4 Show data context
  Chemist, Druggist 6 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Manufacturing Chemist 2 Show data context -
  Drysalter 1 Show data context -
15. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TOBACCO AND PIPES. 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Tobacco Manufacture, Tobacconist 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
16. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN FOOD AND LODGING. 177 Show data context 13 Show data context
  Innkeeper, Hotel Keeper, Publican 20 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Lodging, Boarding House Keeper 1 Show data context -
  Coffee, Eating House, Keeper 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Maltster 7 Show data context -
  Brewer 5 Show data context -
  Beerseller, Ale, Porter, Cider Dealer 5 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Wine, Spirit - Merchant, Agent 3 Show data context -
  Milkseller, Dairyman 16 Show data context -
  Butcher, Meat Salesman 21 Show data context -
  Provision Curer, Dealer 3 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Poulterer, Game Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Fishmonger 4 Show data context -
  Corn, Flour, Seed Merchant, Dealer 7 Show data context -
  Corn Miller 1 Show data context -
  Baker 27 Show data context -
  Confectioner, Pastrycook 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Greengrocer, Fruiterer 10 Show data context -
  Sugar Refiner 1 Show data context -
  Grocer. Tea, Coffee, Chocolate Maker, Dealer 41 Show data context 2 Show data context
17. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TEXTILE FABRICS. 29 Show data context 14 Show data context
  Cloth, Worsted, Stuff, Flannel, Blanket Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Silk Merchant, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Cotton, Calico - Printer, Dyer, Bleacher 1 Show data context -
  Lace Manufacturer, Dealer - 1 Show data context
  Weaver (undefined) 1 Show data context -
  Carpet, Rug Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Manchester Warehouseman 1 Show data context -
  Draper, Linen Draper, Mercer 22 Show data context 13 Show data context
18. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN DRESS. 77 Show data context 114 Show data context
  Hatter, Hat Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Tailor 15 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Milliner, Dressmaker, Staymaker 3 Show data context 83 Show data context
  Shirt Maker, Seamstress 2 Show data context 12 Show data context
  Hosier, Haberdasher 7 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Button Maker, Dealer 4 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Shoe, Boot - Maker, Dealer 33 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Wig Maker, Hair Dresser 3 Show data context -
  Umbrella, Parasol, Stick - Maker, Dealer 7 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Accoutrement Maker 2 Show data context -
19. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS ANIMAL SUBSTANCES. 19 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Manure Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Furrier, Skinner 3 Show data context -
  Tanner, Fellmonger 6 Show data context -
  Currier 4 Show data context -
  Leather Goods, Portmanteau, Bag, Strap &c., Maker, Dealer 4 Show data context -
  Brush, Broom, Maker 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
20. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS VEGETABLE SUBSTANCES. 30 Show data context 11 Show data context
  Japanner 4 Show data context 6 Show data context
  India Rubber, Gutta Percha - Worker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Others 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Willow, Cane, Rush Worker, Dealer, Basketmaker 3 Show data context -
  Hay, Straw (not plait), Chaff, Cutter, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Timber, Wood - Merchant, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Wood Turner, Box Maker 3 Show data context -
  Cooper, Hoop Maker, Bender 2 Show data context -
  Paper Manufacture 3 Show data context -
  Stationer, Law Stationer 3 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Card, Pattern Card Maker 1 Show data context -
  Paper Stainer 1 Show data context -
  Paper Box, Paper Bag Maker 3 Show data context -
  Ticket, Label Writer 1 Show data context -
21. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS MINERAL SUBSTANCES. 370 Show data context 18 Show data context
  Coal Merchant 11 Show data context -
  Stone Cutter, Dresser, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Well Sinker, Borer 1 Show data context -
  Brick, Tile - Maker, Burner, Dealer 31 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Paviour 1 Show data context -
  Platelayer 9 Show data context -
  Railway Labourer, Navvy 6 Show data context -
  Earthenware, China, Porcelain, Manufacture 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Glass Manufacture 2 Show data context -
  Earthenware, China, Glass Dealer 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Goldsmith, Silversmith, Jeweller 50 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Lapidary 1 Show data context -
  [Iron Manufacture] 29 Show data context 1 Show data context
  [Steel Manufacture] 7 Show data context -
  Blacksmith 21 Show data context -
  Whitesmith 4 Show data context -
  Nail Manufacture 8 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Anchor, Chain Manufacture - 2 Show data context
  Ironmonger. Hardware Dealer, Merchant 16 Show data context -
  Other Iron and Steel Manufacture 5 Show data context -
  [Coppersmith] 1 Show data context -
  Tin, Tin Plate, Tin Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 10 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Zinc, Zinc Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Lead, Leaden Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Metal Refiner, Worker, Turner, Dealer 8 Show data context -
  Brass, Bronze Manufacture. Brazier 54 Show data context -
  Metal Burnisher, Lacquerer 2 Show data context 4 Show data context
  White Metal, Plated Ware, Manufacture. Pewterer 16 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Wire Maker, Worker, Weaver, Drawer 56 Show data context -
  Lamp, Lantern, Candlestick Maker 9 Show data context -
  Clasp, Buckle, Hinge Maker 3 Show data context -
  Others 3 Show data context -
22. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN GENERAL OR UNSPECIFIED COMMODITIES. 323 Show data context 32 Show data context
  General Shopkeeper, Dealer 9 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Costermonger, Huckster, Street Seller 3 Show data context -
  Manufacturer, Manager, Superintendant (undefined) 18 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Contractor (undefined) 1 Show data context -
  General Labourer 227 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Engine Driver, Stoker, Fireman (not railway, marine or agricultural) 13 Show data context -
  Artizan, Mechanic (undefined) 29 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Apprentice (undefined) 10 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Factory Labourer (undefined) 4 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Machinist, Machine Worker (undefined) 9 Show data context 4 Show data context
23. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN REFUSE MATTERS. 1 Show data context -
  Chimney Sweep, Soot Merchant 1 Show data context -
24. PERSONS WITHOUT SPECIFIED OCCUPATIONS. 64 Show data context 411 Show data context
  Persons returned by Property, Rank &c. and not special occupation 64 Show data context 411 Show data context
[UNKNOWN OCCUPATION] 75 Show data context 1,524 Show data context
  [Occupation recorded but of unknown meaning] 5 Show data context -
  [Blank field, or illegible] 70 Show data context 1,524 Show data context

Notes:

The following notes to the table appeared in the original report.

1 This table is a very special case: The original Table 10 as published by Division in the 1881 census reports was limited to data for Registration Divisions, their component Registration Counties, and just those Urban Sanitary Districts with populations of over 50,000. Data presented here for counties and higher-level units are taken from the published reports, as usual, but we also include in A Vision of Britain through Time data for Registration Districts, sub-Districts and Civil Parishes which never appeared in the original reports. These were specially created for us by the History Data Service at the University of Essex and derive from the complete transcription of the individual-level Enumerators Book data coordinated by the Genealogical Society of Utah.
2 In creating these data, each occupation listed in the enumerators books has been assigned as far as possible to the relevant category used in the published reports, but some additional categories with labels in square brackets unavoidably appear. Unlike the published statistics for higher-level units, these specially-calculated data for districts and parishes include persons under 15 or over 65. For these and other reasons, no attempt has been made to ensure that county totals for the districts or parishes match the published county totals. The remaining notes are those that appeared below the original published table.
3 NOTE.--Persons returned as engaged in more than one occupation have been referred to the one that appeared to be of most importance; or if there was no difference in this respect, to the one first given by the person in his or her return. In some cases special rules have been followed: e.g. "Clergyman and Schoolmaster" in combination has always been referred to "Schoolmaster"; a Member of Parliament or Peer engaged in any branch of commerce or industry has always been referred to this latter, not to "Peer, M.P.".
4 The numbers returned under any heading include Labourers, Apprentices, and Assistants, as well as Masters, but not Clerks, Messengers, Errand boys, Porters, or Watchmen, for which occupations there are special headings. Civil, Military, and Naval Clerks, Law, Bank, Insurance, and Railway Clerks, and Government and Railway Porters, are, however, exceptions to this rule. Many young persons, being Apprentices or Assistants, have therefore been referred to occupations usually followed by adults. Women also, chiefly widows or orphans carrying on the business of their deceased husbands or fathers, will sometimes be found under occupations commonly followed by men only.
5 Persons returned as retired from any business have not been referred to that business. Inmates of workhouses have been referred to their trades, unless their age or infirmities showed that they were past work. But persons who might be supposed to be only temporarily separated from their usual employment, such as Prisoners, and Patients in General Hospitals, have been classed under their usual occupations.
6 In some cases, for convenience of space, the male designation, e.g. "Schoolmaster", alone is given, instead of "Schoolmaster, Schoolmistress".

Click on the triangles for all about a particular number.

This website does not try to provide an exact replica of the original printed census tables, which often had thousands of rows and far more columns than will fit on our web pages. Instead, we let you drill down from national totals to the most detailed data available. The column headings are those that appeared in the original printed report. The numbers presented here, which are the same ones we use to create statistical maps and graphs, come from the census table and have usually been carefully checked.

The system can only hold statistics for units listed in our administrative gazetteer, so some rows from the original table may be missing. Sometimes big low-level units, like urban parishes, were divided between more than one higher-level units, like Registration sub-Districts. This is why some pages will give a higher figure for a lower-level unit: it covers the whole of the lower-level unit, not just the part within the current higher-level unit.


Acknowledgments:

We are grateful to the following contributors. If you make use of the data in your own work, please follow any instructions given here on acknowledgment and re-use.

(1) Kevin Schurer (Department of Geography, University of Cambridge). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)

(2) Matthew Woollard (UK Data Service, University of Essex). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)