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We thought it not unimportant to obtain, where feasible, returns of the former occupations pursued by persons who at the time of the Census were inmates of workhouses, of hospitals, of gaols, or of lunatic asylums; because, though not actually authorized by the Act to demand such particulars of the past life, nor required by the same authority to furnish them, we felt that they might afford curious matter of illustration. They might, as we conceived, serve to show, out of a number of instances, the more prevailing causes of the poverty, the sickness, the crime, and the mental affliction to which. each of these classes of public institutions minister. The result is, that in the tables that follow (pp. 62-71) we have been able to show the occupations originally pursued by more than half of the males above 20 years of age, now inmates of workhouses; of nearly a third of the female adults; and in all of nearly 24 per cent, of the in-door paupers of all ages and both sexes.

In the columns for hospitals there are only 254 out of 5081 male inmates above 20 years of age whose occupations are not here distinguished; and we have been able to give those of 7954 out of 10,448 persons of all ages and both sexes.

In gaols (criminal and debtors') the occupations of more than 10,000 out of 14,000 adult males are distinguished, and nearly two-thirds of the whole numbers confined of all ages.

In Lunatic asylums greater difficulty was anticipated, inasmuch as from the nature of the case, inquiries made of the individuals there resident would in many instances be impossible; but by the ready assistance furnished by those persons who had the charge of them we are able to present an account of the occupations of one-half of those confined. The whole of these returns, as applicable to Great Britain generally, are here given in an alphabetical form; we also subjoin a classification, similar to "that famished for occupations generally; and as a mere statement of the numbers confined who had pursued any class of occupation would be deceptive, unless due reference were had to the prevalence of the same occupations among those outside the walls of these abodes of want, pain, crime, and mental disease, we have in each case added to the per-centage which each occupation bears to the total numbers within these institutions, a similar calculation of proportions for the inhabitants of the United Kingdom.

The facts furnished by these latter returns might lead to many curious questions as to the class of occupations or pursuits which more particularly tend to furnish inmates for these institutions. We might instance many occu- pations of which a far greater proportion is found within these walls, than would be exhibited outside them by a similar calculation of proportions; such questions, however, would be of too speculative a nature and too alien from the duties entrusted to us.

  COMMERCE, TRADE, and MANUFACTURE AGRICULTURE LABOURERS MILITARY NAVAL PROFESSIONAL OTHER EDUCATED PERSONS following Miscellaneous Pursuits GOVERNMENT CIVIL SERVICE PAROCHIAL, TOWN, and CHURCH OFFICERS, including POLICE and LAW OFFICERS DOMESTIC SERVANTS PERSONS returned as INDEPENDENT ALMSPEOPLE, PENSIONERS, PAUPERS, LUNATICS, and PRISONERS TOTAL OF INMATES returned in the foregoing COLUMNS RESIDUE of INMATES TOTAL of INMATES
Number per Cent. of Inmates returned Number per Cent. of Inmates returned Number per Cent. of Inmates returned Number per Cent. of Inmates returned Number per Cent. of Inmates returned Number per Cent. of Inmates returned Number per Cent. of Inmates returned Number per Cent. of Inmates returned Number per Cent. of Inmates returned Number per Cent. of Inmates returned Number per Cent. of Inmates returned Number per Cent. of Inmates returned For the sake of Comparison Number per Cent. Number per Cent For the sake of Comparison
On Total Occupations On Total Inmates On Total Occupations On Total Inmates On Total Occupations On Total Inmates On Total Occupations On Total Inmates On Total Occupations On Total Inmates On Total Occupations On Total Inmates On Total Occupations On Total Inmates On Total Occupations On Total Inmates On Total Occupations On Total Inmates On Total Occupations On Total Inmates On Total Occupations On Total Inmates On Total Occupations On Total Inmates On Total Inmates On Total Inmates
Workhouses 37.0 8.9 16.1 3.9 20.7 4.9 0.2 0.0 2.2 0.5 0.1 0.0 0.8 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 22.9 5.3 - - - - 100 23.9 76.1 100
Hospitals 32.1 24.4 9.4 7.1 14.2 10.8 13.8 10.5 8.9 6.8 0.3 0.2 0.9 0.7 0.1 0.1 0.4 0.3 19.8 15.1 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1 100 76.1 23.9 100
Gaols 48.0 30.8 13.7 8.8 23.4 15.0 2.4 1.5 3.3 2.1 0.6 0.4 1.3 0.8 0.1 0.05 0.1 0.05 6.6 4.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.1 100 64.1 35.9 100
Lunatic Asylums 39.2 19.9 11.7 5.9 10.1 5.2 4.2 2.1 5.3 2.7 3.1 1.6 5.0 2.6 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.1 15.6 7.9 5.0 2.6 0.2 0.1 100 50.9 49.1 100

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