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CENSUS OF ENGLAND AND WALES

1911.


(10 Edward 7 and I George 5, Oh. 27.)


GENERAL REPORT,

WITH

APPENDICES.


Presented to Parliament by Command of His Majesty.

LONDON: PUBLISHED BY HIS MAJESTY'S STATIONERY OFFICE.

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1917.
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TABLE OF CONTENTS.

REPORT.

I. INTRODUCTORY? Page
  1. HISTORICAL SUMMARY 3
  2. CHANGES ADOPTED IN 1911 5
    Vols. I-VI-Houses and Population 6
    Vols. VII-IX-Age and Marital Condition, Tenements, Birthplaces 7
    Vol. X-Occupations and Industries 8
    Fertility 8
    United Kingdom 8
    Census of British Empire 8
  3. COLLECTION OF CENSUS DATA 9
    The Schedule 9
    Distribution and Collection of Schedules 9
    Use of Maps in Checking the Returns 10
    Co-operation of the Public 11
    Revision and Summarising of Schedules 11
    Defects of Present Method of Collection and Suggestions for Improvement 11
    Proposals for a Quinquennial Census 14
  4. TABULATION 15
  5. STAFF EMPLOYED 17
  6. COST OF THE CENSUS 18
  7. DIAGRAMS 19
  8. ASSISTANCE RENDERED BY GOVERNMENT DEPARTMENTS AND OTHERS 20
 
II. POPULATION?
  1. GENERAL
    Definition of Population 21
    Population and Rates of Increase 21
    International Growth of Population 23
    Number of Families 24
    Classification of Houses 24
    Density of Population 25
    Sub-divisions of the Country 25
    Areas not shown in Census Tables 28
 
  2. ADMINISTRATIVE AREAS
    Counties 28
    County Boroughs 29
    Municipal Boroughs 30
    Other Urban Districts 30
    Rural Districts 30
    The Metropolis 31
    Petty Sessional Divisions 31
    County Court Districts and Circuits 31
    Changes in Administrative Areas since 1901 32
    Population and Rates of Increase or Decrease?
      In County Areas 32
      In Urban and Rural Districts 35
      In London and the Great Towns 39
 
  3. REGISTRATION AREAS?
    The Parish 43
    Unions and Registration Districts 44
    Size of Civil Parishes 46
    Population and Rates of Increase in Registration Counties 47
 
  4. PARLIAMENTARY AREAS?
    Parliamentary Counties and Divisions of Counties 49
    Parliamentary Boroughs 50
    Number and Population of Parliamentary Areas 50
    Number of Electors 52
 
  5. ECCLESIASTICAL AREAS?
    The Province and the Diocese 53
    The Ecclesiastical Parish 54
    Extra-Parochial Places 54
    Boundaries of Ecclesiastical Parishes 54
    Population of Ecclesiastical Areas 55
 
III. SEXES, AGES AND CONDITION AS TO MARRIAGE
  1. SEXES?
    Sex Proportions 57
    Local Variations in Sex Proportions 58
    Sex Proportions in Other Countries 58
 
  2. AGES?
    Tabulation in Single Years 59
    Uses of Statistics of Ages 59
    Comparison by Age-Groups 59
    Sex- and Age-Constitution in 1911 60
    Comparison with previous Censuses 61
    Comparison with other Countries 63
    Urban and Rural Districts 65
    Populations of Individual Areas 72
    Birth- and Death-Rates in typical Populations 83
    Mis-statement of Age 85
  3 Condition as to Marriage 88
  4. Graduation of Ages 91
 
IV. OCCUPATIONS AND INDUSTRIES?
  1. Returns made at previous Censuses 95
  2. Scope of the Inquiry 97
  3. Processes of Tabulation 98
  4. Analysis of Orders and Sub-Orders 99
    (I) General or Local Government of the Country 100
    (II) Defence of the Country 102
    (III) Professional Occupations and their Subordinate Services 103
    (IV) Domestic and other Allied Services 106
    (V) Commercial Occupations 108
    (VI) Conveyance of Men, Goods and Messages 110
    (VII) Agriculture 112
    (VIII) Fishing 117
    (IX) Persons working in and about, and working and dealing in the products of, Mines and Quarries 117
    (X) Metals, Machines, Implements and Conveyances 119
    (XI) Precious Metals, Jewels, Watches, Instruments and Games Apparatus 122
    (XII) Building and Works of Construction 123
    (XIII) Wood, Furniture, Fittings and Decorations 124
    (XIV) Brick, Cement, Pottery and Glass 125
    (XV) Chemicals, Oil, Grease, Soap, Resin, &c. 126
    (XVI) Skins, Leather, Hair and Feathers 128
    (XVII) Paper, Prints, Books and Stationery 128
    (XVIII) Textile Fabrics 131
    (XIX) Dress 135
    (XX) Food, Tobacco, Drink and Lodging 138
    (XXI) Gas, Water and Electricity Supply, and Sanitary Service 142
    (XXII) Other, General, and Undefined Workers and Dealers 143
    (XXIII) Persons without Specified Occupations or Unoccupied 146
 
  5. GENERAL SUMMARY
    Proportions Occupied 150
    Age-distribution of Males Occupied at several Ages 151
    Age-distribution of Males in various Occupations 152
    Numbers and Ages of Married Males in various Occupations 153
    Summary of Male Occupations in Urban and Rural Districts 155
    Proportions of Females Occupied 156
    Summary of Female Occupations 159
    Females of several Ages in various Occupations 160
    Proportions of Females in certain Occupations, 1861-1911 161
    Occupational Classes 162
    Employment of Children and Young Persons 162
    Summary of Industries or Services 167
 
V. TENEMENTS?
  SCOPE OF THE INQUIRY 169
  NUMBER AND PROPORTION OF TENEMENTS OF VARIOUS SIZES?
    In England and Wales 170
    In Aggregates of Urban and Rural Districts 174
    In the County of London 177
    In the Principal Cities of the United Kingdom 181
    In the Metropolitan Boroughs 183
    In Administrative Counties 186
    In County Boroughs and Large towns 189
  TENEMENTS WITH MORE THAN TWO OCCUPANTS PER ROOM IN URBAN AND RURAL DISTRICTS? 191
 
VI. BUILDINGS OF VARIOUS KINDS?
    SCOPE OF THE INQUIRY 193
    CLASSIFICATION OF BUILDINGS 193
    BUILDINGS USED AS DWELLINGS 193
    BUILDINGS NOT USED AS DWELLINGS 195
    NUMBER OF INHABITED BUILDING AND AVERAGE NUMBER OF OCCUPANTS 196
    NUMBER OF UNINHABITED DWELLINGS AND DWELLINGS BEING BUILT 199
    NUMBER OF PLACES OF WORSHIP AND PROPORTION TO POPULATION 201
 
VII. BIRTHPLACES?
    SCOPE OF THE INQUIRY 203
    RETURNS MADE AT PREVIOUS CENSUSES 203
    SUMMARY OF BIRTHPLACES 204
    GAIN AND LOSS OF POPULATION BY MIGRATION IN COUNTIES 205
    PROPORTIONS OF NATIVES IN THE TOTAL POPULATION ENUMERATED IN ADMINISTRATIVE COUNTIES 206
    PROPORTION OF THE TOTAL NATIVES OF EACH COUNTY ENUMERATED IN THEIR COUNTY OF BIRTH 208
    NATIVES OF, AND RESIDENTS IN, THE LARGE TOWNS 209
    MOVEMENT BETWEEN COUNTIES AND COUNTY BOROUGHS 211
    BIRTHPLACES OF THE POPULATION OF LONDON 211
    NATIVES OF SCOTLAND 213
    NATIVES OF IRELAND 214
    NATIVES OF ISLANDS IN THE BRITISH SEAS 215
    PERSONS BORN IN BRITISH COLONIES OR DEPENDENCIES 215
    PERSONS BORN IN FOREIGN COUNTRIES 216
       British Subjects by Parentage 217
       Naturalised British Subjects 218
       Country of Birth of Foreigners 219
       Local Distribution of Foreigners of Various Nationalities 220
       Foreigners in London 221
       Local Distribution of Foreigners of all Nationalities 221
       Sex, Age and Condition as to Marriage of Foreigners 222
      Occupations of Foreigners 223
    BIRTHPLACES NOT STATED 225
    AGE-CONSTITUTION OF MIGRANT POPULATION 226
 
VIII. INFIRMITIES?
    SCOPE OF THE INQUIRY 231
    THE BLIND 233
    THE DEAF (OTHER THAN DEAF MUTES) 236
    THE INSANE 236
    THE DEAF AND DUMB 238
    COMBINED INFIRMITIES 244
 
IX. LANGUAGE SPOKEN IN WALES AND MONMOUTHSHIRE?
    SCOPE OF THE INQUIRY 245
    RETURNS AT PREVIOUS CENSUS 245
    STANDARD OF PROFICIENCY IN ENGLISH OR WELSH 245
    METHOD OF TABULATION 245
    GENERAL RESULTS COMPARED WITH PREVIOUS CENSUSES 246
    AGE-DISTRIBUTION OF THE SEVERAL CLASSES OF THE POPULATION 246
    SEX COMPARISONS 247
    LOCAL DISTRIBUTION OF THE SEVERAL CLASSES OF THE POPULATION 248
    LANGUAGE SPOKEN IN WALES, SCOTLAND AND IRELAND 253

TABLES.

POPULATION.

TABLE    
I. FAMILIES OR SEPARATE OCCUPIERS, AND POPULATION AT EACH CENSUS, 1801-1911 21
II. ACTUAL INCREASE AND NATURAL INCREASE OF POPULATION IN EACH INTERCENSAL PERIOD, 1871-1911 22
III. POPULATION, AND INCREASE PER CENT., IN THE UNITED KINGDOM AND IN OTHER COUNTRIES, 1881-1911 23
IV. DENSITY OF POPULATION, 1801-1911 25
V. DENSITY OF POPULATION IN COUNTIES, 1901 AND 1911 34
VI. PROPORTION PER CENT. OF TOTAL POPULATION ENUMERATED IN URBAN AND RURAL DISTRICTS RESPECTIVELY, AT EACH CENSUS, 1851-1911 35
VII. POPULATION OF URBAN DISTRICTS, GROUPED BY THE NUMBERS OF THEIR POPULATIONS, 1911 36
VIII. INCREASE OR DECREASE PER CENT. OF POPULATION, 1901-1911, OF RURAL AREAS IN EACH ADMINISTRATIVE COUNTY 37
IX. POPULATION, 1891, 1901 AND 1911, IN THE 97 TOWNS WITH POPULATIONS EXCEEDING 50,000 PERSONS, ARRANGED IN THE ORDER OF THEIR POPULATIONS IN 1911 39
X. METROPOLITAN BOROUGHS. ? POPULATION 1891, 1901 AND 1911, AND INCREASE OR DECREASE PER CENT. 42
XI. "GREATER LONDON." ? POPULATION AT EACH CENSUS, 1861-1911 43
XII. REGISTRATION COUNTIES. ? INCREASE OR DECREASE OF POPULATION, EXCESS OF BIRTHS OVER DEATHS, AND GAIN OR LOSS BY MIGRATION, 1901-1911 47
XIII. DIOCESES. ? NUMBER OF PARISHES AND POPULATION IN EACH DIOCESE, 1911 56

SEXES, AGES, AND CONDITION AS TO MARRIAGE.

TABLE    
XIV. PROPORTION OF MALES AND FEMALES LIVING AT EACH AGE-GROUP TO 1,000,000 OF EACH SEX AT ALL AGES, AND TO 1,000 PERSONS OF BOTH SEXES AT EACH AGE-GROUP, 1911 61
XV. RATIO OF THE PROPORTIONAL NUMBER ENUMERATED AT EACH AGE IN FORMER CENSUSES TO THE CORRESPONDING NUMBER IN 1911 TAKEN AS 100 62
XVI. PERSONS AT QUINQUENNIAL AGE-PERIODS IN 100,000 AT ALL AGES IN VARIOUS COUNTRIES 63
XVII. AGE-DISTRIBUTION OF THE POPULATION IN VARIOUS COUNTRIES PER CENT. OF THAT IN ENGLAND AND WALES, 1911 64
XVIII. MALES AND FEMALES AT QUINQUENNIAL AGE-PERIODS IN 100,000 PERSONS AT ALL AGES. 66
XIX. MALES AND FEMALES AT DIFFERENT AGES PER CENT. OF PERSONS (IN 50,000) IN ENGLAND AND WALES AT THE SAME AGES 67
XX. POPULATION AT AGES IN GROUPS OF ADMINISTRATIVE AREAS, AND PROPORTION IN EACH GROUP TO THE TOTAL IN ENGLAND AND WALES AT THE SAME AGE, 1911 69
XXI. TYPES OF POPULATION. ? GROUP 1. EXCESSES OF MALES AND FEMALES IN CHILDHOOD AND DEFICIENCIES THROUGHOUT ADULT LIFE 74
XXII. TYPES OF POPULATION. ? GROUP 2. FEMALES AS IN GROUP 1. EXCESS OF MALES UP TO AGE 40-50 75
XXIII. TYPES OF POPULATION. ? GROUP 3. DEFICIENCIES OF MALES AND FEMALES IN CHILDHOOD AND OLD AGE, AND EXCESSES AT INTERMEDIATE AGES 76
XXIV. TYPES OF POPULATION. ? GROUP 4. EXCESSES OF MALES AND FEMALES IN CHILDHOOD AND AT AGES 25-45; DEFICIENCIES AT 15-25 AND OVER 45 78
XXV. TYPES OF POPULATION. ? GROUP 5. DEFICIENCIES OF MALES AND FEMALES IN CHILDHOOD; EXCESSES OF FEMALES IN ALL OTHER AGE-GROUPS AND AT ALL AGES 80
XXVI. TYPES OF POPULATION. ? GROUP 6. DEFICIENCY OF YOUNG CHILDREN AND OF YOUNG ADULTS; TENDENCY TO EXCESS IN LATER CHILDHOOD AND GREAT EXCESS IN OLD AGE IN BOTH SEXES 82
XXVII. BIRTH-RATES AND DEATH-RATES, 1901 AND 1911, AND INTERCENSAL RATES OF INCREASE, 1881-1911, IN TYPICAL POPULATIONS 84
XXVIII. NUMBERS ENUMERATED AT EACH YEAR OF AGE UNDER FIVE, 1871-1911 86
XXIX. NUMBERS ENUMERATED IN THE SECOND AND THIRD YEARS OF LIFE IN SOME EUROPEAN COUNTRIES 86
XXX. PROPORTION OF UNMARRIED, MARRIED AND WIDOWED IN 1,000 OF EACH SEX AGED 20 YEARS AND UPWARDS 89
XXXI. PROPORTIONS OF UNMARRIED, MARRIED AND WIDOWED IN 1,000 MALES AND 1,000 FEMALES IN EACH AGE-GROUP 90
XXXII. GRADUATED NUMBERS ? ENGLAND AND WALES, MALES 93
XXXIII. GRADUATED NUMBERS ? ENGLAND AND WALES, FEMALES 94

OCCUPATIONS AND INDUSTRIES.

TABLE    
XXXIV. CIVIL SERVICE (EXCLUDING POSTAL TELEGRAPHISTS AND TELEPHONE OPERATORS, BUT INCLUDING BUT INCLUDING OTHER POSTAL OFFICIALS) 101
XXXV. COMMERCIAL TRAVELLERS; SUMMARY OF DISTRIBUTION BY INDUSTRY OR SERVICE 108
XXXVI. COMMERCIAL CLERKS; SUMMARY OF DISTRIBUTION BY INDUSTRY OR SERVICE 109
XXXVII. PERSONS ENGAGED IN AGRICULTURE, 1901 AND 1911 113
XXXVIII. PROPORTION PER 1,000 OF MALES POPULATION AGED 10 YEARS AND UPWARDS ENGAGED IN AGRICULTURE 116
XXXIX. MALES ENGAGED IN MINERAL EXTRACTION AT EACH CENSUS; 1851-1911, AND INCREASE OR DECREASE PER CENT. IN EACH INTERCENSAL PERIOD, 1881-1911 118
XL. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE CONSTRUCTION OF VEHICLES, 1901 AND 1911 122
XLI. AGES OF MALES ENGAGED IN BUILDING TRADES, 1901 AND 1911 124
XLII. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN FURNITURE, FITTINGS AND DECORATIONS, 1901 AND 1911; AND INCREASE OR DECREASE PER CENT. 125
XLIII. WORKERS AND DEALERS IN TEXTILE FABRICS (EXCLUDING ELASTIC WEB MANUFACTURE, AND DRAPERS, LINEN DRAPERS, MERCERS) 132
XLIV. TEXTILE MANUFACTURES; NUMBERS EMPLOYED, 1901 AND 1911, AND INCREASE OR DECREASE PER CENT. IN 1891-1901 AND 1901-1911 132
XLV. PERSONS RETURNED AS WORKING AND DEALING IN DRESS, 1901 AND 1911; AND INCREASE OR DECREASE PER CENT. 136
XLVI. AGES OF MILKSELLERS, BUTCHERS, GROCERS, GREENGROCERS AND BAKERS, 1901 AND 1911 (MALES) 139
XLVII. PERSONS RETURNED AS DEALING IN SPIRITUOUS DRINKS AND PROVIDING BOARD AND LODGING 140
XLVIII. PERSONS WITHOUT SPECIFIED OCCUPATIONS OR UNOCCUPIED, 1891, 1901 AND 1911 146
XLIX. "PENSIONERS" AND "RETIRED" ACCORDING TO FORMER OCCUPATIONS ? MALES, 1911 149
L. "PENSIONERS" AND "RETIRED" ACCORDING TO FORMER OCCUPATIONS ? FEMALES, 1911 150
LI. AGE-DISTRIBUTION OF MALES AGED 20 YEARS AND UPWARDS IN CERTAIN OCCUPATIONS COMPARED WITH THAT OF ALL OCCUPIED MALES 153
LII. MALES PER 10,000 LIVING AGED 10 YEARS AND UPWARDS IN GROUPS OF OCCUPATIONS; ENGLAND AND WALES, AGGREGATE OF URBAN DISTRICTS, AND AGGREGATE OF RURAL DISTRICTS, 1901 AND 1911 155
LIII. OCCUPIED FEMALES, 1901 AND 1911 156
LIV. PROPORTIONS OF FEMALES OCCUPIED PER 1,000 AT VARIOUS AGE-GROUPS, 1901 AND 1911 157
LV. PROPORTIONS OF FEMALES OCCUPIED PER 1,000 TOTAL FEMALES AT AGE-GROUPS, IN TWO CLASSES OF OCCUPATIONS, 1901 AND 1911 157
LVI. PROPORTIONS OF FEMALES OCCUPIED PER 1,000 LIVING AT VARIOUS AGE-GROUPS IN THE AGGREGATES OF URBAN AND RURAL DISTRICTS 158
LVII. FEMALES (UNMARRIED, MARRIED, AND WIDOWED) PER 10,000 LIVING AGED 10 YEARS AND UPWARDS, IN GROUPS OF OCCUPATIONS, 1901 AND 1911 159
LVIII. FEMALES (UNMARRIED, MARRIED, AND WIDOWED) PER 10,000 LIVING AGED 10 YEARS AND UPWARDS, IN GROUPS OF OCCUPATIONS IN THE AGGREGATES OF URBAN AND OF RURAL DISTRICTS 160
LIX. FEMALES (UNMARRIED, MARRIED, AND WIDOWED) PER 10,000 IN EACH AGE-GROUP IN CERTAIN OCCUPATIONS, 1911 161
LX. AGE-DISTRIBUTION OF MALES UNDER 21 IN CERTAIN OCCUPATIONS 165
LXI. NUMBERS RETURNED AS "APPRENTICES" IN CERTAIN OCCUPATIONS 166
LXII. SUMMARY OF PRINCIPAL INDUSTRIES OR SERVICES 167

TENEMENTS.

TABLE    
LXIII. FAMILIES OF VARIOUS SIZES IN TENEMENTS OF VARIOUS SIZES PER 100,000 PRIVATE FAMILIES 170
LXIV. POPULATION IN PRIVATE FAMILIES AND TENEMENTS OF VARIOUS SIZES 171
LXV. POPULATION IN FAMILIES AND TENEMENTS OF VARIOUS SIZES PER 100,000 PRIVATE FAMILIES 171
LXVI. POPULATION AND PROPORTION PER CENT. OF POPULATION LIVING UNDER VARIOUS CONDITIONS OF ROOM ACCOMMODATION 173
LXVII. TENEMENTS OF VARIOUS SIZES, &C., AT THE CENSUSES OF 1891, 1901 AND 1911 174
LXVIII. AGGREGATE OF URBAN DISTRICTS. ? FAMILIES OF VARIOUS SIZES IN TENEMENTS OF VARIOUS SIZES PER 100,000 PRIVATE FAMILIES 174
LXIX. AGGREGATE OF RURAL DISTRICTS. ? FAMILIES OF VARIOUS SIZES IN TENEMENTS OF VARIOUS SIZES PER 100,000 PRIVATE FAMILIES 175
LXX. TENEMENTS AND VARIOUS SIZES, &C., IN THE AGGREGATES OF URBAN AND OF RURAL DISTRICTS 176
LXXI. TENEMENTS OF VARIOUS SIZES, &C., IN THE AGGREGATES OF URBAN AND OF RURAL DISTRICTS, AT THE CENSUSES OF 1891, 1901 AND 1911 177
LXXII. PROPORTION PER CENT. OF POPULATION LIVING UNDER VARIOUS CONDITIONS OF ROOM ACCOMMODATION IN ENGLAND AND WALES, LONDON AND THE TOTALS OF COUNTY BOROUGHS, OTHER URBAN DISTRICTS AND RURAL DISTRICTS 177
LXXIII. FAMILIES OF VARIOUS SIZES IN TENEMENTS OF VARIOUS SIZES PER 100,000 PRIVATE FAMILIES IN THE COUNTY OF LONDON. 178
LXXIV. POPULATION IN FAMILIES AND TENEMENTS OF VARIOUS SIZES PER 100,000 PRIVATE FAMILIES IN THE COUNTY OF LONDON 178
LXXV. TENEMENTS OF VARIOUS SIZES, &C., AT THE CENSUSES OF 1891, 1901 AND 1911, IN THE COUNTY OF LONDON 180
LXXVI. NUMBERS OF TENEMENTS OF VARIOUS SIZES AND THEIR POPULATION IN THE PRINCIPAL CITIES OF THE UNITED KINGDOM 181
LXXVII. TENEMENTS OF VARIOUS SIZES PER 1,000 TOTAL TENEMENTS; POPULATION IN TENEMENTS OF VARIOUS SIZES PER 1,000 TOTAL POPULATION; AND AVERAGE NUMBERS OF OCCUPANTS PER ROOM IN THE PRINCIPAL CITIES OF THE UNITED KINGDOM 182
LXXVIII. FAMILIES OF VARIOUS SIZES PER 1,000 FAMILIES IN SIX OF THE PRINCIPAL CITIES OF GREAT BRITAIN 183
LXXIX. METROPOLITAN BOROUGHS HAVING THE HIGHEST PROPORTIONS OF TENEMENTS OF CERTAIN SIZES 183
LXXX. PROPORTION PER 1,000 PERSONS LIVING UNDER VARIOUS CONDITIONS OF ROOM ACCOMMODATION IN METROPOLITAN BOROUGHS 184
LXXXI. TENEMENTS OF LESS THAN FIVE ROOMS, &C., IN LONDON AND THE METROPOLITAN BOROUGHS AT THE CENSUSES OF 1901 AND 1911. 185
LXXXII. COUNTIES WITH THE HIGHEST AND LOWEST PROPORTIONS OF TENEMENTS OF CERTAIN SIZES. 186
LXXXIII. COUNTIES WITH THE HIGHEST AND LOWEST PROPORTIONS OF FAMILIES OF CERTAIN SIZES 187
LXXXIV. COUNTIES WITH THE HIGHEST AND LOWEST PROPORTIONS OF POPULATION LIVING UNDER VARIOUS CONDITIONS OF ROOM ACCOMMODATION 188
LXXXV. TOWNS WITH HIGHEST AND LOWEST PROPORTIONS OF FAMILIES OF CERTAIN SIZES 190
LXXXVI. TOWNS WITH HIGHEST AND LOWEST PROPORTIONS OF POPULATION LIVING UNDER VARIOUS CONDITIONS OF ROOM ACCOMMODATION 191

BUILDINGS OF VARIOUS KINDS.

TABLE    
LXXXVII. HIGHEST AND LOWEST AVERAGE NUMBERS OF PERSONS PER INHABITED HOUSE IN THE LARGE TOWNS 197
LXXXVIII. HIGHEST AND LOWEST AVERAGE NUMBERS OF PERSONS PER INHABITED HOUSE IN METROPOLITAN BOROUGHS 197
LXXXIX. PROPORTION PER CENT. OF POPULATION IN DWELLING OF VARIOUS KINDS 199
XC. NUMBER OF HOUSES (INHABITED, UNINHABITED AND BEING BUILT) AT EACH CENSUS, 1801-1911. PERCENTAGE INCREASE OF POPULATION AND INHABITED HOUSES, AND PROPORTION OF HOUSES UNINHABITED AND BEING BUILT TO INHABITED HOUSES 200
XCI. NUMBER OF HOUSES (INHABITED, UNINHABITED AND BEING BUILT) IN 1901 AND 1911; PERCENTAGE INCREASE OF INHABITED HOUSES, AND PROPORTION OF HOUSES UNINHABITED AND BEING BUILT TO INHABITED HOUSES, 1911, IN THE TOTALS OF URBAN DISTRICTS, RURAL DISTRICTS, &C. 200
XCII. NUMBER OF PLACES OF WORSHIP AND AVERAGE POPULATION TO EACH PLACE OF WORSHIP, 1851 AND 1911 201
XCIII. AVERAGE NUMBER OF BUILDINGS OF VARIOUS KINDS TO 100,000 POPULATION IN THE TOTAL OF URBAN DISTRICTS, RURAL DISTRICTS, &C. 202

BIRTHPLACES.

TABLE    
XCIV. BIRTHPLACES OF PERSONS, MALES AND FEMALES, AND PROPORTIONS PER 100,000 OF THE TOTAL POPULATION OF EACH SEX, 1911 204
XCV. PERSONS BORN IN THE SEVERAL PARTS OF THE UNITED KINGDOM AND ELSEWHERE PER 100,000 OF THE POPULATION ENUMERATED IN ENGLAND AND WALES, 1851-1911 205
XCVI. GAIN AND LOSS BY MIGRATION IN REGISTRATION COUNTIES, 1901-1911 206
XCVII. ADMINISTRATIVE COUNTIES WITH THE HIGHEST AND LOWEST PROPORTIONS OF NATIVE-BORN INHABITANTS IN THEIR ENUMERATED POPULATIONS 206
XCVIII. PROPORTION OF NATIVE-BORN TO TOTAL POPULATION IN COUNTIES (WITH ASSOCIATED COUNTY BOROUGHS) 207
XCIX. ADMINISTRATIVE COUNTIES IN WHICH NATIVES WERE ENUMERATED IN HIGHEST AND LOWEST PROPORTIONS TO TOTAL NATIVES OF THE SAME COUNTIES ENUMERATED IN ENGLAND AND WALES 208
C. LARGE TOWNS: IMMIGRATION AND EMIGRATION 210
CI. BIRTHPLACES OF THE POPULATION OF LONDON AT EACH CENSUS, 1861-1911 211
CII. PERSONS BORN IN LONDON AND ENUMERATED IN CERTAIN COUNTIES IN ENGLAND AND WALES, 1851-1911 213
CIII. ADMINISTRATIVE COUNTIES AND LARGE TOWNS WITH HIGHEST PROPORTIONS OF NATIVES OF SCOTLAND 213
CIV. ADMINISTRATIVE COUNTIES AND LARGE TOWNS WITH HIGHEST PROPORTIONS OF NATIVES OF IRELAND 214
CV. PERSONS BORN ABROAD, DISTINGUISHING BRITISH SUBJECTS AND FOREIGNERS, AND ENUMERATED IN ENGLAND AND WALES AT EACH CENSUS, 1851-1911 217
CVI. LARGE TOWNS WITH HIGH PROPORTIONS OF FOREIGN-BORN BRITISH SUBJECTS BY PARENTAGE 218
CVII. LARGE TOWNS WITH HIGH PROPORTIONS OF NATURALISED BRITISH SUBJECTS 218
CVIII. NUMBER OF FOREIGNERS OF VARIOUS NATIONALITIES AND PROPORTION TO TOTAL FOREIGNERS 219
CIX. DISTRIBUTION OF FOREIGNERS OF VARIOUS NATIONALITIES 220
CX. COUNTIES AND LARGE TOWNS WITH HIGHEST PROPORTIONS OF FOREIGNERS 222
CXI. MALES AND FEMALES OF VARIOUS NATIONALITIES AND AGES PER 100,000 PERSONS AT ALL AGES 223
CXII. OCCUPATIONS OF FOREIGNERS, 1901 AND 1911 224
CXIII. AGE-DISTRIBUTION OF MALES AND FEMALE (1) BORN OUTSIDE SPECIFIED AREAS AND ENUMERATED WITHIN THEM, AND (2) BORN WITHIN SPECIFIED AREAS AND ENUMERATED IN OTHER PARTS OF ENGLAND AND WALES; PROPORTIONS PER 1,000 OF EACH SEX 227
CXIV. BIRTHPLACE AND AGE-DISTRIBUTION OF MALES AND FEMALES BORN OUTSIDE THE ADMINISTRATIVE COUNTY OF MONMOUTH, BUT ENUMERATED THEREIN 230

INFIRMITIES.

TABLE    
CXV. NUMBER AND PROPORTION OF THE BLIND AT EACH CENSUS FROM 1851-1911 234
CXVI. PROPORTION OF BLIND PER MILLION OF EACH SEX IN EACH AGE-GROUP, 1871-1911 234
CXVII. OCCUPATIONS OF THE BLIND AGED 10 YEARS AND UPWARDS AT THE CENSUSES OF 1901 AND 1911 235
CXVIII. PROPORTION OF DEAF (OTHER THAN DEAF MUTES) PER MILLION OF EACH SEX IN EACH AGE-GROUP, 1911 236
CXIX. PROPORTION OF DEAF AND DUMB PER MILLION OF EACH SEX IN EACH AGE-GROUP, 1871-1911 237
CXX. NUMBER AND PROPORTION OF THE INSANE AT EACH CENSUS FROM 1871-1911 238
CXXI. PROPORTION OF INSANE PER MILLION LIVING IN EACH AGE-GROUP, 1871-1911 239
CXXII. PROPORTION OF LUNATIC AND IMBECILE OR FEEBLE-MINDED PER MILLION LIVING IN EACH AGE-GROUP, 1901 AND 1911 240
CXXIII. PROPORTION OF LUNATIC, IMBECILE AND FEEBLE-MINDED PER MILLION OF THE POPULATION 240
CXXIV. NUMBERS OF THE INSANE ENUMERATED IN WORKHOUSE INSTITUTIONS, IN LUNATIC ASYLUMS, IN OTHER INSTITUTIONS, AND ELSEWHERE AT THE CENSUSES OF 1901 AND 1911 241
CXXV. ADMINISTRATIVE COUNTIES (TOGETHER WITH ASSOCIATED COUNTY BOROUGHS).? NUMBERS OF THE INSANE ENUMERATED IN WORKHOUSES, LUNATIC ASYLUMS, OTHER INSTITUTIONS AND ELSEWHERE; ALSO PROPORTIONS OF INSANE PERSONS NOT IN INSTITUTIONS TO 100,000 OF THE POPULATION 242
CXXVI. TOTAL NUMBER OF PAUPER LUNATICS, IDIOTS AND PERSONS OF UNSOUND MIND BELONGING TO EACH ADMINISTRATIVE COUNTY, AND TO EACH COUNTY BOROUGH ON 1ST JANUARY, 1911 243

LANGUAGES SPOKEN IN WALES AND MONMOUTHSHIRE.

TABLE    
CXXVII. WALES AND MONMOUTHSHIRE. ? PROPORTIONAL NUMBERS SPEAKING ENGLISH ONLY, WELSH ONLY, AND BOTH ENGLISH AND WELSH, 1891, 1901 AND 1911 246
CXXVIII. WALES AND MONMOUTHSHIRE. ? PROPORTIONS PER 1,000 PERSONS AT EACH AGE-GROUP SPEAKING ENGLISH ONLY, WELSH ONLY, AND BOTH ENGLISH AND WELSH, 1901 AND 1911 247
CXXIX. WALES AND MONMOUTHSHIRE. ? PROPORTIONS PER 1,000 OF MALES AND OF FEMALES AT EACH AGE-GROUP SPEAKING ENGLISH ONLY, WELSH ONLY, AND BOTH ENGLISH AND WELSH, 1911 248
CXXX. PROPORTION PER 1,000 PERSONS AT EACH AGE-GROUP SPEAKING ENGLISH ONLY, 1911; AND PROPORTION AT ALL AGES, 1901 AND 1911: IN ADMINISTRATIVE COUNTIES AND COUNTY BOROUGHS 249
CXXXI. PROPORTION PER 1,000 PERSONS AT EACH AGE-GROUP SPEAKING WELSH ONLY, 1911; AND PROPORTION AT ALL AGES, 1901 AND 1911: IN ADMINISTRATIVE COUNTIES AND COUNTY BOROUGHS 250
CXXXII. PROPORTION PER 1,000 PERSONS AT EACH AGE-GROUP SPEAKING BOTH ENGLISH AND WELSH, 1911; AND PROPORTION AT ALL AGES, 1901 AND 1911: IN ADMINISTRATIVE COUNTIES AND COUNTY BOROUGHS 251
CXXXIII. PROPORTION PER 1,000 PERSONS SPEAKING ENGLISH AND WELSH RESPECTIVELY, INCLUSIVE OF THOSE SPEAKING BOTH LANGUAGES, 1901 AND 1911; AND RATIOS PER CENT. OF PROPORTIONS IN 1911 TO THOSE IN 1901: IN ADMINISTRATIVE COUNTIES AND COUNTY BOROUGHS 252

DIAGRAMS.

DIAGRAM    
I. ENGLAND AND WALES. DENSITY OF POPULATION, 1801-1911 25
II. ENGLAND AND WALES. PROXIMITY IN YARDS OF THE POPULATION ENUMERATED AT EACH CENSUS, 1801-1911. 25
III. PROPORTION OF POPULATION IN EACH ADMINISTRATIVE COUNTY (WITH ASSOCIATED COUNTY BOROUGHS) TO THE TOTAL POPULATION IN ENGLAND AND WALES, 1911 32
IV. NUMBER OF PERSONS PER SQUARE MILE IN EACH ADMINISTRATIVE COUNTY (TOGETHER WITH ASSOCIATED COUNTY BOROUGHS), 1911 34
V. PROPORTION PER CENT. OF TOTAL POPULATION ENUMERATED IN URBAN AND RURAL DISTRICTS RESPECTIVELY AT EACH CENSUS, 1851-1911 35
VI. PROPORTION PER CENT. OF THE POPULATION OF EACH ADMINISTRATIVE COUNTY (TOGETHER WITH ASSOCIATED COUNTY BOROUGHS) LIVING IN URBAN DISTRICTS (1) OF OVER 50,000 INHABITANTS; (2) OF 20,000 AND UNDER 50,000 INHABITANTS; (3) OF UNDER 20,000 INHABITANTS; AND (4) IN RURAL DISTRICTS 36
VIII. INCREASE OR DECREASE PER CENT. IN THE POPULATION OF REGISTRATION COUNTIES DURING THE INTERCENSAL PERIOD 1901-1911; DISTINGUISHING THE INCREASE DUE TO EXCESS OF BIRTHS OVER DEATHS 48
IX. SEX PROPORTIONS IN ADMINISTRATIVE COUNTIES (TOGETHER WITH ASSOCIATED COUNTY BOROUGHS), 1911 58
X. SEX PROPORTIONS IN COUNTY BOROUGHS AND OTHER URBAN DISTRICTS OF WHICH THE POPULATION EXCEEDED 50,000 PERSONS IN 1911 59
XI. ENGLAND AND WALES. ? PROPORTIONAL NUMBERS ENUMERATED AT VARIOUS AGES IN 1911 COMPARED WITH THE CORRESPONDING NUMBERS AT FORMER CENSUSES 61
XII. ENGLAND AND WALES. ? RATIO OF THE PROPORTIONAL NUMBERS SHOWN IN DIAGRAM XI FOR PREVIOUS CENSUSES TO THE NUMBERS AT CORRESPONDING AGES IN 1911 62
XIII. STANDARD POPULATIONS IN VARIOUS COUNTRIES 63
XIV. AGE DISTRIBUTION OF POPULATION IN VARIOUS COUNTRIES. ? PERCENTAGE DEVIATION OF THE PROPORTIONS IN THE SEVERAL AGE-GROUPS FROM THE CORRESPONDING PROPORTIONS IN ENGLAND AND WALES 64
XV. POPULATIONS OF ENGLAND AND WALES AND OF CONSTITUENT GROUPS OF ADMINISTRATIVE AREAS IN 1911. ? AGE-DISTRIBUTION OF MALES AND FEMALES IN EACH POPULATION COMPARED WITH THAT OF PERSONS IN ENGLAND AND WALES 66
XVI. RATIO OF THE PROPORTIONAL NUMBERS SHOWN IN DIAGRAM XV FOR MALES AND FEMALES TO THOSE FOR PERSONS IN EACH POPULATION 67
XVII. PROPORTION OF THE POPULATION AT SEVERAL AGES IN GROUPS OF ADMINISTRATIVE AREAS TO THE TOTAL POPULATION AT THE SAME AGES IN ENGLAND AND WALES, 1911 68
XVIII-XXV. TYPICAL POPULATIONS COMPARED WITH POPULATION OF ENGLAND AND WALES 74-82
XXVI. ENUMERATED POPULATION AT EACH YEAR OF AGE, 1911 87
XXVII. AGE DISTRIBUTION OF FEMALES IN THE UNITED KINGDOM COMPARED WITH THAT IN ENGLAND AND WALES, 1911 88
XXVIII. PROPORTION OF UNMARRIED, MARRIED, AND WIDOWED MALES AND FEMALES PER 1,000 LIVING IN EACH AGE-GROUP, 1911 91
XXIX. ENGLAND AND WALES. ? ENUMERATED POPULATION AT EACH YEAR OF AGE COMPARED WITH GRADUATED POPULATION, 1911 92
XXX. ENGLAND AND WALES. ? AGE DISTRIBUTION OF MALES AGED 20 YEARS AND UPWARDS IN CERTAIN OCCUPATIONS 152
XXXI. PROPORTION OF FEMALES "OCCUPIED" PER 10,000 LIVING IN ADMINISTRATIVE COUNTIES, DISTINGUISHING THE UNMARRIED, MARRIED AND WIDOWED 158
XXXII. PROPORTION OF FEMALES "OCCUPIED" PER 10,000 LIVING IN EACH COUNTY BOROUGH AND OTHER URBAN DISTRICT OF WHICH THE POPULATION EXCEEDED 50,000 PERSONS IN 1911, DISTINGUISHING THE UNMARRIED, MARRIED AND WIDOWED 158
XXXIII. PROPORTIONS PER 1,000 OF MALES AND OF FEMALES AGED 10 YEARS AND UPWARDS IN OCCUPATIONAL CLASSES IN ADMINISTRATIVE COUNTRIES TOGETHER WITH ASSOCIATED COUNTY BOROUGHS 162
XXXIV. PROPORTIONS PER 1,000 OF BOYS AND GIRLS UNDER 14 ENGAGED IN OCCUPATIONS IN EACH COUNTY BOROUGH, AND OTHER URBAN DISTRICT OF WHICH THE POPULATION EXCEEDED 50,000 PERSONS IN 1911 163
XXXV. PROPORTIONS PER CENT. OF PRIVATE FAMILIES AND OF POPULATION IN PRIVATE FAMILIES LIVING IN TENEMENTS OF VARIOUS NUMBERS OF ROOMS 172
XXXVI. PROPORTION OF TENEMENTS OF FEWER THAN FIVE ROOMS TO TOTAL TENEMENTS IN EACH COUNTY BOROUGH, AND OTHER URBAN DISTRICT OF WHICH THE POPULATION EXCEEDED 50,000 PERSONS IN 1911 189
XXXVII. PROPORTIONS OF POPULATION LIVING UNDER VARIOUS CONDITIONS OF ROOM- ACCOMMODATION IN THE LARGE TOWNS 191
XXXVIII. PROPORTION OF THE POPULATION OF ENGLAND AND WALES BORN ELSEWHERE, DISTINGUISHING PERSONS BORN IN SCOTLAND, IRELAND AND OTHER PARTS OF THE BRITISH EMPIRE AND FOREIGN COUNTRIES, 1851-1911 205

MAPS.

MAP    
1. DENSITY OF POPULATION IN ADMINISTRATIVE COUNTIES (WITH ASSOCIATED COUNTY BOROUGHS  
2. INCREASE IN DENSITY OF POPULATION IN ADMINISTRATIVE COUNTIES (WITH ASSOCIATED COUNTY BOROUGHS) 35
3. DISTRIBUTION, BY COUNTIES, OF AGRICULTURAL WORKERS 116
4. DISTRIBUTION, BY COUNTIES, OF COAL MINERS 118
5. DISTRIBUTION, BY COUNTIES, OF INDUSTRIAL AND COMMERCIAL POPULATION 162
6. PROPORTION OF NATIVE TO TOTAL POPULATION IN EACH COUNTY 208

APPENDICES.

APPENDIX A. ?  
  CENSUS ACT 255
  OCCUPIER'S SCHEDULE 257
APPENDIX B.?METHOD OF TABULATING CENSUS RESULTS 259
APPENDIX C.?TABLES RELATING TO THE UNITED KINGDOM?  
  Table 1. Population enumerated at each Census, 1821 to 1911, in the United Kingdom and in its several Divisions 263
  Table 2. Increase or Decrease per cent. of Population in each Intercensal Period; Sex-Proportions and Density of Population at each Census, 1821 to 1911, in the United Kingdom and in its several Divisions 263
  Table 3. Ages of Males and Females in the United Kingdom and in its several Divisions, 1911 264
  Table 4. Sex- and Age-Distribution of Population in England and Wales, Scotland and Ireland, 1911; Proportion of Males and Females living at Twelve Groups of Ages per Million Persons living at All Ages 265
  Table 5. Sex- and Age-Distribution of Population in the United Kingdom, 1891, 1901 and 1911; Proportion of Males and Females living at Twelve Groups of Ages per Million Persons living at All Ages 265
  Table 6. Condition as to Marriage of Males and Females at Various Periods of Age in the United Kingdom and in its several Divisions, 1911 266
  Table 7. Condition as to Marriage: Proportion of Unmarried, Married and Widowed in 1,000 Males and 1,000 Females living, aged 20 years and upwards, in the United Kingdom and in its several Divisions, 1891, 1901 and 1911 267
  Table 8. Proportions of Unmarried, Married and Widowed Males and Females in 1,000 living at each Age-Group in the United Kingdom and in its several Divisions, 1911 267
  Table 9. Occupations of Persons (Males and Females) aged 10 years and upwards in the United Kingdom and in its several Divisions at each Census, 1881 to 1911 268
  Table 10. Birthplaces of the Population enumerated in the United Kingdom and in its several Division in 1891, 1901 and 1911 282
  Table 11. Numbers of Blind, Deaf and Dumb, and Mentally Deranged in the United Kingdom and in its several Divisions, 1911. Males and Females at various Ages 283
  Table 12. Proportions of Blind, Deaf and Dumb, and Mentally Deranged per Million living at various Ages in the United Kingdom and in its several Divisions, 1911.Males and Females 284
  Table 13. Numbers, and Proportions per Million living, of Blind, Deaf and Dumb, and Mentally Deranged in the United Kingdom and in its several Divisions, at The Census of 1911 and at former Censuses 285
APPENDIX D.?TABLES RELATING TO THE BRITISH EMPIRE ?  
  Table 1. Area and Population, 1891, 1901, and 1911 286
  Table 2. Area; Houses, 1901 and 1911; Population, 1891, 1901 and 1911; Increase or Decrease of Population per cent. in two Intercensal Periods; and Proportion of Females to 1,000 Males, 1911 287
  Table 3. Chief Cities and Towns; Population, 1901 and 1911, and Increase or Decrease of Population, 1901-1911 293
  Table 4. Ages of Males and Females in those Colonies, &c., for which returns are available 298
  Table 5A. Condition as to Marriage of Males and Females in conjunction with Age in those Colonies, &c., for which returns are available 304
  Table 5B. Condition of Males and Females in those Colonies, &c., where Ages are not shown in relation thereto 312
  Table 6. Occupations of Males and Females in those Colonies, &c., for which returns are available 314
  Table 6A. List of Occupational Headings adopted at the Census of England and Wales, 1911 349
  Table 7. Birthplaces of Males and Females in those Colonies, &c., for which returns are available 352
  Table 8. Religions of the Population in those Colonies, &c., for which returns are available 362
  Table 9. Population distributed according to certain Races in those Colonies, &c., for which such information is available 370
  Table 10A. Males and Females of Various Ages suffering from certain Infirmities in those Colonies, &c., for which the information is available 372
  Table 10B. Males and Females, distinguishing where possible the Unmarried, Married and Widowed, suffering from certain Infirmities in those Colonies, &c., for which the information is available 377
  Table 11. General Scope of the Censuses in the several parts of the British Empire 380

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